Soffer Ornithology Collection Notes (alphabetical by author)

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National Geographic Society "Birds"(Collection of extracts, 1913-1948)

Naumann, Johann Friederich (1780-1857). Ueber den Haushalt....

Naumann, Johann Friedrich (1780-1857) Johann Andreas Naumann's, mehrerer gelehrten Gesellschaften Mitgliede....

Naumann, Johann Andreas (1747-1826) (Hennicke, Carl R(ichard, editor) (1865-1941).  Naturgeschichte der Vögel Mitteleuropas neu bearbeitet von Prof. Dr. R. Blasius…. Dr. Wurm… heraus gegeben von Dr. Carl R. Hennicke in Gera. V. Band. Raubvögel.

Naumburg, Elsie M(argaret) B(inger) (1880-)[ field notes by Cherrie, George K(ruck) (1865-1948)]. The birds of Matto Grosso, Brazil a report on the birds secured by the Roosevelt-Rondon expedition.

Nehrling, Heinrich (1852-1929) Die Nord Amerikanische Vogelwelt

Nehrling, Henry (Heinrich) (1852-1929).  North American birds

Nehrling, Henry (Heinrich) (1852-1929). Our native birds of song and beauty, being a complete history of all the songbirds, flycatchers, hummingbirds, swifts, goatsuckers, woodpeckers, kingfishers, trogons, cuckoos, and parrots of North America.

Nelson, Edward W(illiam) (1855-1934) (edited by Henshaw, Henry W[etherbee][1850-1930]). Report upon natural history collections made in Alaska between the years 1877 and 1881.

Nelson, Thomas H. and Sons (publisher) Nelson's picture natural history  Birds and animals

Newman, Kenneth (B.) (Steyn, Peter)Six eagles of southern Africa  Eagles in a changing world

New York Zoological Society (Blair, W. Reid). Gallery of wild animal paintings in the zoological park…

Newton, Alfred (1829-1907) assisted by Gadow, Hans (1855-1927)  A dictionary of birds.

Nice, Margaret Morse (1883-1974) and Nice, Leonard Blainee  The birds of Oklahoma

Nice, Margaret Morse (1883-1974). Studies in the life history of the song sparrow.

Niethammer, Günther (1908-). Alexander Koenigs Reisen am Nil.

Nissen, Claus (d. 1976). Die illustrierten Vogelbücher ihre Geschichte und Bibliographie.

Nitsch, Christian Ludwing (1782-1837) (Sclater, Philip Lutley, [1829-1913) Nitsch’s pterylography 

Nørgaard-Olesen, E. Tanagers.

Norman, G.  Buller's birds of New Zealand  The complete works of J. G. Keulemans

Norris, J.(oseph) P.(arker)(1847-1916) A catalogue of eggs in the cabinet of J. P. Norris
North, A(lfred) J(ohn) (1855-1917). Descriptive catalogue of the nests & eggs of birds found breeding in Australia and Tasmania.

Northwood, J. d'Arcy  Familiar Hawaiian birds

Nouvelles Archives. Nouvelles archives du muséum d'histoire naturelle de Paris publiés par mm. Les professeurs-administrateurs de cet établissement.  1874

Novitates Zoologicae (eds.  Rothschild, Walter[1868-1937], Hartert, Ernst [1859-1933], Jordan, K{arl}). A consecutive run in 18 original parts comprising volumes I-IV, 1894-1897 and No. 1 of volume V, 1898.

Novitates Zooligicae (eds. Rothschild, W. [1868-1937], Hartert, E. [1859-1933], Jordan, K.). Novitates Zoologicae. A journal of zoology. Vol. II. No. I

Novitates Zoologicae (eds. Rothschild, W. [1868-1937], Hartert, E. [1859-1933], Jordan, K.). Novitates Zooligicae A journal of zoology, Vol. III. No. I

Numata Kashû (1838-1901). Shûchô Gafu  (Pictorial monograph of birds)  Volume 1(?) only.

Numata Kashu (1838-1901)  Shûchô Gafu  (Pictorial monograph of birds)  Volume 2 (?) only

Numata Kashû  (1838-1901). (Shûchô Gafu ?) (Pictorial monograph of birds) (Vol  3(?) of 3).

