Soffer Ornithology Collection Notes (alphabetical by author)

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M. K. M. The birds we see and the story of their lives

Maar, A.  Illustrirtes Muster-Enten-Buch.....

Mackenzie, John P. S. (illustrated by Terrence [Michael] Shortt [1911-]). Birds in peril.

Mackinnon, J., Phillipps, K. A field guide to the birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali the Greater Sunda Islands

MacKinnon, John, Phillipps, Karen in collaboration with  He Fen-qi A field guide to the birds of China

Mackworth-Praed, C(yril) W(inthrop) (1891-1974), and C(laude) H(enry) B(axter) Grant (1878-1958). African handbook of birds.

Macgillivray, William (1796-1852) A history of British birds, indigenous and migratory....

Maclean, Gordon Lindsay (text), and Gail Darroll (illustrations). Ducks of sub-Saharan Africa.

Madagascar Zoology Extracts from the Proceedings of the Zoological Society

Madarász, Julius von (1858-1931) Zeitschrift für die gesammte Ornithologie (all published)

Madarasz, Gyula aka Julius von, (1858-1931). Annales Musei Hungariae.

Madarász, Gyula (1858-1931). Magayarország Madarai A Hazai Madárvilág Megismerésének Vezérfonala.

Mahajan, Jagmohan (descriptions of birds by Grewal, Bikram). Splendid plumage Indian birds by British artists.

Malick, Donald Leo (1929-1986). African bird portraits 12 watercolor studies painted in the Republic of Botswana.

Malo, Charles (1790-1871). La voliere des dames.

Manuscript, German (anonymous) Untitled (Classification of birds of the world)

Marks, J(ohn) L(ewis) (Publisher, fl. ca. 1820-1850). Marks's Edition A visit to the zoological gardens.

(Marriott, Mrs.) “An Experienced Dealer”  The parrot-keeper’s guide....

Marshall, C.(harles)H.(enry)T.(ilson)(1841-1927) and Marshall, G.(eorge)F.(rederick)L.(eycester)(1843-1934). A monograph of the Capitonidae or scansorial barbets 

Martinet, François Nicolas (1731-). Histoire des oiseaux, peints dans tous leurs aspects apparens et sensibles 

Martorelli, Giacinto (1855-1917) Le forme e le simmetrie delle macchie nel plumaggio 

Mathews, F(erdinand) Schuyler (1854-1938). The book of birds for young people 

Mathews, Gregory Macalister(1876-1949), Iredale, Tom  A manual of the birds of Australia

Mathews, Gregory Macalister (1876-1949)(White, H. L.). Checklist to the Mathews ornithological collection of the National Library of Australia 

Mathews, Gregory, M.(acalister)(1876-1949) The birds of Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands ...

Mathews, Gregory M(acalister). A supplement to the birds of Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands to which is added those birds of New Zealand not figured by Buller 

Mathews, Gregory M.(acalister) (1876-1949) S. A. White collection The birds of Australia

Mathews, F(erdinand) Schuyler (1854-1938). Field book of wild birds and their music …

May, John Bichard (illustrated by Allan Brooks [1869-1946] and Roger Tory Peterson [1908-1996]). The hawks of North America Their field identification and feeding habits 

Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson) (1845-1929) A catalogue of the birds / of / Coos Co., N. H., .....

Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson) (1845-1929). The warblers of New England 

Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929). The birds of eastern North America…1881 edn

Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson)(1845-1929). The birds of eastern North America… 1896 edn
Maynard, Chas. (=Charles) J(ohnson). Eggs of North American birds 

Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson)(1845-1929). Manual of taxidermy A complete guide in collecting and preserving birds and mammals

Maynard, C(harles)J(ohnson)(1845-1929). The naturalist's guide in collecting and preserving objects of natural history with a complete catalogue of the birds of eastern Massachusetts 

Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson) (1845-1929). The birds of North America…1881(uncolored)

Maynard, C(harles)J(ohnson)(1845-1929). The warblers of New England Parts I-V of VI

Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929). Handbook of the sparrows, finches etc. of New England 

Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929).  Nature study in schools conducted by C. J. Maynard 

Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929). Directory to the birds of eastern North America.... 

Maynard, Charles Johnson (1845-1929) Vocal organs of talking birds and some other species

Mayr, E. List of New Guinea Birds.  A systematic and faunal list of the birds of New Guinea and adjacent islands  

Mayr, Ernst (1904-). Birds of the southwest Pacific A field guide to the birds of the area between Samoa, New Caledonia, and Micronesia 

Mayr, Ernst(1904-), Rand, A(ustin)L(oomer)(1905-). Results of the Archbold expeditions. No. 14 Birds of the 1933-1934 Papuan expedition

Mayr, Ernst (1904-) and Diamond, Jared (1937) (color plates by H. Douglas Pratt). The birds of northern Melanesia speciation, ecology & biogeography 

McGregor, Richard C.(rittenden)(1871-1937)  Birds from Mindoro and small adjacent islands. Notes on three rare Luzon birds

McGregor, Richard C.(rittenden)(1871-1937). A manual of Philippine birds 

Mcloughlin Bros (1858-1920) Alphabet of birds

Mcoughlin Bros  Large birds  Bird and animal series (1886)

Mcoughlin Bros  Large birds  Bird and animal series (1903)

Mcoughlin, Bros  Small birds  Bird and animal series (1903)

McPeek, Gail A. (editor); Adams, Raymond J. (consulting editor). The birds of Michigan 

Mckelvie, Colin Laurie, Robjent, Richard (1937-)  The woodcock A study in words and pictures 

Mearns, Barbara & Richard The bird collectors

Meinertzhagen, Colonel R.(ichard)(1878-1967).  Birds of Arabia

Meinertzhagen, Dan(iel)(1875-1898), Hornby, R. P. (edited by Meinertzhagen, Georgina). Bird life in an arctic spring 

Meinertzhagen, Colonel R.(ichard)(1878-1967). Pirates and predators The piratical and predatory habits of birds 

Meinertzhagen, R.(ichard) (1878-1967) (Nicoll, Michael John[1880-1925]). Nicoll's birds of Egypt 

Menefee, E. L., Corless, Fred The ornithologists' and oologists' directory containing the names and addresses of all the prinicial collectors in oology and ornithology in the United States, Canada and Great Britain

Menegaux, (Henri) A.(ugust)(1857-1937) and Simon, É(ugène) Louis (1848-1924) Etude des oiseaux de l' Equateur rapportes par le Dr. Rivet  

Ménétriés, E.(douard) (1802-1861). Monographie de la famille des Myiotherinae où sont décrites les espèces qui ornent le Musée de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences 

Mengel, Robert M.(orrow) (1921-1990). A catalogue of the Ellis collection of ornithological books in the  University of Kansas libraries 

Menzbir, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1855-1935). Okhotnichy i promyslovyia ptitsy evropl. Rossii i Kavkaza

Menzbir, (Menzbier) M.(ikhail)A.(leksandrovich)(1855-1935). Ptitsy rossiî 

Menzbier (Menzbir), M.(ikhail) A.(Aleksandrovich)(1855-1935) Faune de la Russie et des pays limitrophes..Falconiformes

Merriam, C.(linton) Hart (1855-1942). A review of the birds of Connecticut

Merriam, Florence A.(ugusta)(1863-1948) A-birding on a bronco 

Merriam, Florence A.(ugusta)(1863-1948) Birds of village and field A bird book for beginners 

Merrill, Rufus (Publisher). The child's book about birds

Merrill, Rufus (Publisher, 1803-1891). Book about birds 

Merrill, Rufus (Publisher, 1803-1891) A history of birds  1843

Meyer, A.(dolf)B.(ernard)(1840-1911), Wiglesworth, L.(ionel) W. The birds of Celebes and the neighboring islands 

Meyer de Schauensee, Rodolph (1901-) The species of birds of South America and their distribution 

Meyer de Schauensee, Rodolphe (1901-), Phelps, William H. Jr.  A guide to the birds of Venezuela 

Meyer de Schauensee, R. (odolphe)(1901). The birds of Colombia and adjacent areas of South and Central America 

Meyer, A.(dolph)B.(ernhard)(1840-1911)(Editor) Mittheilungen  aus dem  K. Museum  zu Dresden

Meÿer, H.(enry)L.(eonard) (1798-1864). Coloured illustrations of British birds and their eggs 

Michaelis, H. von and Bird, Allan. Our birds

Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1869-1935). The graphic An illustrated weekly newspaper  1886

Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1869-1935). British / diving ducks 

Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1865-1931). The natural history of British game birds 

Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1865-1931). The natural history of the British surface-feeding ducks 

Milne Edwards, Alphonse (1835-1900), Oustalet, É.(mile)(1844-1905) Études sur les mammifères et les oiseaux des Iles Comores 

Milne-Edwards, Alph(onse)(1835-1900), Grandidier, Alfred(1836-1907). Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar Histoire naturelle des oiseaux

Mitchell, Frederick Shaw.  Personal Collection (Sammelband)

Mitchell, F.(rederick) S.(haw)(fl. late 19th century). The birds of Lancashire 

Mitchell, Mason. Birds of Samoa A manual of ornithology of birds inhabiting these islands

Mitchell, Margaret (Knox) H.(owell)(1901-). Observations on birds of southeastern Brazil 

Mivart, St. George (Jackson)(1827-1900). A monograph of the lories, or brush-tongued parrots, composing the family Loriidae 

Moehring, Paul H. G. (1710-1792). Geschlachten der vogelen

Mogul artist(s). A collection of eight Kodak colored bird prints

Moltoni, Edgardo (1896-1980), Ruscone, Giuseppe Gnecchi (illustrated by Gallelli, Giovanni). Gli uccelli dell' Africa orientale Italiana 

Momiyama, Toku T.(arô) (1895) Annotationes ornithologiae orientalis 

Montagu, George (1749-1815). Ornithological dictionary; or, alphabetical synopsis of British birds With supplement. Special colored presentation copy.

Montes de Oca (Rafael fl. 1870-1880). Hummingbirds and orchids of Mexico 

Morgan, Richard (fl. 1907-1909). Llyfr Adar [Adar Cymru] (Welsh book of birds)

Morikuni Tachibana 1679-1748) Ehon Tsuuhoushi (tsuhoshi) (volume 6)

Morris, Beverley R(obinson). British game birds and wildfowl 

Morris, F.(rancis) O.(rpen) (1810-1893) A history of British birds

Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936). Birds of prey of Australia
Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-). Pigeons and doves of Australia 

Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-). Finches of Australia A folio 

Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-). Robins & wrens of Australia A selection

Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-). Birds of the Australian / swamps 

 Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-). Impressions of waterfowl of Australia from the original oils on Lauan mahogany panels

 Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-).  Birds of prey of Australia  a field guide

Moulton, J(ohn) C(oney). Guide to the collection of bornean birds in the Sarawak Museum 

Mudie, Robert (1777-1842). The feathered tribes of the British Islands 

Mudie, Robert (1777-1842). The natural history of birds 

Mullens, W.(illiam)H.(erbert), Swann, H.(arry)Kirke (1871-1926). A bibliography of British ornithology.. …

Muller, Le Bon J(ohann) W(ilhelm) de  (1824-1866). Description de nouveaux oiseaux d'Afrique …

Müller, Salomon (1804-1864), Sclegel, Hermann, 1004-1884)(Temminck, Coenraad Jacob[1778-1858]). Aves

Müller, Adolph (1821-1910) and Karl(1825-1905) Thiere der Heimath  Deutschlands Säugethiere und Vögel zweites Buch. Wesen und Wandel der Vögel 

Mulsant, (Martial)É.(tienne), (1797-1880). Lettres a Julie sur l'ornithologie 

Mumford, Russell E., Keller, Charles E. (1929-)(paintings by William Zimmerman [1939-]). The birds of Indiana 

Munoz Lopez, Rafael (artist), Cervantes, Lic. Xavier (text)  Pajaros de Mexico/Mexican birds

Murphy, Robert Cushman (1887-). Oceanic birds of South America…

Murr, Franz (1887-1962?). Bergfinken (Bramblings) 

Murray, James A. The avifauna of British India and its dependencies …

Mützel, Gustav (1839-1893) (Meyer, Adolph Bernhard [1840-1911]). Unser Auer-, Rackel- und Birkwild und seine Abarten.

Myers, Harriet Williams (1867-)  Western birds


M. K. M.

The birds we see and the story of their lives  14.5 x 10.7 cm.  [1]82-6874[$1signed]; 52 ll.  Pp.  [1-9]10-104.  Original publisher’s red cloth with black decorative frame on upper cover enclosing mounted chromolithograph of skylark.  Gilt titles and lettering on upper cover and spine.  London, T. Nelson  and Sons, 1875.

1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title; 4, blank; 5, contents; 6, blank; 7, poem; 8, blank; 9, the robin; 20, the swallow; 31, the wren; 40, the cuckoo; 50, the chaffinch; 60, the goldfinch; 67, the nightingale; 76, the skylark; 84, the blackbird; 94, the bullfinch; 100, the thrush.  Contains three unnumbered chromolithographic plates in addition to that on uuper cover and 28 unnumbered text woodcuts (head and tailpieces). The artist and printer for the attractive chromolithographs are not given.

This is a rather rare and handsome little book for children which presents life histories of some common British birds in an easy-going style.  There are six references in OCLC, four of which seem to describe this volume.  Of these four, three are designated 1874, and one, 1875.  The other two listings are dated 1883 and 1885 and apparently represent a second edition since the pagination and illustrations are different from this one.  I have also seen an 1888 edition with uncolored plates.




Maar, A.

Illustrirtes / Muster-Enten-Buch / enthaltend / das Gesamte der Zucht und Pflege der domestizirten Entenschläge / und der zur Domestikation geeigneten Wild-Enten-Arten und Zier-Enten  28.0 x 21.5 cm.  German gothic printing.  π101-394402[$1, 2 signed[168 ll.  Pp.  [I-VIII]IX-XIX(1)[1-3]4-316. Late 20th century half black morocco and turquoise marbled boards.  Spine with four gilt-ruled slightly raised ridges, gilt lettering in central panel.  Edges dyed red.  Hamburg, Verlaganstalt und Druckerei Actien-Gesellschaft (vormals J. F. Richter)(1891)

I, Half-title; II, blank; III, title; IV, printer designation as on title page (Verlaganstalt…); V, dedication; VI, blank; VII, foreword dated January, 1891; X, blank; XI, contents; XIII, unnumbered list of colored plates (calling for 39); 1, general part, historical; 19, usefulness of duck breeding; 19, what lines should be kept? 24, living space; 34, feeding; 39, pairing; 47, egg laying and brooding; 56, raising of young; 68, fattening, slaughter; 79, diseases and treatments; 123, specific part; 125, general natural history; 123, domestic lines; 168, domestication of wild ducks (covering 61 species); 267, hybrids; 305, capture of wild ducks; 311, appendix (exhibition cages).    Contains 40 unnumbered chromolithographic plates by Verlaganstalt und Druckerei, A. G. after an undesignated artist.  These are mounted on guards.  Also contains two uncolored wood-engraved plates, one folding, containing two and nine unnumbered figures respectively, and another nine unnumbered wood-engraved text illustrations.

This uncommon book describes the maintenance and breeding of domestic ducks as well as the domestication of many species of wild ducks.  This copy of the book appears to have been trimmed slightly, however, the 40 chromolithographs remain striking.  The list of these calls for only 39.  The artist is not designated.

This work is rare outside of Germany.  It is listed by Wood (p. 445) and Harvard but not by AMNH, BM(NH), Cornell, Harvard, LOC, Smithsonian, Trinity, Yale, Zimmer.



Macgillivray, William (1796-1852)

A / history / of / British birds / indigenous and migratory / including / their organization, habits, and relations; / remarks on classification and nomenclature; / an account of the principal organs of birds, and / observations relative to practical / ornithology. Five volumes. 21.0 x 13.6 cm. Old half-leather with tan patterned cloth sides. Spine with five raised band, gilt lettering in second (from top) panel. Red-speckled edges. London, 1837-1852.

Vol. I. Gallinaceous birds; pigeons; conirostral birds; crows and allied genera. Printed for Scott, Webster, and Geary, 1837. π2A-Rr8X4 ($1,2 signed) 326 ll. Pp. (π1-2, blank, π3, title π4, Burness Printers, Edinburgh)[i]ii-xv[xvi][1]2-631(1).

π1,2 blank; 3, title, 4 blank; I, preface; vii, table of contents; xiii, list of figures; xvi, errata; 1, introduction; 3, classification and nomenclature; 20, structure of birds; 93, explanation of plates; 99, characters of the orders; 103, order I., Rasores. Scrapers. or gallinaceous birds; 237, practical ornithology, first lesson, flight of birds; 249, order II. Gemitores. Cooers. or pigeons; 295, practical ornithology, second lesson, winter birding; 311, order III. Deglubitores. Huskers. or conirostral birds. order IV. Vagatores. Wanderers. or crows and allied genera; 473, practical ornithology, third lesson, midland parts of the middle division of Scotland; 616, practical ornithology, fourth lesson, directions for preserving nests, eggs, skins; 625, index to species (generic and specific); 627, general index; 632, W. Burness, Printer, Edinburgh. Contains uncolored steel engraved plates I-IX, anatomical parts by J. Gellatly after MacGillivray not included in pagination and uncolored text woodcut figures 1-95 engraved by Sclater and Son after MacGillivray.

Vol. II. Songsters. Printed for Scott, Webster, and Geary, 1839. π11B4C-II8KK4($1 signed)259 ll. Pp. [2][i]ii-xii[1]2-503(1). First preliminary leaf recto, title; verso, W. Bruness, Printer; i, preface; vii, contents; xi, list of figures; 1, characters of the order; Cantatores. Songsters. 9, Practical ornithology, fifth lesson, suburban excursion; 39 V. Cantatores. Songsters (50 species discussed); 462, practical ornithology, sixth lesson, birds of Scotland;. 494, explanation of plates; 497, index to described species; 499, general index; 503, printer designation W. Burness. Contains plates X-XIII and text wood cut figures 96-185.

Vol. III. Reptatores, creepers; Scansores, climbers; Cuculinae; Raptores, plunderers, or rapacious birds; Excursores, snatchers; Jaculatores, darters. . Printed for Scott, Webster, and Geary, 1840. [π]8A-3C8 ($1 signed) 391 ll. Pp. (2)[i]ii-xii[1]2-768. π1, recto and verso blank; π2, recto, title, verso, W. Burness, printer; i, preface; v, contents; xi, list of figures; 1, Characters of the orders. 9, Order VI, Raptatores. Creepers. 56, practical ornithology, seventh lesson, remarks on woodpeckers; 65, Order VII, Scansores. Climbers. 105, Order VIII. Cuculinae. Cuckoos and allied species. 141, practical ornithology, eighth lesson, structures of rapacious birds; 161, Order IX, Raptors. Plunderers. 486, Order X, Excursores. Snatchers. 543, practical ornithology, ninth lesson, various observations; 553. Order XI, Volitatores. Gliders. 646, practical ornithology, tenth lesson, catalogue of the land birds of Leicestershire by James Harley; 667, Order XII, Jaculatores. Darters. 689, supplement; 700, appendix; 747, explanation of plates; 753, index to species; 755, general index; 761, index catalogue of British land birds; 768, W. Burness, printer. Contains plates XIV-XXII and wood cut text figures 186-278.

Vol. IV. Cursores or runners; Tentatores or probers; Aucupatores or stalkers; Latitores or skulkers; London: William S. Orr and Co., Amen Corner, Paternoster Row, 1852 [a]6b8B-UU8XX4YY2($1 signed)364 ll (including a V quire usually omitted by printer). Pp. [i-vii]viii-xxviii[1]2-700 i, title; ii, blank; iii, duplicate title; iv, blank; v, dedication to queen; vi, blank; vii, preface; xi, appendix to previous volumes; xxi, contents; xxvii, list of figures; 1, introductory observations; order XIII, Cursors or runners; 54, order XIV, Tentatores or probers; 397, order XV, Aucupatores or stalkers; 508, order XVI, Latitores or skulkers; 571, orderXVII, Cribratores or sifters; 691, species index; 695, general index. Contains plates I-IV and text figures 1-59

Vol. II. Aquatic birds and Vol. V. Cribratores or sifters; Urinatores or divers; Mersatores or plungers; London: William S. Orr and Co., Amen Corner, Paternoster Row, 1852 [a]2b8B-2X8($1 signed) ll Pp. [i-vii]viii-xx[1]2-688 i, title for Vol. II, aquatic birds; ii, blank; iii, title for Vol. V, Cribratores, Urinatores, Mersatores; iv, blank; v, dedication to queen; vi, blank; vii, preface; xi, contents; xvii, list of illustrations; 1, introductory observations; 10 order XVII, Cribratores or sifters; 240, order XVIII, Urinatores or divers; 421, order XIX, Mersatores or plungers; 679, species index; 682, general index. Contains plates V-VII, text wood cut figures 60-100.


Mackenzie, John P. S. (illustrated by Terrence [Michael] Shortt [1911-])


Birds / in / peril // a guide to the endangered birds / of the United States and Canada  23.4 x 16.0 cm.  Pp.  [108]9-191(1).  Original publisher's gray-brown cloth with gilt lettering to spine.  Pictorial dust jacket with original price of $14.95 printed on upper flap.  Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977. 


1, Half-title; 2, vignette of geese; 3, title; 4, copyright 1977 Pagurian Press Limited, Toronto; published by Houghton Mifflin in United States by special arrangement with publisher of origin; ISBN 0-395-25855-3; first printing; printed and bound in Canada; 5, dedication; 6, vignette of geese; 7, contents; 8, list of colored plates; 9, introduction by Elvis J. Stahr, President, National Audubon Society; 11, acknowledgments; 15, birds in peril; 29, eastern brown pelican; 37, trumpeter swan; 47, aleutian canada goose; 55, giant canada goose; 63, mexican duck; 71, california condor; 79, southern bald eagle; 87, florida everglade kite; 94, american peregrine falcon; 104, attwater's prairie chicken; 115, masked bobwhite quail; 121, whooping crane; 130, eskimo curlew; 137, hudsonian godwit; 146, ivory-billed woodpecker; 153, bachman's warbler; 159, kirtland's warbler; 169, ipswich sparrow; 177, dusky seaside sparrow; cape sable seaside sparrow; 189, bibliography (39 entries).  Contains: 20 unnumbered plates printed in color half-tone with running text on obverse and included in pagination; 24 uncolored line sketches in text and preliminaries.


This work discusses the biology, ecology and factors involved in decline or disappearance of 20 forms, several of which are local representatives of widespread species.  A major asset of the book are the superb colored plates and text illustrations by Terrence Shortt.  Shortt, who worked for many years at the Royal Ontario Museum, never received the acclaim he deserved.  In addition to this book, Pagurian Press produced Shortt's own attractive Wild birds of the Americas in 1977.


The book is listed by Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale but not by AMNH.


Mackinnon, J., and K. Phillipps (in collaboration with Paul Andrew and Frank Rozendaal)


A Field Guide to The Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali the Greater SundaIslands 20.5 x 14.5 cm.  Pp.[i-vii]viii[ix-x]xii-xiii[xiv-xvi[1]2-491(the latter three pages, the last of the index, are printed on both sides of the rear endpaper and on the lower cover pastedown!)  Original green cloth and pictorial dust jacket.  Oxford, New York, Tokyo, Oxford University Press, 1993. 


Half-title, i; title, iii; dedication, v; acknowledgments, vii; contents, ix; list of plates, x; anatomy of a bird, xii; glossary and abbreviations, xiii; background, 1; introduction to the region, 5; biogeography, 14; conservation, 20; field techniques for birdwatching, 26; when and where to see birds, 35; the plates, 90 ll on glossy paper (includes 88 plates, all colored, by Phillipps with accompanying letter-press on verso of antecedent leaf.  There is a blank glossy leaf at the end of the section); family and species descriptions, 45; appendices, 409; bibliography, 448; index, 459.  Contains several maps, charts and text illustrations.


This work describes and illustrates 820 species.  The species accounts are brief but include points of identification, voice, habits, distribution, status and range.  The illustrations are excellent and clearly done by an artist with field experience.  (Karen Phillipps was born in Borneo and lives in Hong Kong).  This is a handsome field guide.  I bought it in preparation for a trip to Sulawesi and Halmahera in the summer of 1997.


This book is uncommon in the hard cover format.


MacKinnon, John, Phillipps, Karen in collaboration with  He Fen-qi (illustrations by Karen Phillipps with 20 plates by David Showler, distribution maps by David MacKinnon)

A field guide to the / birds of China
  20.0 x 14.1 cm.  Pp.  [i-v]vi[vii-xiv][[1]2-586.  Original publisher’s color pictorial card wrapper.  Endpaper maps; New York, Oxford University Press, 2006(2000).  Fourth reprint, second in 2006.

i, Half-title; 2, blank; iii, title; iv, first published 2006, reprinted 2004, 2005, 2006 (twice); ISBN o 19 854940 7; typeset b J&L Composition Ltd, Filey, North Yorkshire; printed in China; 5, contents; ix, list of plates; xi, in memory of;  xiii, acknowledgements; 1, authors’ introduction; 4, introduction to the region; 11, history of ornithology in China;14, avian biogeography;19, conservation; 29, glossary including anatomy of a bird; 33, species accounts, Lerwa lerwa-Plectrophenax nivalis (species 1-1329); 533, appendices; 533, 1, endangered species; 541, 2, endemics; 542, 3, birds from Arunchal Pradesh claimed by China but not described in text; 542, 4, birds from Spratly Islands but not described in text; 543, 5, list of clubs and societies; 546, bibliography (about 140 references); 553, English and generic index.  Contains an unpaginated section entitled “ The Plates” between pp. 10 and 11 which contains 129 glossy leaves including color half-tone plates 1-128, each with facing letter-press and colored distribution maps printed on the verso of the preceding plate or the verso of the section title in the case of plate 1.  Also contains 19 unnumbered, uncolored half-tone text figures of the few species not figured on the colored plates.

This massive guide (hardly a “field” guide) covers 1329 species.  For each, it provides information under the following headings: description; voice; range(worldwide); distribution and status(local); habits.  The authors, one of whom is the artist, are old hands at producing and illustrating field guides dealing with Asian birds.

The present paperback copy of this guide is in the majority.  Only a few examples were issued in hard cover.




Mackworth-Praed, C(yril) W(inthrop) (1891-1974), and C(laude) H(enry) B(axter) Grant (1878-1958).

African handbook of birds  Six volumes 21.4 x 14.2 cm.  Publisher's gray cloth, gilt outline of Africa with gilded relevant section on upper cover, gilt lettering to spine.


Series I  Volume I  Birds of eastern / and north eastern / Africa  London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1957(1952).  Second edition.  [1]82-52853454-558[$1 signed]; 436 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xxooo[xxiv-xxvi]1-806[807-844]845[846].  i, series half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, first published 1952; second edition 1957; credits: text set by Spottiswoode Ballantyne & Co., Ltd., London & Colchester; printed by Butler & Tanner Ltd., Frome & London; plates printed by Robert Maclehose & Co., Ltd., University Press, Glasgow; v, preface to the second edition; vi, preface to the first edition; xxv, index to groups; xxvi, list of plates; 1-798, systematic accounts, Struthio camelus-Pitta reichenowi, species 1-653; 798, addenda and corrigenda; 801, additions to east african list since 31st, July, 1951(six species, five subspecies); 807, alphabetical index of generic and specific scientific names; 844, index to addenda and corrigenda in second edition of volume I.  Contains: colored plates 1-53 by H. Grönvold, Roland Green, printed in half-tone on both sides of 26 leaves, one side of another, all not included in pagination; most plates contain six different pictures, a few contain only one but all display 4-8 species; uncolored half-tone photographic plates i-vi by V. G. L. Van Someren printed on both sides of three leaves, each containing six separate images, not included in pagination; numerous thumbnail line figures in text margins illustrating virtually all species not figured in color; full page with uncolored line diagrams of a bird and its parts; thumbnail uncolored african distribution maps for all species; one full-page uncolored topographical map.


Series I  Volume 2  Birds of eastern / and north eastern / Africa  London, Longmans, 1960 (1955).  Second edition.  [A]8B-4E8X[$1 signed]; 593 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-viii1-1113(1)[1115-1178].  i, series half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1960; first published 1955; second edition 1960; credits; v, authors' note, 1953; note to second edition; vi, volume one errata; vii, index to groups (vol. 2); viii, list of plates; 1-1099(1), systematic accounts, Mirafra cantillans-Fringillaria socotrana, species 654-1478; 1101, addenda; 1105, new species (11) and subspecies (14) added since 31 December, 1953; 1115, alphabetical index of generic and specific scientific names; 1165, index to addenda and corrigenda of volume two; 1175, index of English group names in volumes one and two.  Contains: colored plates 54-96 by D. M. Henry, C. E. Talbot Kelly, H. Grönvold and N. Lighton printed on both sides of 21 leaves, one side of the last; these plates depict as many as 20 species; uncolored photographic plates vii-xix printed on both sides of five leaves and one of the last, each displaying six images; numerous thumbnail line sketches of species not figured in color; distribution maps for all species.  According to the authors in the introduction to volume one, 1027 species are figured in color in the two volumes.


Series II  Volume I  Birds of the /southern third of / Africa  London, Longmans, 1962.  Pictorial dust jacket with price of 50/- printed on upper flap.  [A]8B-2X82Y4; 356 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xx[xxi-xxiv]1-688.  i, Series half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1962; first published 1962; credits; v, preface; vii, introduction; xxi, topographical map; xxii, blank; xxiii, index to groups; xxiv, list of plates; 1-661(1), systematic accounts, Struthio camelus-Budytes thunbergi, species 1-581; 663, alphabetical index of Latin generic and specific names.  Contains: colored plates 1-38 by R. Green, H. Grönvold, D. M. Reid Henry, C. E. Talbot Kelly, R. A. Vowles, printed on both sides of 19 leaves; uncolored photographic plates i-xi by G. J. Broekhuysen, W. T. Miller, D. C. H. Plowes, each with six images, printed on both sides of five leaves and one side of the last; numerous thumbnail marginal sketches of species not figured in color; page with line anatomical diagrams of a bird and its parts; full-page line topographical text map; distribution maps for all species.


Series II  Volume II  Birds of the / southern third of / Africa  London, Longmans, 1963.  Pictorial dust jacket with price of 50/-.  [A]8B-3A8X; 377 ll.  Pp.  (6)1-747(1).  A1r, half-title; A1v, blank; A2r, title; A2v, copyright 1963; first published 1963; credits; A3r, index to groups; changes in names of countries; A3v, list of plates; erratum; 1, systematic accounts, Anthus similis-Fringillaria impetuani, species 583(sic)-1133; 713, index of English group names in volumes one and two; 716, index of generic and specific names.  Contains colored plates 39-76, photographic plates xii-xx, thumbnail sketches and distribution maps.


Series III  Volume I  Birds of west / central and western / Africa  London, Longman (sic), 1970; Pictorial dust jacket.  [1]162-21162214[$1, 5 signed]; 377 ll.  Pp. [i-iv]v-xxvii(1)1-671(1).  i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1970; first published 1970; printed by Jarrold & Sons Ltd, Norwich (no other credits); v, contents; vi, preface; vii, introduction; 1-639(1), systematic accounts, Strutho camelus-Calandrella cinerea, species 1-635; 641, index of generic and specific names.  Contains: colored plates 1-46 by Green, Grönvold, Reid Henry, Talbot Kelly, Vowles, printed on both sides of 22 leaves, one side of two others; many marginal thumbnail text sketches; text anatomical line diagrams of parts of a bird; text line topographical map; distribution maps for all species.


Series III  Volume II  Birds of west / central and western / Africa  London, Longman, 1973.  Pictorial dust jacket with price of £8.00 printed on upper flap.  [A]16B-2A162A12(sic, should be 2B); 2C16[$1 signed]; 412 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-vi1-818.  i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1973; first published 1973; ISBN 0 582 03114 1; printed by W. S. Cowell Ltd at the Butter Market, Ipswich; v, contents; vi, list of plates; 1, systematic accounts, Motacilla aguimp-Fringillaria impetuani, species 636-1371; 773, addenda to volume I; 775, index to group-names in volumes one and two; 777, index of generic and specific names.  Contains colored plates 47-93 printed on both sides of 23 leaves, one side of the last, marginal thumbnail sketches, distribution maps.


When I went to east Africa in 1964, this handbook, referred to as "Praed and Grant", was the only complete and comprehensively illustrated work available.  John William's first field guide had just been published but covered only a small fraction of the birds.  The first series dealing with east Africa was the most important and was finished while Grant was still alive.  The other two series were a bit "cut and paste" with additions and deletions from the first.  The entire six-volume set was the first complete treatment of African birds since Reichenow's Die Vögel Afrikas (1913) and was much more extensively illustrated than that work.  It would itself be superceded by the Academic Press series, The birds of Africa, which began publication in 1982.


Virtually every species in the African handbook is illustrated, either by a small figure on a colored plate, or by a small marginal line sketch in the text.  The accounts for the numerous species include: original citation; distinguishing characters but without length; habits; nest and eggs; recorded breeding; food; call; distribution; and subspecies.


Some, or all of the volumes were reprinted in the early 1980s.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Maclean, Gordon Lindsay (text), and Gail Darroll (illustrations)


Ducks / of sub-Saharan / Africa  41.4 x 31.4 cm.  Pp.  [I-XII]XIII-XV(1)1-150[151](1).  Publisher's green buckram with gilt duck on upper cover, gilt lettering to spine.  Coated pictorial endpapers.  Pictorial dust jacket.  Randburg, South Africa, Acorn Books, 1986.


I, Half-title; II, blank; III, limitation statement, this #942 of 2,500 Subscribers' copies out of a total of 2,726; IV, names of  subscribers (approximately 120 for remarque and collectors' editions, 440 for subscribers' edition); IX, blank; X, colored frontispiece; XI, title page with title printed in red; XII, copyright; year of publication; XIII, contents; XIV, blank; XV, list of coloured plates; 1, foreword by Peter Scott; 2, acknowledgements; 3, author's preface; 7, introduction; 19, systematic accounts of 30 species; 141, glossary; 143, references; ; 145, index of English and Latin names; 151, credits: typography, Jack Beaumont; colour separations, Dot Colour, Johannesburg; monochrome reproductions, RT Sparhams, Johannesburg; printing, Bruce Atwood at the Broederstroom Press; binding of subscribers' edition, J. P. Scott, Johannesburg.  Contains frontispiece and plates 1-36 (five of chicks) printed on matte paper in color half-tone on recto only with both sides included in pagination; 40 unnumbered, uncolored half-tone sketches of various natural history subjects in text; text distribution map for each species.


This handsome and  well produced book is mainly a vehicle for displaying Gail Darroll's fine artwork but is also informative thanks to Maclean's interesting text that emphasizes the life histories, habits, habitats and distribution of the various species in non-technical language.  Maclean was the ornithologist responsible for the major updating of the fifth edition of Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa in 1988.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Yale.  Not listed by Trinity.


Madagascar Zoology Extracts


The following are extracts from the Proceedings of the Zoological Society published in London by the Zoological Society.  They are approximately 23. 0 x 15.0 cm, in later gray wrappers and fractional parts of pages containing the articles in question have been excised and mounted to size.


Bartlett, Edward (1836-1908)

List of Mammals and Birds collected by Mr. Waters / in Madagascar 1875, pp. 62-69. Contains plate XII, a hand-colored lithograph of a porcine mammal, Potamochoerus edwardsi, by M. &N. Hanhart after J. Smit.  Enumerates 20 mammals and 61 bird species.


Bartlett, Edward

Second List of Mammals and Birds Collected by Mr. / Thomas Waters in Madagascar 1879, pp. 767-772.  Contains plate LXIII, a hand-colored lithograph of Zapornia watersi by Hanhart after Keulemans.  Enumerates 22 mammals and 20 birds, amongst which are described as new the Slender-billed Flufftail as above and Cyspselus balstoni (the Madagascar Black Swift).


Also laid in loosely to the wrapper enclosing these two articles is a single leaf article by Charles W. Richmond (1868-1932) entitled Description of a new species of Plover from / the East Coast of Madagascar extracted from Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington X,  53-53, March 14, 1896.  This article provides the first description of Aegialitis thoracica based on a specimen collected by W. L. Abbot.


Sharpe, Richard Bowdler (1847-1909)

Contributions to the Ornithology of Madagascar.-Part II 1871, pp. 313-320.  Contains plate XXXII, a hand-colored lithograph of Corethrura insularis (Madagascar Flufftail) by Hanhart after Keulemans.  Describes birds collected by Crossley.


Sharpe, Richard Bowdler

Contributions to the Ornithology of Madagascar / Part III 1872, pp. 866-868.  Contains plate LXXIII, a hand-colored lithograph of Oxylabes madagascariensis (White-throated Oxylabes) by Hanhart after Smit.  Continued description of birds collected by Crossley.


Sharpe, Richard Bowdler

Contributions to the Ornithology of Madagascar.-Part IV 1875, pp. 70-78.  Contains plates XIII, Eutriorchis astur (Madagascar Serpent-Eagle) and Atelornis Crossleyi (Orange-headed Ground-Roller) by Hanhart after Keulemans.  Continued description of birds collected by Crossley amongst the new species of which are the two that are illustrated as well as Neodrapanis corruscans, Oxylabes xanthophrys and Bernieria zosterops.  This is an exceedingly interesting article for its introduction of new, exotic species.


