Black Soldiers, Sexuality and the Civil Rights Movement
Robert E. Keiter 1957 Postdoctoral Fellow and Visiting Assistant Professor of Black Studies
November 9, 2012
Was the racial integration of the U.S. military an outcome of the civil rights movement, or was it often the other way around? While black soldiers were still dealing with the prejudice of the U.S. military, seeing the world outside U.S. boundaries changed their sense of what was possible, says Khary Polk, the Robert E. Keiter 1957 Postdoctoral Fellow and visiting assistant professor of black studies. They returned home to fight for improved rights for both civilians and soldiers. Amherst graduates were among those who spearheaded this change: lawyer Charles Hamilton Houston '15 served in World War I and went on to mentor African-American jurists--such as U.S. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall--who would join him in laying the legal groundwork for the 1954 Supreme Court decision that banned racial segregation in public schools. William H. Hastie '25 was instrumental in advocating for African-American soldiers in World War II. Polk, a self-described "military brat" who lived abroad for much of his childhood, is writing a book on the topic.
Incarceration, Voting and Human Rights
Professor of History and Women's and Gender Studies and Elizabeth W. Bruss Reader
October 26, 2012
The Human Rights Declaration says that “Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.” Unlike many nations, most of the United States deprive incarcerated men and women of the right to vote, not only when they are serving their time, but also when they are released—sometimes for many years thereafter. This not only violates the human rights of the incarcerated, but also skews state and national elections. Martha Saxton, professor of history and women's and gender studies and Elizabeth W. Bruss Reader, will discuss some of the variety of ways states disenfranchise imprisoned citizens and what the implications are for our political process.
Comparative Presidencies: Gorbachev, Putin, Obama
Bertrand Snell Professor of Political Science Emeritus
September 19, 2012
In comparing the presidencies, Prof. Taubman focuses on the role that each president'spersonality plays (or doesn't play) in determining his policies.
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Resilience of the U.S. Economic Recovery Points to Optimism for the Future
Brian A. Bethune
Visiting Assistant Professor of Economics
May 24, 2012
The U.S. economy has bounced back from the most serious and disruptive recession in modern post World War II economic history - indeed, the recovery will mark a third anniversary in July 2012. What have been the key features of this recovery? What has been working, what has not been working? Beyond that, however, there are major questions with respect to the strength and sustainability of the recovery. Fiscal consolidation and restraints on government spending remain a significant factor, and will continue to be a factor for the foreseeable future. Uncertainty about the direction of federal tax, spending and regulatory policies is creating uncertainty in the business sector. And yet, the health of the business sector is critical for the recovery. Beyond that, we are seeing a number of structural changes in the economy, particularly in the employment market, and an increasing gap between the "haves" and the "have-nots." There appears to be a major leadership "vacuum" in terms of confronting these deeper structural issues, as the various estates in the economy focus primarily on their narrow self-interests.
Brian Bethune is a visiting professor of economics and the former chief financial economist for North America and chief economist for Canada at HIS Global Insight. A frequent commentator on economic issues in the media, Bethune received his masters in economics from McMaster University and his doctorate in international economics from the Graduate Institute at University of Geneva.
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Catastrophic Volcanism at Shoshone Falls, Idaho: Existential Issues through the Lens of Geology
Professor of Geology
April 24, 2012
The earth is dynamic: mountains are built and eroded away, life evolves, and oceans rise and recede. Nineteenth-century geologists hotly debated the fundamental nature of such earth processes, asking if spatially and temporally immense transformations were built of innumerable small steps accumulating over the expanse of geologic time, or if they had been virtually instantaneous and cataclysmic, unlike anything humans have witnessed. While most adhered to the former “uniformitarian” paradigm, Clarence King, geologist and leading intellect of his day, concluded a “catastrophist’s” model of the earth—and the very nature of creation—through his observations of the geology of Shoshone Falls in the 1860s.