Nuttall Ornithological Club. Quarterly bulletin of the Nutttal Ornithological Club, Cambridge, Mass. Vol.I.----April, 1876. -----No. 1.

Nuttal Ornithological Club (J. A. Allen, editory) Quarterly bulletin of the Nutttal Ornithological Club,  A quarterly journal of ornithology. Volumes I and II, 1876, 1877.

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859). A manual of the ornithology of the United States and of Canada.  The land birds. 1832

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859). A manual of the ornithology of the United States and of Canada  The water birds. 1834

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859). A manual of the ornithology of the United States and of Canada. The land birds.   1840

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859)  (Chamberlain, Montague[1844-1924]). A popular handbook of the ornithology of eastern North America.


National Geographic Society

Birds Two volumes, so titled on spines of both volumes. 24.7 x 17.0 cm.  Binder’s maroon buckram with gilt title on spine.  (Washington, National Geographic Society, 1913-1948).

Vol 1 of 2 (so titled in pencil on front free endpaper)

Arthur A. Allen  “BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES”  July,1934.  Pp. 111-130.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Arthur A. Allen  “THE TANAGERS AND FINCHES”  April, 1935.  Pp. 505-532.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.


Arthur A. Allen  “THE SHORE BIRDS, CRANES AND RAILS”  August, 1937.  Pp. 183-222.  Color plates I-XVI after Allan Brooks.

Arthur A. Allen  “STALKING BIRDS WITH A COLOR CAMERA”  June, 1939.  Pp.  776-790.  Color plates I-VIII.

Arthur A. Allen  “Ambassadors of Good Will”  June, 1942.  Pp.  786-796.  Color plates I-VIII.

Arthur A. Allen  “Birds on the Home Front”  July, 1943.  Pp.  32-56.  Color plates I-XVI.

Arthur A. Allen  “Touring for Birds with Microphone and / Color Cameras”  June, 1944.  Pp. 689-710.  Color plates I-XVI.

Arthur A. Allen  “Sights and Souds of the Winged World”  June, 1945.  Pp.  721-744.  Color plates I-XVI.

Arthur A. Allen  “Birds of Timberline and Tundra”  September, 1946.  Pp.  313-339,  Color plates I-XVI.

Arthur A. Allen  “Sea Bird Cities Off Audubon’s Labrador”  June, 1948.  Pp.  755-790,  Color plates I-XVI.

Arthur A. Allen  “The Curlew’s Secret”  December, 1948.  Pp.  751-770.  Color plates I-VIII.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “THE LARGE WADING BIRDS”  October, 1932.  Pp.  440-469.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “SEEKING THE SMALLEST FEATHERED / CREATURES”  July, 1932.  Pp. 65-89.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “CROWS, MAGPIES, AND JAYS”  January, 1933.  Pp. 50-79.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “WOODPECKERS, FRIENDS OF OUR FORESTS”  April, 1933.  Pp.  453-479.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “THE EAGLE, KING OF BIRDS, AND HIS KIN”  July, 1933.  Pp.  43-95.  Color plates I-XVI after Allan Brooks.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “BIRDS THAT CRUISE THE COAST AND  / INLAND WATERS”  March, 1934. Pp.  299-328.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “WINGED DENIZENS OF WOODLAND, STREAM, / AND  MARSH” May, 1934.  Pp.  577-596.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Major Allan Brooks “FAR-FLYING WILD FOWL AND THEIR FOES”  October, 1934  Pp. 487-528.  Color plates I-XVI after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “BIRDS OF THE NORTHERN SEAS”  January, 1936.  Pp.  95-122.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “THRUSHES, THRASHERS, AND SWALLOWS”  April, 1936.  Pp.  523-546.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “PARROTS, KINGFISHERS, AND FLYCATCHERS”  June, 1936.  Pp.  801-828.  Color plates I-VIII.

Vol. 2 of 2 (so  titled in pencil on front free endpaper)

Alexander Wetmore  “GAME BIRDS OF PRAIRIE, FOREST, AND / TUNDRA”  October, 1936.  Pp.  461-500.  Color plates I-XVI after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “CANARIES AND OTHER CAGE-BIRD FRIENDS”  December, 1938.  Pp.  775-806.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

T. Gilbert Pearson  “SPARROWS, TOWHEES, AND LONGSPURS”  March, 1939.  Pp.  353-376.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “SHADOWY BIRDS OF THE NIGHT” February, 1935.  Pp.  217-240.  Eight unnumbered color plates after Allan Brooks.