Günther, Albert (1830-1914)

Notes on some Mammals from Madagascar 1875, pp. 78-80.  Contains plates XV and XVI, two hand-colored lithographs by Hanhart after Smit.  Describes two new species.


Madarász, Julius von (1858-1931)

Zeitschrift / für die / gesammte Ornithologie
Four volumes in two.  24.0 x 17.2 cm.  Near contemporary half tan buckram and marbled boards.  Uncut.  Budapest, 1884-1888. Stamp of R. A. Paynter, Jr. on each front endpaper.  Contains 48 hand-colored plates of birds, two hand-colored plates of birds eggs and two chromolithographed plates of eggs as described below.

Jahrgang I, Budapest, Buchdruckerei des Franklin-Verein, 1884.  π41-4856(-56)6-128134(-134)13a814-16817618-268[$1, 2 signed]; 210 ll.  Pp. [i-v]vi[vii-viii][1]2-410(2, blank).  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, repeat title leaf; iv, penciled note “gift, Batchelder estate”; v, contents; vii, list of plates; viii, corrigenda; 1, editor’s note by Madarász dated February 1884; 3, text; 402 index.  Contains plates I-XX of which one is printed in uncolored collotype, the others are hand-colored lithographs (17) and chromolithographs (2).  Of the 19 colored lithographs, 15 depict birds, four, eggs.  Of those with designated artists, nine are after Madarász, four are after I. Schubert and one each are after J. R. Ridgway and L. Stejneger. Of the colored lithographs, nine are designated Hofkunstanst, J. Pataki , Budapest, 10 Lith W. Grund, Budapest.  Also contains one uncolored text woodcut.

Jahrgang II.  Budapest, Eigenthum des Herausgebers, 1885.  π41-48546-23824425-348356[$1, 2 signed]; 274 ll.  Pp. [i-v]vi[vii-viii][1]2-540.  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, repeat title; iv, printer designation: Franklin-Tarsulat Nyomdája; v, contents; vii, list of plates; viii, corrigenda; 1, text; 530, index.  Contains Taf. I-XXII all hand-colored lithographs after Madarász by Grund lith or W. Grund imp.  Six of the plates depict birds-of-paradise. Also contains 14 text woodcuts numbered with respect to the article in which they appear, and a text map.

Jahrgang III.  Budapest, Eigenthum des Herausgebers, 1886.  π21-188[$1, 2 signed]; 144 ll.  Pp. (4)[1]2-287(1).  Four pairs of original upper and lower printed printed blue wrappers for all four Hefte included. π1r, Title; π1v, Druck des Franklin Verein; penciled “Gift-Batchelder Estate”; π2r, contents; π2v, corrigenda; 1, text; 284 index.  Contains Taf. I-IX, all hand-colored lithographs designated Masarász del et lith; W. Grund, imp.  Also contains one wood-engraved text figure.

Jahrgang IV.   1887-1888.  Budapest, C. Grill’s K. U. K. Hofbuchhandlung, 1888.  π21-2[$1, 2 signed]; 226 ll.  Pp.  [1-3]4-447(1)  Two pairs of original upper and lower printed wrappers (all issued) each comprising two Hefte, included.  Four smaller leaves of Errata, pp. [1]2-7(1), in French, bound after first leaf of first article Faune des vertebras du Turquestan by N. A. Severtzoff translated from Russian to French by L. Olphe-Galliard.  π1r Title; π1v, blank; π2r, contents; πzv, list of plates, errata; !, text; 441, index.  Contains Taf. I-IV including uncolored lithographed map with red route after Madarász by W. Grund, imp; hand-colored lithographs after L. Stejneger and “Jr. Me”(?), printer undesignated; and folding, finely hand-colored lithographed map by Druck u. Verlag v. Ed. Gaebler’s geogr. Institut, Leipzig-Neustadt.

This excellent journal was apparently published privately and edited by Madarász, an accomplished ornithologist and artist.  Most of the articles are in German with a small number in English, Hungarian and French.  Amongst the more memorable articles is a series by A. B. Meyer and O. Finsch on the birds of New Guinea with beautiful colored plates by Madarasz; a series on Celebes birds by W. Blasius; Severtzoff’s summary of 384 species of birds in Turkestan; and a number of articles by Stejneger.

It isn’t clear why publication ceased when it did.  The journal Aquila began in 1894 as a publication of the major Hungarian ornithological association and filled the niche that had been occupied by the present work.

A complete set of this journal is very rare now.  This is the first I have encountered.  OCLC locates 15 sets.




Madarasz, Gyula aka Julius von, (1858-1931)


Annales Musei Hungariae A collection of ornithological offprints. 246 x 170 mm.  179 ll (Pp. 358).  Variously paginated comprising 26 different offprints and two repeats in German instead of Hungarian.  Half-sheep (?) with alligator or crocodile (?) sides.  Spines with five raised bands.  Marbled endpapers and edges.  Budapest, 1881-1909. 


Contains 16 colored and one uncolored plate after Madarasz.


Madarasz was an internationally recognized Hungarian ornithologist of the late 19th and early 20th century best known as editor of the Zeitschrift für die gesammte Ornithologie (1884-1886) and as author  of Die Vögel Ungarns (1899-1903).  He was an excellent ornithological draughtsman who illustrated his own works.


The present collection of rare museum publications includes major contributions to the ornithology of German (northeastern) New Guinea in which a collection made by Ludwig Biro is described, of Ceylon where the author describes species collected on his own expedition, and of Cyprus where he attempts a more or less complete synthesis, in good part from the literature.  The number of species discussed are 177 for New Guinea; 134 for Ceylon; and 249 for Cyprus.  In addition, there are several articles on the birds of Hungary and others describing new species based on specimens obtained from various exotic locales.  For most articles, the introductory material is written in Hungarian and the systematic part in German. Sometimes English is the second language.


The illustrations after drawings by Madarasz are uniformly excellent and include eight hand-colored lithographs printed by N. Grund imp. of Budapest; five chromolithographs, three of which were done by Grund, the other two by Werner & Winter of Frankfurt aM who also did the plates by Keulemans for the Princeton expedition to Patagonia; three colored plates done using a photographic (probably three-color) process (“chromo autotipia”) by Weinwurm Antal; and one uncolored lithograph by Grund.



Madarász, Gyula (1858-1931)


Magayarország / Madarai / A Hazai Madárvilág Megismerésének / Vezérfonala  / / / / Anhang: Die Vögels Ungarns  28.5 x 20 cm

[I]8II8III218(-14,5)28364-58667-108118(-1)12-138148(-1)15-178184(-1)19-208214222(-1)23-268274(-1)28-298302(-1)31-328334(-1)34-44845246-478482[$1, 2 signed]; 349 ll (lacking 1,4,5 ); Pp.  [I-V]VI-XXXIII[XXXIV-XXXVI]1-6, 11-666 (lacking pp. 7-10).  Original publisher's brown cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  Patterned endpapers.  Marbled edges.  Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Mudeum Kiadványa, 1899-1903. 


I, Title; II, blank; III, dedication; IV, blank; V, author's preface; VII, list of 110 subscribers; XI, contents; XXV, general overview of (Hungarian) ornithology; 1, systematic text; 453, general overview in German; 459, synoptic systematic text in German; 630, Hungarian names; 635, index.  Contains uncolored title vignette, approximately 170 uncolored, unnumbered text figures after Madarász.  Also contains Tabla (plates) I-IX including four hand-colored lithographs by W. Grund (?) after Madarász, one chromolithograph by Werner & Winter, Frankfurt,  after Madarász, one hand-colored lithograph by Mintern Bros. after Keulemans, and three uncolored lithographs by W. Grund after Madarász.


Madarász was an internationally known Hungarian ornithologist of the late 19th century who edited the Zeitschrifte für die Gesammte Ornithologie, a fine Hungarian journal of general ornithology.  He was also an excellent artist and the uncolored text figures in this work are exceptionally good.  The work covers the birds of Hungary giving careful definitions of taxonomic classes and then treating each species with synonymy, description, overall distribution and distribution and dates in Hungary.  There is a variable discursive text which probably includes life history when appropriate for Hungary.  There is also a German section which is a translation of the Hungarian text for the discussions of various taxonomic groups but which treats each individual species only with a comment concerning its general distribution and specific occurrence in Hungary.


According to Zimmer (p. 414), this work appeared originally in 15 parts which he delineates.  Anker, remarks (p. 52),  that Madaråsz  was "the director of the collection of birds in the Royal Hungarian Museum " and " a successful bird artist. "


The book is uncommon.  Wood, p. 447; Zimmer, p. 414.  Also listed for AMNH, Harvard, absent from Cornell, Trinity, Yale.


Mahajan, Jagmohan (descriptions of birds by Grewal, Bikram)


Splendid Plumage / Indian Birds by British Artists  34.4 x 24.5 cm.  Pp.  (4, including  blank front end paper, title with copyright and publication data on verso)[7]8-149[150, verso of blank rear end paper]; 74 ll including free endpapers.  The recto of the rear end paper is paginated "149".  Original patterned green boards printed on upper cover and spine with gold lettering, paneled colored illustration on upper cover.  Pictorial dust jacket duplicating the boards in appearance and content.  Brown end papers.  Hong Kong, Local Color Limited, 2000.


7, Contents; 8, preface; 11, introduction; 27, list of plates; 28, plates; 148, selected bibliography.  Contains colored plates 1-60 numbered with minimal text of facing page which is verso of antecedent plate.  Also contains, unnumbered in Introduction, 10 portraits of historical figures (one colored) and 15 colored illustrations depicting birds.


This work contains a brief history of ornithology during the Raj, the most interesting part of which are the portraits of 19th century ornithologists such as Houghton, Jerdon, Hume etc.  The most interesting of the colored reproductions are those showing unpublished pictures from the Balfour-Newton Library in the Zoology Department at Cambridge done ca 1830 by Christopher Webb Smith with backgrounds by Sir Charles D'Oyley.  Another unpublished picture from the Houghton collection is also noteworthy.  Most of the plates are from published works on Indian Zoology and Ornithology including Hardwick and Gray's Illustrations of Indian Zoology, Jerdon's Illustrations of Indian Ornithology, Hume and Marshall's Game Birds…, Baker's Indian Ducks…  etc.  The quality of reproduction is quite poor.


There seems to have been a printer's error in pagination, or perhaps a half-title was originally envisioned and then omitted.  The end papers are included in the pagination as indicated by the numbering of the rear end paper.


Malick, Donald Leo (1929-1986)


African / bird / portraits / 12 watercolor studies pained in / the Republic of / Botswana (taken from printed envelope)  40.8 x 27.7 cm.  One sheet of explanatory letter-press printed on one side only and 12 unnumbered colored plates printed in half-tone on one side only, contained loose in original museum portfolio-envelope printed in brown.  Denver, Denver Museum of Natural History, 1971 (date from page of letter-press).


Malick was the artist in residence at the Denver Museum and is best known for his many fine plates in Bailey and Niedrach's Birds of Colorado (1965). He was very much a disciple of Fuertes and, when he participated in a museum-sponsored expedition to Botswana in 1969, he created a series of paintings very much alike in style and conception to those done by Fuertes for  Album of Abyssinian birds and mammals(1930).  These attractive prints are the only published representatives of those paintings.  They were highly praised by Don Eckelberry, one of the major American ornithological artists of the second half of the 20th century,  in Audubon 86, page 76, January 1984 but seem not to have become established in the ornithological public consciousness.  I bought them directly from the museum and have never seen them advertised for sale. 


Unlisted by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Malo, Charles (1790-1871)

La / Voliere / des / Dames  11.7 x 7.7 cm.  Wove paper.  π21-166174[$1, 3 signed]; 102 ll.  Pp.  (2)[I]II-IV[3]4-198(2, folding calendar for 1816, this example cropped).  Original publisher's pink boards in original matching pink slip case.  AEG.  Paris, Chez Janet Libraire, Rue St Jaques, No. 59, (1815). 


π1r, Half-title; π1v, printer's designation: L'Imprimerie de Richomme, Rue Saint Jaques, No 67;  π2r-π2v, préface; I1r-I1v, préface; 3, perroquet; 22, sizerin, verdier; 23, chardonneret; 25, gros-bec; 28, huppe; 34, troglodyte, roitelet, poullot; 37, rossignol; 81, bergeronnette; 87, moineau franc; 96, hirondelle; 116, ortolan; 125, bouvreuil; 136, linotte; 149, pinçon; 159, serin; 173, rouge gorge; 179, loriot; 184, aloutte; 190, mésange; 195, etorneau; 196, merle.  Contains engraved, hand-colored title page and 11 other unnumbered, hand-colored engraved plates all after originals by Pancrace Bessa.


Pages 1/2 never existed and are lacking due to a printer's error as indicated by the presence of all six leaves in the first signature.  Since the printed bound calendar is dated 1816, it seems reasonable to assign the date 1815 to the work as has been done in the description of the copy at the Houghton Library, which, like this one, is bound in pink boards and enclosed in a matching pink slip case.  Others have assigned the year of 1816, the same as the calendar.


This book is probably the nicest of several of the era which are devoted to the practice of aviculture by women.  Ronsil, in his L' Art Français dans le Livre  d' Oiseaux (p. 56) cites it as a paradigm for "..charmants petits livres d' aviculture…".   Malo was a prolific writer on many subjects as diverse as the history of the Jews, Oliver Cromwell and Benjamin Franklin.  He did works in the same format and style as this one concerning fruits, roses and butterflies and they were also illustrated by Pancrace Bessa.  Bessa (1772-1835) was among the greatest of French flower painters but did relatively few ornithlogical illustrations.  The ones in the present work are exceedingly finely drawn and colored.  The text is variable depending on how much Malo happened to know about the care, maintenance, habits and natural history of the various species.  The essay on the swallow is particularly interesting in its analysis of the various explanations of what the birds do in the winter.


Although this work is listed by Ronsil in his Bibliographie (#1884) and by Fine Bird Books, it seems to be uncommon.  The only copy I could find is that in the Houghton Library.  It is unlisted by Wood, Zimmer and the libraries of Oxford,Yale, Trinity, Cornell, the Smithsonian, the Library of Congress, the AMNH and the BM(NH).


Manuscript (German, Anonymous)

Untitled (Classification of birds of the world)  34.2 x 21.3 cm.  Wove paper.  Pp.  Pp.  1-292 (18, indexes) in seven fascicles with marbled paper covers (first, pp.  1-38; second, 39-82; third, 83-130; fourth, 131-178; fifth, 179-226; sixth, 227-272; seventh, 275-292,(18, indexes) included loosely in cloth-backed brown board folder with white blank oval piece mounted on upper cover.  Loosely laid in also but distinct from the seven fascicles are: six leaves of additions and corrections; seven leaves of Latin-German names; a leaf of raptor synonymy; a leaf containing what appear to be expenditures from 1846-1849 with words such as “from” and “credit” in English, the same leaf containing size measurements of various species on obverse; a single leaf with various synonymies apparently from “16 Band, Buffon”.  These loosely laid in leaves are on various, differing types of paper  The main manuscript may have been written in the late 1830s and is probably in one hand but with two types of ink.

This manuscript is in German, partly in gothic script, partly in ordinary script.  It appears to have been written by an extremely knowledgeable ornithologist but there is no indication as to who that person is.  By his/her own reckoning, the author divides birds into 37 “Rangordnungen” containing 238 “Geschlächte and 1010 “Sorten”.  For each of the higher classifications, he/she provides a paragraph of explanation.  Many of these are copied directly from J. J. Kaup’s Naturgeschichte der Vögel (1836)  which is the latest and most frequently cited reference in the manuscript.

 The names of each species are given in Latin, German, and often several other languages, together with appropriate references. There is also often a length measurement in Zoll (inches) and occasionally  a few words on distribution.  There are many references but those perhaps cited the most in addition to Kaup, are: Linné; Brisson; Buffon; “Engelmann” which I take to be Oudart’s Cours d’histoire naturelle, contenant les principales espèces du regne animale, classes méthodiquement published by Engelmann in 1826; Misc. Coll. Abb which I take to be Shaw and Nodder’s Naturalist’s Miscellany; Latham’s Synopsis ; and Willughby to name just a fraction.  There are, however, some curious omissions since the manuscript must have been written after 1836.  These include: no reference to Levaillant despite and extensive section on parrots; no reference to Lesson in the sections on humming birds and birds-of-paradise; and no reference to Gould in the toucan or trogon sections.

The classification begins with Mellisugi (honeyeaters) and ends with Apteryx (kiwis).  “Rangordnungen” might correspond to orders and superfamilies while “Geschlächte” might be considered to comprise some groups considered families today as well as genera. One index is a sequential listing of the Ordnungen with their names and those of their Geschlächte in German and Latin and a page reference which, in this case, is sequential.  The other index is alphabetical with respect to the Latin name for the Ordnung or Geschlacht but also contains the German designation.

This work was almost certainly written for publication but I don’t recognize it as having appeared in print.  It is an extraordinary item.




Marks, J(ohn) L(ewis) (Publisher, fl. ca. 1820-1850)


Marks's Edition / A Visit to the / Zoological / Gardens  17.5 x 11.0 cm.  Six unpaginated leaves without signatures.  Original printed and illustrated wrappers, orange on external side.  Stitching appears to be later.  London, J. L. Marks, ND (ca. 1825). 


Upper wrapper, external, decorative, engraved, uncolored title page; upper wrapper, internal, idem, colored; six internal leaves printed on one side only (recto; verso; recto; verso; recto; verso;) each printed page containing two colored engravings and accompanying text; lower wrapper, internal, two colored engravings and accompanying text; lower wrapper, external, catalogue of juvenile books published by Marks.


Jonathan Lewis Marks was a London publisher who specialized in chapbooks for children of which this is an example.  This particular work seems to be rare since I can find no record of it in any of the usual collections or libraries that I consult, nor is it available on the internet.  Amongst the major libraries, only that at Oxford possesses a substantial series of works by this publisher.  None of them are dated although the library believes  most were published between 1820 and 1855.  Most of them contain well known fairy tales and have a colored frontispiece as their only illustration.


It is unusual to find a chapbook with illustrations that are (hand)colored, albeit crudely, particularly with as many (15 including the second title page) as in this example.  Also unusual is the limitation of printing to one side of a leaf.  The work covers and illustrates 14 species including eagle, vulture, parrot, turkey, adjutant, cock of the wood, hoopoe, belearic crane, bird of paradise, pelican, ostrich, cassowary, guinea fowl and king-fisher.  This chapbook was intended as an ephemeral item for small children and its text and illustrations are cheaply done.  According to the lower wrapper there was a part 1 and a part 2 of this title but there is no indication on the title page of which part this may be.  Presumably, the other part dealt with animals.


An interesting aspect of this copy is the book plate of Betsy G. Bowens, stamped in gold leaf on the otherwise blank verso of the first leaf.  Her signature is present on the colored title page.



(Marriott, Mrs.) “An Experienced Dealer”

The / parrot-keeper’s / guide. / comprising / the natural history of / macaws, cockatoos, parrots, lories, / parokeets,  and love-birds; / with / general observations on the best modes of treatment, / the diseases to which  they are subject, and / methods of cure, &c. 16.1 x 10.4 cm.  π8C-D8[$1 signed]; 24 ll.  Pp.  [1-3]4-46[47-48].  Original publisher’s green cloth with blind paneled decoration on both covers and gilt parrot cage decoration and lettering, “Parrot Keeper’s Guide”, on upper cover.  Page from bookseller’s catalog on upper paste-down.  Gift presentation to Elizabeth Travis dated 1848 on upper fly-leaf.


London, Thomas Dean & Co., Threadneedle-street (ca 1848).

1, Title page; 2, blank; 3, general overall introduction including history of discovery, anatomy, life history and classification; 11, the macaw; 13, the cockatoo; 16, the parrot; 20, the lory; 22, the parrokeet (sic); 24, the love-bird; 26, general observations including maintenance and mode of treatment; 27, diseases; 47, index; 48, printer designation: Dean & Co., Printers, Threadneedle-street.  Contains six hand-colored and two uncolored lithographic plates, unnumbered and without designation of artist or lithographer.  Also contains title page uncolored woodcut , three woodcut headpieces and two tailpieces.

This is a rare little book of considerable charm.  Both Wood and Trinity ascribe it to “Marriot”.  There are six copies listed by OCLC with estimates of the date of publication ranging from 1861 to 1882.  The signature on the present copy establishes the date as 1848 or before.

The book covers the aviculture of parrots but includes descriptions and distributions of about 20 species.  The illustrations are not unattractive but that designated “Illinois Parrot” (carolina parakeet) actually depicts one of the amazons.

Wood, p. 451 and Trinity, p. 158, both under Marriott.  Six listings including these two on OCLC.


Marshall, C.(harles)H.(enry)T.(ilson)(1841-1927) and Marshall, G.(eorge)F.(rederick)L.(eycester)(1843-1934)

A Monograph / of / the Capitonidae / or / Scansorial Barbets  30.4 x 22,4 cm.  π5a-e4f2(-f2)[$1, 2 signed]; 26 ll.  Pp. (10)[I]ii-xli(1); followed by 95 leaves (91, text, 4, index), lacking signatures or page numbers, the text properly paginated 1-181 (1) on the contents page.  Thus, total leaves 121.  Contemporary gilt-paneled half blue calf, marbled boards.  Spine with four thick gilt-decorated raised bands, gilt red calf lettering piece in second compartment.  Marbled endpapers.  London, by the authors, (1870-)1871.


π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r, dedication to allan Hume; π2v, blank; π3r-π3v, list of 100 subscribers accounting for 107 copies; π4r, contents with pagination; π4v, blank; π5r-π5v, list of plates numbered I-LXXIII; i, preface; iii, introduction; xv, history; xxi, on the genera; xxiii, conspectus avium capitonidarum (Latin generic and specific keys);xxxvi, synonymy of genera; xxxvii, geographical distribution; [1-182], systematic accounts of 77 species; 183, index; 190, printer's engraved and printed designation: Taylor and Francis.  Contains hand-colored lithographic plates I-LXXIII, so numbered only in list of plates, drawn and lithographed by J. G. Keulemans, printed by P. W. M. Trap. 


This work was issued in nine parts, five in 1870 and four in 1871.  The authors were career military men who spent a considerable amount of time in India where they presumably had some first-hand experience with barbets and also developed contacts with a cadre of very able ornithologists like Hume and Jerdon.  In this work, they cover 77 species all of which are figured, many for the first time.  The work is presented in the same format as Sharpe's Alcedinidae and the authors acknowledge that the very youthful Sharpe " has assisted us greatly in editing this work…".  The book remained the only monographic coverage of these birds for more than 120 years although the South American representatives were entirely split as a consequence of the DNA-hybridization studies of Sibley and Ahlquist in the late 20th century. 


Unlike most of the other great late 19th century family monographs, this one does not have a separate bibliography.  The authors were certainly not emulating Sharpe in this particular!!  However, they do include a specific synonymy/bibliography, often with a section "Additional references" in each species account.  These accounts also provide key diagnostic points in Latin; references to earlier figures; a full description with measurements in English; distribution; and a section discussing whatever is known (usually very little) concerning life history.  As is usually the case with works like this, that section is full of quotations both from antecedent publications and from correspondents.  The authors tell us that most of the specimens upon which this book is based come from the collection of the Marquis of Huntly, of whom I have otherwise not heard.


The bizarre shapes and vivid colors of the barbets made them ideal subjects to display the talents of a young Keulemans and the pictures are most impressive.


Although there were a relatively large number of subscribers(100 accounting for 107 copies) and the work is present in many major libraries and collections, it is more difficult to find for sale than most of the other comparable monographs.


Wood, p. 451; Zimmer, p. 416.  Listed for AMNH, Trinity, Yale but not listed by Cornell, Harvard.



Martin, W.(illiam)C.(harles)L.(innaeus)(1798-1864)

The / naturalist’s library / Supplementary.-Vol. II. /

General history of the humming-birds, / or the Trochilidae: / with especial reference to the collection of J. Gould, F. R. S., etc., / now exhibiting in the gardens of the Zoological / Society of London  16.5 x 10.5 cm.   [A)6(-A6)B-P8Q4[$1 signed]; 121 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-vii[viii-x][1]2-232.  Tan cloth-backed maroon cloth. Gilt-decorated spine with gilt “Gould’s Humming Birds” at base and gilt lettering piece entitled “Jardine’s / Naturalist’s / Library / XLII” at top.  TEG.  Off-white endpapers.  London, Chatto & Windus, ND.  Printed by G. Norman, Printer Maiden Lane, Convent Garden.

i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, blank; v, preface; viii, blank; ix, list of plates; x, blank; 1, preliminary observations; 9, general characters; 11, classification; 19, natural enemies; 25, origin of name; 27, ancient Mexicans; 31, metallic plumage; 33, sense of taste; 35, voice and song; 39, general distribution; 45, local distribution; 55, food and habits; 65, structural peculiarities; 69, nidification; 83, eggs, number and color; 89, preservation in captivity; 99, habits in captivity; 109, habits and migration;115, animal heat; 117, electric influence; 123, intelligence; 125, concluding remarks; 128, genera and species; 225, index of genera; 227, index of species; 232, printer designation, G. Norman, Printer.  Contains 15 hand-colored engraved plates (frontispiece, 1-14) for which the artist and engraver are not identified.

This work provides a detailed overview of the hummingbird family, describes in some detail, about 60 genera, and mentions almost 300 species (some not in the index).  There are few original observations as most of the information appears to have been taken from the exhibition of Gould’s collection at the Zoological Society (after that at the Crystal Palace).  The author states (page 222) “Here we conclude our list of Genera, having selected .….some of the most typical species which Mr. Gould’s magnificent cabinet contains.  We have given preference to those that are rare, and have been only recently described.”

The colored plates resemble in style and execution those that appeared in the original two hummingbird volumes of the Naturalist’s Library.

In addition to this undated Chatto and Windus edition, there is an 1884 W. H. Allen imprint of this work under the overall Naturalist’s Library title..  There are also at least two Bohn  imprints (1852, 1861) some or all copies of which appeared as independent volumes without the Naturalist’s Library designation.


Martinet, François Nicolas (1731-)

Histoire / des / Oiseaux, / Peints dans tous leurs Aspects / Apparens et Sensibles  Nine volumes.  Laid paper.  8o.  Few signatures due to separate pagination for various families but of the general form A-B8 [$ 1-4 signed].  Contemporary speckled calf, rebacked to style, gilt with red and black morocco lettering pieces.  Marbled endpapers.  Paris, Chez l’Auteur, 1787-1796.  Manuscript signature of Marie Finna O’Sullivan on printed titles, bookplate of John Russell Cookes pasted over another.

Vol.    Year       ET       FP       Plates            ll.                 pp.

I           1790       1          1          63               113 [1-4]5-8, 1-16, 9-24, 1-8,(2), 1-4, 1-12, 1-                                                                                                            8, 1-8, 1-4, 1-4, 1-34, 1-30, 1-12, 1-60.

II         ?              1          1          45               121 Lacks printed title.  (2), 13-16, 5-12, 1-8,                                                                                                             1-12, 1-16, 1-4, 1-16, 1-28, 1-16, 1-24, 1-                                                                                                     24, 1-16, 1-4, 1-16, 1-20, 1-4, 1-8 1-12.

III        1796       1          1          39               96                   (4), 1-8, 1-4, 1-4, 1-4, 1-16, 1-12, 1-28, 1-                                                                                                        24, 1-16, 1-12, 1-32, 1-12, 1-4, 1-8, 1-4.

IV        1796       1                      53               130 (4), 1-8, 1-8, (4), 1-16, 1-8, 1-6, 1-6, 1-16,                                                                                                            1-16, 27-34, 1-8, 1-8, 1-8, 1-16, 1-12, 1-44,                                                                                                  1-16, 1-28, 1-20.

V         1796                   1          44               72                   (4), 1-8, 1-4, 1-4, 1-4, 1-24, 1-4, 1-4, 1-4,                                                                                                         1-32, 1-4, 1-8, 1-8, 1-32.

VI        1796       1                      44               74                   (4), 1-4, 1-4, 1-10, 1-4, 1-54, 1-16, 9-28, 1-                                                                                                      32

VII      1796       1          1          43               89                   (4), 1-12, (4), 1-18, 1-16, 1-26, 1-14, 1-4,                                                                                                         1-12, 1-8, 1-16, 1-16, 1-4, 1-4, 1-12, 1-8.

VIII     1787                               43               91                   Lacks half-title.  (2), 1-12, 1-44, 1-40, 1-                                                                                               16, 1-24, 1-12, 1-4, 1-24, 1-4.

IX    1790                    1           35              85                      Lacks half-title.  (2), 1-8, 1-8, (4), 1-8, 1-                                                                                  24, 1-8, 1-16, 1-28, 1-4, 1-16, 1-12, 1-20,                                                                                  1-12.

Abbreviations: ET, Colored, engraved title; FP, colored, allegorical frontispiece; Plates, additional colored plates; ll, leaves; pp. pages.Volume numbers are taken from the spines.  Volume IX has “tome second” on its printed title and has a section entitled “Plan du VIIIe volume” so there are all sorts of possibilities for confusion.  In most cases, there is a volume number on the printed title but this is lacking for Volume VIII.  Volume II is so named on its engraved title but is lacking a printed title leaf.


Martinet was the artist responsible for the plates in Brisson, for those in Salerne and for the “Planches enluminées”.  Eventually, he tired of illustrating the works of others and produced this work of his own as well as some albums of larger colored plates.  This is a rare work most often found in six volumes containing about 236 colored plates.  According to Ronsil, it was never completed.  The maximum number of volumes is nine and of colored plates, including nine engraved titles and nine allegorical frontispieces, is usually said to be 483 compared to the value of 409 + 6 + 6 =421 for this copy.  The Bradley Martin copy had 479 and I’ve never heard of an example with more than 480.


The text of this work treats each family separately.  I’m not sure which taxonomic system is followed but Martinet would certainly have been most familiar with that of Brisson.  The treatment of families and species of birds of the world is surprisingly comprehensive, considering that Martinet was known as an artist more than an ornithologist.  An affection for birds is obvious throughout the work as is the author’s special interest and knowledge of aviculture.


The particular merit of the work is in its illustrations.  Martinet uses all sorts of special techiniques to make them memorable.  Several parrots, for example, are portrayed in front of particularly attractive wall furnishings.  Barn Owls are shown on interesting buildings.  Finches are shown on elaborate feeding devices.  Peacocks and hummingbirds are illuminated with liquid gold that is particularly effective, more so, I think, than Audubert was able to achieve with his better known effort a few years later.  Martinet also experiments with color printing as shown, for example, by the plates of the Cotinga Pourpre and the Paon du Japon.  Some of the plates are printed on paper that is lightly tinted blue. It is interesting to me that Martinet seems to have thought less of the beauty of birds in their natural habitat, than of the artistic appeal of their juxtaposition in an environment containing man-made artifacts.


Bradley Martin, #156; Ronsil, L’Art Français...p. 28;  Ronsil, Bibliographie, #1932; Yale, p. 186.  Absent from Trinity, Wood, Zimmer.




Martorelli, Giacinto (1855-1917)

Le forme e le simmetrie / delle / macchie nel plumaggio  31.6 x 23.6 cm.  π2[1]42-144[$1 signed]; 58 ll.  Pp.  (4)1-111[112].  Contemporary half-maroon buckram and brown patterned boards.  Milano, Tip. Bernardoni Di C. Rebeschini E C. 1898. Societa Italiana di Scienze Naurali / e / Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano / Memorie / Volume VI-fascicolo II.

Π1r, half-title; π1v, blank; π2r, title; π2v, blank; 1, introduction; 5, descriptive part, Acciptriformes-Crypturiformes; 99, riassunto delle osservazioni; 109, conclusioni; 112, errata, corrige.  Contains a magnificent chromolithograph of Pernis celebensis by Ronchi-Milano after an original by the author.  Also contains a number (36-48 depending on how counted) of unnumbered, uncolored “zincotipie” also by Martorelli.

Martorelli was the curator of the ornithological collection at the Milan museum and wrote books on the birds of Italy (1906) and the rapacious birds of italy (1909).  He was a superb artist whose pictures resemble closely those of Keulemans.  The present work concerning plumage is extremely rare.  It is not listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity nor Yale.  OCLC locates only six copies.


Mathews, F(erdinand) Schuyler (1854-1938)

Field Book of / Wild Birds and / Their Music / a description of the character / and music of birds, intended / to assist in the identifica- / tion of species common in the  / eastern United States 17.5 x 10.0 cm.  Pp.  (2, leaf listing other publications by the author)[i-iv]v-xxxv(1)[1-2]3-262(4, advertisements); 152 ll.  Original publisher's maroon cloth with gilt design and lettering on upper cover, gilt lettering on spine, red dyed edges.  New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, the Knickerbocker Press, 1904. 


i, Title; ii, copyright; iii, dedication; iv, blank; v, preface; ix, contents; xiii, illustrations; xvii, introduction to bird music; xxi, a musical key; xxxiii, glossary of musical terms; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3, text; 255, list of spring arrivals; 259, index.  Contains 53 unnumbered plates after the author(38 in four-color half-tone) printed on one side only and not included in pagination.  Also contains many musical designations.


This was an ambitious attempt by a well known popularizer of nature to describe bird songs according to musical designations.  More than 80, mostly Passerine species were covered and musical notations of their songs were accompanied by brief physical descriptions and occasional notes on their habits.  All species are illustrated, mostly in color, by the author.  The author also presents an introductory section that attempts to provide a musical education for those Philistines like myself who are entirely ignorant of the subject.  This was a very popular book, a second edition of which appeared in 1921.  Reprints continued until at least 1967.  The plates in the present work were also used to illustrate the author's later (1921) work The Book of Birds for Young People.

The present copy is an example of the scarce original printing with the date printed on the title page.

Present in libraries of AMNH, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Mathews, F(erdinand) Schuyler (1854-1938)

The Book of Birds / for Young People  20.2 x 13.4 cm.  π10[1]82-20-8214[$1 signed]; 174 ll.  Pp.  (2, recto blank, verso lists other books by Mathews)[I-vi]vii-xviii[1-2]3-324[324](4, advertisements for other books by Mathews).  Original publisher's attractive green cloth with mounted colored plate, black on gilt title motif on upper cover, gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  New York and London, G. P. Putnam's Sons (sic), The Knickerbocker Press, 1921. 


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, preface; xi, contents; xv, illustrations; 1, half-title; 2, poem; 3, text; 321, index.  Contains 43 unnumbered colored plates by Mathews each depicting one or two species.  Also contains 26 uncolored plates, mostly of paintings by Mathews but a few of photographs.  Both colored and uncolored plates are not included in pagination and some of each are printed on one side, others on both sides.  Also contains six unnumbered text maps and musical renditions of 35 bird songs.


Mathews was a prolific author of popular works on animal and plant life.  By the term "young people" he means "five to fifty".  This rather remarkable work is a textbook of the commoner birds of New England that includes a guided tour by the author through some of his favorite sites.  It is told from the perspective of an experienced man teaching his grandson about the birds at different times of the year.  Woven into the narrative for each species are a physical description; spatial and temporal distribution; habits and habitat; eggs, nesting and breeding behavior; and song, a favorite subject of the author.  The paintings by Mathews are not great ornithological art but do have some appeal.  He shares with Charles Maynard, a contemporary New Englander, the tendency to depict song birds in flight. 


Mathews is known ornithologically for his book Field Book of Wild Birds and Their Music..  originally published in 1904.   All of the paintings in the present book first appeared there save for the frontispiece.  His copious oeuvre is generously represented in all major libraries.  However, the present book seems to be uncommon.  It is absent Trinity, Wood, Yale and Zimmer and is also absent from on-line catalogs of the AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Library of Congress, Smithsonian, Trinity and Yale.  The only place in which I could locate it is the New York Public Library.  Oddl, the book is listed (#604 without details) by Nissen.




Mathews, Gregory M.(acalister)(1876-1949), Iredale, Tom (1880-1972)(illustrator, Medland, Lilian [1880-1955])

 A manual of the / birds of Australia //// Volume I / (orders Casuarii to Columbae (all published).  24.5 x 18.5 cm.  Printed on laid paper, some sheets watermarked “Abbey Mill”.  π12(there is an “AI” as a signature on the ninth leaf)B-S8T4[$1,2 signed]; 152 ll.  Pp. [i-v]vi-xxiv[1]2-280.  Original publisher’s blind-framed green cloth with gilt design of Brolga on upper cover, gilt lettering to spine.  Original publisher’s dust jacket framed in black with same Brolga design in black and black lettering to spine.  TEG.  London, H. F. & G. Witherby, 1921.

i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, “This Volume was first published / on March 9th, 1921”; v, introduction dated 12th February, 1921; xv, systematic list of contents and illustrations; 1, text, 1, Dromiceius novaehollandiae-188 Lopholaimus antarcticus; 273, index (English, generic, specific).  Contains color half-tone plates 1-10 printed on recto only and not included in pagination. Also contains, between text and index, black-and-white half-tone plates I-XXXVI, printed on both sides of 18 sheets and not included in pagination.