Often called the “Niagara of the West,” Shoshone Falls provides the best vantage point of the Columbia Flood Basalts, a 3.5-kilometer-thick layer of volcanic rock that covers about half the state of Washington and adjacent parts of Oregon and Idaho. This volume of lava would cover the US to a depth of 12 meters—and most of it accumulated in only 1.5 million years, about 15 million years ago.
Listen to the audio or view the audio slideshow as Professor Harms explores the following questions:
• What do we know today about the origin of the Shoshone Falls and the Columbia Flood Basalts?
• What does that knowledge tell us about the way our earth works?
• How can we best understand the human context on such an earth?
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. View Prof. Harms's powerpoint slides that she references in her lecture.
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Global Health for All – You CAN Make a Difference
Jon Rohde, M.D. '63
March 2, 2012
Life expectancy has advanced more in the past half century than in all of previous human history. This amazing revolution in health, largely unrecognized, has been achieved by attacking the most pressing problems of the largest numbers and using appropriate technologies, modern communications and social activation. Water, diet, and education enhanced by targeted interventions with vaccines, contraceptives and simple treatments have decreased deaths and extended average life expectancy by over 25 years. Living through this revolution and working for over 40 years in developing countries, Dr. Rohde will review some of these remarkable achievements and discuss the emerging careers that promise to carry these advances into the most remote corners of the earth.
Listen to the audio of Dr. Rohde's lecture below or download the mp3
. View Dr. Rohde's powerpoint slides that he references in his lecture.
Perspectives Behind the Sports Headlines
Phil de Picciotto '77
President, Octagon, Inc.
January 26, 2012
Listen to Phil discuss some of the topics that have made recent headlines in the world of sports, including the new NFL and NBA labor agreements, drug testing and anti-doping efforts, the NCAA and its role in collegiate athletics, and the evolution of our in-arena and home viewing experiences.
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"The U.S. Space Program - What Lies Ahead?"
Jeff Hoffman '66
MIT professor and former astronaut
Larry Young '56
November 29, 2011
After 30 years of operations, culminating with the completion of the construction of the International Space Station, the Space Shuttle fleet has been retired from service. The program officially came to an end on July 21, 2011, when the Space Shuttle Atlantis rolled to a stop on the runway at its home port, the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. What does this mean for the future of human space flight, both in the US and worldwide? For at least the next few years, human space flight will be concentrated on the Space Station, with crew transportation provided by Russian Soyuz rockets. However, several private companies are currently developing capabilities to send people into space and to conduct operations both in sub-orbital space and in orbit. Commercial access to space may be a game-changing development in human space flight.
MIT Professors Jeff Hoffman '66 and Larry Young '56 shared their insights into what the future may hold with respect to human space flight in the coming decade and beyond. Hoffman was a NASA astronaut for 19 years, making 5 space flights including the 1993 rescue/repair of the Hubble Space Telescope. Young has been the principal investigator on numerous space experiments as well as having been trained as an alternate payload specialist for NASA spacelab missions.
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The Arab Spring: Lessons from Iran
Monica M. Ringer
Associate Professor of History and Asian Languages and Civilizations
October 21, 2011
One of the most notable aspects of the Arab revolts that spread throughout the Middle East in the spring of 2011 was the innovative use of the internet and social networking. Almost exactly two years previously, the Iranian Green Movement was the first to deploy these new technologies against the government. What can we learn from the Iranian experience? Do these 'facebook' revolutions portend radical change for the future of democracy movements in the Middle East? This lecture examines the Arab revolts and the Iranian Green Movement in comparative perspective with particular reference to social networking, visual art, and the youth.
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9/11 in History and Memory
E. Dwight Salmon Professor of History and American Studies
September 13, 2011
The talk combines my memories of 9/11, especially of my 20th-Century American History class on the day after the attack, and a consideration of the ways in which historians have interpreted the events of that day and the years immediately thereafter. As the readings show, they generally extend the time frame to more than a half-century of U.S. engagement in the Middle East.
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