Alexander Wetmore  “BIRD LIFE AMONG LAVA ROCK AND / CORAL SAND”  July, 1925.  Pp.  77-108.

Joseph F. Spears  “The Flying Telegraph”  April, 1947.  Pp.  531-554.

John and Frank Craighead  “IN QUEST OF THE GOLDEN EAGLE”  May, 1940.  Pp.  692-710.

Frank and John Craighead  “ADVENTURES WITH BIRDS OF PREY”  July, 1937.  Pp.  109-134.

Lewis W. Walker  “Photoflashing Western Owls”  April, 1945.  Pp.  475-486.

Neville W. Cayley  “The Fairy Wrens of Australia”  October, 1945.  Pp.  488-498.  Color plates I-VIII after N. W. Cayley.

Robert Cushman Murphy  “BIRDS OF THE HIGH SEAS”  August, 1938.  Pp.  226-251.  Color plates I-VIII after Allan Brooks.

Alfred M. Bailey  “High Country of Colorado”  July, 1936.  Pp.  43-72.  Color plates I-XVI.

John O’ Reilly  “SOUTH FLORIDA’S AMAZING EVERGLADES”  January, 1940.  Pp.  115-142.  

Joseph Dixon  “WILD DUCKS AS WINTER GUESTS IN A / CITY PARK”  October, 1919.  Pp.  331-342.

E. W. Nelson      “BIRD BANDING THE TELLTALE OF  / MIGRATORY FLIGHT”  January, 1928.  Pp.  91-131.

Francis H. Herrick  “THE EAGLE IN ACTION”  May, 1929.  Pp.  635-660.

R. E. Coker  “PERU’S WEALTH-PRODUCING BIRDS”  June, 1920, Pp.  537-566.

William L. Finley  “HUNTING BIRDS WITH A CAMERA”  August, 1923.  Pp.  161-201.

Henry W. Henshaw      “FRIENDS OF OUR FORESTS”  April, 1917.  Pp.  297-321.  Contains 8 unnumbered color plates, each including four separate pictures of warblers after Louis Agassiz Fuertes.

Henry W. Henshaw  “AMERICAN GAME BIRDS”  August, 1915.  Pp.  105-158.  Contains 18 unnumbered color plates, each including four separate pictures after Louis Agassiz Fuertes.

Henry W. Henshaw  “FIFTY COMMON BIRDS OF FARM AND / ORCHARD”  June, 1913.  Pp.  669-698.  On special matt paper.  Contains 50 text chromolithographs of birds remarkably printed on both sides of 24 (and one side of 25th) pages after Louis Agassiz Fuertes.  This article had appeared originally as Bulletin 513 of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, 1913.


James Bryce  “THE NATION’S CAPITAL”  June, 1913.  Pp.  717-726.  (This extract has no ornithological content)

Louis Agassiz Fuertes  “FALCONRY, THE SPORT OF KINGS”  December, 1920.  Pp.  429-467.  Color plates I-X and XV-XVI after Louis Agassiz Fuertes.

Lewis Wayne Walker  “Pelican Profiles”  November, 1943.  Pp.  589-598.  Color plates I-IV.

Morley A. Jull  “FOWLS OF FOREST AND STREAM TAMED / BY MAN”  March, 1930.  Pp. 326-321.  Color plates I-XVI after Hashime Murayama.

In this description, I have omitted enumeration of the many uncolored half tone text photographs.  All the colored plates are printed in half-tone with either printed text or another colored plate on the obverse.  Where I have not indicated the name of an artist for a colored plate, that plate was a photograph taken by  the author of the article.

This is a remarkable collection of extracts of articles on ornithology that appeared in the National Geographic Magazine over a 35 year period ending in 1948.  Included amongst others are those illustrated by Louis Agassiz Fuertes and by Allan Brooks.  These were assembled in two books entitled “Book of Birds..”, initially published by the National Geographic Society respectively in 1921(Fuertes) and 1937 (Brooks).  They represent iconic ornithological images of the era, together with Fuertes’ two fine print sets originally done for Eaton’s “Birds of New York” (1914) and for Forbush’s “Birds of Massachusetts and other New England States”(1927).