 This scholarly book was intended as a kind of synopsis of Mathew’s “Birds of Australia”, but was never completed.  It provides, for each species, primary and Australian synonymies; reference to figures in Gould’s and in Mathews “Birds of Australia”; status and distribution in Australia; descriptions from downy young to full adults including seasonal plumage changes; brief descriptions of nests and eggs; an world-wide distribution and forms.

 The colored illustrations include many of downy young. The uncolored plates depict various anatomical parts in fine detail.

 Wood, p. 454; Zimmer, p. 421; OCLC locates about 60 copies.



Mathews, Gregory Macalister (1876-1949)(White, H. L.)

Checklist / to the / Mathews ornithological collection / of the  / National Library of Australia  (from  upper cover) 25.8 x 21.6  Three preliminary unpaginated leaves; leaves i-v printed recto only; one unnumbered leaf printed recto only, section title, "printed works";  Pp. 1-302; one unnumbered leaf printed recto only, section title, "manuscripts"; leaves 303-306 printed recto only; one unnumbered leaf, printed recto only, section title, "pictorial material"; leaves 307-309, printed recto only.  Cloth-backed yellow card covers with Mathews bookplate on upper cover.  Canberra, National Library of Australia, 1966. 


First preliminary leaf: recto, blank; verso, uncolored photographic half-tone reproduction of painted portrait of Mathews; second preliminary leaf: recto, title; verso, publication data; printer designation: photo-litho offset by Union Offset Co; third preliminary leaf: recto, contents; verso, blank; i, introduction by D. L. Serventy, ornithologist; iv, preface by H. L. White, National Librarian; 1, printed works; 303, manuscripts; 307, pictorial material.


This is a list, printed by photo-offset  directly from library catalogue cards, of the collection of books and related material that Mathews gave to the National Library of Australia.  Mathews made a fortune in mines at an early age in Australia and then emigrated to England where he devoted himself to ornithology, primarily to writing and organizing his magnum opus, Birds of Australia.  He was particularly interested in the naming of Australian birds and his collection contains many offprints and a strong emphasis on Australian ornithology.  Entries include author, title, year and place of publication, size, and sometimes pagination.  The production of this checklist is not impressive.  I have read that only 500 copies were printed.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.




Mathews, Gregory, M.(acalister)(1876-1949)

The / birds / of / Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands / and / the Australian South / Polar Quadrant / with additions to / “The Birds of Australia” 35.0 x 25.5 cm.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xii[xiii-xvi]1-139(1).  No signatures.  Late 20th century half-red morocco and marbled boards.  Gilt spine with four raised bands, gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments, gilt designs in others.  Original printed upper gray wrapper bound in.  Edges uncut.  London, H. F. & G. Witherby, 1928.

i, Half-title (including “and the Australian…”); ii, blank; iii, title, partly printed in red; iv, limitation statement, 225 copies, this one unnumbered; v, contents and list of plates; xiii, preface; xiv, blank; xv, half-title (lacking “and the Australian…”); xvi, blank; 1-56, descriptions of species 1- 39, Hemiphaga spadicea-Strepera graculina; 57, half-title, “Birds of the Australian South Polar Quadrant….”; 58, blank; 59-130, descriptions of species 40-70, Aptenodytes patagonia-Diaphorillas purnelli; 131, index,  specific, generic and English names.  Contains 38 hand-colored lithographed plates by Witherby & Co. after H. Grönvold (33), Roland Green (2), and F. W. Frohawk (3).  Also contains seven uncolored half-tone plates and a text line drawing.  The plates are all unnumbered, printed on one side only, and not included in pagination.  A “Correction” slip is inserted between pp xii and xiii.

This is one of the last Victorian-style bird books, its production supported by the very wealthy Mathews.  It is sometimes considered an independent work, sometimes as part of the author’s multi-volume Birds of Australia.  A supplement to it, and the last of the Victorian-style bird books was published by Mathews in 1936.

For each species, the author provides synonymy; distribution; descriptions of male, female and immatures; eggs; nest; breeding season.  There are extensive accounts of field observations for a few species.  These have been excerpted from other authors as Mathews was strictly a “museum” ornithologist.

Wood, p. 454.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.



Mathews, Gregory M(acalister)



A Supplement / to the / Birds / of / Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands / to which is added those / Birds of New Zealand / not figured by Buller  35.2 x 25,3 cm.  Pp.  [i-iv] v-xiv(2, leaf designated "A Supplement to the Birds of / Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands. / Pages 1-12 with 10 Plates. / Additions to / 'The birds of Australia.' / Pages 13-70 with 20 Plates.")1-177[178]; 97 ll.  Plain gray wrappers enclosed loosely in a pebbled green cloth binding with a calf gilt lettering piece on spine.  Uncut.  London, H. F. & G. Witherby, 1936. 


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, blank; v, contents and list of plates; ix, preface including history of Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands; 1, generic and specific descriptions of birds, nests and eggs of Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands, species 71-72; 13, additions to birds of Australia, species 73-102; 71, leaf designated "Birds of New Zealand / Not figured by Buller / Pages 71-165 with 27 Plates"; 73, generic and specific descriptions, species 103-136; 167, index.  Contains 30 (24 colored and 6 monochrome) of 57 plates enumerated only in content list.  Included are plates 46-53, 55-60, 62-73, and 75-78.  48-53 are uncolored.  Only the artists for the colored plates are identified.  They are Gronvold, 13; Frohawk, 9; Roland Green, 1 and Keulemans, 1.  There are also four unnumbered line-cut illustrations in the text.


This is the last bird book of the Victorian style.  There is disagreement as to whether it and its 1928 precursor, The Birds of Norfolk & Lord Howe Islands, should be considered an integral part of Mathews' Birds of Australia (1910-1927).  Mathews, himself, vacillated in his opinion.  That controversy notwithstanding, these volumes are in the identical style and format as The Birds of Australia and like that work, contain hand-colored lithographic plates printed by Witherby.  Plate 67, depicting the "White-fronted Fantail" is the last published hand-colored lithograph drawn by Keulemans who died in 1912.

The work covers a variety of species that were not described to Mathews's satisfaction (or at all) in previous volumes.  Coverage usually includes original citation, distribution, physical description and description of nests and eggs.  Most information is gleaned from the work of others and is often anecdotal.  Mathews was a mentor to Iredale and both were iconoclastic in their taxonomy and pedantic in their writing style.


It is not easy to determine exactly the complement and composition of plates in a complete copy of this work.  57 Plates (46-102) are called for in the contents list but no distinction is made between colored and uncolored,  Nissen calls for 57 plates, 40 colored and the American Museum and Oxford describe their copies as containing "[57] leaves of plates, some colored".  I'm not sure as to the significance of the parentheses.  Other copies of the work are listed for the Library of Congress, Harvard, Trinity, the Smithsonian and the BM(NH) but these are not described.  The Bradley Martin collection had two copies, #158 which was not described independently of its precursor but was presumably complete, and #1711, which was constituted precisely like the present copy.  Moreover, a copy offered at Christie's Australia, 26 March, 2002, lot 97, also contained only 24 colored plates so perhaps most of the small print run was issued with 24, as opposed to 40 colored plates.


A copy identical to this one was offered for sale at Australian $2650 by Andrew Isles in his Catalogue 37 of 2002.  Concerning it,  he writes "A so-called 'Doris Eddy Supplement.  Doris Eddy ran Sewards, a long established Melbourne Bookshop.  At the end of World War Two she purchased the remaining stock of the 1936 Supplement from Gregory Mathews.  All copies from this purchase are textually complete but lack some plates.  They are usually bound in a characteristic green imitation morocco cloth.  Complete 1936 Supplements are rare."


The print run for The Birds of Australia was 225 copies but there were certainly fewer complete copies of this Supplement  which is often found incomplete, as here, in otherwise complete sets of the Mathews opus.




Mathews, Gregory M.(acalister) (1876-1942)

S. A. White collection The birds of Australia 34.5 x 25.0 cm.  Three volumes.  Half-gray leather and gray buckram with silver printing on leather part of upper cover.  Pictorial (half-tone black and white photographs) endpapers.  Facsimile limited edition, 417/500.  Netley, South Australia, State Publishing.

Volume 1 / (Volumes 1 to 5) / Selected Plates  1990.  Pp.  (2, blank)[i-iv]v-x[1-4]5-142.  i, Title and limitation statement; ii, uncolored, half-tone photograph of Mathews; iii, explanatory statement; color separations: Replica Pty Ltd Pre-Press Studio, Adelaide; 170 gsm Satintone from Tomasetti Paper; printing and binding by State Print, South Australia; iv, list of facsimile limited editions by State Publishing; ISBN 0 7243 6564 8; v, contents; vi, introduction, the beginning of the partnership, by Rob Linn; 1, facsimile of original general title page; 3-142, facsimile plates and text for 35 selected species comprised within volumes 1-5 of the original and with species numbered in text between 50 and 316.  Contains 35 unnumbered color half-tone plates on one side only with  facing text also printed on one side only.  All leaves included in pagination.  Leaves and text are printed on off white, slightly ochre paper which contrasts with white paper on which the introductory material (i-x) is printed.  Also contains five unnumbered, uncolored half-tone photographs (one double-page) in the introductory section.

Volume 2 / (Volumes 6 to 10[Part2]) / Selected Plates  1991  Pp. (2, blank) [i-iv]v-x[1-4]5-142.  i, Title and limitation statement; ii, different photograph of Mathews; iii, explanatory statement and credits as above; iv, list of facsimile editions; ISBN 0 7243 6582 6; v, contents; introduction, the first expeditions, by Rob Linn; 1, facsimile of original general title page; 3-142, facsimile plates and text for 35 selected species comprised within volumes 6-10 of the original and with species numbered between 328 and 563.  Contains 35 colored plates and, in the introductory material, six half-tone photographs including one map.

Volume 3 / (Volumes 10[Part 4]-12[Part 10]) / Selected Plates 1992  Pp. (2, blank)[i-iv]v-x[1-4]5-141(1).  i, Title and limitation statement; yet another photograph of Mathews; iii, explanatory statement and credits as above; iv, list of facsimile editions; ISBN 0 7243 6589 3; v, contents; vi, introduction, the twilight years, by Rob Linn; 1, facsimile of original title page; 4-141, facsimile plates and text for 35 selected species within volume 10,part 4 and volume 12, part 10 of the original and with species numbered between 581 and 743.  Contains 35 colored plates and, in the introductory material, six half-tone photographs including one that is colored.

The original “The birds of Australia” by Mathews was published in 12 volumes between 1910 and 1927 and contained 600 hand-colored lithographs by Witherby & Co mostly after Gronvold but with a good representation from J. G. Keulemans and Roland Green and a few from H. Goodchild. Two supplements published in 1928 and 1936, dealt primarily with Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands but had some Australian notes and are sometimes considered part of the work.  They contained an additional 78 hand-colored lithographs.  The print run for most, or all of these volumes was 300 or less.

Mathews was not a field ornithologist and was in London providing museum data for most of the time when this major opus was being produced.  Much of the original field work and new ornithological material that appeared in the work was the result of expeditions and observations of Captain Samuel Albert White (1870-1954).  White’s father, also Samuel White, had been a collaborator with Gould on the “Supplement to the birds of Australia “(1851-1869).  The present handsome selected facsimile edition was made from a copy of the original that belonged to the White family.

This facsimile edition is listed by Trinity but not by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard and Yale, all of which possess the original.


May, John Bichard (illustrated by Allan Brooks [1869-1946] and Roger Tory Peterson [1908-1996])

The hawks of / North America / Their field identification / and feeding habits  24.7 x 19.1 cm.  Pp.  [I-VI]VII-XXXII(2)1-140.  Publisher's dark green cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  New York, National Association of Audubon Societies, 1935. 


I, Half-title; II, colored frontispiece; III, title; IV, copyright; engraved printed and bound by The Moore Press, Incorporated, New York City; V, a statement of policy (National Audubon Society); VI, blank; VII, foreword by T. Gilbert Pearson, President Emeritus; X, blank; XI, contents; XII, blank; XIII list of illustrations; XIV, blank; XV, classification of North American diurnal birds of prey; XVII-XXXII, introduction (general essay); 1, systematic accounts, Cathartes aura-Falco sparverius, comprising 37 species; 131, state laws relating to hawks; 133, reference bibliography (about 235 entries).  Contains 37 unnumbered colored plates by Brooks and uncolored plates I-IV of flight underwing patterns by Peterson, all printed in half-tone with running text on obverse and included in pagination.  Also contains 37, distribution maps.


This book is intended for a lay audience.  The text for each of the 37 species includes: other names; a general essay including field identification marks; a detailed section on feeding; length measurement; a description; range with a distribution map.  A colored plate is devoted to each species and the four composite uncolored plates display them flying overhead.


These colored plates are examples of Brooks's later, depression era work.  He took on too many commissions and the portraits are not nearly so carefully done as those done during the early part of his career such as for Dawson's Birds of Washington and Birds of California. However, they are happy pictures.  The birds exhibit character and the backgrounds are vague, but pleasing.  The shapes and postures  are occasionally a bit tortured, in that respect exhibiting the problems sometimes seen with the work of Henrik Grönvold.

The four flight pattern plates by Peterson are amongst his earliest book illustrations, the first that he did after publication (1934) of his field guide.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.




Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929) with notes by William Brewster (1851-1919)

A catalogue of the birds / of / Coos Co., N. H., and Oxford CO., ME., / with annotations relative to the breeding habits, / migrations, etc.  22.3 x 14.5 cm.  1-28[$1 signed]; 16 ll.  Pp. [1]2-30(2, blank).  Author’s offprint..  Boston, Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, Vol. XIV, Oct. 18, 1871.

1, Title and introduction; 2, systematic list, Turdus migratorius-Podilymbus podiceps, comprising species 1-164.

Johnson tells us that “The  Alleghanian and Canadian faunae meet in the localities of which I write..”  The area includes lake Umbagog about which Brewster was to publish a major ornithological work of four parts and 620 pages, the last part having been compiled by Ludlow Griscom from Brewster’s notes (The birds of the lake Umbagog region of Maine, Cambridge, 1924,1938).

This is a careful status report by two young men who were to have long and productive ornithological careers.  About the “Wild Pigeon” Maynard wrote “Common in summer throughout the wilder section of New England”

OCLC locates six copies, presumably of the offprint.


Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson) (1845-1929)

The / Warblers / of / New England  23.5 x 16.2 cm.  Pp.  (3, PL including title, dedication and introduction dated 1901)[1]2-138; 72 ll not including 13 letter-press leaves in apposition to the colored plates and an errata slip at the end.  Original green cloth with gilt figure of Hooded Warbler, title and author on upper cover.  West Newton, C. J. Maynard, 1905. 


1, Species accounts; 133, appendix; 137, index.  Contains woodcut text Figs. 1-57 (Fig 12 full-page) and unnumbered woodcut end-piece.  Contains hand-colored woodcut frontispiece and plates I-XII with a  leaf of explanation in apposition to each not included in pagination.  Contains uncolored photo-duplicate plates II-VI.


This work was first published by Maynard with 13 hand-colored plates in 1901, then reissued, probably unchanged save for the title page date, in 1905.  In 1910, an addendum with 6 additional colored plates was issued.  This accounts, at least in part, for the varied number of colored plates described in different copies.  On the dedication page, this one is called “Souvenir Copy” and there is a blank space after “No.” i. e. it is an unnumbered example of a numerically limited edition.  The limitation is apparently stated as 500 in some copies of the 1905 edition.  Most bibliographies list unnumbered duplicates for six rather than five plates.  None of the bibliographies cited below mention or account for either the letter-press leaves accompanying the colored plates or the errata slip.


This is a fine little book, produced entirely by Maynard.  The plates depict the head and breasts only of the various warblers and the coloring is exceptionally accurate.  The text is authoritative and learned with sections for each species that include a description of all stages of the species and its identification points, its dimensions, its nest and eggs, its habits, its song and its breeding and migration range.  The running title of the work is “American Warblers” rather than “New England”.  Most of the  colored woodcut plates have at the bottom “engraved and colored by C. J. Maynard”.  However, in this copy at least, the plate showing Brewster’s and Lawrence’s Warblers lacks this attribution, is unnumbered though corresponding to plate VIII and, most interestingly, is a hand-colored lithograph.  One always finds this kind of a special touch in a Maynard book, each of which is a creation unto itself.


Wood, p. 455; Yale, p. 189; Thayer, p. 122; Braislin auction catalogue, 550, 551 (1901, 1910 editions).  Not listed for Trinity or by Zimmer.


Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929)

The birds / of/ eastern North America; / with / original descriptions / of all the species which occur / east of the Mississippi River, / between the  / Arctic Circle and the Gulf of Mexico, / with full notes upon their habits etc.  29.5 x 23.5 cm.  π2[1]42-654[66]4X2[$1 signed]; 268 ll. (Signatures 1-29, [i. e. through page 232], marked "birds of florida".)  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-532.  Publisher's beveled red cloth with gilt title on upper cover and spine.  Rebacked with original spine laid down.  Newtonville, C. J. Maynard & Co., 1881. 


i, Title; ii, blank; iii, preface; 1, systematic text, Turdidae-Alcidae; 503; 511, appendix species of regular occurrence previously omitted; 519, accidentals; 521, extinct and doubtful species; 523, index of plates; 525, index of scientific names; 528, index of common names.  Contains colored or partially colored plates I-XXXII not sequentially distributed but correctly located in index of plates.


The format of this book is complex and best understood by reference to Zimmer.  It started out as Birds of Florida in 1872 but, after nine parts (232 pages) of that work had been released, was modified and continued under the present title with the addition of seven new parts.  The 18 plates of the first work were supposedly completely redrawn for this one with the addition of new ones as well but apparently most copies of this book contain various mixtures of the plates and occasionally two versions of the same species.  In this copy, plate II is a hand-colored engraving from the Birds of Florida depicting the first American example of Phonipara zena, the black-headed finch.  This species was not accepted by the compilers of the first AOU check list and I am not certain as to its modern position.  The engraver of the plate is designated as C. A. Walker.  The artist is not identified but is probably Helen S. Farley who did many of the original plates for the Birds of Florida according to Coues (first instalment, p. 693) who praises the work as containing "..much new and interesting biography from original investigations."  I mention these details because plate II is superior in artistry and technical production to the other 31 in the present volume which were drawn and lithographed by Maynard himself.  Many of them depict heads and other anatomical parts.  One of several confusing features of the book is that the identifying letter-press for the plates is located in an "index of plates" on pages 523-524.  Much of the confusion results from the insistence of Maynard to preserve the pages from Birds of Florida for use in this work.


In spite of these problems, this is a very good scholarly handbook filled with personally gleaned knowledge and very comprehensive with sections for each species comprising: synonymy; description; observations; dimensions; description of nests and eggs; and habits.  When I flushed a yellow rail at Sherwood Island and was astonished at how rapidly it flew, I took comfort in the fact that Maynard had made the same observation.


Wood, p. 455. Zimmer p. 423.  Also listed by Harvard, Trinity, Yale.  This edition not listed by AMNH, Cornell.


Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson)(1845-1929)

The Birds / of / Eastern North America; / with / Original Descriptions / of all the species which occur / East of the Mississippi River, / between the / Arctic Circle and the Gulf of Mexico, / with full notes upon their habits etc. 32.6 x 24.7 cm.  Erratic signatures (see below).  Pp.  (4, title, blank, preface, second preface)[1]2-721[722]; 363 ll.  Contemporary tan cloth with gilt-lettered red morocco labeling piece on spine.  Patterned endpapers.  Revised edition, Newtonville, C. J. Maynard, 1896. 


1, Systematic text; 687, appendix including hypothetical and extinct species; 713, index of scientific names; 716, index of common names.  Contains hand-colored lithographic plates I-XL bound at end all by and after Maynard and designated "C.J. M. lith"; "C. J. M.; "C. J. Maynard Lith" or undesignated.  Plate XVII used as frontispiece.  Plate XIX bound between plates (XXIV) and XXV.  Most plates with facing sheet of identifying letter press save those for plates III, IV, XX, XXV and frontispiece.  That for plate II placed between plate XXIV and its letter-press.  Plate VI, Purple Sandpiper, in addition to sheet of identifying letter-press, also contains identifying letter-press stamped in blue at base of print.  The volume also contains  wood-engraved or line cut text  figures 1-122 of which 75 are colored by hand.


According to Maynard in the first and second prefaces, dated respectively May 1889 and January 10, 1896, this work was issued in 40 parts.  The relationship between this volume and the earlier edition of 1881 is interesting.  The sheets of this edition are larger although the size of the printed surface is identical.  Many of the sheets are actually from the earlier printing since there are several of the original numbered signatures with "Birds of Florida" printed at the bottom left.  Consider, as one example, the text for the Chimney Swift, signature 27 in both works but page 209 in the 1881 edition, page 397 here.  The printed pages are identical save for the different page number and size indicating that Maynard had a stock of older, unpaginated and untrimmed leaves from the "Birds of Florida" that he subsequently used for the 1881 edition and for this one.  This edition also differs in that it contains about 14 colored plates that were not included in the previous 32 and that it has text figures many of which are colored.  There is also some localized expansion of text.  The book, like much of Maynard's output, has a definite home made look and one can easily imagine him slaving away in his basement with huge stacks of unused leaves in various nooks and crannies on top of numerous lithography stones.


Maynard was an excellent writer and a highly competent ornithologist.  He includes a physical description, observations of variations, measurements, and descriptions of nests, eggs and habits for each species.  These sections are followed by an anecdotal account of various personal experiences that he has had with the bird and it is these essays that make his writing quite special.  Somehow, Passenger Pigeons, Carolina "Parokeets" and Ivory-billed Woodpeckers seem more real when he describes his experiences with them than they seem in the essays of Wilson or of Audubon.


The hand-colored lithographic plates and the hand-colored text figures also project the author's personal touch and the enormous amount of labor they must have represented.  They are quite crude and not nearly as carefully done as those, for example, in his work on warblers.


Although this edition is lacking from the Ayer and Trinity collections it is listed by Wood (p. 455) and Yale (p. 189) as well as by the on-line catalogs for AMNH, Cornell, Harvard and  the Smithsonian.  None-the-less, it is quite an uncommon book as one might expect since its production was labor-intensive and done entirely by the author.


Maynard, Chas. (=Charles) J(ohnson)

Eggs / of / North American Birds  22.0 x 14.7 cm. No signatures.  Pp.  [i-ii]iii-iv1-159(1);

82 ll.  Original publisher's green cloth with blocked black upper and lower panel designs.  Gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  Boston, De Wolfe, Fiske & Co., 1890, 


i, Title; ii, copyright dated 1889, printer's designation: C. J. Peters & Son; iii, introduction dated 1 August, 1889; 1, systematic text; 157, appendix with corrections, additions.  Contains colored lithographic plates I-X designated C. J. M.  This copy contains a contemporary four pp. advertisement for "Frank Webster Company, Naturalists' Supply Depot" glued into the binding between pp. iii and iv.


This is an ambitious work since it attempts to encompass species 1-768, all the birds recorded for North America as defined and numbered by the AOU at the time of writing.  The amount of information is variable but ideally is intended to include a description of the nest and eggs, and time and distribution of breeding.  The eggs of some of the vagrants had not even been described at the time of writing and several recorded species do not breed in North America and these are not covered in the detail found for North American breeders.  The ten plates depict the eggs of 76 species, all relatively familiar eastern species.  These plates were allegedly carefully hand-colored by Mrs. Maynard, however, in this copy, as in several others I have seen, there seems to be considerable chromolithography.  I have also seen finely colored copies without any hint of chromolithography. 


This work is amongst the most commonly encountered of Maynard's ornithological books.


Maynard, C(harles) J(ohnson)(1845-1929)

Manual of Taxidermy / A Complete Guide / in collecting and preserving / birds and mammals  18.8 x 12.8 cm.  Pp. [i-ii]iii-xvi[1]2-111(1); 64 ll.  Original publisher's brown cloth with title and author in gilt on upper cover and spine, decorative hawk, mollusc and "American Natural History / Series" blocked in black on upper cover.  Patterned endpapers.  S. E. Cassino and Co., Boston, 1884.  Electrotyped by Boston Stereotype Foundry.  Second edition.


i, title; ii, copyright, 1883; iii, introduction; xi, contents; xiii, list and explanation of plates (sic); 1, birds, collecting; 33, skinning; 49, making skins; 64, mounting; 84, mammals, collecting; 86, making skins; 90, mounting; 97, mounting reptiles, batrachians, fishes; 103, index.  Contains text cuts Figs. 1-17.


This is an unusual Maynard book in that he did not publish it himself.  S. E. Cassino also published part of Ingersoll's Nests and Eggs… , another quaint work of natural history. The present work deals mostly with birds and is kind of a "how to" manual.  Maynard emphasizes that measurements must be taken, particularly of rare birds.  He provides an example of his own notes dealing with three (!) Ivory-billed Woodpeckers taken in Florida on 11/20/1882.


This little volume seems to be either uncommon or overlooked.  I found it in  Catalogue of a Collection of Books on Ornithology in the Library of Frederic Galllatin, Jr.(1907, p. 93) but not in the auction catalog for dispersal of that collection.  It is not listed in the Ayer,  BM(NH), Braislin, McGill, Thayer, Trinity and Yale catalogs nor in the on-line lists of the American Museum, Cornell, Harvard and the New York Public Library.  Pagination is not given for the copy in the Gallatin collection, however, it has the date 1884 and there is no mention of "second edition" which appears on the title page of the present example.


Maynard, C(harles)J(ohnson)(1845-1929)

The / Naturalist's Guide / in collecting and preserving / Objects of Natural History / with / A Complete Catalogue of the Birds / of Eastern Massachusetts  19.0 x 13.2 cm.  π4[A]8B-J8 (including I)K6(-K6)[$1 signed]; 89 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv-viii[1-3]4-170.  Original publisher's maroon cloth with beveled edges, gilt- and blind-stamped title on upper and lower cover respectively.  Boston, Fields, Osgood, & Co., 1870. 


i, Title; ii, copyright and printer's designation,  University Press, Welch, Bigelow & Co., Cambridge; iii, introduction; v, contents; vii, list and explanation of plates; 1, part I, directions for collecting, preserving, and mounting birds, mammals, fishes etc; 81, part II, catalogue of the birds of eastern Massachusetts with notes relative to their migration, habits, etc; 161, appendix, categorization by status of the 299 species; 169, index to part II.  Contains uncolored frontispiece of "Baird's Sparrow" not included in pagination and uncolored text plates (full-page illustrations) I-X included in pagination.


This is the first edition and printing of Maynard's first book and, according to Wood, is "rare".  It was reprinted in 1871 and revised in 1877.  Maynard was a young man when he wrote this book yet he projects an impression of hoary authority.  The first half of the book is devoted to taxidermy, the second to an annotated list of the birds of eastern Massachusetts.  He provides a survey of the status of 299 species including one "Baird's Sparrow, that is new for the state.  He collected this bird in Ipswich and sent it to Baird who declared it specifically identical to the example Audubon had collected on the banks of the Yellowstone and named after Baird.  Later, Maynard's bird was recognized to be different and was called Ipswich Sparrow, at various times being regarded as a species in its own right or a subspecies of the Savannah Sparrow.  Maynard went on to an interesting career as an author, publisher and ornithologist.


Trinity, p. 161(1871 edition); Wood, p. 455; Zimmer, p. 422.  Not listed by Ripley & Scribner.


Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson) (1845-1929)

The Birds / of / North America: / with / Original Descriptions / of all the species which occur / East of the Mississippi River, / between the / Arctic Circle and the Gulf of Mexico, / with full notes upon their habits, etc.  28.7 x 22.8 cm.  π2[1]42-654X6[$1 signed]; signatures 1-29 (through p. 232) designated "BIRDS OF FLORIDA"; 268 ll.  Pp. [I-III]IV[1]2-532. Binder's 20th century green cloth, trimmed.  Newtonville, C. J. Maynard & Co., 1881. 


π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v preface dated 1879; 1, species accounts; 503, appendix including including species of regular occurrence omitted from first 128 pages, accidentals and extinct species; 523, index of plates; 525, index of scientific names; 528, index of common names.  Contains uncolored lithographic plates I-XXXII by and after Maynard not sequentially distributed but correctly assigned in index to plates.


According to the preface and to Zimmer, this work was started in 1872 as "The Birds of Florida" under which title two parts were published.  Seven additional parts were issued under the title "The Birds of Florida with the Water and Game Birds of Eastern North America" taking the work through p. 232 in 1879 at which time  the title was changed to its present designation under which an additional nine parts were issued.  This accounts for the "Birds of Florida" on signatures 1-29.  Maynard also informs us in the preface that the first 128 pages, which treat Florida birds, have not been repaged.  One would assume that this also applies through page 232.  He also tells us that the plates have been entirely redrawn.  Some copies (eg. that of Zimmer) published in 1881 under the present title contain the addition "Revised Edition" on the title page but that is not the case for this one nor for my other copy, which differs from this one only in the fact that its plates are colored (the commoner state as this is the only uncolored copy I've seen) and in the technique used for Plate II depicting "Phonipara Zena" or "Black-headed Finch".  In my colored copy that plate is engraved on metal by "C. A. Walker" , probably after a drawing by Helen S. Farley who was Maynard's original artist for "The Birds of Florida".  In the present copy, the plate is an uncolored lithograph by, and after, Maynard.


Maynard produced most of his books himself and used a variety of techniques to do so.  No two of them seem to be identical and none are common.  He was an extremely knowledgeable and experienced field ornithologist and his works are authoritative and interesting.


Trinity, p. 161; Wood, p. 455; Yale, p. 189; Zimmer, p. 423.


Maynard, C(harles)J(ohnson)(1845-1929)

The / Warblers / of New England Parts I-V(of six).  24.3 x 16.5 cm.  Original publisher's gray wrappers with printed title, author, publisher, price (50 cents) and copy number (33) on upper cover and wood-engraved reproduction of text figure 12 (arrow-head warbler) on lower wrapper.  Uncut and unopened. West Newton, C. J. Maynard, 1901. 


Part I.  3 Preliminary leaves comprising title, dedication and copy number, and introduction all printed on recto  only[1]2-24; 15 leaves not including two unpaginated leaves for explanations of plates.  1, general considerations; 9, generic and specific accounts.  Contains colored plates I, II by and after Maynard, accompanying unpaginated leaves containing explanations of plates, duplicate uncolored plate of II, and text figures 1-25.  The running title of the book is "American Warblers".


Part II.  Pp.  25-48.  Plates III and IV with leaves explanation and uncolored duplicates, figures 26-30.


Part III.   Pp.  49-64.  Plates V, VI with leaves of explanation and uncolored duplicates, figures 31-37.


Part IV.  Pp.  65-80.  Plates VIII, VII with leaves of explanation, figures 38-39.


Part V.  Pp.  81-92.  Plates IX, X with leaves of explanation, figures 40, 41.


This is the original issue published in six parts in 1901.  Such individual parts are exceedingly rare.  It is interesting that this copy, like my complete copy, is lacking the duplicate uncolored version of plate I.  This uncolored duplicate was apparently present in (some) other copies.  Each plate is designated "engraved and hand-colored by C. J. Maynard" and most are hand-colored wood engravings.  However, plate VIII, is a hand-colored lithograph despite its designation.  It differs from that in my complete copy in that it contains the designation, it is bound before page 65 rather than after page 80, and it is a slightly different picture than the other because the two birds are perched on a leafy limb rather than on separate leafless limbs.  The actual figures of the birds are very similar in the two copies but differ enough to convince me that they were relithographed for my complete copy which was issued in 1905.


I believe that the five duplicate uncolored plates and the text figures may be photomechanical reproductions of wood engravings rather than the wood engravings themselves, but I am not completely certain.


Wood, p. 455; Yale, p. 189; Thayer, p. 122; Braislin catalog, #s 550, 551.  Unlisted by Trintity, Zimmer.


Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929)

Handbook / of the / sparrows, finches / etc. / of New England  14.6 x 11.6 cm.  π5[A]8B-F8[$1 signed]; 53 ll.  Pp.  (6)[v]vi-viii[1]2-94(pages 91 and 92 with blank versos are paginated only with respect to printed rectos).  Publisher's black blind-paneled pebbled cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  Green endpapers.  Newtonville, C. J. Maynard, 1896.  Second edition. 


π1r, Title; π1v, copyright; π2r, dedication; π2v, blank; π3r, preface to the second edition dated Jan., 1897; π3v, blank; v, introduction; 1, family characters; 9, species accounts, Spiza americana-Passerina cyanea comprising 38 forms; 81, introduced (2) and hypothetical (1) species; 83, synopsis of species with identification keys; 91, figures 9 and 10; 92, figure 11; 93, index of English and Latin names.  Contains: unnumbered "white-line" wood-engraved anatomical plate of chipping sparrow; wood engraved plates 1-18 of which 17 color-printed, one "white-line"; these 19 plates each overlaid with identifying leaf of letter-press all not included in pagination; uncolored wood-engraved text figures 1-11 including three, 9-11, printed on two leaves without text and with blank versos, these versos not included in pagination.


Maynard was an unusual figure in the history of American ornithology.  He lived near Boston, led local groups on natural history walks, and published numerous books on birds and butterflies.  He apparently produced the small runs of most of these in his own house!  Thus, they are rare; they display a uniquely personal aspect; and they have the type of cachet that appeals to the collector.  Maynard obviously knew his birds well as indicated by the general accuracy and quite scientific and comprehensive nature of this little book as well as his others.  Yet he must have been something of a professional loner since he is rarely mentioned by the ornithological elite of his era and is known now by bibliophiles rather than ornithologists.  His craftsmanship was courageous and creative although the results were not very attractive.  The illustrations for this book, for example, were his own drawings reproduced by chromoxylography, a difficult task even for professional printers.  The two anatomical plates are examples of pure "white-line" wood engravings.  To my knowledge, Eric Fitch Daglish, vastly superior to Maynard as an artist-engraver, is the only other ornithological artist with the courage and individuality to have used this technique for book illustration.


The bibliographies cited below don't list a second edition of this book and in his "preface to the second edition", Maynard writes only that he has mixed the colors for the illustrations himself and that the text has not been changed.  Since the collation of this volume is the same as that described in these bibliographies, it may differ from the first edition only by virtue of having been issued in January 1897 as opposed to 1896 and by having the preface leaf.  This leaf is probably responsible for the apparent extra leaf amongst the first three preliminary leaves.  Most of the bibliographies classify text figures 9-11 as two uncolored plates and  call for 21 plates, 17 colored.


A good source of information about Maynard's publications is: A bibliography of the published writings of Charles Johnson Maynard (1845-1929) by C. F. Batchelder published in the Journal of the society for the bibliography of natural history, volume 2, part 7, pp. 227-260, London, 1951.


Wood, p. 455.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.  All citations are to the first edition.




Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929)

Nature study / in / schools / conducted by C. J. Maynard  22.8 x 16.0 cm.  Pp.  (2)[1]2-274.  Original publisher's (?) brown cloth with darker lettering to spine.  Volume I.  1899(-1900)(all published).  West Newton, Mass., C. J. Maynard   Inscribed by author "H. H. S. / from / C. J. M / Oct 30, 1910" on free front endpaper.

First unpaginated leaf: recto, title with uncolored vignette of White-bellied (Tree) Swallow; verso, blank; 1, February 1899.  Number 1.; 29, March, 1899.  Number 2; 59, April 1899. Number 3; 84, May 1899.  Number 4; 109, June-July1899, Numbers 5-6; 149, Aug. -Sep., 1899.  Numbers 7-8; 196, October, 1899.  Number 9.; 221, November, 1899.  Number 10.; 245, Dec.-Jan., 1899(i. e. 1900)  Numbers 11-12; 271, index.  Contains: plates I-X, (including frontispiece, six printed in color, numbers I, II, III, V with separate unpaginated leaf of explanatory letter-press, others with designations on plate); text figures 1-140 including several full-page, two of which are color-printed.  Of the six colored plates, four are printed by chromoxylography on laid paper.  All the other illustrations are either wood-cuts or reproductions of wood cuts, those colored being color-printed by a non photomechanical technique.

This is a short-lived, privately published periodical that is archetypal Maynard.  It contains discussions by various local teachers on their use of Maynard's props in the class room; instructions for constructing apparatus; poems; book reviews; advertisements; papers "read before the Maynard Chapter of the Newton Natural History Society" etc.  There are several contributors besides Maynard.  The work reminds me somewhat of Chester A. Reed's periodical "American ornithology" (1901-1906) but is even more homespun, quite literally since it was likely entirely produced in Maynard's house.

The work is listed by AMNH, Harvard, Trinity and Yale but not by Cornell, Wood, Zimmer.



Maynard, C.(harles)J.(ohnson)(1845-1929)

Directory to the / birds of eastern / North America / illustrated with many / wood cuts and twenty / plates drawn and en- / graved by the author  15.6 x 11.7 cm.  Pp. [1-2](2, poem, “an invitation”)3-317[318-319](1).  Original publisher’s green cloth with gilt lettering and gilt figure of Wood Ibis on upper cover.  West Newton, Mass.  C. J. Maynard, 1907.

