What are the different grant types?
A research or study grant will fund independent research or a graduate degree (a one-year master's or the first year of a longer degree) abroad. In some countries, you can combine research and coursework, or even an internship. Study grants are offered in about 80 countries, with specific university partnership grants offered at over 40 universities in the UK and many elsewhere. (To find UK universities that are tops in your field, consult this recent REF ranking by subject of UK unis.) Under the category of research grants, applicants may pursue training in the creative and performing arts. Take a look at examples of these on the RISD Fulbright page.
An English Teaching Assistantship (ETA) will support you teaching English and U.S. culture to non-native speakers in a classroom (elementary, secondary schools, or universities) or community setting (American Corners and other educational-focused community centers). Many placements do not require extensive teaching experience or training and all grantees are offered an online ESL training course. Consult this chart or this filterable search tool to find a good fit for you.
Beyond these grants, applicants with some professional experience or graduate education may also be interested in one of the Business grants, Journalism and Communication grants, or Science & Public Health Grants or the National Geographic Storytelling Award. (Note that to apply for the NatGeo award, you must first apply as a regular research/study grant applicant.)