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This page provides information on the sources consulted for the two short videos about Lord Jeffery Amherst and the history of "Lord Jeff" as the Amherst College mascot. The scripts for both videos were written by Mike Kelly, Head of the Archives & Special Collections. Nearly all of the images used in the videos are from materials held by the Archives or the Mead Art Museum.

Lord Jeffery Amherst (1717-1797)

The portraits of Jeffery Amherst, his father, and his brothers William and John, are from the holdings of the Mead Art Museum. Other portraits of Amherst family members can be found by searching the Mead's Collections Database.

The map of the War of the Austrian Succession is from Wikipedia.

Jeffery Amherst's signature is from the Lord Jeffery Amherst Collection in the Archives.

The portrait of William Pitt is from the British National Portrait Gallery.

The print of Major General Amherst is from the Mead Art Museum.

The maps of Louisburg, Ticonderoga, Niagara, Quebec, and Montreal, and the print of "Sir Jeffery Amherst" are from the Plimpton Collection of French and Indian War Items in the Archives. Unless otherwise noted, all the maps in the video are from the Plimpton Collection.

The image of Ottowas in a canoe is Plate 10, figure 2 in volume one of Henry Rowe Schoolcraft's The Indian Tribes of the United States. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1884. This volume is held by the Archives & Special Collections and is also available online via the Internet Archive.

The quotation from Jacques Duchesneau is taken from War Under Heaven by Gregory Evans Dowd:
"In 1682, French intendant Jacques Duchesneau observed that Ottawas 'never transact[ed] any business without making presents to illustrate and confirm their words...; they entertain[ed] a profound contempt for the selfish." (page 27) 

The portrait of Sir William Johnson is from the Plimpton Collection of French and Indian War Items in the Archives.

The letter from Jeffery Amherst to William Johnson with the phrase "to the Indians" is from the Lord Jeffery Amherst Collection in the Archives.

The quotation from Amherst's letter to Johnson in February 1761 is taken from Never Come to Peace Again: Pontiac's Uprising and the Fate of the British Empire in North America by David Dixon:
“Services must be rewarded; it has ever been a maxim with me, but as to purchasing the good behavior of Indians, or any Others, is what I do not understand; when men of what race soever behave ill, they must be punished but not bribed” (page 78)

The quotation from Amherst's letter to Johnson of August 9, 1761 is taken from "Haughty Conquerors": Amherst and the Great Indian Uprising of 1763 by William R. Nester:
"Fearing this would inflame the Indian conspiracy, the general insisted that 'the discovery of the disaffected & the overthrow of their machinations...never gave me a moment's concern, as I know their incapacity of attempting anything serious, and that if they were rash enough to venture upon any ill design, I had it in my power not only to frustrate them, but to punish the delinquents with entire destruction, which I am firmly resolved on, whenever any of them give me cause; but I am hopeful they never will.'" (page 44)

The portrait of Pontiac is from the Bushy Run Battlefield web site. This portrait by John Mix Stanley is purely conjectural.

The map of Fort Detroit is from the David Rumsey Map Collection online.

The illustration of Indians fighting British soldiers is  from the Plimpton Collection of French and Indian War Items in the Archives.

The quotation from Amherst's letter to Bouquet on June 4, 1763 is taken from Dixon's Never Come to Peace Again: “the Post of Fort Pitt, or any of the Others Commanded by Officers, can certainly never be in Danger from such a Wretched Enemy as the Indians are.” (page 139)

 

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