Fall 2007

Philosophy of Science

Listed in: Philosophy, as PHIL-37

Faculty

Alexander George (Section 01)

Description

The practice of science and its fruits have dominated the lives of human beings for centuries. But what is science? How does it differ, if at all, from common sense, or religion, or philosophy? One hears that scientists follow the "scientific method," but what is that? It is said to be based on observation, but what is it to observe something? And how can our observations justify claims about what we do not, or even cannot, observe? The claims of science are often said to describe "laws of nature," but what are such laws? These claims are said to form "theories," but what is a theory? And if science issues in theories, what is their point, that is, what is the goal of science? To predict? To explain? What is it to explain something, anyway? And do all sciences explain in the same way; for instance, does physics explain in the way that psychology does? Science is often treated as the paragon of rationality and objectivity. But what is it to be rational or objective? To what degree does, or can, science really approach such ideals? Are there any values explicit or implicit in the practice of science? If so, do they threaten science's alleged objectivity, and do they conflict with other values one might hold? Requisite: One course in Philosophy or consent of the instructor. First semester. Professor George.