January 28-30: General Discussion of Concepts, Method, and Theory

Blier, S. "Words about Words about Icons:  Iconology and the Study of African Arts," Art Journal 47:2 (1988), pp. 75-87.

"Introduction," Art and Religion in Africa

Turner, V. "Symbols in African Ritual," Science 179 (1973): 1100-05.

Pemberton, J. "Traditional African Iconography," Encyclopedia of Religion Vol. 70 (1986), 8-13.

 Video:  "Mammy Water"


February 4-6:  The Dogon:  The Arts and Rituals for Ancestors 

Ezra, K.  Art of the Dogon (1988)

Dieterlen, G. "Masks and Mythology among the Dogon," African Arts 22:3:  34-43, 87-88.

"Creation, Creativity, and Agency," Art and Religion in Africa

Video:  "Art of the Dogon"


February 11-13:  The Asante:  Myth, Rituals, and Art for Kings

Cole, H. "The Art of Festival in Ghana," African Arts 8:3:  12-23, 60-62, 90.

McLeod, M. C., Chapter 6, The Asante, London: British Museum Publications, 1981, pp. 87-111.

"Envisioning and (Re)presenting the Spirit World," Art and Religion in Africa

Video:  "A Great Tree Has Fallen"


February 18-20:  Benin Kingship Art and Rituals

Ben-Amos, P. "Artistic Creativity in Benin Kingdom," African Arts 19:3 (1986) 60-67.

"Ethos, Cosmos, and Hierarchy," Art and Religion in Africa

Video:  "Benin Kingship Rituals


February 25-27:  The Yoruba of West Africa

Drewal, H. J., Pemberton III, J. and Abiodun, R.  Chapter 1 ("The Yoruba World") & Chapter 6 ("The Oyo Empire") in Yoruba:  Nine Centuries of African Art and Thought, New York:  Museum for African Art, 1989.

Abiodun, R. "Verbal and visual metaphores:  mythical allusions in Yoruba ritualistic art of Ori," World & Image, 3:3 (1987): 252-270.

Video:  "The World Began at Ile-Ife"


March 3-5:  Yoruba Orisa Worship

Pemberton, J. "A Cluster of Sacred Symbols:  Orisa Worship among the Igbomina Yoruba of Ila-Orangun," History of Religions 17:1 (1977): 1-28.

Barber, K. "How Man Makes God in West Africa," Africa 51:3 (1981):  724-745.

Hackett, R. "Shrines as Ritual and Aesthetic Space" Art and Religion in Africa.

Abiodun, R. "Understanding Yoruba Art and Aesthetics:  The Cept of Ase," African Arts 27:3 (1994):  68-78, 102-103.


March 10-12:  Women in Yoruba Art and Religion

Murphy, J. and Sanford, M.  Osun Across the Waters

Video:  "Osun"


March 14:  Mid-semester Paper Due --   NO EXTENSIONS! 


March 16-23:  Spring Break

March 24-26:  Divination and Sacrifice

Abiodun, R. "Ifa Art Objects:  An Interpretation Based on Oral Traditions," Yoruba Oral Tradition, Ile-Ife, Nigeria:  University of Ile-Ife, 1975, pp. 421-469.

Abimbola, W. "Ajala and the Choice of Ori," Sixteen Great Poems of Ifa, Paris:  UNESCO, 1975, pp. 178-207.

Hackett, R. "The Aesthetic as Antidote and Transformer," Art and Religion in Africa.


March 31-April 2:  The Igbo of Southeastern Nigeria

Cole, H. and Aniakor, C., Igbo Arts:  Community and Cosmos (Reserve)

Video  "Owu:  Chidi Joins the Okorochi Secret Society"


April 7-9:  Two Igbo Writers:  Achebe and Nwapa

Achebe, C.  Things Fall Apart

Nwapa, F.  Efuru


April 14-16:  Rituals and Symbols of Death (i)

Abiodun, R. "A Reconsideration of the Function of Ako, Second Burial Effigy in Owo," Africa 46:1 (1976) 4-20.

"Allusion and Illusion:  The Rituals and Symbols of Death and Beyond," Art and Religion in Africa.


April 21-23:  Rituals and Symbols of Death (ii)

Soyinka, W.  Death and the King's Horseman

Recordings:  "Wole Soyinka Reads Yoruba Poetry"


April 28-30:  Short oral presentations of research projects


May 7, 12:00 noon:  Submission of Research Project Essays -- NO EXTENSIONS!