1, title; 2, copyright to Maynard: seven dates 11/26/1905-10/11/1907; unpaginated leaf with poetry on recto; 3, introduction dated Nov. 1905; 6-7, blank; 8, white-line engraving “diagram of Chipping Sparrow; 9, explanation of diagram; 10, blank; 11, systematic text, Colymbus holboellii-Sialia sialis; 287, extinct species; 289, key to orders; 291, key to families; index, English generic and specific, Latin generic; 319, addenda including corrections.  Contains 25 (sic) wood- engraved plates (frontispiece, 1-23, 18*) in two states, hand-colored on thick laid stock and uncolored on thin wove paper.  There is another plate 17, uncolored only, of heads of Red-winged Blackbirds.  Also contains text woodcuts 1-382 and three other unnumbered woodcuts.

“This manual is intended to aid students in identifying birds in the field”.  Maynard felt that classification was the most important step in achieving this objective; that once having properly categorized a bird, its specific identification was a simple process of elimination.  Thus, there is much emphasis on proper classification.  In addition, key points for identification including physical characteristics, vocalization, habits, habitats, behavior and distribution and distribution are also provided.  Moreover, almost every species is illustrated, many in color.  It is quite remarkable that Maynard possessed not only the knowledge to write this book, but also the “know how” to illustrate and produce it.

The work was originally issued in 10 parts. In addition to the copious illustrations in this book, there was  a rare (100 copies) separately published “Atlas of plates for the directory….” that contained 50 hand-colored plates on larger (ca. 35 cm) paper.

Since Maynard, himself published and produced this book, it, like most of his works, is quite uncommon.  OCLC finds about 24 copies.  Apparently, most copies contain duplicate pages 153-168.  That is not the case here.

Maynard, Charles Johnson (1845-1929)

Vocal organs of talking birds / and some other species 17.0 x 13.4 cm. No signatures.  Three PL  pp. vi-vii[1]2-380  Original gray cloth with black printing on upper cover.  Maynard, West Newton, Mass (1928).  Contains typed letter signed by Maynard and dated Nov. 5, 1928 mounted on front free endpaper.

 First PLr, title; First PLv, blank; 2nd PLr dedication “to Beauty / The wonderful Talking Canary”; 2nd PLv, blank; 3rd PLr “Three Plates / hand colored by / Charles J. Maynard (signature only) / Number 33” (the 33 written in ink); PL3v, blank; vi, preface dated May, 1928; 1, introduction; 4, chapter I, the iguana; 25, II, voiceless  birds; 38, III, cooing birds; 52, IV, screaming birds. osprey; 66, V, hooting birds; 108, VI, parrots; 133, VII, clamorous perching birds; 152, VIII, chipping sparrow; 159, XI (sic), goldfinches and siskins; 169, X, canary bird; 205, XI, crow; 222, XII, starling; 241, XIII, jays; 272, XIV, lisping birds; 285, XV, crying birds; 310, XVI, honking birds; 308, XVII, tracheal-voiced birds; 320, XVIII, nocturnal whistlers; 325, XIX, ejaculating birds; 333, XX, gullet-voiced birds; 363, general conclusions; 370, index; 376, order of plates; 377, additions and corrections;  index. 

 Contains 15 woodcut plates (three hand-colored) including colored frontispiece; uncolored plates I-XI; colored plate XIV; uncolored t plate XIII and colored woodcut plate XV. These plates are accompanied by an explanation leaf and neither the plate nor explanation leaves are included in the pagination. No plate XII was called for. Also contains uncolored woodcut text figures 1-75, a second number 75, and at least one unnumbered figure.  Most of the illustrations are anatomical and concerned with the upper respiratory tract (larynx, trachea, syrinx and bronchial tubes) but there are some depicting birds.

 This is an extensive work attempting to correlate the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract with the vocalizations of various birds. As with most of Maynard’s publications, every aspect of this work was personally done by him.

 OCLC locates 36 copies of this work.






Mayr, E.

 List of New Guinea Birds.  A Systematic and Faunal List of the Birds of New Guinea and Adjacent Islands  23.3 x 15.5 cm.  Pp.  [i-ii]iii-xi[xii]1-260.  Original printed gray wrappers.  American Museum of Natural History, New York, 1941. 

 [i], title; iii-iv, contents; v-xi, introduction; 1-222, list; 223-229, index of geographical names; 230-260, index of scientific names. Contains a folding map, unpaginated and bound at the end after the text. 

 Ernst Mayr was a major figure in twentieth century evolutionary biology.  His career was spent mainly at the American Museum and at Harvard.  He began as an ornithologist, influenced much I think by Erwin Stresemann and Ernst Hartert.  He did important early field work in New Guinea and was a mentor to both Austin Rand and Thomas Gilliard who, in the introduction to their own important book, The Handbook of New Guinea Birds (1967), refer (p. 1) to this present work of Mayr’s as one of “three great landmarks in Papuan ornithology”.

 This is indeed the single most important synthetic twentieth century contribution to the avifauna of New Guinea, arguably the world’s most interesting and complex.  There were numerous expeditions to New Guinea in the 1930s including Mayr’s own and those sponsored by Richard Archbold and Mayr integrated these extensive new findings into the previous base that had been articulated in the great late nineteenth century publication of Tommaso Salvadori.  Mayr’s information includes the species’ Latin name, the original source of this name, the distribution of the species and the habitat of at least one species for each genus.  

 This work was not part of a serial publication but was issued on its own by the American Museum.  Like all their publications, it represents superb scholarship and was probably issued in a very small print run, perhaps 200-400 copies.

 Trinity, p. 161; Yale, p. 189.


Mayr, Ernst (1904-)

Birds of the / Southwest Pacific / A Field Guide to the Birds of the Area / between Samoa, New Caledonia, and Micronesia  18.6 x 12.7 cm.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xix(1)[1-2]3-316; 168 ll.  Original publisher's red cloth, black lettering on spine.  Map on front end paper.  Illustrated dust jacket.  New York, the Macmillan Company, 1945.  Stated first printing. 


i, title; ii, copyright, printer designation (Vail-Ballou Press, Binghamton, NY), "First Printing", "A Wartime Book"; iii, dedication; iv, blank; v, contents; vii, list of illustrations; ix, preface by R. C. Murphy; xi, introduction; 1, general section; 107, geographical section; 303, glossary; 305, index of Latin and English names.  Bibliographical footnotes.   Contains colored plates I-III by Francis Lee Jaques (1887-1969) depicting 39 species, printed on one side only and not included in pagination.  Also contains uncolored text figures 1-16 by Alexander Seidel.


Mayr was a major figure in evolutionary biology during the 20th century.  He originally made his reputation by ornithological studies in New Guinea and the Southwest Pacific.  The present book was elicited by the wartime demand of armed forces fighting in islands not previously known to the general public.  In fact, this work is the first in English covering most of this area that includes Fiji, Tonga, New Caledonia, Guam, the Mariannas and the Loyalty, New Hebrides, Santa Cruz and Solomon Islands.  There is a very simple general introductory about how to identify birds.  The general section describes all the families and representative species of the entire area. The geographical section describes what species may be found in specific locations.  According to Mayr, the section on the Solomon Islands, which describes 138 species, is "the first comprehensive work" on the birds of these islands so this work is as much an original contribution to ornithology as it is a field guide.


The book is listed for the libraries of the AMNH, Harvard, Yale and Trinity.


Mayr, Ernst(1904-), Rand, A(ustin)L(oomer)(1905-)

Results of the Archbold Expeditions. / No. 14 / Birds of the 1933-1934 Papuan Expedition 24.4 x 16.1 cm.  Pp.  [1]2-248; 124 ll.  Original gray printed wrappers.  New York, AMNH, 1937.  Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. LXXIII, Art. I, Issued January 28, 1937. 


1, (Overview, introduction); 3, systematic list.  Contains colored half-tone frontispiece of Lyncornis archboldi (nightjar) after George Miksch Sutton not included in pagination and printed on verso only.


This report comprised data on the birds collected and field notes on them from south and southeast New Guinea including an area near Port Moresby and the area from Yule Island, to and including, Mount Albert Edward.  Some data from antecedent collections by J. T. Zimmer, and by Hannibal Hamlin for the Whitney South Sea expediton are also included.  A total of 430 species and subspecies is reported of which 188 are nonpasserine and 242 passerine.  One new species is described as are 26 new subspecies and five species new for New Guinea.  Data for each species include the date, site of collection and measurements for each individual as well as specific field notes made by Rand.  The report is an extremely basic and important contribution to the ornithology of New Guinea.


I am surprised that only one new species was discovered by this  expedition to such a remote area.  More discoveries were soon to be made in the Central Highland that were first penetrated by westerners about the same time as the present expediton.  Rand did camp out on Mount Albert Edward at 3680 meters where he found Macgregoria pulchra (Macgregor's Bird-of-Paradise) to be "common" "conspicuous" and "not at all shy".  In 1980 I went on a birding trip to New Guinea and our group camped at about 2500 meters on Mount Albert Edward.  Accompanied by a single native, I hiked to the top of the mountain ( a little over 4000 meters) in the hope of finding MacGregor's Bird-of-Paradise.  I didn't find it although I did encounter two other alpine specialties, the New Guinea Pipit, and the Alpine Mannakin.


This publication appeared in the Bulletin of the AMNH and is not usually listed by libraries as a separate entity.  Until after World War II, the Bulletin was issued in a very small print run, probably 200-400 copies.


Mayr, Ernst (1904-) and Diamond, Jared (1937) (color plates by H. Douglas Pratt)

The birds of / northern Melanesia / speciation, ecology & biogeography  25.3 x 17.8 cm.  Pp.  [i-vii]viii-xxiv[1-3]4-492.  Publisher's blue boards with gilt lettering to spine.  Pictorial dust jacket.  New York, Oxford University Press, 1991.


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 2001; ISBN 0-19-514170-9; first printing; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, origins and acknowledgments; x, blank; xi, contents; xv, introduction; 1, part I: northern Melanisia's physical and biological environment; 25, II: human history and impacts; 45, III: northern Melanesia avifauna; 91, IV: colonization routes; 117, V: taxonomic analysis: differences among species; 191, VI: geographic analysis: differences among islands; 273, VII: synthesis, conclusions, and prospects; 311, maps 1-51; 361 appendices: 363, 1: systematic list breeding land and fresh-water native birds (195 species); 402, 2: non breeding visitors (69); 406, 3: introduced species (5); 408, 4: chronologies of ornithological exploration; 414, 5: attributes of each bird species; 443, references (about 850); 465, subject index; 486, species index listed alphabetically by genera.  Contains unpaginated10 leaf glossy section at pp. 184/185 containing half-tone color plates 1-9 depicting 129 birds of 88 species printed on verso with facing letter-press on recto of next leaf.  Also contains some uncolored text figures of maps and graphs numbered with respect to their chapters as well as the map section containing uncolored line maps 1-51.


The authors are among the leading figures of the 20th century in matters of evolution, speciation and taxonomy and each has contributed important field research in New Guinea and the adjacent islands.  Although the Bismark and Solomon archipelagos are just northeast of New Guinea, according to the authors there has never been a land bridge from New Guinea to any of their islands.  Their 195 species of breeding land and fresh-water birds provide a rich opportunity to examine the relationships amongst subspecies, allopatric species, sympatric species and superspecies and the evolution of these closely related forms.  This important work is not intended as a guide although there are excellent illustrations on most of the species.  The systematic list provides provides the original reference for each species, its distribution, its taxonomy and additional references.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.



McGregor, Richard C.(rittenden)(1871-1937)

 I.Birds from Mindoro and small adjacent islands  II.  Notes on three rare Luzon birds  23.0 x 14.5 cm.  [1]828[$1 signed]; 16 ll.  Pp.  [1-2]3-31(1).  Original printed gray wrappers not included in pagination.  Manila, Bureau of Public Printing, 1905.  Department of the Interior Bureau of Government Laboratories, No. 34.-October, 1905.

 1, Title; 2, blank; 3, letter of transmittal; 4, blank; 5, I, birds from Mindoro and small adjacent islands; 25, birds from small islands adjacent to Mindoro; 25, birds from small islands adjacent to Mindoro; 29, II. notes on three rare Luzon birds; 31, list of illustrations, plates I-XVIII.  Contains uncolored half-tone photographic plates I-XVIII of specimens and habitat printed on one side only of 18 glossy paper leaves.

 This is primarily a report of the results of an expedition to northern Mindoro mounted in March, April and May of 1905.  More than 100 species were encountered including two, a swift and a cuckoo-shrike, that were considered new.  Small lists are also given for the small adjacent islands, Semerara and Sibay.

 The second part reports on observations and specimens obtained by others on Luzon of Sarus Crane, Eurasian Bittern and Black-capped Zosterornis (babbler).

OCLC locates about 40 copies.



McGregor, Richard C.(rittenden)(1871-1937)

A manual / of/ Philippine birds  23.1 x 14.8 cm.  Two parts bound in one volume.  Later blue-green buckram, gilt-ruled and lettered spine.  Original gray printed wrappers included, each with inscription from the author.  Manila, Bureau of Printing, 1909 (but second part actually 1910, vide infra).


Part I / Galliformes to Eurylaemiformes  π51-258266[$1 signed]; Pp.  [I-II]III-X[1]2-412. I, title; II, Department of the Interior, Bureau of Science, Manila  publication no. 2, part I (actual date of publication, April 15, 1909; III, contents; 1, preface; 5, use of keys; 7, systematic accounts, species 1-378.


Part II / Passeriformes  π4[1]82-228234(-234); 183 ll.  Pp.  (2)XI-XVI413-769(1)  π1r, title with 1910; π1v, publication no. 2, part II (actual date of publication, January 31, 1910); XI, contents; 413, systematic accounts, species 379-739; 725, additions and corrections; 737, index of scientific and English names.


McGregor was the indisputable authority on Philippine ornithology during the first third of the 20th century and this, his magnum opus, was by far the most comprehensive treatment of the subject up to its time.  It provides family, generic and specific keys and, for each species: synonymy; local names; Philippine and global distribution; description of all plumages with measurements; and status.  There is no formal bibliography but pertinent specific references are given with synonymy.


Wood, p. 457; Zimmer, p. 411.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.




Mckelvie, Colin Laurie (text), Robjent, Richard (1937-) (illustrations)

The woodcock / A study in words and pictures  31.6 x 24.2 cm.  Pp. (2, limitation statement)[i-iv]v-xiii[xiv]1-115(116).  Original half-brown morocco ruled with gilt device.  Gilt woodcock designs on upper and lower cover.  Spine with five gilt raised bands, gilt lettering in first and third compartments, gilt woodcock designs in others.  Patterned brown endpapers.  TEG.  Presented in cloth slipcase with gilt woodcock on one cover.  Holt, Norfolk, Fine Sporting Interests Limited, 1988.

Unpaginated initial leaf: recto, blank; verso, limitation statement (#191/300) signed by author and artist with original sepia sketch by Robjent; i, half-title with sepia vignette; ii, colored frontispiece, plate 1; iii, title printed in red and black with vignette; iv, copyright, 1988; printed by Livesay Limited, St. John’s Hill, Shrewsbury; bound by A. G. Harvard, Book Binding Crafts, Long Stratton, Norfolk; v, foreword by Edward Douglas, Viscount Coke; vi, sepia illustration; vii, preface with vignette; viii, sepia illustration; ix, contents; x, sepia illustration; xi, lists of colour plates, sepia sketches, with vignette; 1, the woodcock; 17, display and roding; 37, mating, nesting & moulting; 59, migration; 77, winter; 99, Asian and American woodcock; 115, selected bibliography (13 references); 116, sepia illustration.  Contains colour plates 1-24 mounted in sunken mats (28.2 x 21.2 cm) with blank versos, so numbered in initial list and so printed in red on fine, unpaginated tissue overlays; Both sides of the leaves containing the colored plates are included in pagination.  Also contains 60 unnumbered sepia sketches, some full-page.

This is the first of a series of  six comparable limited edition, finely produced books on British game birds produced by Robjent, an admirer and protégé  of Philip Rickman’s.  The others are: The snipe A study in words and pictures (1989); The grouse….(1991; The partridge…(1993); The pheasant….(1995); and Sporting wildfowl of the British Isles…(1999).  These books are all produced in a style almost identical to Rickman’s A selection of bird paintings (1979) for which Robjent was the editor.

Listed by Oxford but not by AMNH, BM(NH), Cornell, Harvard, LOC, Melvyl, Trinity, Yale.  OCLC lists only the Oxford copy.



Mcloughlin Bros (1858-1920)

Alphabet of / birds  27.1 x 21.0 cm.  Six unpaginated leaves and color pictorial card covers.  Printed text begins on verso of upper cover and continues through recto of lower cover.  Stapled binding. The text consists of six pages, each containing four boxes with red frames.  The red boxes are devoted to one letter each save for i, and u, which do not have an associated bird but are printed respectively with j and v.  The entire alphabet is printed in capitals and in small letters in red within black frames.  A brief descriptive text is given for the 24 birds (mostly exotic) that are associated with letters.  Opposite each page of text are four chromolithographs of the four birds that have been described.  The verso of the third leaf and the facing recto of the fourth contain respectively, uncolored lithographs of several parrots and of several birds-of-prey.  New York, Mcloughlin Bros., (1885)

Mcloughlin Bros Inc. (1858-1920) specialized in colored books and board games for children.  Most of their coloring was done by chromolithography and several of their works were devoted to natural history subjects.  They were bought in 1920 by the Milton Bradley company.  The present alphabet primer is representative of their work.  The color printing suffers from very poor  draughtsmanship and registration and the descriptive text is inaccurate, yet somehow, the book possesses a certain appeal.  There is, however, no comparison with Bien or Prang, the best known American chromolithographers of the era.

OCLC finds three copies of this ephemeral item


Mcloughlin Bros.

 Large /  birds  Bird and animal / series  27.2 x 21.2 cm.  Eight unnumbered stiff paper leaves including covers.  Color pictorial upper cover, blank olive lower cover.  The internal surfaces of the covers contain printed text.  Eight of the 16 pages contain framed printed text.  Six of the internal pages and the upper cover contain chromolithographic illustrations, the cover of a turkey, the others of four or five species.  New York, Mcoughlin Bros., (1903).

 OCLC locates eight copies with copyright dates of either 1886 or 1903 and with the author “Josephine Pollard 1834-1892”.  The identification of the author, in at least one case, is “from an old catalog”.  I see no  identification of an author in this copy although, in pagination and measurements, it resembles those described in OCLC.  It is not clear to me whether it is the same or different publications that are denoted by the different copyright dates.

 This work is a good and attractive example of what might be termed pulp natural history books, usually targeted at children.  The chromolithographs are comparable to those of Stecher, lower quality than those of Prang and far inferior, to those of Bien.  The text is not significant.


Mcloughlin Bros.

Large / birds  Bird and / animal / series  27.1 x 21.1 cm.  Stapled binding.  Eight unnumbered stiff paper leaves including covers.  Framed chromolithographed external upper cover of ostriches and external lower cover of a cockatoo.  Framed printed text on internal surfaces of covers.  Six internal chromolithographed plates depicting 4-6 birds with framed text on other side of the leaf.  New York, Mcoughlin Bros, “copyrighted 1886”.

Save for the illustrations on the external surfaces of the upper and lower covers (an ostrich and cockatoo as opposed to a turkey and blank), this title, with the 1886 copyright, contains the identical material to the work carrying a 1903 copyright.  However, the six internal leaves are bound somewhat differently.  In the present volume, the first three internal leaves are bound with the plates recto, text verso and the last three with the plates verso and text recto.  In the 1903 version, the first leaf has text recto; the second leaf, plate recto; the third leaf, text recto; the fourth plate recto; the fifth text recto and the sixth, plate recto.  Thus, with the 1903 example open, two colored plates can be seen facing each other whereas in the 1886 work a plate page is always opposite a text page.

The flamboyant chromolithographs have a certain pulp appeal.  The accompanying text is full of errors, the most egregious of which is picturing a “Crested Eagle” which is “a native of North America …”

As noted in the entry for the 1903 example, the author of this work is said to be “Josephine Pollard 1834-1892”, although I find no evidence in this copy to that effect.


McLoughlin Bros (Pollard, Josephine)

Small birds Part of the “Bird and Animal Series” 27.2 x 21.0 cm.  Eight unpaginated leaves including covers all printed on rather thick papers.  Upper cover with chromolithographed mallard, lower with turkey, six additional chromolithographic plates.  Obverses of covers and colored plates contain text printed in double columns.  New York, McLoughlin Bros. @1903.  Apparently there was an earlier issue published in 1886.

This work was designed for children and is a good example of what I consider pulp chromolithography.

OCLC lists about 10 copies of this title including both (1886 and 1903) issues.



McPeek, Gail A. (editor); Adams, Raymond J. (consulting editor); Granlund, James M., Mcpeek, Gail A., Adams, Raymond, J., Chu, Philip C., Reinoehl, Jack; Nelson, Charles; Schinkel, Richard; Kielb, Michael; Allen, Stephen; Trautman, Andrea (authors)

The Birds of Michigan  29.7 x 22.8 cm.  Pp.  (2, blank leaf)[i-xi]xii-xv[xvi](2, half-title and first colored plate)1-358[359-360](4, two blank leaves); 192 ll including three blank leaves. Original pink cloth, pasted blue labeling piece with gilt lettering on spine.  Pictorial dust jacket, blue endpapers.  Bloomington and Indianapolis, Indiana University Press, 1994.  Sponsored by Sarett Nature Center, Kalamazoo Nature Center, First of America Bank.  Printed and bound by Tien Wah Press, Singapore. 


i, Half-title; ii-iii, title; iv, copyright; v, contents; vi, map of Michigan counties; vii, preface; viii, blank; ix, acknowledgments; x, blank; xi, introduction; 1, systematic accounts of species; 341, bibliography; 349, list of sponsors; 353, contributors; 355, index of English and Latin names; 359, production information.  Contains 115 unnumbered colored plates after Cyndy Callog (19); John Felsing (24); Heiner Hertling (25); David Mohrhardt (24); Gijsbert van Frankenhuyzen (23).  All, save the first, are included in the pagination.


This sumptuous and attractive book is one of a number of works on birds of midwestern states that have been published by Indiana University Press beginning with Birds of Indiana in 1984.  Others in the series thus far have included works on Illinois, Ohio and Kentucky.  Whereas the other four volumes have been illustrated by William Zimmerman, the present work draws on five lesser known artists who have resided in Michigan and studied its birds.  The diversity of their styles adds to the artistic interest of the book which is also authoritative in its coverage of contemporary status, distribution, habitat, seasonal occurrence, conservation and population of the various species.  Approximately 400 species are discussed and the 223 of these which breed or have bred are depicted on the 115 colored plates.

Listed by catalogs of AMNH, Cornell, Trinity.  Absent from those of Harvard and Yale.


Mearns, Barbara and Richard

The bird collectors  24.1 x 16.8 cm.  [i-v]vi-xvi[xvii-xviii][1]2-472.  Original publisher’s green cloth with gilt lettering to spine.  Ochre-colored endpapers.  San Diego and London, Academic Press, (1998).

 i, Half-title; ii, attribution of photographs; iii, title; iv, copyright@1998 Academic Press; ISBN: 0-12-487440-1; typeset by Phoenix Photosetting, Chatham, Kent; printed in Great Britain by University Press, Cambridge; v, contents; viii, blank; ix, list of maps and tables; x, blank; xi, preface; xiv, blank; xv, acknowledgments; xvii, abbreviations; xviii, portrait of Carl Andreas Nauman;1, hunting and harvesting; 19, a bird in the hand; 43, practicalities; 71, collecting gathers momentum; 105, early scientific voyages; 125, trade and commerce; 143, bird artists as collectors; 163, government-sponsored collecting; 187, army officers; 209, the medical profession; 233, clergymen and missionaries; 257, terra incognita; 285, great accumulators; 313, professional field collectors; 347, women in the field; 369, protectionists and conservationists; 393, importance of collections; 419, appendix, list of collections; 431, biographical sources; 441, bibliography(about 240 references); 453, index of English bird names(followed by specific Latin name; 465, index of people.  Contains almost 200 unnumbered, uncolored text illustrations, most photographs.

 This book contains much information that is not readily obtained elsewheron an aspect of ornithological history that is often overlooked.

 OCLC locates about 250 copies.


Meinertzhagen, Colonel R.(ichard)(1878-1967)

Birds of Arabia /// Edition De Luxe  33.7 x 23.6 cm.  π[A]8B-R28(sic!)[$1 signed]; 321 ll.  Pp.  (18)1-624.  Fine gilt ruled half green morocco with green cloth sides by W. T. Morell.  Spine with five gilt-raised ridges, gilt lettering in second and third compartments, two gilt designs alternated in the others.  Marbled endpapers.  TEG.  London, Henry Sotheran, (1980). 


π1r, Half-title for the edition de luxe, printed in olive green; π1v, blank; A1r, limitation leaf, #230/295(also A-K); A1v, blank; A2r, half-title, original edition; A2v, blank; A3r, title; A3v, copyright dated 1980; credits: text by Kingprint of Richmond; plates by the Curwen Press; A4r-A4v, introduction; A5r-A5v, contents; A6r-A8r, illustrations; A8v, blank; 1, geology, geography, climate; 8, desert coloration; 33, distribution and migration; 66, systematics and nomenclature; 73, systematic list of birds; 576, appendix A, history of Arabian ornithology; 582, appendix B, works consulted; 588, addenda; 596, index.  Contains a folded, partially colored map bound at the end as well as uncolored text distribution maps 1-35, a page depicting topography of a bird, and uncolored text figures 1-53,  most after Roland Green, Henry and Lodge but also including one, number 36,  which is a leaf with two mounted photographs and is not included in pagination.  Also contains mounted colored plates I-XIX after D. M. Henry (13), G. E. Lodge (5) and A. Thorburn (1) and uncolored photographic plates 1-9 of habitat mounted on five leaves.  The colored plates are protected by sturdy tissue guards.  One of the designated photographic plates actually holds two mounted photographs on the same page.  The leaves on which the colored plates and photographs are mounted are not included in the pagination.


Birds of Arabia, originally issued in 1954,  was the most sought after of all the ornithological books published by Oliver and Boyd in the middle of the 20th century, whether because of its intrinsic merits or its charismatic author.  Around 1980, the demand for it became sufficiently great to convince the venerable book selling firm of Henry Sotheran to produce a limited edition printed on large paper and produced to a high quality.  The colored and photographic plates were all redone from the original printing blocks, I believe the text was reset, and the whole was printed on special paper and elaborately bound.  The resulting volume is impressive.


The work covers about 400 full species and many variants or subspecies.  For each species, Meinertzhagen provides the original source for nomeclature; a description; the local status and general distribution; a discussion of allied forms; habits; and, where appropriate, comments concerning the life history including the manner of nesting and the appearance of eggs.  There is considerable first-hand material here and the author is dealing with a subject, birds of the desert, which he clearly relishes.  He tells us that this is the first ornithological book covering the area although in his history section (pp. 576-581), he does touch upon the earlier important observations of Ehrenberg and Hemprich, of Rüppell, and of von Heuglin among others.  Although always formidable in the dangers it poses, this desert has long interested ornithologists.


Since this large-paper edition de luxe was limited to 295 copies (and 10 special examples), it is much rarer than the original edition.  It is not listed for AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale, all of which possess the 1954 edition.


Meinertzhagen, Dan(iel)(1875-1898), Hornby, R. P. (edited by Meinertzhagen, Georgina)

Bird life / in an / arctic spring  19.0 x 13.0 cm.  π4[A]8B-H8[I]8[$1 signed]; 76 ll.  Pp.  (8)[i]ii-iii(4)5-150(2, blank)[i2]ii2-iii2(1)(8).  Pagination includes the rectos only of 20 uncolored photoplates (vide infra) printed on recto only of glossy paper and not included in the gatherings.  Original green cloth with gilt head of eagle and gilt lettering on upper cover, gilt lettering to spine.  TEG.  London, R. H. Porter, 1899. 


π1r, title; π1v, blank; π2r, contents; π2v, blank; π3r, quote from diary; π3v, blank; π4r, blank; π4v, full-page uncolored text half-tone of eagle head; I, preface by G. M. (Georgina Meinertzhagen, Dan's mother); 5, Dan Meinertzhagen's diary; 95, R. P. Hornby's diary; 115, Mottisfront birds; i2, index of birds (English names); I5r-I7v, names of birds in Swedish, Finnish, Lapp; I8r, names of fishes (English, Finnish, Lapp).  Frontispiece uncolored photogravure of Meinertzhagen by Gillman & Co., Oxford, printed by Sun Electric Engraving Co.  Contains 20 uncolored plates printed in half-tone on rectos only of glossy paper, the rectos being included in the pagination.  These include photographs of scenes and of Meinertzhagen's paintings.  There is an additional section of 18 glossy leaves with a title leaf, "Some pictures and / etchings / by / Dan Meinertzhagen", and 17 additional leaves comprising uncolored half-tone plates numbered 1-33, printed on both sides save the last.  There are 7 text illustrations by Meinertzhagen including the full page head of the eagle (π4v).  The total number of plates is 53.


Dan Meinertzhagen was the older brother of Richard Meinertzhagen(1878-1967), the soldier-diplomat-spy-ornithologist and author.  Dan died of peritonitis the year after completing an ornithological trip in Scandinavia and Finland with his friend, R. P. Hornby. At the time of his death, he had already distinguished himself as a promising ornithological artist and he had established the largest contemporary personal collection of living raptors at the family estate of Mottisfont.  This work presents his and Hornby's diary account of their journey through the arctic.  It was put together and seen through publication by his mother, Georgina who, in the three-page preface, writes " a small number of copies are offered to the public".  Richard Meinertzhagen had a son whom he named Dan after his brother and who also died as a youth, in the second world war.


Several of the pictures by Dan Meinertzhagen published in this book for the first time were published by Richard Meinertzhagen in Pirates and Predators (1959).


I have noticed in sales catalogs, copies of this title that are said to have been published by Country Life and to contain an expanded (pp. xxxi) biography of her son by Georgina Meinertzhagen.  The Cornell copy below seems to be of this group whereas the others are like my own.


Wood, p. 458.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Meinertzhagen, Colonel R.(ichard)(1878-1967)

Pirates / and Predators / The Piratical and Predatory / Habits of Birds  26.8 x 19.0 cm.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-ix[x]1-230; 120 ll.  Original publisher's red cloth with gilt lettering and gilt pictorial designs on upper cover, gilt lettering on spine.  Pictorial dust jacket with publisher's advertisement for other ornithological books on lower cover.  Edinburgh and London, Oliver & Boyd, (1959).  First, and only edition. 


i, Half-title; ii, list of books by Meinertzhagen; iii, title; iv, copyright dated 1959 and production credits; v, introduction; vi, list of colored plates; vii, list of uncolored plates; ix, contents; 1, man, predators and vermin; 33, predators, amateur; 65, predators, professional; 165, autolycism; 229, index.  Contains plates 1-44 not included in pagination and mostly, but not entirely, printed on one side only. There are 18 colored plates, 17 reproductions of paintings after G. E. Lodge (13), Dan Meinertzhagen (2), J. G. Millais (1), the author (1, of a tapestry he did), the last a photograph of Hoopoe nesting at Thebes.  Of the 26 uncolored plates, 15 are photographs, most after Eric Hosking.  The others reproduce artwork by Lodge (4), Dan Meinertzhagen (2), Charles Tunnicliffe (2) and Joseph Wolf (2).


In the first two decades after World War II, Oliver and Boyd published the most highly regarded ornithological books.  These were usually regional treatises and were very well produced.  The present work was an exception in that it is basically an anecdotal book but it certainly exhibits the high technical quality for which Oliver & Boyd was known.  Meinertzhagen was "larger than life".  A diplomat, Arabist, spy and adventurer with a life-long interest in ornithology, particularly birds of prey, he was married to the ornithologist Annie Jackson, a co-author of Witherby's Practical Handbook of British Birds.  In the present book, Meinertzhagen assembles many anecdotes and observations about birds, particularly about how they kill.  He also expands on how birds make practical use of other birds or creatures and coins the neologism "autolycism" for this phenomenon.  However, the book is really an expression of his interest in birds of prey.


The illustrations in this book are well reproduced and very striking.  Most of them were not created specifically for this work and had been previously published.  The two most striking are by Joseph Wolf and are discussed extensively in Palmer's biography of Wolf.  One is of a Goshawk attacking a gazelle and appeared in Richard Burton's Falconry in the Valley of the Indus published by Van Voorst in 1852.  The other is of two Gyrfalcons attacking a Red Kite.  Although the artists for the various pictures are identified, I can find no list of the original sources from which those that were  previously published,  were reproduced.


This book is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Meinertzhagen, R.(ichard) (1878-1967) (Nicoll, Michael John[1880-1925])

Nicoll's / birds of Egypt  Two volumes.  31.2 x 25.5 cm.  Contemporary gilt-ruled red half calf and red buckram sides.  Spine with five gilt-ruled raised bands, gilt paneling and lettering in second and fourth compartments.  Patterned brown endpapers.  TEG.  Published by the authority of the Egyptian Government.  London, Hugh Rees Ltd., 1930.

 Vol. I  π81-218226[$1, 3 signed]; 182 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-xvi[1]2-348. i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, printer designation: Morrison and Gibb Ltd., London and Edinburgh; v, preface; xi, contents; xii, blank; xiii, list of coloured plates and photogravures for both volumes; xiv, maps; xv, list of text figures for both volumes; 1, origin of life in Egypt; 38, migration; 58, the birds of ancient Egypt; 78, bird protection in Egypt; 89, systematic accounts of Egyptian birds, Corvus corax-Psittacula krameri.  Contains three folded colored (by stencil[?]) maps reproduced by the "Survey of Egypt"; Colored plates I-XV printed in half-tone on one side only and not included in pagination; four uncolored plates including frontispiece portrait of Nicoll printed in gravure on one side only and not included in pagination; uncolored text figures 1-39, mostly line sketches and half-tones.  Some of the artwork is signed by G. E Lodge and Roland Green but much is undesignated.

 Vol. II  [1]42-228236; 178 ll.  Pp. (4)[349]350-700. 11r, Half-title; 11v, blank; 12r, title; 12v, printer designation; 349, systematic accounts, Bubo bubo-Struthio camelus; 651, list and Egyptian distribution of resident birds; 655, list of summer visitors; 656, list of migrants; 663, stragglers; 664, recently extirpated species; 665, doubtful species; 667, order of sex and age on migration; 675, chronological bibliography; 681, list of Arabic names; 683, general index of English and scientific names; 699, index of places and subjects.  Contains colored plates XVI-XXXI including one after Thorburn and one, XXXI with pasted corrective overslip; three uncolored plates; text figures 40-88.

 Nicoll had been Assistant Director of the Zoological Gardens at Giza and wrote widely on Egyptian birds before his premature death.  Meinertzhagen, a friend and field companion, was approached by the widow to complete a comprehensive work on the birds of Egypt that her deceased husband had begun.  The result was this first of several ornithological books with Meinertzhagen as author.  Meinhertzhagen always took a broad view of his subject and as exemplified by the early sections of the first volume here which deal with aspects of Egypt and its birds that are not usually covered in regional ornithologies. The systematic text is well done and provides for each species: the original citation; a description with measurements; local and general distribution; information on nidification; field characters; and allied forms. 

 Although there is a fine colored plate of Verreaux's eagle by Thorburn, most of the colored plates and text illustrations are by George Lodge and Roland Green.  Several of these appeared later in Meinertzhagen's Birds of Arabia and in some of Bannerman's books.  The present work replaced George Shelley's Birds of Egypt (1872) as the authoritative work on the birds of that nation.

 Wood, p. 492.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Menefee, E. L., Corless, Fred

The / Ornithologists’ / and / oologists directory / containing the / names and addresses of all the principal collectors / in oology and ornithology in the United / States, Canada and  Great Britain  19.2 x 12.2 cm.  Pp.  (4, advertisements)[1-3]4-34(10, advertisements).  Original pink printed wrappers.  San Jose, Cal., A. S. York, Book and Job Printer, 1889.

 This is a curious ephemeral piece that contains the names of approximately 1,000 ornithologists and/or oologists, together with their towns of residence and, occasionally, explicit addresses.  The advertisements, including a “Wants and Exchanges” section, are especially interesting

 OCLC fails to locate any copies.

Menegaux, (Henri) A.(ugust)(1857-1937) and Simon, É(ugène) Louis (1848-1924)

Étude des oiseaux de l’Equateur / rapportés par le Dr. Rivet (Arc de méridien equatorial, t. IX, [1]) 26.7 x 22.0 cm.   B1-B184B192(-B192) 73 ll.  Pp. B1-B143[B144-146].  Later blue buckram backed blue marbled boards without lettering.  Paris, Imprimerie Gauthier-Villars, (1911).