Naumann, Johann Friederich (1780-1857)

Ueber den Haushalt / der / Nordischen Seevögel Europa's / als / Erläuterung zweir nach der Natur gemalten Ansichten / von einem Theil der Dünen auf der nordlichsten Spitze der Insel Sylt, unweit der Westküste/ der Halbinsel Jütland  Oblong, 24.2 x 34.0 cm. Wove paper. π2[1]22-52[$1, 2 signed]; 12 ll including printed upper wrapper with title but not including two leaves of publisher's advertisements, 23.5 17.1 cm, printed on laid paper and bound after last text leaf and before lower wrapper. Pp. (4)[1-3]4-19[20].  Original self wrappers with upper wrapper printed,  contained, loose as issued, in original brown, cloth-backed board portfolio with printed label on upper cover, the whole contained in 20th century brown buckram solander box with gilt black morocco labeling piece on upper cover.  Leipzig, Ernst Fleischer, 1824. 

π1r (upper wrapper), title; π1v, blank; π2r, dedication;π2v, blank; 1-19, text; 20, blank.  Contains two unnumbered, color-printed, hand-finished plates (plate size, 26.3 x 36.9 cm; frame size, 21.l x 33.0 cm; image size, 20.3 x 32.1 cm) engraved by J. Wagner after Nauman and printed by the publisher, Fleischer.  These are contained within original folded gray wrappers affixed to the inner lower cover of the portfolio.  Bradley Martin copy.

Naumann, the most respected iconic figure of German ornithology, was much interested in northern birds inhabiting islands in the North Sea.  He described some of his investigations in an article for Oken's Isis of 1920.  In the present publication, he deals mainly with an island five miles long called Sylt whose most northerly point approaches the Jutland peninsula.  He describes the birds in words and particularly in two extraordinary colored plates entitled respectively "Die grossen Meven in den Dünen von Lyst, auf der Insel Sylt" and "Die grossene Meerschwalben hinter den Dünen von Lyst, auf der Insel Sylt."  These pictures are utterly unlike those Naumann did for his Naturgeschichte der Vögel Deutchlands, the object of which was a careful portrayal to facilitate identification.  Here, Naumann is trying to convey an ambiance and has created artistic tableaux.  They have a Grant Wood-like quality that I have never seen in an ornithological picture.  Furthermore, they are superbly produced using aquatint printed in colors and finished by hand.  The use of aquatint in ornithological iconography is rare, the Audubon folio being the best example.  But combining aquatint with color-printing and hand-finishing was extremely expensive and the only other example of a bird print so produced of which I know, is one of the bird plates in Oriental Memoirs by James Forbes (1913)  The combination of artistry and printing of these two plates is unique in ornithological iconography.

This work is extremely rare.  It is listed for Berkeley and Yale but absent from Ayer, AMNH, BM(NH), Cornell, Harvard, LOC, McGill, Oxford, NYPL, Smithsonian and Trinity.

Naumann, Johann Andreas (1747-1826) (Hennicke, Carl R.(ichard, editor)(1865-1941)

Naumann, / Naturgeschichte der Vögel / Mitteleuropas/ neu bearbeitet / von / Prof. Dr. R. Blasius…./ Dr. Wurm… / heraus gegeben / von Dr. Carl R. Hennicke in Gera. / V. Band. / Raubvögel  38.0 x 28.2 cm.  π31-414424(-424)[$1, 2 signed]; 170 ll.  Pp.  (2)I-IV[1]2-334.  Later fine quarter brown calf and marbled boards.  Spine with six raised bands enclosed by blind rules that extend to cover and converge into floral tool  Gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments, blind floral design in others.  Gera-Untermhaus, Lithographie, Druck und Verlag von Fr. Eugen Köhler, ND (1896-1905). 

