Using Sources: Tools, Tips, and Citation Guides

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Guides to Finding, Evaluating, and Using Sources

Tools for Citing Sources

  • Citation Machine: fill out a form, choose from MLA, Chicago, Turabian, or APA format, and it formats your citation.
  • Zotero: create a database of your citations, format them according to almost any style guide, and automatically insert them into a Word document. Frost Library offers regular introductory workshops on Zotero.

Using Case Studies

Style Guides

If you aren't sure which style to use for a particular course, always ask your professor. Even within a single department, faculty may prefer different citations styles, so it's always best to ask. Below are web guides to the major citation styles. If you need more help, consult the published guides (in Frost Library reference department or at the Writing Center).

MLA - Modern Language Association

for English and some other humanities disciplines

Chicago Manual of Style / Turabian

for humanities and some social sciences

APA - American Psychological Association

for psychology and similar social sciences

CSE - Council of Science Editors 

biology, chemistry, and other natural sciences

Legal citations based on the The Bluebook & ALWD Citation Manual
Government Documents