B1, Title and text comprising list of  species (1-272) with synonymy for each and some descriptive information including local names, where obtained and color of eyes; B120, bibliography (about 50 publications); B125, table alphabétique (generic index); B129, Trochilidae par E. Simon comprising information on hummingbird species 1-53; B145, table des matières; B146, printer designation: Paris.-Imprimerie Gauthier-Villars.  Contains chromolithographic plates I-IV after J. Terrier printed on recto and facing identification letter-press printed on a separate guard sheet.  These sheets and the plates are not included in pagination

Ronsil, 1987, 2784.  OCLC locates about 13 copies.



Ménétriés, E.(douard) (1802-1861)

Monographie / de la / Famille des Myiotherinae / où / sont décrites les Espèces qui ornent le Musée / de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences  Text 27.5 x 21.7 cm.  Plates 34.5 x 23.6 cm save for nos. 6 and XVI, which are the same size as the text.  π1-124134(-134); 52 ll.  Pp. (2)[I]2-101(1).  Contemporary vellum-backed marbled boards, gilt red morocco lettering piece on flat spine.  Text stilted.  "Extrait des Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg" (1835)("lu le 28 Février, 1834").


π1r, title; π1v, blank; 1, historical background; 15, classification de fourmiliers; caractères essentiels de la famille des fourmiliers; 19, systematic accounts (54 species); 97, list of species incorrectly classified as fourmiliers; 99, closely related bird;  Contains hand-colored plates 1-15 drawn by the author and lithographed by F. Davignon save for no. 8 which is metal-engraved.  Also contains plate XVI, an uncolored, printed and lithographed diagram of hypothesized taxonomic relationships. Bradley Martin copy (#1721), inscribed and signed by the author on the title leaf to Florent Prévost, the co-author, with Madame Knip, of the rare second volume of Les Pigeons and the listed co-author, with Charles Lemaire, of later editions of Les Oiseaux Exotiques and Les Oiseaux d'Europe.


This copy is an author's offprint, as is that described by Wood (p. 460) from the Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg.  According to the designations on the plates, the work appeared in the VIe Série, either with Sci. nat. T. 1, or with Sc. math. phys. &a TIII. 2e part. Sc. nat.  The only complete citation I could find was in the third instalment of Coues, p. 575, where he describes it as:"vi sér., vol. iii, pte. ii, (Sci. Nat., i), 1835, pp. 443-543, pll. 1-15"


Although the author is best known as an entomologist, this work is a monograph on the family of ant birds and was based on the author's research in Brazil.  54 Species are described, some for the first time, and many are illustrated.  Buffon had first designated certain species by the term Fourmiliers which Illiger had included in a family he called Myiotheria.  However, the limits of the family were poorly defined and it was insufficiently distinguished from others including thrushes, wrens and shrikes.  Ménétriés clarified its definition by focusing not only on external characteristics, but also on behavioral aspects.  This was a highly sophisticated approach for its time when the only other serious monographs concerned birds with very conspicuous appearances such as parrots and toucans.  The author was quite a good artist judging from the plates which are uniformly good.  In fact, they are sufficiently good that one can easily distinguish at least one tyrant flycatcher and one wren amongst the illustrated species.  However, most of them certainly still qualify as ant birds.


This work is exceedingly rare.  It is unlisted by AMNH, Berkeley, Cornell, Harvard, LOC, Oxford, Smithsonian, Trinity, Yale and Zimmer.  I did find it listed by Anker, # 331; Wood, p. 460, BM(NH), p. 1286, and the Catalogue of the Library of the Zoological Society (London, 1902), p. 412.  OCLC lists only six copies.


Mengel, Robert M.(orrow) (1921-1990)

A catalogue of / the Ellis collection / of / ornithological books / in the / University of Kansas libraries  Two volumes  25.4 x 17.1 cm.  Original printed brown card covers.  Lawrence, Kansas (The University Press).


Volume I.  A-B. 1972.  [i-viii]ix-xxix(1)1-259(1).  i, "University of Kansas Publications / Library Series, 33 / Edited by James Helyar"; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, printer designation: The University of Kansas Printing Service; v, dedication to Elliott Coues; vi, blank; vii, table of contents; viii, blank; ix, preface; xiv, blank; xv, biographical note on Ralph Ellis (1908-1945); xix, introduction; xxvi, blank; xxvii, references; 1-259, entries 1-454 comprising authors A-B.


Volume 2 (sic).  C-D.  1983.  Edited by Alexandra Mason and James Helyar.  Three preliminary unpaginated leaves, 1-176.First preliminary leaf: recto, "University of Kansas Publications / Library Series, 48 / Edited by James Helyar"; verso, blank.  Second preliminary leaf: recto, title; verso, printer designation. Third preliminary leaf: recto, additional references; verso, blank.1-176, entries 455-785 comprising authors C-D.


Robert Mengel was Professor of Ornithology at the University of Kansas, a dedicated bibliophile and a serious ornithological artist.  He was the author of The Birds of Kentucky (1965)  Ralph Ellis was plagued for his entire short life by a chronic debilitating illness.  According to Mengel, he collected about 2000 mainly  ornithological titles per year during the last 10 years of his life.


In my opinion, for its limited coverage (authors whose last names start with the letters A-D), this bibliography is the finest that has been done for an ornithological collection.  It is the only one that employs principles of bibliography as practiced by professional bibliographers and it is extraordinarily meticulous, providing every detail that any reader might want.  Perhaps that is why it  was discontinued after 11 years of work had produced 785 entries going through the letter D.  Mengel dedicated the work to the memory of Elliott Coues and Coues would certainly have admired it.  In addition to strict bibliographic descriptions, Mengel also provides a highly informed personal commentary on each entry as well as references to other bibliographers and contemporary reviews. 


Even in this small alphabetical grouping, there is a surprisingly large number of omissions when one considers how many books Ellis is alleged to have collected.


This work is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Menzbir, Mikhail Aleksandrovich (1855-1935)

Okhotnichy i promyslovyia ptitsy evropl. Rossii i Kavkaza (Game and commercial birds of European Russia and the Caucasus).  Two text volumes (255 x 170 mm, morocco-backed green cloth), one atlas volume (153 x 255, oblong, morocco-backed publisher’s (?) olive cloth with gilt decoration and title on upper cover, endpapers with flower motif), Moskva, I. N. Kushner. 


1.  1900. π5 1-298χ2   [$1,2 signed]; 239 ll.  Pp. [I-V]VI[VII]VIII-IX[X][1-3]4-478 lacking numerals 321-330 through printer’s error (material is complete and consecutive).  I, half-title; III, title; V, preface; VII, contents; 1, species accounts.


2.  1902. π3 1-318 χ[$1, 2 signed]; 252 ll.  Pp. [I-V]VI[1-3]4-494[495-498].  I, Half-title; III, title; V, contents; 1, species accounts.


(Atlas)  1902.  Five unnumbered leaves (half-title, title, preface, list of plates[two leaves]) and Chromolithographic plates 1-140 each, save the last, with a tissue flimsy containing the arabic number of the plate, the Latin name of the species in Roman type, and the Russian name in Cyrillac.


This is an uncommon work on Russian game birds by a highly regarded Russian ornithologist.  It is printed in Cyrillic and covers 136 species.  According to Maggs Bros. Catalogue 1179, item #612, it was issued in six parts between 1898 and 1902.  The illustrations are especially interesting.  Most (116) of them have been copied from Lilford’s Coloured Figures....  The majority of these are after Thorburn but there are four that were originally drawn by Keulemans and a few after George Lodge and Edward Neale.  The chromolithography was done by the Russian publisher Kushner, sometimes called Kushnerev, the same firm that did the chromolithographic plates for Alpheraky’s Geese....  The technical reproduction is excellent.  Although the coloring is clearly different from that in Lilford’s work, the lithography looks identical.  The Maggs catalogue informs us that Menzbir writes in the preface that most of the plates ...”are borrowed from the unfinished work of the  late Lord Lilford”.


The 24 plates depicting birds not figured in Lilford’s work include 12 after the Russian artist, A. N. Martynov, who, according to the Maggs catalogue, was also responsible for copying the plates from Lilford.  The artist for three of the 12 remaining  plates is not specified.  Of the other nine, Lodge was the artist for five, Gronvold for three and Hary for one.  The plate by the latter, the last in the work, appeared originally, uncolored, opposite page 308 in volume II of Madarasz’s Birds of Hungary.  The plates by Lodge and Gronvold were doubtless also taken from (an) antecedent work.


The binding of the atlas volume of this copy is most unusual, being oblong, yet intended to be viewed as though with the ordinary configuration i.e. with the long axis vertical.  The plates are, therefore, all very narrow.  I've seen at least three other copies of the work, the atlas for each of which was bound in the ordinary (i. e. not oblong) direction as was the Lilford atlas.


Trinity, p. 163.  Absent from BM(NH), McGill, Yale and Ayer catalogues.


Menzbir, (Menzbier) M.(ikhail)A.(leksandrovich)(1855-1935)

Ptitsy Rossiî  Second edition.  Two volumes.  21.3 x 15.4 cm.  Contemporary half maroon morocco with maroon pebbled cloth sides.  Spine with five raised bands, gilt Cyrillic lettering in second compartment.  Moskva, I. N. Kusher (fide Trinity catalog), 1895.


First volume.  π81-687612-528532[$1, 2 signed]; 480 ll.  Pp. [I-V]VI-XV(1)[I2]II2-CVIII[1]2-836.  π1r, Half-title; π1v, blank; π2r, title; π2v, copyright 1895; π3r-π4r, preface; π4v, blank; π5r-π8r, contents; π8v, corrections and additions (?); I2-CVIII general ornithology written at a highly technical level; 1-836, systematic accounts of species 1-197, grebes-cormorants.  Contains woodcut figures numbered 1-24 in the general ornithology section and more than 200 unnumbered uncolored wood-engraved illustrations including figures of every species in the systematic section.


Second volume.  π8(-π1)1-708; 567 ll.  Pp. (2)[I-V]VI-XV(1)[1]2-1120.  Lacks π1r, half-title; π2r, title; π2v, copyright 1895; π3r-π8r, contents; π8v, corrections and additions(?); 1-1054, systematic accounts of species 198-527, raptors-thrushes; 1085, index for both volumes.  Contains more than 330 wood-engraved illustrations including figures of every species.


This work, printed in Cyrillic, is the most complete systematic treatment of Russian birds up to its time of publication.  It is clearly directed to an ornithologically educated audience and appears to be quite exhaustive.  I am not certain of the geographical boundaries comprised by its coverage but it does include some Siberian birds (e. g. Siberian Crane) while not, apparently, those of the Kamtschatka peninsula such as Steller's Eagle and the Pacific Alcids.   The systematic coverage includes 527 species each of which is extensively discussed and is illustrated.  The wood engravings are generally very good and have been copied by O. Pehapb from various antecedent works such as Brehm's Thierleben, Yarrell's British Birds and Seebohm's Charidriidae, among others.  Amongst the artists represented, although their initials are often not discernible, are: Keulemans; Kretschmer; Kühnert; Lodge; Millais; Mützel; Neale; Specht and Whymper.  Although this is allegedly the second edition (Trinity catalog and sold to me as such), I have been unable to trace the first which may refer to an antecedent less complete book by Menzbir on the birds of European Russia.


Menzbir was an internationally recognized ornithologist, perhaps better known for his rare Ornithologie du Turkestan (1888-1893), because it was written in French, than for this equally rare and important work.  Menzbir was a disciple of Sewertzow who assembled and published much of his mentor's work posthumously and it is sometimes difficult to distinguish their contributions although I don't think that is the case here.


Unlisted by Cornell, Wood, Zimmer.  Listed by AMNH, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.  In each listing, including that of Trinity, the edition is listed as: "Izdanie vtoroe" OCLC locates six copies including the four above.




Menzbier (Menzbir), M.(ikhail) A.(Aleksandrovich)(1855-1935)

Faune de la Russie / et des pays limitrophes / fondée principalement sur les collections / du Musée Zoologique de l’Academie Impériale des Sciences / de Petrograd / Oiseaux / (Aves) / Volume VI / / Falconiformes / Livraison 1  23.4 x15.3 cm.  π4(-π1[?])1-218224($1, 2 signed); 175 ll.  Pp.  (4)[I]II[1]2-344.  Binder’s blue buckram with lacquered spine, gilt printing to spine.  Ex library with markings on spine and library card in holder on rear paste-down.  Book plate of Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery with designation of Henry Janssen as donor.  Petrograd, 1916.

π1r, blank; π1v, French title; π2r, Cyrillic title; π2v, copyright(?), printer designation (?); 1, introduction by author dated Moscow,1916; 1-344, text including general overview and detailed analysis of 19 species and subspecies of large, indigenous  falcons.  Contains uncolored text figures 1-17 and half-tone colored plates I-V, printed in half-tone on one side only and not included in pagination.  Two of the illustrations are initialed either BB or BR.

The text of this highly detailed work is printed in Cyrillic although there is a leaf containing the title in French in addition to that in Cyrillic.  The work is concerned only with indigenous breeding large falcons.  The author was a highly regarded Russian ornithologist  whose publications (in Cyrilic) include  Birds of Russia (1895) and Game and Commercial Birds of Russia (1902) (titles translated).  The pictures are excellent.

The work is very uncommon.  OCLC locates less than 20 copies.  Listed by Harvard. Unlisted by Wood, Zimmer, AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Merriam, C.(linton) Hart (1855-1942)

A review / of the / birds of Connecticut (from title page and upper wrapper) with remarks on their habits (from upper wrapper only)  22.5 x 15.1 cm.  π1-204214(-214)[$1 signed]; 84 ll.  Pp.  (2)[1]2-165[166].  Later red buckram-backed marbled boards. Original gray printed wrappers included. "[From the Transactions of the Connecticut Academy, Vol. IV, 1877]" (from upper wrapper and first page of text).  New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, Printers, 1877.  "Read June 29, 1877" (from first page of text). 


π1r, Title; π1v, blank; 1, introduction; 6, systematic list, Turdus migratorius-Lomvia troile, comprising 291 species; 139, lists of families and their number of representative species and special lists tabulating residents, summer and winter visitants, migrants etc; 144, analysis of Linsley's "Catalogue"; 151, index including common and Latin names; 166, errata and addenda.


This is the first modern comprehensive treatment of Connecticut's birds.  The youthful Merriam was at the beginning of a long and varied career in which he practiced medicine, promoted ornithological research from an influential position in the United States Department of Agriculture, and interested himself in the history of native Americans. In this work, he lists 291 species giving times of occurrence, relative abundance and sometimes notes on their habits.  He describes (p. 137) the Great-crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus as "tolerably common during the migration and in winter" and cites several specimens collected in Connecticut.  Eight years later, the AOU omitted the species from its first check-list of North American birds without a word!


Merriam analyses in detail the first published list of Connecticut birds by Linsley (Am. Jour. Sci. Arts, vol. xliv, No. 2, pp. 249-274, April, 1843) and deletes 63 of the 302 species.  That original publication by Linsley is extremely rare and the presentation of his entire list here is useful for historical reference.  However, the Great-crested Grebe notwithstanding, Merriam's list is much sounder and has long served as the basis for judging changes in the avifauna of the state.


Wood, p. 460; Zimmer, p. 429.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.




Merriam, Florence A.(ugusta)(1863-1948)

A-birding on a bronco
  17.6 x11.5 cm.  Pp.  (2)[i-iii]iv[v-vii]viii[ix]x[1]2-226[227](1).  Original publisher’s red cloth with very fine framed design of gilded phainopeplas in red leafed bush with black background on upper cover.  Gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  Boston and New York, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, the Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1896.  First printing.

First (unpaginated leaf): recto, blank; verso, books by Florence A. Merriam; i, title; ii, copyright, 1896; electrotyped and printed by H. O. Houghton  & Company; iii, prefatory note; v, contents; vi, blank; vii, list (by page number) of illustrations; ix, birds (59) referred to in text; 1, text; 221, index; 227, alphabetical index to illustrations.  Contains 11 unnumbered, uncolored half-tone plates (including frontispiece), one of which is the phainopepla design after Louis Agassiz Fuertes, the other 10 being photographs, all printed on one side only and not included in pagination; also contains 21 line text figures after Fuertes (one full-page) and two text half-tone photographs.

This book describes the ornithological observations made by Florence Merriam during the period March-May 1889 at a ranch in Twin Oaks California, 34 miles north of San Diego and 12 miles east of the coast.  She was the sister of naturalist C. Hart Merriam and was later to become better known as Florence Merriam Bailey, author of Handbook of birds of the western United States..(1902) and Birds of New Mexico (1928), the latter of which earned her the Brewster Award.

The work is very attractively printed and bound and it contains the first book illustrations by Louis Agassiz Fuertes who was to become the most admired American ornithological artist of the 20th century.

Wood, p. 215; Zimmer, p. 30 (both under Bailey).  Also listed by Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale but not by AMNH.




Merriam, Florence A.(ugusta)(1863-1948)

Birds / of village and field / a bird book for beginners
  18.0 x 12.6 cm.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv-xlix(1)[1]2-406.  Art deco style umber cloth with gilt lettering to spine.  Gray (renewed[?]) endpapers.  Boston and New York, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, the Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1898(first printing).

i, Title; ii, copyright 1898; iii, prefatory note; vii, contents; xiii, introduction; xxix, field color key; 1, text, Ruby-throated Hummingbird-Hermit Thrush covering more than 150 species; 367, appendix including migration, winter birds, observation outline; 390, books of reference (about 60); 395, index to illustrations; 399, index including English and genomic names for all species.  Contains uncolored half-tone plates I-XXVIII including frontispiece, printed on one side only and not included in pagination;  also contains uncolored line text figures 1-220 and many unnumbered text figures accompanying various keys.  The illustrations are after Ernest Seton Thompson, Louis Agassiz Fuertes and John L. Ridgway and are taken mostly from antecedent U. S. government publications.

This is an early field identification type handbook.  There is a brief description, a length measurement, a distribution summary and a discursive essay for each species and almost all are illustrated.  There are also various identification keys.

The author, the sister of Clinton Hart Merriam, was a prolific writer on ornithology.  Her 1928 book on The birds of New Mexico won a Brewster award.  Although only her maiden name, Merriam appears in this work, it is invariably catalogued under her married name, Bailey.

Wood, p. 215; Zimmer, p. 30.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Merrill, Rufus (Publisher)

The / Child's Book / About / Birds (title page and upper wrapper) / for the use of / Children (wrapper only)  No. 6. (wrapper only).  8.7 x 5.8 cm.  Pp. [1-3]4-8.  Original blue printed wrappers.  Concord, NH, Rufus Merrill, 1843. 


1, Title; 2, guillemot; 3, eagle; 4, toucan; 5, hoopoe; 7, owl; 8, stormy petrel.  Contains title page vignette of rooster and text woodcut of each of the seven species that are described.


This is another amusing child's miniature chap book published by Rufus Merrill.  No two of them seem to be identical although the phrase "book about birds" appears in most of the titles.  Harvard lists an 1854 Rufus Merrill miniature book about birds with 24 pages.  I have a different Rufus Merrill pamphlet called " A Book About Birds" and I have seen on the internet, a miniature book with the identical title and year as this one even containing the number 6 but with yellow wrappers and only a partially overlapping series of seven birds.  I have also seen advertised number 8 in the series, published in 1843 and in blue wrappers, again with a partially overlapping series of seven species.


The descriptive text is just a few lines in the present work and sometimes amusingly inaccurate.  For example, the hoopoe is described as a parrot and the picture is so bad that it resembles a parrot as much as a hoopoe.


Merrill, Rufus (Publisher, 1803-1891)

Book / About Birds  9.8 x 6.3 cm.  Pp.  [1-4]5-16; 8 ll.  Original printed decorated pink wrappers with woodcut of Peacock on upper cover.  Concord, N. H., Rufus Merrill, no date (ca. 1840s). 


1, Title, 2, frontispiece of Lyre Bird; 3, text.  Contains title vignette of Toucan, six full-page woodcuts and three text woodcuts, all included in pagination and printed on both sides.


This is a chapbook for children.  The text covers Swallow; Boat-Bill (heron); Roseate Spoon-Bill; Blue Jay; Hoopoe; Robin (American); Belted Kingfisher; and Dove.  It is a mixture of superficial information concerning distribution and habits, and, in the cases of the Robin and Dove, Poetry.


Rufus Merrill was a publisher and book seller who apparently specialized in, amongst other things, quasi-instructive chapbooks for children.   Yale lists seven such small children's books published by him from 1837-1853; Harvard, four between 1843 and 1853 including one (1853) called, on the title page, Child's Book About Birds, which covers different species from those encompassed by the present work; Smithsonian, one (?)1848; and Library of Congress, four, 1849-1853.  Although I could not find the present work in any of these or the other major libraries or bibliographies, I did find a single copy listed on the internet.


Merrill, Rufus (Publisher, [fl. 1840-1855])

A / history / of / birds  11.0 x 7.0 cm.  No signatures.  Pp. [1-3]4-16.  Original publisher’s pink printed wrappers with framed decorative woodcut designs on both covers and advertisement on lower cover.  Concord, NH, Rufus Merrill and Co., 1843.  1, Title with woodcut vignette; 2, printed alphabets, both capital and lower case; 3, eagle; 5, goosander; 6, widgeon; 8, heron; 10, bittern; 12, tern; 14, curlew; 16, woodcock.  Contains woodcut vignettes on title page and on page 4 as endpiece.  Also contains woodcut representation of each species.

Rufus Merrill published many small and miniature pulp paper-covered booklets on birds (as well as other subjects) for children and no two seem to be identical.  The birds for most of them are found in England and the insubstantial texts have probably been gleaned from similar English pulp books.  As for the illustrations, any resemblance between them and the species they are supposed to represent, is purely coincidental.

These pulp books are extremely fragile and have, therefore, become quite uncommon.


Meyer, A.(dolf)B.(ernard)(1840-1911), Wiglesworth, L.(ionel) W.

The / Birds of Celebes / and / the Neighboring Islands  Two volumes. 31.2 x 24.6 cm.   Contemporary half brown calf and pebbled brown cloth.  Spine with five gilt raised ridges, gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments, gilt design in other four.  Blind stamp rule design on cover leather.  Marbled endpapers and edges.  Berlin, R. Friedländer & Sohn, 1898.  Contains contemporary review from journal Nature laid in loosely.  Each volume contains, on an initial blank binder's leaf, author's presentation inscription "James Henry Wiglesworth from Lionel W. Wiglesworth, July 1st, 1898."


Volume I.  [a]4b-d41-494[$1, 2 signed, 1 dated from October 4th, 1897-May 20th, 1898]; 212 ll.  Pp.   [I-v]vi-xxxii[1-2]3-392.  i, blank; ii, title; iii, volume title; iv, blank; v, preface; viii, contents of both volumes; xvii, list of plates for both volumes; xix, list of maps; xx, bibliography; xxxi, notanda and corrigenda; 1, introduction, travel and literature; 17, seasons and winds; 38, migration; 53, variation; 80, geographical distribution; 131, systematic text, species 1-141.  Contains colored (two color-printed, five by hand) maps I-VII by Wagner & Debes Geogr. Estabt, Leipsic, lithographic plates I-XVII after Bruno Geisler (14 hand-colored, three uncolored).


Volume II.  π250-12041212(-1212)[$1, 2 signed, 1 dated from November 5th, 1897-May 20th, 1898]; 287 ll.  Pp.  (4, blank, title, volume title, blank)[393]394-962.  1, systematic text, species 142-393; 919, index; 962, printer designation: Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipsic.  Contains handcolored lithographic plates XVIII-XLV and single unnumbered text illustration.


This is a great pioneering insular ornithology, comparable to those on Laysan, Ceylon and Madagascar, which were slightly earlier or contemporary.  Until the appearance of this book, the only substantial work on the birds of Celebes was that of Viscount Walden in the Transactions of the Zoological Society of1872.  That article and its appendix was based on the collections of A. R. Wallace and of Meyer, who, like Wallace, was an intrepid explorer of what is now called the Indonesian Archipelago.  Meyer was a great admirer of Wallace and translated his works into German.  It was Meyer who first recognized that the very differently colored male and female Eclectus Parrot belonged to the same species.  Wiglesworth, an Englishman was Meyer's assistant at the Royal Zoological Museum of Dresden and was actually responsible for the writing of this book which is why it is written in English, yet printed in Germany.

Celebes, now known as Sulawesi, is just east of Borneo, south of the Philippines, and west of New Guinea, and it has an extremely interesting avifauna, almost entirely different from neighboring Borneo.  This is a work of great scholarship that addresses a wide variety of considerations in addition to providing extraordinarily exhaustive species accounts.  The relationships of the avifaunae of the various island interested Meyer much as it did Wallace.  Although this book was not in the Copenhagen collection, Anker (p. 66) praised it as "one of the most complete and extensive monographs ever written on the birds of geographical area. "


Wood, p. 461; Zimmer, p. 432. Also present at AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Yale and Trinity.


Meyer de Schauensee, Rodolph (1901-)(with the collaboration of Eugene Eisenmann).

The species of / birds of / South America / and their distribution  22.8 x 15.2 cm.  [i-iv]v-xvii(1)1-577[578].  Original red cloth with white printed title within white outline of South America on upper cover, white lettering on spine.  Gray endpaper maps.  A Publication of the Academy of Natural Sciences (of Philadelphia).  Narberth, Pennsylvania, distributed by the Livingston Publishing Company, 1966. 


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1966, The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; printed in the United States of America; August, 1966; v, contents; vi, blank; vii, introduction; x, blank; xi, acknowledgments; xiii, English names, by Eugene Eisenmann; xv, systematic list of orders and families; 1, systematic list, Aptenodytes patagonica-Chloris chlorsi, comprising 2906 species; 535, bibliography ( 43 entries, excluding text citations and including mainly works with faunal lists); 539, index of Latin specific names and English family names; 578, corrigenda.


According to Meyer de Schauensee, the list encompasses 22 orders, 95 families, 917 genera, and 2,906 species.  It omits subspecies which, he estimates, would have raised the total to about 7,000.  Previous lists included Nomenclatur Avium Neotropicalium by Sclater and Salvin (1873) which encompassed South and Central America, Mexico and the West Indies and totaled 3,565 species, and Brabourne and Chubb's The Birds of South America (1912) which enumerated 4,561 forms including subspecies.

For each species, Meyer de Schauensee provides a Latin and English name, the original citation, distribution including extralimital range, an indication by asterisk if there are subspecies, and an indication with dates if the species is a migrant.


Meyer de Schaunsee was Curator of Birds at The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia and the author of numerous publications on regional ornithology, particularly in South America and Asia.  Eisenmann was a lawyer who had grown up in Panama and worked at the American Museum of Natural History.  He is best known for The species of Middle American birds (1955).


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Meyer de Schauensee, Rodolphe (1901-), Phelps, William H. Jr.  (plates by Guy Tudor and H. Wayne Trimm, John Gwynne, and Kathleen D. Phelps; line drawings by Michel Kleinbaum).

A guide to the / birds of Venezuela  22.7 x 15.4 cm.  Pp.  [i-ix]x-xxii[1-3]4-424[425](1).  Original printed pictorial card wrappers with price of $19.95 printed on lower cover.  Map on lower endpaper.  Princeton, Princeton University Press, )1978).


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1978; printed by Princeton University Press; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, contents; viii, blank; ix, foreword by Ruth Patrick; xi, interoduciton; xviii, artist's acknowledgements by Tudor; xx, chart of a bird; xxi, list of families of Venezuelan birds; 3, species accounts, Tinamus tao-Xarduelis psaltria, comprising about 1300 species; 369, birds of the Isla de Aves; 370, appendix, subspecies illustrated; 381, bibliography (26 entries); 383, index to English names; 395, Spanish names; 407, generic and specific names; 425, publication data: ISBN 0-691-08205-7(paperback).

Contains unpaginated plate section at 170/171 comprised of: first leaf: recto, section title; verso, preface to plate notes; second leaf: recto, definitions; verso, letter-press for plate I; plates I-XIII (uncolored), 1-40 (colored) by Tudor (37), Trimm (9), Gwynne (5) and Phelps (2), printed in half-tone on rectos with letter-press for next plate on versos.  Also contains line text figures 1-41 by Kleinbaum.


This was the first modern, comprehensively illustrated guide to a large South American area.  The Phelps family of Venezuela had a long association and extensive field experience with the country's avifauna and Meyer de Schauensee was a scientific authority an South American birds.  The book was also the first major commission for Guy Tudor, an extremely able and prolific illustrator of neotropical birds.  The work is strictly a guide.  The text for each species includes a length measurement, distinguishing characteristics, world wide distribution, status in Venezuela and altitude/habitat. 


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Meyer de Schauensee, R. (odolphe)(1901)

The birds of / Colombia / and adjacent areas of South / and Central America  22.8 x 15.3 cm.  Pp.  [i-vi]vii-xvi1-427(5, with "FIELD NOTES" printed at top, else blank).  Original publisher's green cloth with gilt lettering to upper cover and spine.  Endpaper maps printed within yellow frames on green paper; Pictorial dust jacket with original price of $10.00 printed on upper flap.  Narberth, Pennsylavania, Livingston Publishing Company, (1964). 


i, Title; ii, "Published for the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia"; copyright 1964; printed in the United States of America; iii, dedication; iv, blank; v, foreword by H. Radclyffe Roberts, Director, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; ix, preface; xii, blank; xiii, list of plates; 1, introduction, ornithological history; 2, geography; 4, zoogeography; 5, altitudinal zones; 9, how to use this book; 11, half-title; 13-401(1), systematic accounts, Tinamus tao-Emberizoides herbicolor, comprising about 1,556 species; 403, English-Spanish glossary; 407, references (about 25); 427, Corrigenda.  Contains 20 plates by Poole (12 colored including frontispiece) depicting 259 species, printed in half-tone on one side only, entire leaves not included in pagination.  Facing letter-press contains running text on obverse and is included in pagination save for that on tissue facing frontispiece.  Also contains line diagram of a bird and text figures 1-87, line drawings by Sutton save for two by Poole.


The author remarks on page ix, "No modern book exists in English on tropical birds of continental South America…" and so it was that this was the first guide to the rich South American avifauna, a pioneer work soon to be followed and much improved upon by numerous others.  Meyer de Schauensee (sometimes referred to as de Schauensee) had previously (1948-1952) published in Bogota, Birds of the Republic of Colombia.   He used a 19th century approach in developing these works.  He hired Kjell von Sneidern and others to obtain specimens in Colombia and wrote his books based on the large collection of these that he assembled at the Academy of Natural Sciences.  He, himself, never visited Colombia.  The accounts provide a length measurement, a brief description, extralimital range, and distribution and habitat in Colombia.  The pictures are well executed but field identification must have been very difficult when this was the only pictorial material for such a wealth of species.


This book is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.




Meyer, A.(dolph)B.(ernhard)(1840-1911)(Editor)

Mittheilungen / aus dem / K. Museum / zu Dresden / Herausgegeben / mit Unterstützung der Generaldirection der Königlichen / Sammlungen für Kunst und Wissenschaft
  Three volumes (all published).  33.3 x 26.3 cm.  Binder's red cloth with gilt lettering to spine.  Endpapers with "Library of Congress" motif and rubber duplicate stamp of the Library of Congress.  Dresden, Verlag von R. v. Zahn (first volume) and Wilhelm Baensch Verlagshandlung (second and third volumes.

I.Heft mit Tafel I-IV.  1875.  π41-124132[$1, 2 signed]; 54 ll.  Pp.  (8)[1-3]4-100.  π1r, blank; π1v, journal title page; π2r, volume title page (with Library of Congress rubber stamp dated 1876); π2v, Druck: Wilhelm Baensch, Dresden; π3r-v, foreword by Meyer dated August 1875; π4r, contents; π4v, blank; 1, text (five articles).  Contains: Taf(el)  I-IV including fine hand-colored lithograph of Diphylloides Gulielmi  III drawn by (J. F.) Wegener, lithographed by Weinrebe and printed by Lith. Anstalt Otto Koegel, Dresden; three uncolored lithographs of skulls by Koegel, artist unattributed.

Zweites Heft mit Tafel V-XXV.  1877.  π314-354362; 93 ll.  Pp.  (6)[101-103]104-278[279-280].  π1r, blank; π1v, journal title; π2r, volume title; π2v, blank; π3r, contents; π3v, blank; 101, text (six articles); 279, Officin der Verlagshandlung.  Contains: Tafel V-XXV including three hand-colored lithographs of Lepidoptera by Koegel, artist unattributed; one hand-colored lithograph of chimpanzee head by Koegel after J. F. Wegener; four uncolored folding plates mostly of skulls by Koegel, artist unattributed; 13 (five folding) uncolored collotypes by Remüder & Jonas in Dresden, mostly of photographs of anatomical parts of primates.

Drittes Heft mit Tafel XXVI-XXXV.  1878.  π437-524532; 70 ll.  Pp.  (8)[281-283]284-411(1).  π1r, contents of first two volumes; π1v, blank; π2r, blank; π2v, journal title; π3r, volume title; π3v, Druck: Officin der Verlagshandlung; π4r, contents; π4v, blank; 1, text (six articles.  Contains: one entirely unattributed folding hand-colored lithograph; three hand-colored lithographs by Mintern Bros imp. after J. G. Keulemans (two raptors and a cuckoo-shrike); six entirely unattributed uncolored collotypes, mainly from photographs of skulls.

Meyer was the Director of the Dresden Museum and a great admirer of Wallace, some of whose works he translated into German and some of whose itineraries he retraced in the East Indies and New Guinea.  He is perhaps best known for The birds of the Celebes and neighboring islands (1898) which he co-authored with Lionel Wiglesworth, at that time his museum assistant, but he was a major contributor in delineating the avifauna of New Guinea.

The present short-lived journal was the museum's first.  It was discontinued after only three volumes and eventually succeeded by "Abhandlungen und Berichte" which I believe ran to 10 volumes.  According to Casey Wood (p. 324), the latter was started in 1886 and continued until 1930.

Most of the material in this journal is concerned with New Guinea and nearby islands and with primates and ethnology.  The quality of printing of the illustrations is very high.  The hand-colored lithograph of the head of a female chimpanzee viewed head on in the second volume is one the more spectacular prints that I have seen. There are two ornithological articles.  One, pp.  1-23, Ornithologische Mittheilungen / I is by Meyer and describes various birds, many new, that he collected or was sent.  The most interesting is Diphylloides Gulielmi III, the King of Holland's bird-of-paradise of which there is a splendid hand-colored lithograph.  This beautiful bird, of which quite a few examples have been obtained, is now considered a hybrid between the king and magnificent birds-of-paradise. Fuller, in his Lost birds of paradise (1995) devotes a substantial section (pp. 94-101) to the bird.

The second ornithological article, pp.  349-372 is by R.(ichard) Bowdler Sharpe and is entitled On the / collections of birds / made by Dr. Meyer / during his expeditions to / New Guinea and some neighboring islands.  It is illustrated by three magnificent hand-colored lithographs by Keulemans including one of the New Guinea harpy eagle.

This journal is listed by AMNH, Harvard, Library of Congress (I should hope so since this copy is their discard!) and Melvyl but not by Cornell, Trinity or Yale.  Although it is present in virtually every major national library, there are now few extant copies.


Meÿer, H.(enry)L.(eonard) (1798-1864)

Coloured / Illustrations / of / British Birds / and their / Eggs  Seven volumes.  21.7 x 13.8 cm.  Publisher's (?) gilt-ruled green half morocco and marbled boards.  Spine with five gilt-ruled and decorated raised ridges.  Gilt lettering in second and third compartments, different gilt ornithological designs in each of the other four.  TEG.  London, Willis and Sotheran, 1857.  The complete set contains hand-colored lithographic plates 1-322 of birds, the numbers of the plate (often missing) corresponding with those in the text; 104 unnumbered hand-colored plates of eggs with the eggs numbered with respect to the species enumeration in the text and usually more than one egg to a plate; and eight unnumbered, uncolored lithographic plates of parts of birds, all by and after Meÿer and his family.


The numbers of leaves in the gatherings are so irregular that I shall simply use them in the description below, without bibliographic adjustment to assume that there was an even number of leaves in all gatherings.


Vol. I.  A3B-C8D7E-H8I6K8L7M-N8O7P-Q8[$1,2 signed or 1, 3 if gathering of six leaves]; 118 ll.  Pp.  [iii-v]vi[vii-viii][1]2-230.  A1r, title page with engraved vignette of eagle; A1v, blank; A2r-A2v, preface; A3r-A3v, contents1, preface to the octavo edition; 3, systematic text, Egyptian Vulture-Dipper.  230, printer's designation: S. & J. Bentley and Fley.  Contains colored plates 1-45 of birds, 14 colored plates of eggs; and six uncolored plates.


Vol II.  [A]2B-C7D-M8N7O-Q8; 119 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-233[234].  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1-233, systematic text, Missel Thrush-Rock Pipit; 234, printer's designation.  Contains colored plates 46-90 of birds and 13 colored plates of eggs.


Vol.  III.  [A]2B-Q8; 122 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-240.  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; iv, systematic text, Tree Pipit-Great Spotted Woodpecker; 240, printer designation.  Contains colored plates of birds 91-135 and 15, colored plates of eggs. 


Vol.  IV.  [A]2B-G8H-I6K8L-N6O7P8Q7; 110 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-215[216].  I, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, systematic text, Barred Woodpecker-Green Sandpiper; 216, printer designation.  Contains colored plates of birds136-180 and 15 colored plates of eggs.


