This course explores a series of ideas from the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries that have substantially changed the way people think about humanity in the Western world. Each idea is closely associated with an author. While from year to year the ideas will change, for 2021 we will closely read and write about, Karl Marx and Frederic Engels The Communist Manifesto, Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “The American Scholar” and “Self-Reliance”, Friedrich Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals, W.E.B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk, Sigmund Freud’s The Ego and the Id, Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem, and Judith Butler’s Precarious Life. Students are also asked to purchase a copy of Strunk and White, The Elements of Style.