The Amherst College Wildlife Sanctuary includes approximately 500 acres in a diverse collection of open fields (both actively maintained and unmanaged), wetlands, flood plain woods, river, upland woods, plantation pines, and ponds—and is an important place for both recreation and research.
The variety of open fields located south and southeast of the main campus are important and scenic parts of the landscape and of the ecological diversity of the Sanctuary. Some are used through rental agreements for hay production, others are mowed to keep open as wildlife habitat, and several are unmanaged.
Forested areas within the Sanctuary include red pine plantations, white pine stands, areas of swamp hardwoods, flood plain hardwoods along the Fort River, and upland hardwoods. Large specimen white oaks and white pines are present in the Eastern Wildlife Sanctuary south of College Street.
Ponds, Streams and Wetlands
Principal water resources in the Sanctuary include:
- Fort River and a major tributary system coming into the Fort River from the north
- Fearing Brook and its small tributaries
- Two ponds
- Sections of wet meadow in the main South Pleasant Street field and near South East Street
- Wet shrub-filled swales near Mill Lane and the main South Pleasant Street field
- Vernal pools in the area near the Physical Plant south of College Street and in the Wildlife Sanctuary area west of South East Street
- Swamp forest near South East Street
Sights and Sounds of the Amherst College Sanctuary
The Amherst College Wildlife Sanctuary, which celebrated its 80th anniversary in 2013, was created during the Great Depression to provide jobs for students and town residents.
Students Encounter Nature around Amherst
“Encounters with Nature” is an Amherst College First-Year seminar taught by Professors Nicola Courtright and Rick Lopez that explores the nature surrounding the college, including the college's Wildlife Sanctuary.
One in the Hand
Over the summer of 2008, Amherst College Professor of Biology Ethan Clotfelter worked closely with students to study the behavior of birds through a series of 150 nest boxes installed in the Amherst College Wildlife Sanctuary.