Vol.  V.  [A]2B-D6E5F-H6I8K-Q6; 98 ll.  Pp. [i-iii]iv[1]2-192.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-192.  I, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, systematic text, Wood Sandpiper-Kentish Plover; 192, printer designation.  Contains colored plates of birds181-225 and 15 colored plates of eggs.


Vol.  VI. [A]2B8C-D6E5G-H6I8K-Q6; 95 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-185(1, blank, lacks printer designation).  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, systematic text, Thick Knee-Hooded Merganser.  Contains colored plates of birds 226-270; 14 colored plates of eggs (Zimmer calls for 15); and one uncolored plate.


Vol.  VII.  [A]2B6C5D-G6H8I6K7L-M5N-Q6R4S8X;  105 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-132, 135-206[207](1)(printer's error, no text missing). I, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1-198, systematic text, Smew-Bulwer's Petrel; 199, alphabetical index of English names; 206, printer's designation; 207, errata.  Contains colored plates of birds 271-322; 18 egg plates; and one uncolored plate.


Meÿer invested at least 30 years in his book on British birds and was assisted ably by his wife, who did most of the lithography, and his children, who did much of the hand-coloring.  The initial version of the work (1835-1841) was published in "large quarto" format, approximately 37 x 27 cm, but there were a small number of special copies on very large (ca. 54 x 36 cm) paper.  This book came out in several printings and copies were often mixed and, I suspect, often bound to order.  The plates were redone for the octavo edition, although they closely resemble their predecessors.  The octavo edition also came out in various printings and editions so that individual copies can vary considerably and many copies are "mixed".  The first issue was 1842-1850, and there was also one dated 1853-1857 as well as the present version dated solely 1857.


Although Meÿer initially hoped to coordinate his octavo publication with that of Yarrell, he was very much his own man and his text and illustrations were clearly not inspired by others.  Many regard his illustrations as amongst the best ever done of British birds and his text, while providing all of the usual systematic treatment that one expects from a handbook, is full of information obtained in the field by him or by his correspondents.  Amongst the illustrations are one of a Passenger Pigeon, another of a Great Auk, and a particularly fine one of the egg of the Great Auk.  Meÿer's British Birds came out almost simultaneously with that of Morris and it couldn't be more different.  Its text is useful rather than recycled and its plates are based on the author/artist's own experience rather than on some antecedent publication.


Wood, p. 402; Zimmer, p. 433.  The octavo version is also listed by Trinity and Yale but not by AMNH, Cornell and Harvard.


Michaelis, H. von and Bird, Allan

Our birds / 8 colour plates / second series  first printing (from upper cover of portfolio)  33.8 x 24.2 cm.  Pp.  Unpaginated with two conjugate leaves of text.  Maintained loose in decorated card portfolio with mounted colored plate, 23.4 x 17.3 cm and olive-printed title on upper cover.  Johannesburg, The South African Natural History Publication Co. (from promotional brochure), no date (1960 or 1961 according to listings).  This example contains an extra set of the conjugate text leaves.


First leaf recto-second verso: introduction; brief letter-press for plates I-VIII by Bird; second leaf verso: acknowledgments; artist's acknowledgement; printer designation: ABC Press form blocks made by Union Process, both in Cape Town.  Contains colored plates I-VIII, 23.5 x 17.3 cm mounted in sunken panels, 25.0 x 18.4 cm on gray card sheets, displaying 47 species, printed on glossy paper in half-tone.  Also contains promotional brochure with mounted colored plate, designation of publishing company, and original price of £2.2 for this, the ordinary edition (£5.5 for the de luxe edition of 100 numbered sets bound in leather). 


This suite is designated "second series" because it followed, and was intended to complement Findlay and Bird's South African birds  first series published in 1959.  The plates here are not nearly so effective as they are printed on glossy paper, apparently by color photography, and each depicts multiple species.


Listed by Cornell, Trinity, Yale.  Not listed by AMNH, Harvard.


Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1869-1935)

The Graphic / An illustrated weekly newspaper 39.0 x 29.6 cm.  Pp. [257]258-288  Original paper issue attached by transparent tape to later peach wrappers with Xerox of masthead on upper cover.  London, Vol. XXXIV, No. 876, September 11, 1886.  Pages 284 and 285 contain two fine wood engravings after Millais entitled respectively “The water birds of the British Islands” and “The land birds of the British Islands”

 The Graphic was a weekly news magazine that ran between 1869 and 1932.  It was intended as a competitor of “The Illustrated London News” and its founder, William L. Thomas, was a wood engraver, as well as a social reformer.  He sought artists he regarded highly to illustrate the serial publication and amongst these, he recruited the young Millais, only 17 at the time.  Millais was the son of John Everett Millais and was and, like his father, a gifted artist.  He was greatly interested in travel and natural history, particularly ornithology and was the author and illustrator, along with Thorburn of several beautiful books including “British diving ducks” (1913), “The natural history of British game birds”(1909) and “The natural history of the British surface-feeding ducks”(1902). 

 Each of these extraordinary illustrations depict numerous birds in an esthetically pleasing arrangement.  Millais captures accurately the character of each of the many species that he shows.  I’m quite certain that this was his first published picture and, to knowledgeable ornithologists and ornithological artists, he must certainly have seemed a prodigy.



Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1869-1935)

British / diving ducks  Two volumes. 40.3 x 30.7 cm. Later fine blind roll design-ruled quarter red calf and marbled boards.  Spine with six raised bands, gilt printing in second, fourth, seventh compartments, blind central design in other four, blind corner designs in all.  TEG.  London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1913.  The complete work contains 74 plates of which 39 are colored including 15 after Thorburn by Albert Frisch in collotype


Vol. I  [a]4b4A-R4S4(-S4)[$1 signed]; 79 ll.  Pp.  [i-vi]vii-xv(1)[1]2-141[142].  i, Half-title; ii, limitation statement, this copy #45/450; iii, title printed in red; iv, blank; v, dedication to George V; vi, blank; vii, introduction; x, blank; xi, contents; xii, blank; xiii, list of illustrations; 1, the family Anatidae; 4, red-crested pochard; 14, common pochard; 30, ferruginous duck; 42, Baer's pochard; 45, tufted duck; 64, scaup duck; 81, golden-eye; 98, Barrow's golden-eye; 106, buffel-headed duck; 112, long-tailed duck; 132, harlequin duck; 142, printer's designation: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co., Edinburgh and London.  Contains two uncolored collotype plates after Millais by the London Stereoscopic Company, Limited; eight photogravure plates, seven after Millais, one after O. Murray Dixon, by W. L. Colls, Barnes; and 22 colored plates including eight in colored collotype after Archibald Thorburn by Albert Frisch of Berlin, the other 14 in color half-tone by André & Sleigh of skins (7) and after Millais (3), O. Murray Dixon (2) and H. Grönvold(2).  All plates are printed on one side only, protected by a substantial unprinted tissue leaf, and not included in pagination.


Vol.  II  [a]4b2A-U4X2; 88 ll.  pp.  [i-vi]vii-xii[1]2-164. i, Half-title; ii, limitation statement, 45/450; iii, title; iv, blank; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, contents; viii, blank; ix, list of illustrations; 1, genus Somateria; 5, eider-duck; 33, king eider; 45, stellar's eider; 52, common scoter; 65, velvet scoter; 76, surf-scoter; 85, goosander; 100, red-breasted merganser; 113, hooded merganser; 117, smew; 126, methods of shooting ducks; 136, rearing ducks; 152, addenda; 153, index; 164, printer designation.  Contains 19 uncolored collotype plates, all depicting skins; six uncolored photogravure plates after Millais; and 17 colored plates of which seven after Thorburn in colored collotype, the other 10 in color half-tone of skins (2) and after Millais (4), Dixon (2) and Grönvold (2).


This stunning work is much more systematic and better organized than the earlier work by Millais on British Surface-feeding Ducks.  For each species here, Millais attempts to provide: synonymy/bibliography; local names; description of eggs; description of plumages at all stages of life in both sexes; breeding and migration ranges; and a section he calls "Habits" which contains the kind of "hunterly" anecdotal narrative that characterized the book on surface-feeding ducks. 

This work was really the crowning achievement amongst the splendid monographs published by Millais.  At 12 guineas, it was also the most expensive.  It is printed on thick paper with pleasing typography and Thorburn's 15 plates of ducks reproduced in collotype by Albert Frisch come about as close to perfection as one could imagine.  Millais, himself, was also a fine artist and the photogravures of his artwork done by W. L. Colls are also superb.  The work is arguably the most beautiful ever done on ducks.


Wood, p. 464; Zimmer, p. 436.  Also listed for ANNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1865-1931)

The Natural History / of British Game Birds  40.2 x 30.5 cm.  [a]4b2A-S4[$1 signed]; 76 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xi(1)[1]2-142[143](1).  Later mottled calf-backed marbled boards by J. Desmonts of James Macdonald Co.  Spine with five raised bands gilt lettering in second and fourth comartments.  London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1909. 


i, Blank; ii, limitation leaf, this copy #543/550; iii, title page with title and publisher printed in red; iv, blank; v, introduction; vi, blank; vii, contents; viii, blank; ix, list of illustrations; 1, text; 137, index; 142, printer designation: Ballantyne, Hanson & Co., Edinburgh & London; 143, advertisements for other works by J. G. Millais, published by Longmans, Green.  Contains 14 unnumbered colored plates after  Archibald Thorburn printed in collotype by Albert Frisch Berlin; 4 unnumbered colored plates after Millais printed in half-tone ("tri-colour process) by André & Sleigh Ltd., Herts; 17 unnumbered, uncolored photogravures of paintings after Thorburn (4) and Millais (13) by W. L. Colls, of Barnes.; and two uncolored photographs printed on the recto only of a single sheet.


This work covers 14 species comprising the grouse, ptarmigans, pheasants, partridge and quail that are found in the British Isles.  The perspective is hunterly and the work is replete with anecdotal information relating to ''bags" and the like.  There is also considerable ornithological material as each account provides; a good description of all plumages; distribution that is particularly detailed at the local level; much about habits and lek behavior; and something concerning nest and eggs.


The outstanding feature of this book is the illustrative material which is very beautifully drawn and printed.  In the introduction, Millais writes, concerning the colored plates by Thorburn: " To render this artist's work as perfectly as possible has been a great difficulty, but I have at length found a form of reproduction which far surpasses…It is in fact, the nearest thing yet invented to perfect reproduction in colour, and has not, so far as I am aware, been previously used in book  illustration."  Millais is not correct about this work being the first to use colored collotype, since there were several such plates reproduced by the Heliotype Company for the first two Harriman Alaska Expedition volumes (1901).  However, those done by Albert Frisch have certainly never been surpassed and were later used to illustrate other works by Millais (Natural History of British Diving Ducks), Beebe (Monograph of the Pheasants), and Koenig ( Vögel am Nil, Avifauna Spitzbergensis) to name a few.  The photogravures in this work are also splendid, and the color half-tones by André & Sleigh, the firm that did the illustrations for Dresser's Eggs of the Birds of Europe, were also highly regarded at the time.  The use of such expensive methods of illustration made this a costly book at £8 8s.


Wood, p. 464.  Also listed by AMNH, Trinity, Yale.  Unlisted by Cornell, Harvard, Zimmer.


Millais, J.(ohn)G.(uille)(1865-1931)

The natural history / of the / British / surface-feeding ducks  34.2 x 31.0 cm.  π6a2B-O4P2[$1, 2 signed]; 62 ll.  Pp.  (2)[i-v]vi-civ[1]2-107(1).  Original publisher's gilt-ruled half green buckram with olive buckram sides.  Gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  TEG.  London, Longmans, Green, and Co., 1902. 


π1r, limitation statement: this copy #544/600; π1v, blank; i, uncolored pictorial half-title after Millais; ii, advertisement for "the wildfowler in Scotland" by Millais; iii, title, partially printed in red; iv, blank; v, preface; viii, blank; ix, contents; xi, list of illustrations; 1, mallard; 29, gadwall; 38 wigeon; 53, American wigeon; 58, shoveler; 71, gargany; 76, blue-winged teal; 79, (eurasian) teal; 89, American green-winged teal; 92, pintail; 103, index; 107, printer designation: London, Spottiswoode and Co., Ltd.   Contains 15 unnumbered, uncolored half-tone plates, mostly after illustrations by Millais, some of which were engraved on wood by Lodge; six unnumbered uncolored photogravure reproductions by Walter L. Colls after paintings by Millais; and colored plates I-XLI of which eight are chromolithographs by W. Greve of Berlin after paintings by Thorburn; four are chromolithographs by Greve after Millais all with thin-leaf tissue guards; and the remainder are color half-tone prints by André & Sleigh, either of photographs showing specimens and eggs, or of paintings by Millais.  All plates printed on one side only, not included in pagination.


Millais, the son and artistic heir of John Everett Millais, was what I think of as a "hunterly gentleman." His first line of text is "In England, the Mallard, like the agricultural labourer, is much less common than in days of yore….".  However, although he had a hunterly perspective, he took the life histories of the birds that he shot very seriously.  In this work, he goes into incredible detail concerning the plumages at different stages of development of each species.  Their habits in the wild are also meticulously examined and as much or more information is presented than one finds in a contemporary standard ornithological monograph, notwithstanding that the style is that of a narrative replete with personal anecdotes.

Millais knew how to put together a beautiful book and spared no expense in doing so.  This work is copiously illustrated by Millais and Archibald Thorburn and the artwork is reproduced by the best craftsmen of the day.  In particular, the chromolithographs and photogravures are of a quality that I believe was never surpassed.


Wood, p. 464; Zimmer, p. 436.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Milne-Edwards, Alph(onse)(1835-1900), Grandidier, Alfred(1836-1907)

Histoire / Physique, Naturelle et Politique / de / Madagascar // Volume XII. (XIII, XIV, XV) / Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux   Four volumes, I-IV, and Supplement.  31.0 x 24.0 cm.  Late 20th century half black morocco and marbled boards, spines with five raised ridges and gilt-lettered title and author in compartments.  Marbled endpapers.  Paris, L'Imprimerie Nationale (1876-1885) (volumes I-IV) and Société D'éditions Géographiques, Maritimes et Coloniales, 1937 (supplement).  Contains 410 (of  412) plates, 174(of 176) of which are colored as described below.


Volume XII. Tome I.-Text.  1879.  π31-974982[$1, 2 signed]; 393 ll.  Pp. (6)1-779(1).  π1r, Series half-title; π1v, designation of Librairie Hachette (as commercial outlet?); π2r, title; π2v, blank π3r, preface;π3v, blank; 1, species accounts; 737, summary, including ornithological history and synopsis of 35 genera and 238 species; 749, list and description of plates; 765, index (contents).



Volume XIII.  Tome II.-Atlas.-I.  1876.  π2; 2ll.  π1r, Series half-title; π1v, Librairie Hachette; π2r, title; π2v, blank.  Contains 139 plates, 61 of which are colored, as follows: 


60 chromolithographs showing individual species by Imp. Becquet after drawings by Keulemans with a few exceptions as indicated: 1, 3, 7, 9, 9b, 10, 11, 13, 13A, 15, 16, 19, 22, 24, 27, 28, 29A, 30, 30A, 31, 32, 35, 36A, 37-41, 41A, 42-45, 47, 48, 50, 51, 53-55, 57, 58, 66, 66A, 67, 68, 71, 72, 77, 79, 80, 83, 84, 89, 90, 93, 96, 100, 103, 104.  Plate 7 is by Huet and Faguet, Plate 9B by Keulemans and Faguet and Plates 41 and 41A are hand-colored lithographs of the heads of Couas by Arnoul.  Plate 55 is by Faguet and Plates 71 and 72 are by Huet and Faguet.


63 uncolored lithographic plates in tintstone frames depicting bones and internal organs by Imp. Becquet after lithographs by Loveau: 2, 4-6, 8, 9A, 9Abis, 12, 12A,14, 14A, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 26A, 29, 33, 34, 36, 36B, 36C, 38A, 39A, 40A, 46,49,52,56, 59-64, 69, 70 73-76, 78, 81, 82, 85-88, 89A, 91, 92, 94, 95, 97-99, 101, 102, 103A, 104A.


15 uncolored collotypes ("phototypie") showing external anatomical parts by the Ateliers de Reproductions Artistiques after drawings by Keulemans: 1A, 9C, 16A, 19A, 24A, 29B, 29C, 32A, 36D, 41B, 41C, 66B, 84A, 104B, 104C.

One color-printed (probably chromolithography) and hand-finished map with tintstone frame, artist and printer not designated: 65.


Volume XIV.  Tome III.-Atlas.-II.  1879.  π2; 2ll.  π1r, Series half-title; π1v, Librairie Hachette; π2r, title; π2v, blank.  Contains 139 plates, 63 of which are colored, as follows:


63 chromolithographs after Keulemans: 105, 106, 107B, 108-111, 113, 113A, 115, 117, 121, 121A, 122, 123, 125-127, 128, 13J0, 131, 131A, 132, 133, 135, 136, 138,140, 140A, 141, 143, 144A, 145, 147, 148, 150, 152, 154, 156, 158, 160, 162-164, 166, 168-170, 172, 177-179, 181, 183, 185, 188, 190, 193, 196, 199, 200, 202, 204.  Plate 131A, designated  Dromaeocercus seebohmii (Gray Emutail) in the legend section of Volume I, is not identified on the plate.


55 uncolored lithographs by Loveau: 107, 107A, 108A, 112, 114, 116, 118-120, 121B, 123B, 124, 125A, 126B, 129, 131A (sic! Should be 131Abis or 131B), 134, 137, 139, 142, 144, 146, 146A, 149, 151, 153, 155, 157, 159, 161, 165, 167, 171, 173-176, 180, 182, 184, 186, 187, 189, 191, 192, 194, 195, 197, 198, 201, 201A, 203, 205, 206, 207.


21uncolored collotypes after Keulemans: 106A, 111A, 113B, 117A, 121C, 123A, 126A, 128A, 138A, 142A, 145A, 154A, 156A, 160A, 164A, 170A, 170B, 172A, 177A, 190A, 200A.


Volume XV.  Tome IV.-Atlas.-III.  1881.  π2; 2 ll. π1r, Series half-title; π1v, Librairie Hachette; π2r, title; π2v, blank.  Contains 120 plates, 38 of which are colored.


38 (of 40) chromolithographs of which 30 (of 32) are after Keulemans: 208, 211, 215, 219, 223, 225A, 226, 227D, 229A, 231, 232, 234, 235, 237, 240, 242, 245, 246, 247, 254, 256, 259-261, 264, 267, 269, 270, 272, 276, 301-308.  Plates 301-308 by Imp. Becquet depict eggs and do not contain a designated artist.  Plate 223, designated Lophotibis cristata (Madagascar Ibis) in Volume I, is not identified on the plate.  Plates 233, Canirallus griseofrons, and 262, Phoenicopterus minor, are lacking in this copy.


74 uncolored lithographs by Loveau: 209, 210, 212, 213, 216, 217, 220, 221, 224, 225, 227, 227A, 227B, 227C, 228-230, 230A, 233A, 233B, 236, 238, 239, 241, 241A, 243, 244, 248, 249, 249A, 250-253, 255, 257, 258, 263, 265, 266, 268, 268A, 268B, 271, 271A, 273, 274, 277-281, 281A, 282-290, 290A, 290B, 291-300.


Eight uncolored collotypes after Keulemans: 214, 214A, 218, 222, 230B, 247A, 275, 275A.


Volume XII / Oiseaux /// Supplément / par / L.(ouis) Lavauden (1881-1935).  1937.  π41-264272[$1 signed]; 110 ll.  Pp. [I-v]vi-viii1-208[209-212].  Paper watermarked "NAVARRE VOIRON    REGISTRE SUPERIEUR". i, Series half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, blank; v, introduction; 1, ornithological history; 12, biogeography; 49, composition and origin of avifauna; 58, economic role of birds; 66, introduced birds; 72, extinct birds; 87, systematic catalog; 135, species described since 1885; 184, notes on species described in original work but now better known; 195, table of families; 197, index; 209, lists of figures and plates; 211, table of contents.  Contains colored plates 1-12 drawn by Drongé and printed by Imp. Jacomet, Paris.  I think these are collotypes that have been partly printed in color and partly colored by hand. These are on single leaves and not included in pagination.  Also contains text Figures 1-9 which are mostly distribution maps.


This work is amongst the greatest of regional ornithological treatises, the moreso because it deals with an extraordinarily interesting avifauna.  Grandidier was the editor of the entire series on Madagascar but he did possess a special interest in ornithology and made important field observations in Madagascar.  His son, Guillaume (b. 1873) also combined an interest in Madagascar and ornithology and, with Oustalet, was the first to describe Monias benschi.  Milne-Edwards was a leading French anatomist of his era and this work contains more on the anatomical characteristics of the various families, genera and species than any other regional ornithology.  The meticulous text of the original work covers 238 species of which 129 were considered endemic and those numbers are not very different today. Each species account contains an extensive synonymy, measurements, a description, a life history insofar as that is possible and a very detailed examination of the skeletomuscular system.


Despite the dates on the various title pages, the work is usually referred to as having been published 1876-1885.  Zimmer, and later Ronsil, tell us that the text appeared in three parts respectively in 1879, 1882 and 1885.  The plates were apparently issued between 1876 and 1882.  Ronsil tells us that almost 40 of the original chromolithographs in the first atlas volume from drawings by Huet, Terrier, Faguet and Gélibert were suppressed and replaced with new, and in his view, much better versions by Keulemans.  Thus, these plates exist in two states and the ones in this copy are by Keulemans and of the second state.  I have heard of one copy that has these plates in both states but usually one finds only those by Keulemans.  The few plates not by Keulemans in this copy are not amongst those that were suppressed.  Ronsil gives a print run of 250 copies for the 19th century volumes.


The supplement brings the work up to 1935 when its author, Louis Lavauden, died.  Particular attention is paid to species discovered since the original work, to extinct birds and to biogeographical considerations.  It seems to be at least as uncommon as the 19th century volumes as I haven't seen it offered alone in the past 20 years.  The few copies of which I've heard have all been in association with the older set.  Its illustrations, while not ornithologically outstanding, are very beautifully printed for a work of its era. 

The total complete work, including the supplement, contains 412 plates of which 176 are colored.  Of these, 192 (148 colored) are after Keulemans.  My copy lacks two of the colored plates done by Keulemans.


Ronsil, 2037; Trinity, p. 165 (lacking supplement); Wood, p. 366; Yale, p. 195(with supplement); Zimmer, p. 264. 




Milne Edwards, Alphonse (1835-1900), Oustalet, É.(mile)(1844-1905)

Études / sur / les mammifères et les oiseaux / des Iles Comores  30.5 x 24.2 cm.  [28]4(-281)29-374382[$1 signed]; 41 ll.  Pp.  [219]220-297[298-300].  Slightly later machine-marbled blue boards with blue pebble cloth backing.  White paper labeling piece on spine with authors' names in old ink manuscript.  Brown speckled edges.  Book plate of Finn Salomonsen, distinguished 20th century Danish ornithologist.  Nouvelles Archives du Muséum, Mémoires, Vol. X.  2o Serie, (Paris,1888).  Offprint.

219, title and introduction; 222, mammifères, systematic annotated list of species (1-11); 226, oiseaux, systematic annotated list of species (1-65, 1-14); 291, tabular summary of all 79 known species and overall conclusions; 298, explanation of plates; 299, contents and list of plates for entire volume X.  Contains hand-colored lithographic plates 4-9 (IV-IX in explanation of plates) depicting 10 species by Imp Becquet, Paris, after J. G. Keulemans (signature initials JGK on plates).

This work illustrates and expands on antecedent publications concerned with voyages made in the 1880s by Humblot.  The first 65 species of birds are from his collection, the remaining 14 were added from the observations of others.  Works of P. L. Sclater, E. Newton and G. Shelley are frequently cited.  The discussion of each species includes synonymy, distribution amongst the Indian Ocean islands and Africa and probable affinities.

The Nouvelles Archives.. is the rarest of the large-format 19th century journals devoted to Natural History.  Bradley Martin's collection contained only the 10 volumes (1865-1874) of the first series and three volumes ending in 1880 of the second series and the Sotheby's cataloger could find no record of later volumes such as the one containing the present article. 

This title is listed by Yale, the National Library of Canada and the BM(NH) but is not listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, LOC, Melvyl, Oxford, Smithsonian, Trinity, Wood, nor Zimmer.  OCLC lists only three copies, these at McGill and the Field Museum (sic) and at Yale.


Mitchell, Frederick Shaw (late 19th century)

 Personal collection (Sammelband) of bound works on the ornithology of northern Europe  21 x 14 cm.  Unlettered blue binder’s cloth.  Ca 1859-1886.  Contents as described below.

 Mitchell was the author of “The birds of Lancashire” (1885).This Sammelband contains reprinted articles describing the bird life of northern Europe and the British isles.  Many of the offprints are inscribed and signed by the authors.  The manuscript is quite an early and comprehensive status report on Norwegian birds


Lynne, O. J.  “Remarks / on / the ornithology of northern Norway”  Signed manuscript of 25 leaves describing personal thoughts and experiences associated with 207 species.  Lordal, Norway, dated March 2nd, 1874.  Amongst other things, the author tells us that all historical reports of Great Auk in Norway were based on hearsay.

 Saxby, Henry L.  “A catalogue of the birds of Shetland” Pp. 121-126; 142-146; 158-162,  In “ The Naturalst.  Journal of the West Riding Consolidated Naturalists’ Society and Manual of Exchange in 11 departments of Natural History”  Nos. 33-35, September1st, 15th and October 1st, Simkin, Marshall and Co., London and J. E. Cornish, Manchester, 1865.  Summarizes personal notes on; resident natives; migrant natives; winter visitors; passing visitors and occasional visitors including a total of 174 species. The articles are in three separate numbers of the journal each of which is complete including the blue printed wrappers.  The first upper wrapper is inscribed to “F. S. M.” and signed by Saxby.

 Feilden, H. W.  “The birds of the Faeroe Islands”  Pp. [1]2-47(1).  Plain orange wrappers with author’s ink inscription on upper cover as well as “Reprinted from the Zool. 1872.” Author’s notes on status of 138 species.

 Henry, Joseph and Newton, Alfred  “Instructions in reference to collecting nests and eggs of North American birds” and “Suggestions for forming collections of birds’ eggs” Pp. 1-9 and10-22. Extracted from “Smithsonian miscellaneous collections” vol. 2, , art. 9, (1859?)

 Harvie-Brown, J. A.  “On the distribution of birds in North Russia-I.  “On the distribution of birds on the lower Petchora, in northeast Russia”  Pp. [277]278-290.  “Annals of the Magazine of Natural History including Zoology, Botany and Geology,” No. CXII, April, 1877.  The entire separate number, pp.  277-356 is present in its original blue printed wrappers.  There are four uncolored, non-ornithological lithographed plates.  Analysis of distribution of 113 species.

 Harvie-Brown, John A.  “On some varieties of the common partridge (perdix cinerea) with remarks on the causes of variation in species”  Pp. [131]132-136.  “Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Glasgow”-January 9th, 1877.  Offprint in unprinted orange wrappers.

 Gurney, Jun., J. H.  “Notes on the Fern Islands and some of the birds which are found there”  Pp.  [267]268-278.  “Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Glasgow”-November 27th, 1877.  Offprint in unprinted orange wrappers.

 Harvie-Brown, J. A. “Ornithological  journal of the winter of 1878-79, with collected notes regarding its effects upon animal life, including remarks on the migration of birds in the autumn of 1878 and spring of 1879.” Pp.  [123]124-190.  “Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Glasgow”-30th September, 1879.  Offprint in printed beige wrappers.

 Parker, Chas. A.  “On the wing; or, bird life”  Pp.  105-120.  “Transactions of the Cumberland Association of Literature and Science”, Part VI  Read October 19th, 1880. Offprint in gray printed wrappers with author’s ink inscription on upper wrapper.  Some observations, mainly of Corvids and raptors.  Concludes with “Oh Lord, how wonderful are thy works….”

 Harvie-Brown, J. A. “The capercailie in Scotland”  Pp. [1]2-5(1)  Reprinted  from “The Scottish Naturalist”, July, 1880.  Offprint in unprinted blue wrappers.

 J. A. H. R.  “An arctic prairie” Pp. [1]2-7(1)  Offprint in printed pink wrappers from “The Merchistonian”, Edinburgh, H. J. Pillans, N. D.  Some observations on the natural history of Siberia.

 Eagle Clark, Wm “The great bustard in Yorkshire” Pp. [65]66-68. Offprint from “The Handbook of Yorkshire Vertebrata” 1881,  In printed gray wrappers with penciled authorial inscription.

 Gurney, Jun., J. H.  “On the ‘hairy’ variety of the moorhen (Gallinula chloropus).  Pp. [581]582-587(1).  Reprinted from the “Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society, Vol. iii.  N. D. “Read 25th September, 1883.  In printed blue wrappers.  Contains uncolored lithograph by Hanhart after Keulemans about which the author writes “Thorough the kindness of Professor Newton, I am able to illustrate these few notes with a plate by Mr. Keulemans of the bird in the Cambridge Museum.”

 Bidwell, Edward  “A list of birds that have occurred in Great Britain, in whose nest the egg of the cuckow (sic) has been found” Pp. [526]527-531(1)  Offprint from “The Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society”, Vol. iii.,  N. D. “Read 27th March, 1883.  In printed gray wrapper with author’s inscription on upper wrapper.  Lists 86 species that have been so parasitized.

 Slater, H. H.  “Field notes in Norway in 1881”  Pp. [1]2-18.  Printed by West, Newman and Co.  Extract without wrappers and with no indication of journal.  Authorial ink inscription on page one dated Feb. 1883 with the date 1881 appearing in title and text altered to 1882 with similar ink.  Includes observations on about 100 species.

 Durnford, W. A. “ List of  birds found in the neighbourhood of Walney Isaland with notes”  Pp. [1-3, including title leaf]4-20.  Barnsley, R. E. Griffiths, 1883.  A pamphlet in its original printed gray wrappers, the upper one signed by the author and dated “Apr 1 of 83”.  Brief notes on the status of about 190 species.

 Gurney, Jun., J. H.  “On the occurrence of a flock of the arctic blue-throated warbler (Erithacus suecica in Norfolk.”  Pp.  [597]598-601(1)  Offprint from the “Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society.”  Vol. iii.,  “Read 29th January, 1884”.  Offprint in printed blue wrappers, the upper one of which is inscribed to Mitchell in ink by the author.

 Anon.  “ A few notes on the natural history and habits of the Chough or Cornish daw.”  Pp.  [1]2-6,  No wrappers.

 Harvie-Brown, John A.  “On a collection of North American birds’ eggs and skins, formed principally by the Rev. C. M. Jones, Conn., U. S.,  America and forwarded by the same gentleman.”  Pp.  264-288.  Offprint without wrappers from the “Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Glasgow”, December 1st, 1874.  Fairly detailed notes on the nests and eggs of about 80 species.

 Harvie-Brown, J. A. “Further notes on North Roma, being an appendix to John Swinburne’s paper on this island in the “Proceedings” of this society, 1883-84”.  Pp.  284-299.  Extract (?) from the “Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society” N. D. Read 17th February, 1886. Contains an uncolored, non-ornithological lithographed plate.

 Macpherson, H. A.  “The birds of Skye, with special reference to the parish of Duirinish” Part I., 1886.  Pp. 118-143(1).  From the “Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society” N. D.  “Read February 1886.”  Offprint in unprinted gray wrappers with author’s inscription to Mitchell in ink on upper wrapper.  Status report and brief notes on about 153 species.

Mitchell, F.(rederick) S.(haw)(fl. late 19th century)

The / birds of Lancashire  17.8 x 12.1 cm.  [A]6B-Q8R2(-R2)[$1 signed]; 127 ll.  Pp. [1-5]6-12[i]ii-xviii[12]22-224.  Somewhat later half-red morocco and marbled boards.  Spine with two gilt-ruled and decorated raised bands, gilt lettering in second compartment.  Marbled endpapers.  London, John Van Voorst, 1885.  First edtion. 


1, title; 2, blank; 3, list of illustrations; 4, blank; 5, alphabetical index by English name; i, introduction; 12, accounts of species (approximately 256), Turdus viscivorous-Fratercula arctica.  Contains: Folding unnumbered, unattributed, uncolored lithographed map;  plates I-XI, some numbered only in list of illustrations, including two hand-colored lithographs drawn and lithographed by J. G. Keulemans and printed by Hanhart, and nine uncolored wood-engraved after Victor Prout; and three unnumbered text vignettes.


This is the first comprehensive work on Lancashire birds.  For each species, the author describes the status with arrival dates and, if a breeder, a description of the nests and eggs.  There was a second edition revised by Howard Saunders and published in 1892 by Gurney and Jackson that lacked the two colored plates.  This first edition is uncommon.


Wood, p. 466; Zimmer, p. 439.  Also listed by Trinity.  Not listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard.  Yale lists only second edition.


Mitchell, Mason

Birds of Samoa / A Manual of / Ornithology / of Birds / inhabiting / these Islands  18.0 x 12.0 cm.  No signatures.  48 ll.  All leaves printed on recto only.  Pagination is for leaves not pages. All printed matter framed by red ruling;  Pp.  4 Preliminary leaves; [1]2-42[43-44]  Publisher' red faux leather with author and title printed in gilt at upper left of upper cover within double ruled gilt frame.  Malua, Samoa, printed on London Missionary Society Press, 1909. 


Preliminary leaf 1, half-tltle; 2, title with Birds of Samoa printed in red; 3, printer designation: L. M. S. Press, Malua, Samoa; 4, preface; 5-42, text; 43, contents (index of English and Samoan names).  This copy inscribed by the author on the front free endpaper to Rowland Ward with Roland Ward's bookplate and an interesting stamped red seal on front free endpaper with oriental as well as script characters.


This little monograph is mostly of interest because it is a notorious rarity printed on an obscure missionary press.  In addition to about fifty species of birds, the work also touches upon two species of bats since "the object has been to illustrate (there are no illustrations)..the most….interesting forms of animal life."  The species accounts are extremely variable.  The name is given in English, Latin and Samoan, sometimes followed by a sentence about the worldwide status of the family or genus and a description, sometimes not.  In the case of the Tooth-billed Pigeon, the author digresses to a minor treatise concerning the Dodo and the Solitaire although he avows that they are not close relatives of the Samoan bird.

Casey Wood was sent a typescript of this work and remarked " The Compiler (he usually referred to himself in the third person) has thus been able to see a copy of a very rare monograph…There is no copy listed in the Cat. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.)." Ironically, the listing does appear in the Supplement, p. 851 of that catalog.  However, this supplementary volume was issued in 1933 when Wood was presumably seeing his work through the publisher, so his oversight is easily understood.


Wood, P. 466 (typescript).  The work is listed, but incorrectly described, by AMNH, BM(NH), Harvard, LOC and Smithsonian.  It is listed and properly  described on page 173 of the Mathews Ornithological Collection, Canberra, 1966.  It is unlisted by Cornell, Berkeley, Oxford, Trinity, Yale and Zimmer.


Mitchell, Margaret (Knox) H.(owell)(1901-)

Observations / on birds / of southeastern Brazil  25.4 x 17.2 cm.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-x[1-2]3-258.  Original printed green wrappers.  (Toronto), published for the Division of Zoology and Paleontology / Royal Ontario Museum by The University of Toronto Press (1957).


i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright 1957 by the University of Toronto Press; printed in Canada; London: Oxford University Press; logo of Royal Ontario Museum; v, foreword by Olivério Pinto translated from Portuguese; xii, prefácio (foreword) by Pinto in original Portuguese; ix, contents; x, list of illustrations and maps; [1-2], half-title leaf; 3, introduction; 41, systematic annotated list, Spheniscus magellanicus-Poospiza thoracica, comprising 289 species; 231, glossary; 233, bibliography (about 170 entries); 241, index of English, Latin and Portuguese names.  Contains: colored frontispiece from The Ibis, 1861, by Joseph Wolf, printed in half-tone on one side only and not included in pagination; 10 unnumbered, uncolored half-tone photographic plates displaying 15 habitat images and printed on both sides of five leaves not included in pagination; paginated uncolored text maps 1-4, all full-page.


The author lived in Brazil during the period 1950-1954, spending most of her time in or near Rio and São Paulo but with a few side trips including a brief one to Mato Grosso.  Her ornithological researches were abetted by Olivério Pinto, one of Brazil's leading ornithologists of the era.  There were no simple bird guides at the time and the access given her to museum facilities including skins and books by Pinto was critical for her field studies.  She provides an annotated list of 289 species.  For many of these, she describes various aspects of breeding and life history in considerable detail.  There is an excellent bibliography that includes 19th and early 20th century works.


The author had previously (1935) published The passenger pigeon in Ontario.


The present work is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity but not by Yale.


Mivart, St. George (Jackson)(1827-1900)

A Monograph / of the / Lories, / or / Brush-Tongued Parrots, / Composing the / Family Loriidae  31.4 x 25.0 cm.  [a]4b-f4g2h2(-h2)B-C4D4(+D5)E-2B42C2[$1, 2 signed]; 126 ll.  Pp. [i-iv]v-liii(1)1-24, 24a(1)25-183(1)183(sic)-193(1).  Later quarter brown mottled calf by James Macdonald Co.  Spine divided into six compartments by gilt double rules with gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments.  Cream endpapers.  TEG.  London, R. H. Porter, 1896.


i, Title; ii, printed and engraved printer logo: Taylor and Francis; iii, dedication; iv, blank; v, preface; viii, blank; ix, contents; xiii, list of plates; xvi, blank; xvii, list of anatomical figures and maps; xviii, blank; xix, introduction (anatomical);  xxxix, geographical distribution; xlix, literature; 1, systematic accounts of 75 species; 189, index; 193, printed printer designation.  Contains uncolored text figures (anatomical)1-19, lithographed distribution maps with hand coloring numbered I-IV by G. Philip and Son; and hand-colored lithographed plates I-LXI by Keulemans (lithographer and printer not designated)


Mivart was an interesting man.  He was a committed Catholic, a well regarded scientist and a strong, outspoken opponent of Darwinism, yet held in high respect by Darwin.  Eventually, he was unable to reconcile his beliefs with those of the church and he was excommunicated.


This work is typical of the late Victorian monographs of bird families, well organized and referenced and containing fine hand-colored lithographs by Keulemans.  Mivart clearly approached his subject from an anatomic perspective.  As is the case with all the good monographs of the era, effusive thanks is given to Richard Bowdler Sharpe, the Curator of Birds at the British Museum who seemed willing and able to help every author of such a monograph.  Mivart describes 75 species, all of which are illustrated.  Each account contains a specific synonymy-bibliography; a brief synopsis of key diagnostic points; distribution; an extended description in English with measurements; an a variable discursive section containing quotations from antecedent publications or correspondence.


This book was first issued with a brown beveled cloth binding marked R. H. Porter.  Later, the unbound residual stock was taken over by Quaritch who bound the copies in the same nondescript brown cloth but marked it Quaritch.  The present copy is such a Quaritch copy although I had it rebound.  The coloring of the Quaritch copies differs slightly from those done by R. H. Porter and sometimes these copies are referred to as "second issue".  The Bradley Martin copy (#166 at the auction of his library) was another example in addition to the present copy.


The printing oddities and errors in this book proved maddeningly difficult to find.  They even completely escaped Zimmer's very sharp eye and are here reported for the first time. 


According to Maggs Bros. Catalogue No. 1448 (2003), entry #165, a publisher's advertisement for this work asserts that the edition was limited to 250 copies.


Wood, p. 468; Zimmer, p. 439.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


Moehring, Paul H. G. (1710-1792)

Geschlachten / der / Vogelen  / Uit het Latyn vertaald en met aantekinigen vermeerderd, / door / Cornelius Nozeman, / en naar die Vertaaling ultgegeven en met eene Voore- / den, Aantekinigenen Naamlyst der voornamste / Schryveren die over de Vogelen geschreven / hebben vermeerded, door / Arnout Vosmaer  20.5 x 12.8 cm.  8o(laid paper).  *8**6A-F8G2[$1-5 signed]; 64 ll.  Pp. (28)[1]2-97[98-100].  Nineteenth century sheep-backed marbled boards.    Amsterdam, Pieter Meijer, 1758.  Contains engraved hand-colored plates 20 and 48 (artist, engraver and printer not specified).


This is an extremely rare book, probably rarer than the work of which it is an edited translation.  Linnaeus’s own copy is in the collection of the Linnaean Society (1925 catalogue, p. 539) but there is no copy in the Ayer, McGill, Martin, Matthews, Trinity, Yale, Zoological Society or British Museum collections nor in those of Braislin, Cobres, Gallatin or Thayer, and OCLC fails to locate an example.  The work is a translation, with emendations by Nozeman and an overview by Vosmaer, of Avium Genera, written by Moehring and published in 1752.  Many of the citations for the 114 genera are to the sixth edition of Linnaeus’s Systema Naturae....  published in 1848 and naming 85 genera.  It should be noted that Linnaeus did name genera of birds and animals in that edition but did not introduce the binomial system of nomenclature for these classes until the very important 10th edition of 1858.  Despite the contents of the paragraph below, the present work seems to me to deal with genera and not species and  not to employ a binomial system of nomenclature.


On page 97 of Volume I (1900-1913) of W. Junk’s Rara Historico-Naturalia et Mathematica is acurious paragraph which I translate roughly as follows:


Dr. P. H. G. Moehring, to whom reference has already been made above, in 1752 wrote a Latin work of 88 pages entitled Avium Genera that, despite its rarity, would be quite worthless today, had it not become a great curiosity three years ago under the following circumstances.  Six years after its publication, the book was translated into Dutch.  In almost every instance, translations of specialized scientific works are less valuable than the original because the translation may provide a source of error, so the serious reader must frequently return to the original containing the author’s own words.  In this case, however, just the opposite has prevailed. For the 1758 edition, which is even rarer than the original, became known in 1904 as the first ornithological work to use, with remarkable consistency, the Linnaean system of nomenclature in the very year of its publication and to extend it to many new species that Linnaeus did not know.  Result: great upheaval of nomenclature even, to some extent, of ordinary common species that until now had been known by other names.  Further consequence: great increase to 120 Marks in the price of this 126 page book with two colored plates.  The price increased even more when I (W. Junk) issued a facsimile in 1906.


In light of the quoted paragraph,  this copy has an interesting association.  It bears the ticket of W. Junk, Verlag u. Buchhandel, Berlin.


BM(NH) Suppl. p. 854 (wanting); Engelmann, p. 412 (no plates); Wood, p. 468 (facsimile); Zimmer, p. 440 (facsimile).


Mogul artist(s)

A collection of eight Kodak colored prints, 25.4 x 20.2 cm, image size 23. 3 x 13.9 cm, of bird paintings from the late 18th century by a Mogul artist or artists.


In the late 1990s, the firm of Maggs Bros.  was trying to sell, on consignment, a magnificent bound set of late 18th  century folio paintings of birds by one or more Mogul artists.  John Collins, the head of the natural history section, sent me these photographs as examples of the paintings.  I subsequently examined the entire album which may well have been the nicest extant collection of such ornithological paintings.  Unfortunately, no buyer could be found who would meet the high price expectation of the owner and the set was disassembled with the pictures sold individually.  The style and execution of these painting is characteristic of the finest Mogul ornithological art.  In addition to the original eastern designations on the images, there is later English writing at the base that identifies the various species.


Moltoni, Edgardo (1896-1980), Ruscone, Giuseppe Gnecchi (illustrated by Gallelli, Giovanni)

Gli uccelli / dell' Africa / orientale Italiana  Four volumes.  24.8 x 18.4 cm. Original decorated blue boards with white printing and gilt oval-framed colored bird (different for each volume) on upper cover, white lettering on spine.  Milano.


Parte Prima  1940-XVIII  Cuculidae-Picidae  π8[1]82-168174[$1 signed];140 ll.  Pp.  (2, blank)[I-V]VI-XIII[XIV][1]2-261[262](2, blank). π1r-π1v, blank; π2r, title; π2v, printer designation: Premiata Tipografia Successori F.lli Fusi; π3r, first part, contents; π3v, blank; π4r-π5r, preface by Ruscone dated ottobre 1939-XVIII; π5v, blank; π6r-π8r, introduction by Moltoni dated ottobre 1939-XVIII; π8v, diagrams of bird parts; 1-245(1), text, systematic accounts; 247, index of Latin and Italian names; 257, list of plates; 262, date printing completed, 20 maggio 1940-XVIII.  Contains plates I-XXXVIII, each depicting 3-5 species in appropriate setting after Gallelli, printed in color half-tone on one side only and not included in pagination.


Parte Seconda  1942-XX  Struthionidae-Pandionidae  π41-889410811412613-188; 138 ll.  Pp.  (8)[1]2-265(1)(2, blank).  π1r-π1v, blank; π2r, title; π2v, printer designation; π3r, second part, contents; π3v, blank; π4r, introduction signed by both authors and dated maggio 1942-XX; π4v, diagrams of bird parts; 1-251(1), text; 253, index; 261, list of plates.  Contains colored plates I-XXXVIII.


Parte Terza  1944  Turnicidae-Pandionidae  π4[1]82-10811412813414-188196204; 150 ll.  Pp.  (8)[1]2-292. π1r-π1v, blank; π2r, title; π2v, printer designation; π3r, third part, contents; π3v, blank; π4r, introduction signed by both authors and dated novembre 1944; π4v, diagrams of bird parts; 1-275(1), text; 277, index; 287, list of plates.  Contains plates I-XXXVIII.


Parte Quarte (from upper cover)  (1957[?])  (Passeriformes).  Contains plates I-XXXVIII without any other printed matter.  


This work is a handbook of the birds of "Italian" East Africa which included Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia.  The work is quite comprehensive and well illustrated, perhaps the most significant ornithological publication produced during the second world war.  It contains keys, descriptions, distributions habitats and occasional notes on food and nesting, as well as colored figures,  for most non-passerine species (first three volumes), and colored illustrations of many passerine birds (fourth volume).


It is interesting that the first two volumes are dated  1940-XVIII and 1942-XX to designate an alternative calendar based on Mussolini's accession to power.  The great French natural history books from 1792 to 1810 were often similarly dated based on a "Napoleonic" calendar.


Book dealers often give 1957 as the year of publication for the fourth part, a suite of plates only.  I'm not certain what the evidence is and most libraries consider the volume undated.  I've also read in dealer catalogs that 1100 complete sets were printed.


The work is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.




Momiyama, Toku T.(arô) (1895)

Annotationes / ornithologiae orientalis
  22.4 x 15.0 cm.  Vol. I.  Bound in western style.  Text in Japanese characters and in English.  Original printed brown wrappers.  Tokyo, Athenaei Ornithologici Momiyamici, 1927-1928.

No. 1.  Dec. 27, 1927.  Pp.  (2, title)[1]2-141(1).  Contains uncolored half-tone plate I after T. Inoue printed on one side only and not included in pagination.

No.  2.  Jan. 25, 1928.  Pp.  (2, title)[143]144-200.  Contains plates II-VI including one double-page in color half-tone after K. Kobayashi; one uncolored collotype or gravure after Kobayashi; one line-drawn after Y. Eda; one uncolored half-tone photograph; and one folding map partly printed in red.

No.  3.  Dec. 21, 1928.  Pp.  (2, title)[201]202-338.  Contains plates VII-XIV including four half-tone photographic plates; one double-page photographic plate; two folding maps, one partly printed in red; and an uncolored half-tone plate after Y. Eda.

No.  4.  Dec.  31, 1928.  Pp.  (2, title)[339]340-456.  Contains plates XV, XVI, an uncolored half-tone after Y. Eda and a colored half-tone after Kobayashi.

No.  5.  Dec.  30, 1928 (sic).  Pp.  (2, title)[I-V]VI-XV(1)[457-459]460-501(1).I, title page for entire volume I with vignette; II, blank; III, dates of issue of parts; IV, blank; V, contents of Volume I (1927-1928); VIII, list of plates in Vol. I.; X, corrections; 457, index title leaf; 459, index of scientific names [also numbered (1-30)]; 459-501, index of common names (in Japanese with English letters)[also numbered (1-13)].

This privately published short-lived, and erratically issued periodical by one of Japan's elite ornithologists of the era contains articles presenting lists of birds for various localities in Japan and its possessions.  Many birds are considered as new subspecies.  Momiyama is author or co-author for most of the articles.  According to the listings below, part one of a second volume was issued in December, 1933.

Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Yale.  Not listed by Trinity.


Montagu, George (1749-1815)

Ornithological Dictionary; / or, / Alphabetical Synopsis / of / British Birds  Two volumes in one and Supplement / to the / Ornithological Dictionary, / or / Synopsis of British Birds  20.7 x 14.2 cm.  Early 19th century half brown calf with marbled boards.  Spine with four raised rideges, gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments, gilt paneling and blind stamp decoration in other three compartments.


Vol. I.  London, printed by T. Bensley for J. White, 1802.  Laid paper with catchwords.  8o.  πb-c8d4e2B-X8y2[$1-4 signed]; 185 ll.  Pp. (2)[i]ii-liii and unpaginated.  πr, Title; πv, blank; b1r-e2v, introduction; B1r-Y2v, unpaginated alpabetical text A-L; errata slip inserted at end.  Contains single hand-colored engraved plate as a frontispiece of a Cirl Bunting (male) printed on wove paper after ED (Eliza Dorville).


Vol. II.  London, printed by T. Bensley for J. White, 1802.  Laid paper with catchwords. 8o.  πB-Y8[$1-4 signed]; 169 ll.  Unpaginated.  πr, Title; πv, blank; B1r-X3v, alphabetica text, M-Y; X4r-X4v, appendix; X5r-Y5r, list of British birds; Y5v-Y7r, explanation of technical terms; Y7v-Y8v, list of references; errata slip inserted at end.  Contains as frontispiece, engraved colored plate of female Cirl Bunting and egg by and after ED.


Supplement.  Printed by S. Woolmer, Exeter, sold by S. Bagster, T. and A. Arch and Thomas Underwood, London, 1813.  Wove paper with catchwords.  a-b4C8C8(sic)-Ff8[$1-3 signed; H2 mislabeled G2; L2 mislabeled K2; unusual 24 letter alphabet lacking only J and U]; 240 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv-vi[vii-viii] and unpaginated. a1r, Title; a1v, blank; a2r-a3v, intoduction; a4r, list of plates; a4v, blank; B1r-Aa7r, alphabetical text A-Y; Aa7v, blank; Aa8r-Ff1v, appendix; Ff2r-Ff3r, definition of the parts of extraordinary tracheae; Ff3v-Ff5r, directions for amputating wing of a bird; Ff5v, blank; Ff6r-Ff7r, catalogue of additions and alterations of original list; Ff7v, blank; Ff8r, errata; Ff8v, advertisement.  Contains 24 unnumbered engraved plates (23 colored) by and after Eliza Dorville, one uncolored engraved plate of tracheae, one contemporary pencil drawing of "windpipes" by unidentified artist(s).

Contains presentation inscription on title page "This copy with coloured plates is presented to Dr. Latham by the Author as a tribute of the highest esteem and regard". 


Montague's Dictionary has always been regarded as amongst the most important of books dealing with the British avifauna. Coues (Ornithological Bibliography, fourth instalment) called it a vade mecum.  It contains the original descriptions of Montague's Harrier (Ash-coloured Falcon) and the Roseate Tern and documents the first British records for Cirl Bunting and American Bittern (Freckled Heron).  The work covers all British birds in an alphabetical, unpaginated order.  It deals with each species in considerable depth, covering, to varying extents, synonymy, description, distribution and life history comprising nidification, eggs, food and habits.


This example is a specially colored presentation copy to John Latham (1740-1837), perhaps the most widely known English ornithologist of the era, whose A General Synopsis of Birds and its supplements (1781-1801) was the first attempt in English to attempt synthesis of the avifauna of the entire world.  This copy differs from ordinary examples as follows;  First, volume II contains a hand-colored frontispiece of a female Cirl Bunting (repeated in the Supplement) which is usually not present; second, the 23 plates by Dorville in the Supplement are ordinarily uncolored; third, the Supplement contains an extra uncolored engraving of a Dotterel by Dorville that is usually lacking; fourth, the Supplement contains an inserted contemporary pencil sketch of tracheae which is almost certainly unique to this copy.


Only 20-25 colored copies were prepared and they were invariably presentation copies.  I'm not certain whether the uncolored engraving by Dorville is found in other presentation copies.  Wood (p. 470) had a colored presentation copy as did Mullens (Mullens and Swann, p. 409).  Volume II of the Mullens copy had an uncolored frontispiece of the female Cirl Bunting.


Even ordinary copies of the work are rather uncommon.  They are listed for AMNH, BM(NH), Field Museum, Oxford, Smithsonian and Trinity.  Berkeley and Harvard lack the Supplement and the Library of Congress and Yale have only later editions.


Montes de Oca (Rafael fl. 1870-1880) (editing and foreword by Carlolina amor de Fournier; introduction and revision of hummingbird text by Rafael Martin del Campo; Translation and revision of orchid text by Norman Pelham Wright)

Hummingbirds and / Orchids of Mexico  40.5 x 29.5 cm.  Pp.  [1-4]5-34[35-38];  Original publisher's fine gray ribbed cloth with gilt-lettered title within gilt frame on upper cover, gilt lettering on spine.  Pictorial dust jacket.  Mexico (City), Editorial Fournier, S. A., (1963).  First and only edition.


1, Half-title; 2, colored frontispiece (facsimile of title page of unpublished manuscript); 3, title; 4, copyright dated 1963; copy No. (0301/1,500); printer designation: K. G. Lohse, Frankfurt-Main; 5, foreword by Fournier; 7, the hummingbirds of Mexico by Del Campo; 11, species accounts of hummingbirds and orchids; 35, alphabetical index, hummingbirds; 35, alphabetical index, orchids; 36, colophon: 1,500 copies in English and Spanish, each numbered 1-1,500; printing, reproduction, typography, binding by Lohse.  Contains colored frontispiece and colored plates 1-59, so enumerated in species accounts, printed on recto only in fine multicolor half-tone on mat paper depicting a hummingbird and an orchid after Montes, and located between pages 34 and [35].  Also contains 59 text pen copies by Claudia Thürnia, printed in green, accompanying species accounts.


Ms.  Fournier, a publisher, and her husband are descendents of close friends of Rafael Montes de Oca who was the author of a treatise on hummingbirds first published in La Naturaleza 1874-1875, then in book form (Essayo Ornitologico de los Troquilideos o Colibris de Mexico [1875]).  Montes was a fine artist, having learned to paint from the Mexican artist José Maria Velasco, and had illustrated his book with 12 hand-colored lithographs.  Ms. Fournier found an unpublished manuscript by Montes accompanied by 61 paintings two of which were lost.  These paintings each depicted a hummingbird and an orchid and were intended to illustrate the book.  The paintings were all done between 1874 and 1878.  They are here reproduced for the first time with edited and annotated portions of the text.  The entire enterprise, conceived by Ms. Fournier, was produced by K. G. Lohse of Frankfurt, among the best firms of the era for color printing.  The result is an unusually beautiful book.


Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Morgan, Richard (fl. 1907-1909)

Llyfr Adar [Adar Cymru] (Welsh Book of Birds) 18.1 x 12.0 cm.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[v]vi1-180(4, publisher's advertisements).  Original decorated green cloth.  Hughes A'I FAB. Cyhoeddwyr, Gwrecsam (1907).


i, Title; iii, preface dated 1907; v, contents; 1-180, text.  Contains 16 unnumbered, unpaginated colored plates printed on recto only and mostly signed either E. Turck or A. Thorburn.  Also contains a single text illustration.  End papers and pastedowns contain publisher's advertisements in addition to those on the two unnumbered terminal leaves.


This little book is written in Welsh with just a few words, such as the names of the birds, also written in English.  It contains essays on 18 species that are common in Wales including Robin, Hedge Sparrow, Chaffinch, Goldfinch, Green Finch, Sparrow, Yellow-Hammer, Wagtail, Blue and Long-tailed Tits, Lark, Wren, Goldcrest,  Bullfinch, Blackbird,  (Song) Thrush, Missel Thrush and Starling.  All save the Wagtail and Blackbird are represented on half-tone colored plates that are taken from Swaysland's Familiar Wild Birds, originally published in 1883(-1888), and the first publication to contain colored figures drawn by Thorburn.  Interestingly, although the prints are identical, those signed "E. Turck" in the examples here, are initialed "E. T." in Familiar Wild Birds.


This work is clearly intended as a simple introduction to local birds.  It is the first ornithological work written in Welsh that I have encountered and is not listed in any major bibliography or library catalog.  The Harvard University Library contains a book which I think may be related to this one.  The author is cataloged as "Richard Morgan of Llanarmon Yn i al" and the title given is "Llyfr blodau y llyfr cyntaf".  The book is dated 1909 from the preface which is precisely the way I have dated the present work.




Morikuni Tachibana (1679-1748)

Ehon Tsuuhoushi (tsuhoshi) (volume 6)  22.7 x 15.7 cm.  23 leaves as described below.  Contemporary (?) blue-boards, bound Japanese-style with red stitching, white labeling piece with Japanese characters on upper (right) cover.  Prints and text contained within black-ruled frames, 18.5 x 13.7 cm.  All pages with marginal Japanese characters. Leaves externally conjugate in Japanese style.  Kyouhou14 (1729).

Contains three-page text followed by 13 single and 15 double-page uncolored woodblock prints depicting birds (in one case butterflies) and flowers. 

This is a remarkable survival, especially considering its inherent frailty.  There are some wormholes.  The volume is part of a series, probably some sort of illustrated encyclopedia. The drawings are very well done and almost all of the birds are recognizable.  Amongst the best are mallard, baikal teal, tragopan, peafowl, golden pheasant, wagtail, shrike and waxwing.

According to the Japanese dealer, Mr. Ueda, the year of publication and the name of the artist are reported in Iwanami (publisher), " Kokusho so mokuroru" "The Japanese classical books catalogue of the maximum scale", work [14584]. 

Harvard lists "Tachibana, Morikuni" (1679-1748) as the author/artist for Fuso gafu / Tachibana Morikuni ga, Osaka, 1735. OCLC locates three copies of “Ehon tsuhoshi”




Morris, Beverley R(obinson)


British / Game Birds / and / Wildfowl  30.8 x 25.4 cm.  [A]2B-2K4[$1 signed]; 130 ll.  Pp. [i-iii]iv[1]2-254(2, blank).  Original green cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  London, Groombridge & Sons (?1864). 


A1r, title; A1v, blank; A2r, contents; A2v, blank; 1-254, species accounts; 2K4, blank. Contains 60 unnumbered hand-colored wood-engraved plates by and after Benjamin Fawcett.


Beverley Morris, a physician, was the younger brother of F. O. Morris, whose A History of British Birds (first edition 1851-1857) was perhaps the most popular (i. e. widely held) of all books pertaining to British ornithology.  Beverley Morris emigrated to the United States in 1856, one year after the first edition of the present work was published.  Presumably, he had little to do with subsequent editions.


There is considerable bibliographical confusion concerning editions and printings of this book.  Mullens & Swann list first, second, third and fourth editions dated 1855, 1873, 1881 and 1895.  They describe the first three as being the same and pp. iv, 252 and the fourth as being two octavo volumes (it has double-paged plates).  Trinity lists a fifth edition of 1897.  Wood lists a copy as "?1864" which he describes as pp. iv, 254 and comments that antecedent and subsequent printings or editions have pp. iv, 252.  Since my copy is the same as the variant described by Wood, I follow his designation of its date.  What is confusing to me is the presumed lack of two pages (one leaf) from other printings.  Perhaps there has been a repeated printer's error with duplication of page numbers on two separate leaves.


This work contains descriptions written at a popular level of various gallinaceous birds, bustards, shorebirds, and ducks, geese and swans that had been recorded in the British Isles up to the time of writing.  Included for each species was some synonymy, the derivation of its Latin name, a description, its distribution in the British Isles and a variable account of its life history depending on the author's familiarity with it.


The work is important for its attractive illustrations which were drawn, engraved on wood and printed by Benjamin Fawcett of Driffield.  Fawcett was a prolific master at printing good colored pictures of birds in very high numbers at low cost.  This book is a rare example where he was his own artist and is also unusual for its hand-coloring.  He later developed a superb technique of chromoxylography, i. e. printing wood engravings in color.  Other particularly popular books for which he was the responsible printer include F. O. Morris's A History of British Birds and William Greene's Parrots in Captivity. 


Mullens & Swann, p. 414; Trinity, p. 168; Wood, p. 472; Yale, p. 198; Zimmer, p. 442.




Morris, F.(rancis) O.(rpen)(1810-1893)


A / history / of / British birds   Six volumes. 24.7 x 17.0 cm.  Contemporary green half-leather. Spine with five raised ridges, gilt lettering in second and third(from top) compartments, elaborate gilt tooling in others.  Marbled boards.  Similarly marbled endpapers.  AEG.  London, Bell and Daldy, 1870.  Second edition.


Volume I.  [A]6B-2Q4[$1 signed]158 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-xii[1]2-303(1).  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, dedication to Queen; iv, blank; v, preface to first edition; ix, preface to second edition; xi, contents of the first volume; 1, species accounts, Griffin Vulture-Nutcracker (60 species); 303, printer designation, B. Fawcett, engraver and printer, Driffield.  Contains 60 unnumbered hand-colored (?), wood engraved plates, most probably after Richard Alington.


 Volume II. [A]2B-2N42O2[$1 signed]144 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-283(1).  i, Title;  ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, species accounts, Jay-Pine Grosbeak (61 species); 283, printer designation.  Contains 61 unnumbered, hand-colored, wood engraved plates.


Volume III. [A]2B-2M4[$1 signed]138 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv[1]2-272.  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, species accounts, Crossbill-Capercaillie (56 species); 272 printer designation.  Contains 56 unnumbered, hand-colored, wood-engraved plates.


Volume IV.  [A]2B-2L4[$1 signed]134 ll.  Pp. [i-iii]iv[1]2-364.  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, species accounts, Black Grouse-Brown Snipe (63 species); 264, printer designation.  Contains 63 unnumbered, hand-colored, wood engraved plates.


Volume V.  [A]2B-2I4[$1a signed]126 ll.  Pp. [i-iii]iv[1]2-247(1).  I, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, species accounts, Curlew Sandpiper-Goosander (65 species); 247, printer designation.  Contains 65 unnumbered, hand-colored wood-engraved plates.


 Volume VI.  [A]2B-2F4(2F+1)[$1 signed] 115 ll.  Pp.  [i-iii]iv(1)2-225(1).  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, contents; 1, species accounts, Great Crested Grebe-Stormy Petrel (60 species); 213 index (of English names); 225, printer designation.  Contains 60 unnumbered, hand-colored wood-engraved plates.


Morris’s British birds suffered greatly by comparison with with the nearly contemporary work by William Yarrell.   Zimmer remarks (p.443) “A voluminous work of a general nature containing a mass of information, much of which is from unreliable sources and inaccurate”.   Mullens and Swann comment (p. 416) “Morris was too voluminous to be accurate and too didactic to be scientific.  He accepted records and statements without discrimination…”.  These criticisms not withstanding, the work is extraordinary for the large number of finely printed colored wood-engraved plates.  Benjamin Fawcett’s printing was so good that one cannot really distinguish hand-coloring from color printing although the first edition, at least, is generally considered to be hand-colored.  The work went through many reprintings and editions which, I believe,  contained, in the aggregate, more hand-colored and/or color-printed colored plates than any other ornithological work. 


 This second edition, Zimmer, 443.  The first edition was published in monthly parts, 1851-1857.






Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936)

Birds / of prey / of / Australia  51.0 x 35.8 cm.  Pp.  [1-14]15-170[171-175(1).  Publisher's full brown morocco, gilt-ruled panel on covers.  Spine with six double gilt-ruled raised bands, gilt title, author in second and fourth compartments, gilt design in others.  Ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Lansdowne Press, 1973. 


1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title; 4, year of publication; copyright; credits: "printed in Hong Kong"; bound by Noba Hollandia (corrected in errata to P. L. Marsh, Bookbinder; designed by Derrick I. Stone; 5, limitation statement signed and numbered by Morris, this copy being #288/500; 6, dedication; 7, contents; 8, blank; 9, foreword by Allan McEvey, Curator of Birds, National Museum; 10, blank; 11, foreword by Joseph Burke, Professor of Fine Arts, University of Melbourne; 12, Acknowledgements; 13, preface; 14, blank; 15, introduction; 17, text with systematic accounts of 24 species; 171, glossary; 173, glossary uncolored half-tone of peregrine showing anatomical designation;  Contains 24 unnumbered plates printed on one side only in color half-tone; 24 uncolored half-tone charcoal sketches of flying birds with obverse containing printed matter; and the uncolored glossary half-tone plate, all included in pagination.  Also contains 24 flight silhouettes, each referenced against silhouette of white-backed magpies for size.


This is the first, and by far the most attractive of Frank Morris's six folio volumes on groups of Australian birds.  Morris was born in Scotland and emigrated to Australia at the age of 12.  His training was in graphics.  His works were issued as limited editions during a period when Lansdowne Press was publishing unusually fine bird books.  Four, this one, the monograph on pigeons, and the two volumes of a projected seven on the birds of Australian swamps, are quite handsome and went out of print before publication.  The others on finches and on robins and wrens were not nearly as attractive nor as well produced.


The present volume is a monograph on Australian diurnal birds of prey.  The text covers description, distribution, nests and eggs, habitats and habits.  It is adequate but not of any scholarly significance and suffers from lacking a bibliography.  The outstanding feature of the book is the fine art work.  The beautifully delineated hawks and eagles are shown on wonderfully shaped dead tree limbs with lots of intervening white space, a distinguishing feature of Morris's art that here seems to provide geometrical harmony.  The birds are portrayed in great detail.  The charcoal flight sketches are quite different  and meant probably to project a simple basic impression of shape and buoyancy.


Listed by AMNH, Trinity, Yale.  Not listed by Cornell, Harvard.


Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)

Birds of prey / of Australia / a field guide  26.2 x 18.7 cm.  Pp. [1-8]9-124. Original publishers color pictorial printed boards.  Color pictorial dust jacket. Orange endpapers decorated with flight silhouettes.  Melbourne, Lansdowne Editions, 1976.

1, blank; 2, blank; 3, title; 4, copyright; ISBN 0 70181001 7; printed in Singapore by Toppan Printing Co. Ltd; 5, dedication; 6, blank; 7, contents; 9, acknowledgements; 11, preface; 13, plan of the guide; 14, general hints; 25, field keys covering 24 species; 75, supplementary information; 124, references (18).  Contains, for each species, a half-tone unnumbered colored plate figuring two or three birds perched and a facing brief text with several small colored sketches of the bird in flight.  Also contains several unnumbered, uncolored text illustrations and, for each species, an almost full-page distribution map.

Morris was a popular ornithological artist whose work was much promoted and published in limited folio editions by Lansdowne in the 1970s.  The first, and perhaps the best of these, was on birds of prey.  This “field guide” is a sort of reprise of that book and the portraits and sketches are all very good. The “supplementary information” for each species includes brief material on: Australian subspecies; measurements; comparison of the male and female plumages; Australian distribution; status and distribution; habitat; habits; calls; nest; clutch; and global distribution.  The work is not a field guide in the usual sense.

OCLC gives about 100 locations.

Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)

Pigeons / and doves / of Australia  51.0 x 35.8 cm.  Pp.  [1-12]13-164.  Original publisher's full brown morocco with gilt-ruled panel on covers.  Spine with six double gilt-ruled raised bands, gilt title and author in second and fourth compartments, gilt design in others.  Ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Landsdowne Editions, 1976. 


1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title; 4, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset by Delmont Photo-mechanix, Adelaide; colour printing by Norman J. Field Pty Ltd, Melbourne; binding by Dove Bindery, Melbourne; 5, limitation statement signed and numbered by Morris, this copy #288/500; 6, dedication; 7, contents; 8, blank; 9, foreword by Donald Vernon, Ornithologist, Queensland Museum; 10, acknowledgements; 11, preface; 13, introduction; 15, text with systematic accounts of 21 native species, brief accounts of three introduced species; 161, references; 164, glossary.  Contains 23 unnumbered plates printed on one side only in color half-tone of the 21 native species with two each of rock pigeon and spinifex pigeon; 21 uncolored half-tone full-page charcoal sketches of each species in flight; one uncolored half-tone glossary plate with two photographs of topknot pigeon showing anatomical designations.  There is also a profile silhouette of each species referenced against that of a crested pigeon for size comparison.


This is the second of the series by Morris on various groups of Australian birds published by  Landsdowne and was intended to be identical in style to the first on birds of prey.  Landsdowne was acquired by Paul Hamlyn Pty Ltd in the interim and the various responsible craftspeople were  changed so there are small but detectable technical differences between the two volumes.  For example, the gilt is darker and the raised bands are higher here than in the binding of the previous book.


This is a monograph on the native pigeons and doves of Australia.  Again, it is the illustrations that distinguish the work.  There is more color in the doves than in the diurnal raptors and the printing of it is good.  Morris continues to experiment with using branches to delineate interesting geometrical patterns.  White space figures even more prominently than in the first work, and the actual painting occupies a remarkably small portion, in some cases only a corner, of several plates.  The book is handsome.


Listed by Trinity, Yale.  Not listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard.


Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)

Finches / of / Australia / a folio  50.8 x 35.9 cm.  Pp.  [1-5]6-67[68].  Original publisher's gilt-ruled half brown morocco and ochre cloth.  Flat spine with gilt lettering.  Yellow-ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Landsdowne Editions, 1976. 


1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title in black-ruled frame; 4, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset by Trade Composition Pty Ltd, Melbourne; printed in Singapore by Toppan Printing Co, Ltd; designed by David Deakin; 5, contents; 6, acknowledgements; 7, "the plates as prints for display"; 6, printed titles for putative mounts used for print display; 9, the folio (explanations); 10, introduction; 13, systematic accounts of 18 species, the text pages framed by black rules; 68, references (four).  Contains 18 unnumbered plates printed in color half-tone on one side of leaf only with both sides included in pagination.  Also contains a leaf of thick tissue signed and numbered by the artist on recto, this copy #288/350 of the "collector's issue", verso blank,  and a double-leaf frontispiece with a double-page colored plate, "Thirteen finches at Cannon Hill Lagoon, N. T.", the limitation leaf and frontispiece not included in pagination and inserted between half-title and title.


This volume is far inferior to those of Morris on diurnal birds of prey and on pigeons and doves, also published by Landsdowne.  Whereas the others had adequate, if not remarkable monographic text coverage, this work has virtually none.  The artwork is not nearly so good.  The white space notion that gave such nice geometry to the first two volumes is here carried to an unattractive extreme with perched birds and a few thin branches, twigs or blades winding around an otherwise naked page.  There is a ridiculous section on how to remove these plates for use as prints.  The color printing and binding are also much less successful and it is of interest that, although this book and that on pigeons bear the same year of publication by the same publishing house, entirely different teams of craftspeople were employed for the two books.  This is the first and only folio of the series by Morris that was offered in both trade and limited editions.  They differ in that the limited edition possesses a part leather binding and has the limitation leaf and frontispiece inserted between its half-title and title.


Listed by Trinity but not by AMNH, Harvard, Yale.  Cornell lists the trade edition.



Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)

Robins & Wrens / of Australia / a selection  50.8 x 35.7 cm.  Pp. [1-8]9-71(1).  All pages save plates framed by black rules.  Original publisher's gilt-ruled half brown morocco, ochre cloth sides.  Gilt-lettered flat spine.  Yellow-ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Landsdowne Editions, 1979. 


1, limitation statement signed and numbered by Morris, this copy #242/500; 2, blank; 3, half-title; 4, blank; 5, title; 6, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset by Modgraphic Pty Ltd; printed by Norman J. Field Pty Ltd; designed by David Deakin; dedication; 7, contents; 8, blank; 9, preface; 10, acknowledgements; 11, introduction; 13, accounts of nine robins (Muscicapidae), 10 wrens (Maluridae); 70, references (44).  Contains 19 unnumbered plates printed in color half-tone on one side of leaf only with both sides included in pagination.  Also contains double-page colored frontispiece not included in pagination.


This volume is not one my favorites in the series of folios by Morris on various groups of Australian birds.  The text coverage is too scanty to call this a monograph, and the pictures, with their emphasis on white space and arching twigs or branches, are too obviously experimental for my taste.  In these respects the book resembles its antecedent on finches but it is better produced with nicer color printing than that one although a companion to it in style and format. The work suffers by comparison with Richard Schodde's nearly contemporary fine and extensive monograph, The Fairy-Wrens (1982), containing Richard Weatherly's beautiful renditions of these exquisite birds in their native habitat.


Listed by AMNH, Trinity.  Not listed by Cornell, Harvard, Yale.


Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)

Birds / of the / Australian / swamps  Two volumes.  50.8 x 35.6 cm.  Original publisher's gilt-ruled half brown morocco and tan buckram sides.  Spine with six double gilt-ruled raised bands, gilt printing in second, fourth, fifth compartments, gilt design in others. Yellow-ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Landsdowne Editions.  The complete work contains 31 colored plates and 30 full-page flight sketches.


Volume 1 / Grebes-Cormorants  1980.  Pp.  [i-x]xi-xvii(1)1-121[122].  i, limitation statement numbered and signed by Morris, this copy #288/500; ii, blank; iii, half-title; iv, blank; v, frontispiece; vi, blank; vii, title; viii, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset by Modgraphic Pty. Ltd., South Australia; colour printing by Norman J. Field Pty. Ltd., Victoria; binding by Dove Bindery, New South Wales; designed by David Deakin; dedication; explanation of frontispiece; ix, contents; x, blank; xi, foreword by R. H. Green, Curator of Zoology, Queen Victoria Museum, Launceton, Tasmania; xii, blank; xiii, preface (explanations, terms); xvi, blank; xvii, acknowledgements; 1, introduction: projected content of seven volumes; 15, systematic list for projected seven volumes; 23, grebes and dabchicks, accounts of three species; 57, pelicans and allies, one species; 71, darters, one species; 83, cormorants, four species; 119, references (100).  Contains frontispiece and nine other unnumbered plates printed in color half-tone on one side of leaf only, both sides included in pagination; nine unnumbered, uncolored half-tone charcoal flight sketches with both sides of leaf printed and included in pagination; nine profile silhouettes referencing each species against purple swamphen for size comparison.


Volume 2 / herons-spoonbills  1981.  Pp.  [i-viii]ix(1)123-330.  i, signed and numbered limitation, 288/500; ii, blank; iii, half-title; iv, blank; v, title; vi, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset by Modgraphics Pty. Ltd., South Australia; colour printing and binding by Norman J. Field Pty. Ltd., Victoria; designed by David Deakin, Wandiligong; vii, contents; ix, acknowledgements; 123, herons, ibises, storks and allies; 125, herons and bitterns, 15 species; 263, storks, one species; 275, ibises and spoonbills; five species; 323, references (269).  Contains 21 colored plates, 21 charcoal sketches, and 21 silhouettes.

In volume 1, Morris outlines his plans for this ambitious series of which, alas, these are the only two volumes that have appeared or are likely to do so.  He projects seven volumes that will describe 150 species, each of which will receive monographic coverage, a colored plate, a and a flight sketch.  The project is thus based on his previously successful works covering diurnal birds of prey and pigeons and doves and these volumes resemble those in style and format rather than the much inferior books on finches and on robins and wrens. 


Volume 1 treats nine species: three grebes, a pelican, a darter, and four (of five Australian) cormorants. 

Volume 2 covers 21 species comprising 15 herons a stork and three ibises and two spoonbills.  Since all Australian members of these families are represented, this volume may be considered a complete monograph in the usual taxonomic sense.  The descriptive accounts in this work are comprehensive and the bibliography is substantial.


Morris is much more artist than ornithologist and the value of his books resides in the artwork rather than the text although the latter is much better in this work than in the antecedent titles.  The pictures here are interesting.  Unlike those in previous volumes, some contain backgrounds that are designed to convey an impression rather than present a detail.  Others continue to use white space as an artistic tool without background and with emphasis on close detail of the bird and a thick branch, reed,  rock  or flower.

The use of white space goes beyond the pictures in these volumes.  Many text pages have just one, or a few, lines.  I can't help but wonder whether paper can be made from the eucalyptus and, if so, how many trees were felled for this work.


Listed by AMNH, Trinity.  Not listed by Cornell, Harvard, Yale.


Morris, Frank T.(homson)(1936-)


Impressions of / waterfowl of Australia / from the original oils on Lauan mahogany panels 29.0 x 29.0 cm.  Pp.  [1-8]9-58[59(1).  Original publisher's gilt-ruled half brown calf with ochre cloth sides.  Flat spine lettered in gilt.  Yellow ochre textured endpapers.  Melbourne, Landsdowne Editions, 1977. 


1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title; 4, year of publication; copyright; credits: typeset in Australia by Savage and Co. Pty Ltd, Fortitude Valley; printed in Australia by Norman J. Field, Richmond; bound in Australia by Dove Bindery, Carlton; v, limitation statement signed and numbered by Morris, this copy #268/350; 6, dedication "to life"; 7, contents; 8, blank; 9, preface; 10, blank; 11, introduction; 14, accounts of specific encounters with 18 species.  Contains 18 plates printed in color half-tone, perhaps with some gravure, on one side only with both sides of leaf included in pagination.


In this work, Morris is completely artist rather than part ornithologist.  The pictures are full expressionistic renditions of unique experiences that Morris had with each of the species.  The reproduction of these paintings is excellent and captures fully the texture of the oil on the panel.  The artwork is entirely different from those in the folios by Morris and it seems hardly possible that they were done by the same person.  There is no detail here, nor sophisticated use of white space as a tool.  The visual image is all feeling and impression and is extremely personal, powerful and evocative.  It makes me want to go to the very spot and not only see the bird, but also feel for myself the entire ambiance.  Morris's text describes the experience and it is interesting to compare the graphic and verbal modes of communication.  Amongst the works by Morris, this is my favorite.


Moulton, J(ohn) C(oney)

 Guide / to the Collection of / Bornean Birds / in / the Sarawak Museum  19.4 x13.1 cm.  Pp.  (6, title, blank, note, blank, contents, blank)[1]2-222; 114 ll.  Late 20th century half-red cloth with marbled boards.  Printed paper labeling piece on spine.  Sarawak, Government Printing Office, 1914.  Contains six unnumbered, uncolored photographic plates of museum specimens not included in pagination.


The author was Curator of the Sarawak Museum.  In addition to this work, he published in 1914 as well his Hand-list of the Birds of Borneo.  I believe this was the first systematic list of Bornean birds since Salvadori's treatise of 1874.  According to the note on the third page of the preliminaries, the present work "with the exception of the first four introductory pages" was published originally in 19 instalments of the Sarawak Gazette from April17, 1913 to May 1, 1914.


Moulton lists 571  species of which there are specimens of 420 in the museum.   These come from 20 orders and 69 families.  He is doubtful about whether eight of the species can actually be considered Bornean.  For each species, he provides sundry notes on appearance, status and distribution.


This work is uncommon as one might expect from its time and place of publication.  It is listed by the libraries of Harvard and Trinity but not by those of the AMNH, BM(NH), Cornell, Field Museum, McGill, Oxford, Smithsonian, Yale and Library of Congress.


Mudie, Robert (1777-1842)

The / Feathered Tribes / of the / British Islands  19.5 x 12. 5 cm.  Second Edition.  Two volumes.  Sides contemporary full green calf with gilt panels.  Spines (faded to ?) brown calf with five raised gilt ridges.  Red and tan gilt lettering pieces in second and third compartments, gilt designs in the other four.  Gilt dentelles.  Marbled endpapers.  TEG. London, Whitaker & Co., 1835.


Volume the first:  πa12B-Q12 R10[$1-6 signed]; 203 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-xxiv[xxv-xxvi][1]2-379[380].  i, Title; ii, blank; iii, note to second editon; v, preface; xvii, alphabetical list of British birds; xxv, list of plates for first volume; xxvi, list of plates for second volume;1, introduction; 23, systematic text; 380, printer designation: London, Gilbert and Rivington.  Contains color-printed, wood-engraved title vignette and 10 unnumbered, hand-colored metal-engraved plates after Mudie (?).  Also contains seven unnumbered text woodcuts.


Volume the second; πB-R12S4[$1-6 signed];197 ll.  Pp. (2)[1]2-391(1).  πr, Title; πv, blank; 1-391, systematic text.  Contains wood-engraved, color-printed vignette on title page and nine unnumbered, hand-colored metal engraved plate as well as four uncolored text woodcuts.

The first edition of this work was published in 1834 and is known for containing one of the first examples of Baxter's "polychromatic" printing as the title page vignettes.  It isn't clear whether the color-printed vignettes on the title pages of these volumes are by Baxter since, unlike those in the first edition, they are undesignated.


This is a  rather spectacular copy of one of the more popular ornithological works on British birds that appeared in the first half of the 19th century.  Mudie was a knowledgeable student of natural history and ornithology and an excellent writer.  He describes the families and their species of all British birds.  The species accounts are discursive yet manage to cover description, often with measurements, distribution in England, nidification, eggs, habits and food.  The colored plates each illustrate adequately two to four species, and in this copy, at least, are very brightly and attractively colored. The work appeared in various editions for more than 50 years.


Wood, p. 474; Zimmer, p. 446 (later edition).  The book is present at the AMNH, Harvard, Trinity (later editions) and Yale.


Mudie, Robert (1777-1842)

The / Natural History / of / Birds  15.5 x 10.2 cm.  [A]8(-A1?)B-2C82D4(+1)[$1, 2 signed]; 212 ll.  Pp. (2)[v]vi-viii[v]vi-xii[1]2-408(2).  Original brown cloth with blindstamped pattern decoration, gilt title on spine.  London, Orr and Smith, 1834.


A2r, title; A2v, blank; A3r-A4v, preface; A5r-A7v, contents; A8r, list of illustrations; A8v, blank; 1, introduction; 38, distinctions of birds; 49, general structure; 81 external parts; 93, skeleton; 111, classification; 135, bills; 241, feet; 315, wings; final leaf, advertisement on recto, verso blank.  Contains colored frontispiece, uncolored vignette on title page and 74 other unnumbered, uncolored text figures.


This  uncommon little work is a scholarly scientific treatise on general ornithology with an emphasis on anatomy and classification.  Mudie is an advocate of Cuvier's system of classification (six orders comprising Accipitres, Passeres, Scansores, Gallinae, Echassiers and Palmides) and he considers the Linnaean system of botany "..shadow without the substance" (p. 112).


The present work is much scarcer than Mudie's best known book, The Feathered Tribes of the British Isles, the first edition of which also appeared in 1834.  Unlike this book, that one went through many subsequent editions.  However, only its first edition shared, with the present work, the distinction of containing the earliest known colored print using the "Baxter" method of color printing.  In the original printing of The Feathered Tribes..  the vignettes on the title pages of the two volumes were printed by Baxter, and in this volume, the frontispiece, entitled "EAGLE AND VULTURE" contains the caption "Engraved and Printed in OIL COLOURS by G. Baxter, 29, King Square, from a Painting by T. Landseer"  I believe that Baxter's method involved both wood and metal (copper) and was considerably more complicated than the chromoxylography techniques developed by Dickes and Fawcett, his principal competitors in this area of color printing. 


The text cuts depict anatomical parts and full-length figures.  The latter are mostly reverse images copied from Bewick.


The title page of this work is printed on the same type of heavy paper as is the frontispiece and I suspect it was originally intended that its vignette was to be color-printed.  It is also uncolored, however, in the Trinity copy.


The irregular pagination at the beginning of this volume suggests to me that a leaf, perhaps containing a half-title, has been omitted.  The copy in the British Museum seems to have similar pagination.  That of the copy in the Trinity catalog is insufficiently described to say whether it is the same. It's noteworthy also that the frontispiece is printed on the verso of its leaf, the recto of which is serving as the front endpaper. This recto is signed "Henry Bagshaw , August 11th, 1845", so if there was an original endpaper that was subsequently removed, it must have been very early in the life of this volume.


BM(NH), p. 1364; Trinity, p. 169.  Present in the libraries of Harvard University and the AMNH but unlisted by Wood, Yale and Zimmer.


Mullens, W.(illiam)H.(erbert), Swann, H.(arry)Kirke (1871-1926)

A / bibliography / of / British ornithology / from the earliest times / to the end of 1912 / including / biographical accounts of he principal writers / and bibliographies of their published works  (from original title page)21.5 x 13.8 cm.  π10B-2U82X42Y6[$1 signed]; 356 ll.  Pp.  [i-iv]v-xx1-691(1).  Publisher's ribbed green cloth with gilt lettering to spine.  A bibliography / of / British ornithology /// Facsimile reprint of / the original edition of 1917 (from Wheldon & Wesley title page.)  Codicote, Hertfordshire., Wheldon & Wesley, Ltd., 1986.


i, Half-title; ii, Wheldon & Wesley title page; iii, original (Macmillan) title page; iv, dates of original parts I-VI, June 20, 1916-June 29, 1917; v, prefatory note; vi, blank; vii, list of bibliographies quoted and consulted; x, blank; xi, principal biographical works consulted; xiii, abbreviations; xiv blank; xv, list of periodicals cited; 1, alphabetical bibliography of authors; 691, printer designation: Paradigm Print, Gateshead, Tyne and Wear.


This is the hallowed bibliography of books on British ornithology.  It is an unusual bibliography in that it provides brief biographies of all the authors.  The listed books are restricted to those dealing with British birds even if most of the author's work concerned foreign birds.  The actual bibliographic information is not very detailed but sometimes there is material not found elsewhere.


W. H. Mullens formed the Westfield Place Library, one of the most complete collections of British ornithological books.  H. Kirke Swann was an ornithologist, author (A monograph of the birds of prey: Accipitres. [1924-1945, edited after his death by Alexander Wetmore] and others), publisher and bookseller.  He formed the natural history book firm of Wheldon & Wesley in 1920, and his younger son, Howard Kirke Swann, was responsible for the publication of this facsimile edition.

Save for page ii designating it as a facsimile reprint, this book appears to be an identical copy of the original and I can't help but wonder whether it was truly reprinted or produced photomechanically.

Cornell lists this facsimile and the 1917 edition.  AMNH, Harvard, Trinity and Yale list only the original.


Muller, Le Bon J(ohann) W(ilhelm) de  (1824-1866)

Description / de (sic) Nouveaux / Oiseaux D'Afrique / Découverts et Dessinés D'Après Nature / pour servir de suite / aux Planches Enluminées de Buffon, aux Planches Coloriées de Temminck et / Laugier de Chartrouse et au Nouveau Recueil Générale de / Planches Peintes D'Oiseaux de O. Des Murs (taken from title page in first livraison).  Description / de Nouveaux / Oiseaux D'Afrique / Découverts et Dessinés D'Après Nature (taken from outer upper wrapper of each livraison). Description  / des (sic) Nouveaux / Oiseaux D'Afrique (taken from half-title page in second livraison)  34.2 x 27.8 cm.  Contains 22 unpaginated leaves in five parts.  Contemporary red buckram-backed marbled boards, all five sets of printed gray  wrappers bound in.  Stuttgart, Imprimerie Royale, 1853 (first livraison)-1854(livraisons 2-4). 


Contains 21 colored plates all designated "Pl" in text, the first four not enumerated on the plate, the remaining designated "Taf" (V-VIII) and "Tab"(IX-XX) on the plate and "Pl" in the text.  Pl III, Saxicola albicilla, in duplicate.  The first four plates contain hand-colored metal-engraved figures on a tintstone lithographic base.  The remaining 16 plates are hand-colored lithographs on a tintstone lithographic base.  The colored plates are all mounted on linen hinges.  There is no indication of artist, engraver, or lithographer.


This exceedingly rare book has never been properly described and there is probably no other copy with the original gray printed wrappers that contain some important detail so I will describe each of the five livraisons separately.


Première Livraison.  Wrappers.  Upper external wrapper is a title page as described above.  Upper internal wrapper contains a note indicating that 10-12 livraisons are anticipated.  Lower inner wrapper contains a catalog listing almost 600 species of bird specimens for sale by the author.  Lower external wrapper contains advertisements for books including the first Lieferung of the present work in German.

The first leaf of text contains a complete title page and a blank verso.  The remaining four leaves describe the four species illustrated by the four plates which are unumbered on the plates but are numbered in the text.


Deuxième Livraison  Wrappers.  Upper external wrapper, title; Upper internal wrapper, note; lower internal wrapper contains catalog listing almost 550 bird specimens; lower external wrapper, advertisements including the first Lieferung of the present work in German. The first text leaf contains a half-title and a blank verso.  The remaining five leaves describe the four species illustrated on the four plates Taf. V-VIII.


Troisième Livraison   Wrappers.  Upper external, title; upper internal, note; lower internal, blank; lower external, advertisements including third Lieferung of German edition. Three text leaves deal with four species on Tab. IX-XII.


Quatrième Livraison   Wrappers.  Upper external, title; upper internal, note; lower internal, advertisements including fourth Lieferung of German edition; lower external, advertisement for the Journal für Ornithologie. Four leaves of text describe species illustrated on Tab. XIII-XVI.


Cinquième Livraison  Wrappers.  Upper external, title; upper internal, erratum; lower internal, advertisements including parts I-IV of the German edition; lower external, advertisement for the Journal für Ornithologie.  Contains Tab. XVIII-XX and four leaves of text.


The German issue of this book was called "Beiträge zur Ornithologie Afrika's" and the author is known as Müller.   As far as I know, there are no recorded examples of a fifth part in German and the fact that only the first four parts were advertised in the present copy suggests that if it exists, such a fifth part was issued after 1854. 


Muller was a German who was Director of the Royal Zoological Garden in Brussells at the time he wrote this book. His high ambition is indicated in the complete title of this work in which he attempts to compare it to those of Buffon and Temminck.  Stresemann (Ornithology from Aristotle to the Present [1975], p. 163-165) describes him as an adventurous traveler and somewhat of a poseur who was quite thick with the German ornithological elite until one of C. L. Brehm's sons died on an expedition to Africa of which Muller was the leader.  Alfred Brehm was also on this trip although only in his teens at the time.  Before the falling out, Muller had purchased the Königliche Hofbuchdrukerie (Imprimerie Royale) and had been the publisher of the first few volumes of Naumannia which doubtless explains why most of the discoveries described and illustrated in this work had previously been announced by him in that journal which was to evolve into the Journal für Ornithologie.


This book is exceedingly rare.  It is unlisted by the following libraries: AMNH; Ayer; Berkeley; Cornell; Harvard; Oxford; Smithsonian; Trinity; Yale.  The British Museum lists two incomplete copies with two and four parts as well as an incomplete German edition containing two parts. Bradley Martin (lot #167) had the German edition in four parts.  Casey Wood, (p. 475) describes a copy with "Liv. 1-5 (all pub.)" as containing only16 plates. 


The only complete copy that I could identify with certainty is that (control #06022460, call #QL692 M82) described for the Library of Congress.  The present copy may be the only one extant in the original printed wrappers.  These wrappers contain considerable interesting information.  The dates of publication for the French edition are here established as 1853-1854.  They are almost never cited correctly.


Müller, Salomon (1804-1864), Sclegel, Hermann, 1004-1884)(Temminck, Coenraad Jacob[1778-1858])

Aves  in Temminck, Coenraad Jacob (1778-1858)Verhhandelingen over der natuurlijke / geschiedenis der Nederlandsche / overzeescheesche bezittingen, door de / leden der Natuurkundige Commissie / in Indie en andere schrijvers / zoologie  Vol. 6. 43.8 x 30.0 cm.  π1-182[$1 signed]; 37 ll.  Pp.  (2)[1]2-71[72].  Near contemporary half roll-ruled maroon morocco, marbled boards.  Round spine with gilt labeling including the year 1844.  Leiden, Natuurkundige Commissie in Oostindie, (1839-1844 per Anker). 


π1r, later typed title page without date; π1v, blank; 1, pittas, accounts of 22 species; 21, hornbills, accounts of 13 species; 35, hawks and eagles, accounts of four species; 53, sunbirds, accounts of 15, species; 65, myzomelas, two species; 67, spiderhunters, four species.  Contains 14 colored plates, I-II, 1-4, 4bis, 5-11, 13 lithographed, one engraved.  Artists, J. Wolf, 2; A. S. Mulder, 6; Schlegel, 2; unidentified, 4.  Lithography, engraving, printing by J. M. Kierdorff or A. Arnz & Co.  Coloring by Kierdorff or Arnz.


Salomon Müller was perhaps the most successful of the young men sent by Temminck to the East Indies (now Indonesia) to collect zoological specimens.  First of all, he lived to return;  second, he managed to spend 11 years; finally, he collected and prepared 6500 skins of birds, including many new ones.  Stresemann, in Ornithology from Aristotle to the present (1975) describes (pp. 134-141) Müller's expedition (1825-1836) with his less fortunate colleagues Boie, the original leader, Macklot, van Oort, and Horner, all of whom died while in the inhospitable tropics.


The original plates 1 and 2 of pittas by Mulder were cancelled and replaced by the young Joseph Wolf's fine plates I and II.  Of the entire three-volume work, 255 copies were printed.  Copies with the two cancelled bird plates are particularly uncommon.  The text is composed of six articles covering the subjects described above.  The work is usually listed under Temminck, the overall editior.

Anker, #351 (14 plates); Wood, p. 476 (12 plates).  Also listed by AMNH (specifies 12 plates), Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, and Yale (specifies 14 plates).




Müller, Adolph (1821-1910) and Karl(1825-1905) (illustrated by Adolph Müller and C.(arl)F.(riedrich) Deiker [1836-1892])

Thiere der Heimath / Deutschlands Säugethiere und Vögel ////// zweites Buch. / Wesen und Wandel der Vögel  29.5 x 23.4 cm.  π41-454464(-464)[$1, 2 signed]; 187 ll.  Original publisher’s tan cloth with block printing on upper cover and spine, framed chromolithograph of Kingfisher on upper cover.  Floral-patterned endpapers.  Reticulated edges.  Dritte Auflage, Cassell, Verlag von Theodor Fischer, 1897.

π1r, Title; π1v, rights reserved; π2r-π4r, contents; π4v, blank; 1-365, species accounts, Falco peregrinus-Podiceps nigricollis sive auritus; 366, printer designation, Gotthelft Brothers, Royal Bookprinters, Cassell.  Contains 24  unnumbered chromolithographic plates by Fischer of Cassell after Ad. Müller and C. F. Deiker and approximately eight woodcut headpieces, seven woodcut tailpieces, and five other woodcut text illustrations unnumbered and undesignated.

The Müllers and Deiker collaborated on several printed works that were popular and well regarded during the second half of the 19th century.  This volume on birds is the second of two, the first of which deals with mammals.  The first edition was published 1882-1883.  The work describes and defines the various orders and families of birds and elaborates for each species: the length; description; distribution; and life history including nest, eggs and nourishment. 

The artistry is good but somewhat obscured by poor chromolithography.

Wood, p. 475 (first edition); Zimmer, p. 447 (this edition).  Also listed by AMNH (first edition) but not by Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.


Mulsant, (Martial)É.(tienne), (1797-1880).

Lettres a Julie / sur / l'ornithologie  26.4 x 17.5 cm.π4[1]82-238X2[$1 signed]; 190 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-viii[1]2-367[368-371](1).  Contemporary quarter red calf and marbled boards.  Round spine divided by double gilt and double blind rules.  Gilt lettering in second compartment, gilt design in others  Paris, A. Laplace (1868 according to Zimmer).  Bradley Martin copy with his (Sotheby's) book plate on upper paste-down.  Signed and inscribed by Mulsant on half-title. 


i Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title partly printed in red; iv, blank; v, avant-propos; vii, contents; 1, physiology of birds; 39, classification; 47, systematic discussion of families, parrots-penguins; 361, notes; 365, systematic index; 368, errata; printer designation: Lyon: Imprimerie Pitrat Ainé; 369, lamentation of death of Julie with poem celebrating their 50th anniversary.  Contains 16 hand-colored lithographic plates drawn and lithographed by Edouard Traviès, printed by Imp. Lemercier et Cie.


Mulsant was an entomologist as well as an ornithologist. His best known work on birds was a beautifully illustrated major monograph on hummingbirds (1873-1879).  This work is a textbook of ornithology designed for the lay public and written in the form of 52 letters with many poems.  Ronsil remarks of it in his L'Art Français… (p. 68)"Enfin E. Traviès dessina et lithographia lui même les 16 planches coloriées d'un charmant ouvrage de vulgarisation, les Lettres à Emilie sur l'ornithologie don’t  le text est de M. E. Mulsant"(sic, Mulsant had previously written a book about insects addressed to "Emilie".)   It was unusual for Traviès to do his own lithography which doubtless enhanced the beauty of these fine plates, each of which depicts a single species in a delightfully colored background.


The last two leaves of this copy contain a poem dated 16 Mai, 1866, "à Julie" written to celebrate their 50th anniversary.  Mulsant prefaces the poem by explaining that he is publishing it in memory of Julie who died while this book was in press.  The pages of this poem are not included in any of the bibliographic citations described below and one must assume that it was included in only a very few copies.


Zimmer, p. 448.  Also listed by BM(NH), Trinity, Yale.  Not listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Wood.


Mumford, Russell E., Keller, Charles E. (1929-)(paintings by William Zimmerman [1939-])

The birds of Indiana  29.6 x 22.8 cm.  Pp.  [i-viii]ix-xviii(1)1-376[377](1).  Original publisher's brown cloth with mounted colored plate (12.6 x 16.6 cm) on upper cover, gilt chocolate-colored labeling piece, gilt lettering and ornithological vignette on spine.  Chocolate-colored endpapers.  Pictorial dust jacket.  Bloomington, Indiana University Press, (1984). 


i, Half-title; ii-iii, title with colored frontispiece; iv, copyright 1984; manufactured in Japan; ISBN 0-253-10736-9; first printing; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, contents; viii, blank; ix, acknowledgments; xi-xviii, introduction; unpaginated section title leaf; 1, species accounts, Gavia stellata-Passer domesticus, comprising about 390 species; 355, monthly occurrence charts; 363, reference list (about 180 entries); 367, lists of sponsors and donors; 375, index (of English names only); 377, credits: designed by Edward D. King; printed and bound by Dai Nippon Printing Company Ltd. (Japan).  Contains colored figures of all 165 breeding species and  their nests and eggs with typical flora, printed in half-tone in almost 180 unnumbered pictures (two double-page, 34 full-page) as part of text, and included in pagination.  Also contains two uncolored text maps.


This book describes definitively the current status and distribution of birds in Indiana.  Amos Butler's similar comprehensive work of 1898 allows the present authors to examine with confidence avifaunal trends during the past 86 years.  The work is enhanced by William Zimmerman's attractive pictures which depict not only the breeding birds and their eggs, but their nests as well.

This was the first of several state bird books of similar style published by Indiana University Press and illustrated by William Zimmerman.  Others dealt with Illinois, Kentucky and Ohio.  Zimmerman also wrote and illustrated a fine limited edition folio, Waterfowl of North America, published by the Frame House Gallery in 1974.

The present work is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Trinity and Yale but not by Harvard.


Munoz Lopez, Rafael (artist), Cervantes, Lic. Xavier (text)

 Pajaros de Mexico / Mexican birds  34.0 x 26.0 cm.  (8, text) and plates 1-12, each a single leaf printed in color half-tone, on recto.  The eight pages of text are comprised of two folio sheets, each folded in half to yield two conjoined leaves.  The 16 leaves are contained loosely in a color pictorial gray folder printed red and blue.  Mexico, D. F., Galeria de Arte, Misrachi, S. A., 1963. 

 The first page of the text is the title page, the second through the fourth comprise, in Spanish, brief essays on the 16 species that are illustrated and a small bibliography.  The fifth through seventh pages provide the English translation.  The last page contains information concerning the publication.  The work was printed by Grafica S. A. in an edition of 3000 copies.

 This work contains artistic portraits of 16 species (four of the pages depict two species).  Amongst those depicted are Lucifer’s Hummingbird; Golden Eagle; MountainTrogon; Royal Flycatcher; Squirrel Cuckoo; Great Curassow; Magpie Jay; Oriole (Icterus auratus); Military Macaw; Roseate Spoonbill; and Montezuma Quail. The artist has likely been influenced by Amuchastegui’s “Pajaros Sudamericanos” (1947) but the pictures here are not nearly so fine nor as attractively printed.  The text is clearly secondary and of no ornithological interest.

 OCLC locates about 11 examples.


Murphy, Robert Cushman (1887-)

 Oceanic Birds / Of South America / a study of species of the / related coasts and seas, including / the American quadrant of Antarctica / based upon the Brewster-Sanford / collection in the American Museum / of Natural History  Two volumes.  26.0 x 20.0 cm.  Original green cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine, blind-stamped outline of South America on upper cover.  New York, American Museum of Natural History, 1936.  Number 853/1200. 

 The two volumes contain 16 unnumbered colored plates printed on one side only after Francis L. Jaques.  These are scattered throughout the two volumes and each contains a facing leaf of tissue containing identifying letter-press.  Also contain uncolored photographic plates 1-72, printed on both sides and each containing one to three photographs.  Neither the colored plates, their accompanying tissue leaves, nor the photographic plates are included in the pagination.  The volumes also contain text figures 1-80 comprising mostly maps and line sketches of anatomical parts.

 Vol. I.  Pp.  [i-vi]vii-xxii[xxiii-xxiv][1]2-640; 332 ll.  i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, contents; xvii, illustrations; xxiii, half-title; xxiv, errata; 1, introduction; 2, the field-worker; 8, Brewster-Sanford expedition; 25, other field work; 33, acknowledgments; 35, geographical background; 59, hydrology; 110, ornithological circumnavigation; 323, oceanic birds, systematic text.  Signed and dated September 21, 1936 by the author on the front free end paper.

 Vol. II.  Pp. (6, including half-title, title, copyright, and a blank sheet)[641]642-1245[1246](2, colophon, limitation statement[#853/1200]); 307 ll.  641, systematic text (continued); 1179, bibliography; 1210, addenda to bibliography; 1211, index.

 This is a great masterpiece of American ornithological literature.  The first 322 pages deals with "the physical environment' comprising the geography, meteorology and ecology of the area under consideration.  The systematic part deals with almost 200 species found in the orders Spheniciformes, Procellariiformes, Pelecaniformes, Anseriformes,  and Charadriiformes.  There is extensive taxonomic treatment of these orders and the families which they comprise.  Each species then receives exhaustive coverage that includes the original nomenclatural citation; a very careful physical description with measurements; a summary of various historical observations; and available knowledge concerning distribution, movements, breeding, molts and life history including food and predator relationships.

The colored plates by Jaques represent the birds in their habitats and are unsurpassed as beautiful ornithological tableaux.

 This set is the limited (1200 numbered copies) original printing issued by the American Museum of Natural History.  There was a trade edition done in conjunction with Macmillan the same year (1936) and a Macmillan reprint in 1948.  The trade edition is of lower quality, has a different cover,  and contains the colored plates together at the back without accompanying leaves of tissue letter-press.

 Trinity, p. 170; Yale, p. 201.


Murr, Franz (1887-1962?)

Bergfinken (Bramblings)  24.7 x16.7 cm.  Original water color-gouache painting of a pair of Bramblings feeding in the snow.  Signed "Murr" on lower left of painting.  Undated.  Below painting is written in pencil "Bergfinken" and "wenden" (turn) and, on the obverse in pencil the male and female are designated in pencil manuscript and it is also written in German that the bird only occurs in Germany in the winter when it is quite common.  Probably unpublished.


Murr was amongst the finest German ornithological painters of the 20th century.  He was the pricipal contributor to Mitteleuropäische Vögel (1962)written by K. Heinroth and J. Steinbacher and arguably the most attractive atlas of European birds produced in the 20th century.  The same pictures were issued with a French text in a work called Oiseaux which I possess. In addition to illustrating several other German ornithological books, Murr was also responsible for the text illustrations in Klaus Nisssen's Die illustrierte Vogelbücher and was praised highly in Nissen's text.  He is listed (p. 371) in Christine Jackson's Dictionary of Bird Artists of the World (1999)


This is an absolutely superb original gouache painting that is similar in style and format but a different picture from the one by Murr of Bramblings  which appeared in Mittleleuropäische Vögel.


Murray, James A.

The / Avifauna of British India / And its Dependencies / A systematic account, / with descriptions of all the known / species of birds inhabiting British India, / observations on their habits, nidification, & c., / tables of their geographical / distribution in Persia, Beloochistan / Afghanistan, Sind, Punjab, N. W. Provinces, / and the peninsula of India generally  23.5 x 15.8 cm.  Two volumes.  Original blue cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine and gilt crane decoration on upper cover.  London, Trübner & Co., Bombay, Education Society’s Press, Byculla, 1888, 1890.


Volume I.  [432-4]A-C4c41-134142(-142)15-234242(-242)25-424434 (-432-4)[$1 signed]; 182 ll.  Pp.  (6)[I]ii-xxiv[I]ii-viii[1]2-325(1).  432r, Title; 432v, “Bombay: / Printed at the Society’s Press, Byculla”;   433r, errata; 433v, blank; 434r-4v, preface; A-C4, introduction; c1-3, contents; c4, list of illustrations; 1, text.  Contains 22 unnumbered plates (12 colored) including one uncolored of the skeleton of Balearica pavonina that is not called for in the list of illustrations.  Also contains a slip inserted in front of page 107 which says that “plates of Corvus corax and Pyrrhocorax alpinus will be issued with Part III.”  These plates are not present in this copy and I have not heard of a copy containing them.  Also contains 31 unnumbered text woodcuts.


Volume II.  π141-364372382(-382)39-634642(-642)65-10641074(-1073)A-E4c; 454 ll.  Pp. (2)[I]ii-iv[v]vi-vii[viii][I]ii-xvii[xviii][1]2-838[1]2-42. π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π3v, preface; π4r-π5r, list of illustrations; π5v, blank; π6r-π14r, contents; π14v, blank; 1, text; 743, general index; 821, English index; A1r-cv, distribution table.  Contains 13 plates, 7 colored and 56 text woodcuts including two that are full-page.  Contains two slips inserted between pp. 128 and 129, one of which contains “Errata in Part I., Vol. II.” , the other of which calls for “coloured and plain Lithographic Illustrations…..with the next part….Aethopyga nipalaensis, ..sanguinipectus..seheriaeCinnyris minima. Motacilla Hodgsoni.(sic)..borealiscinereicapilla”  That for A. sanguinipectus is not present in this copy nor are those called for Francolinus vulgaris and Coturnix communis that are called for in the list of illustrations.  I know that these latter two are often missing but occasionally present amongst other copies I have seen described.  Their absence probably accounts for the difference in plate count between this copy (35 plates, 19 colored) and that given by Zimmer and Wood (37, 19 colored).


James Murray was Curator of the Kurrachee Museum.  He deserves to be much better known on the basis of this excellent treatise that he managed to get produced in India.  The work covers 1459 species providing a careful and exhaustive description of the appearance and distribution of each as well as a variable amount of information concerning their life histories.  Much of the information was gleaned by Murray through his own experience but, where he had no access to specimens, he used descriptive material from other authoritative sources.  According to Casey Wood, the work appeared in seven parts.  Evidently, Murray was not well connected to the British-Indian ornithological establishment of the time that included Hume, the Marshalls and, most importantly, Oates and Blanford who were compiling their four-volume work on Indian birds at the same time that this one was appearing.


Concerning the illustrations, Murray has this to say in the preface to the second volume: “Of the full-page plates, some are original and others have been taken from either the Zoological Society’s Journal, The Ibis, Blanford’s Zoology of Persia, my work on the Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, and from the British Museum Catalogues.  The colored plates have been done by Mintern Brothers..”  To this list, I can add the Goshawk plate by Swainson from Fauna Boreali Americana and the plate of Cinnyris minima from Shelley’s Sunbirds.  The plates here are not exact replicas of the originals.  They are all missing printed designations of the original source and printed designations and printed designations and lithographed initials of the original artists.  Moreover, at least some of them are physically altered.  For example, the single plate depicting heads of three species of wagtail is a composite of two plates by Keulemans in volume 10 of the British Museum Catalogue; the plate of Arachnechthra brevirostris lacks one figure and has another reversed from the original in Blanford’s book;  the depiction of Cinnyris minima from Shelley’s Sunbirds has been lithographed and colored to a much lower standard than the original; and the plate of Saxicola chrysopigia from Blanford has had a second species deleted from the original.


Trinity, p. 171; Wood, p. 476; Yale, p. 201; Zimmer, p. 450.


Mützel, Gustav (1839-1893) (Meyer, Adolph Bernhard [1840-1911])

Unser Auer-, Rackel- und Birkwild und seine Abarten  Wien, Künast, 1887.  A single hand-colored lithographic print, "Abnormes Birkwild" from that work.  488 x 659 mm.  Signed "G. Mützel del" lower left, "Druck v. C. Böhm, Berlin" lower right.


Meyer's work about various forms of the Black Grouse and Capercaillie was published in Vienna as a quarto volume of text with an accompanying unbound, boxed set of 17 large folio hand-colored lithographs printed by the Berlin firm Böhm after original paintings by Mützel.  The work is quite uncommon and the pictures quite impressive.  Mützel was the most prolific of the German ornithological artists of the second half of the 19th century.  He contributed most of the plates and text wood engravings to the early editions of Brehm's "Thierleben".


Anker, #335; Nissen, #625; Yale, p. 192; Zimmer, p. 431.


Myers, Harriet Williams (1867-)

Western birds  19.8 x 14.0 cm.  Pp.  [i-vi]vii-xii1-391(1).  Original publisher’s maroon brown cloth with gilt lettering on upper cover and spine, oval gilt frame with mounted uncolored photo of Bluebird.  Original printed ochre dust jacket with price of $4.00. New York, the Macmillan Company, 1922.   Inscribed and signed by Neva Myers Brown (author’s daughter) on front free endpaper.

 i, Half-title; ii, Macmillan locations and logo; iii, title; copyright 1922; set up and electrotyped; published October, 1922; Press of J. J. Little & Ives Company, New York; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, foreword; ix, contents; x, blank; xi, list of illustrations; 1, systematic text, Cuculidaeo-Turdidae; 385, english and generic index.  Contains 23 unpaginated leaves including frontispiece comprising 45 unnumbered, uncolored plates, mostly photographic.  Many of the plates contain more than one photographic image.

This work is intended to cover the song birds of the states bordering the Pacific Ocean.  The term “song birds” as employed in this volume includes cuckoos, swifts, hummingbirds, kingfishers and woodpeckers.  The descriptions of these birds usually covers size, distribution, habits, habitats, voice and nidification.  Much of the information comes from the author’s own observations.  Some mention is often made of related species found in other western states.

The illustrations are almost all photographs of rather low quality.

A common book.  OCLC locates more than 150 copies.



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