π1r, title; π1v, rights statement; I, contents; III, list of plates; 1, Ordnung Raubvögel; 2, Familie Eulen; 68, Familie Falken; 291, Familie Geier; 323, concluding remarks; 324, additions and corrections; 327, index.  Contains 75 lithographed plates including 1-71 colored by chromolithography after J. G. Keulemans (35); A. Goering (9); O. Kleinschmidt (8); E. de Maes (6); A. Reichert (6, of eggs); J. Rhamm (3); O. von Riesenthal (2); S. von Nécsey (1) and one, of Aquila Chrysaetus, that is unattributed and has been copied from Naumann.  Also contains unattributed uncolored lithographed plates 72-75 of talons and approximately 30 uncolored, unnumbered text illustrations.

This is the bird-of-prey volume of the 12-volume "Centennary edition" (third) of Germany's iconic ornithological work originally published(1795-1817) by Johann Andreas Naumann (1749-1826) as Naturgeschichte der Land- und Wasservögel des nördlichen Deutschlands un angränzender Länder…  His son, Johann Friederich (1780-1857) had been the artist for the original plates starting as a boy and expanded, rewrote, and reillustrated the entire work (1822-1860) in a second edition entitled Johann Andreas Naumann's Naturgeschichte der Vögel Deutschlands….

For this third edition, Hennicke recruited nearly 40 academic ornithologists and artists.  Almost all of the colored plates were newly drawn for this edition although, as noted above, at least one was copied more or less directly from Naumann (a background has been added).  However, the text from the second edition has been retained and the new authors have updated the material in sections denoted by parentheses.  The authors of the update of each species are identified by initials.  Most of the new text for the present volume was written by Otto von Riesenthal (1830-1898), however, his death necessitated that Hennicke, himself, assemble much of the material from Riesenthal's manuscript.  Ernst Hartert (1859-1933) also contributed a great deal to this particular volume.

The second edition of Naumann, which was used as the starting point for this one, was the first really detailed regional ornithological handbook and was renowned for its exhaustive treatment of its subject.  This comprehensive coverage is amplified by the additional authors of the present  work which was issued in 154 parts (1896-1905).  The complete set of 12 volumes possesses 439 chromolithographs of which this volume contains the single largest complement.  The chromolithographs are amongst the largest and finest that have ever been produced.

Hennicke issued a small format condensed and rewritten version of this volume as Die Raubvögel Mitteleuropas in 1903.

Anker, #356 (for a lucid analysis of the three editions); Wood, p. 487.  Complete sets also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale. This edition is usually found under "Naumann, J. A

Naumann, Johann Friedrich (1780-1857)

Johann Andreas Naumann's, / mehrerer gelehrten Gesellschaften Mitgliede, / Naturgeschichte / der / Vögel Deutschlands, / nach eigenen / Erfahrungen entworfen. / Durchhaus / umgearbeitet, systematisch geordnet, sehr vermehrt, vervollständigt, / und mit getreu nach der Natur eigenhändig gezeichneten und gesto- / chenen Abbildungen aller deutschen Vögel, nebst ihren Hauptver-/ schiedenheiten, aufs neue herausgegeben / von dessen Sohne / Johann Friedrich Naumann / der naturforschenden Gesellschaft zu Halle; etc.  Thirteen parts in thirteen volumes, the last in two sections (Nachträge and Schluss). 22.3 x 14.1 cm.  80, preliminaries and text (but not plates) to the first five parts on laid paper. Contemporary black half-morocco or sheep, marbled boards, spines with four raised ridges, two compartments with gilt lettering.  Patterned end papers.  The first 13 parts Leipzig, Ernst Fleischer, part 14 Nachträge not specified, Schluss, Hoffman'scher Verlags-Buchhandlung, Stuttgart.  As described in detail below, the complete work contains three uncolored frontispiece portraits, four other uncolored frontispieces, five colored frontispieces and colored plates numbered 1-391 one of which serves as a frontispiece in volume XIII.

Erster Theil.  1822.  [1]8(-11{?})2-318328(-328)X3[$1 signed]; 257 ll.  Pp.  [III-VII]VIII-XXII[23]24-516. III, Title; V, half-title (repeat?); VII, preface; 23, introduction, birds in general; 153, species accounts; 511, additions and corrections; 513, contents; 516, advertisement for books sold by Gerhard Fleischer.  Contains mezzotint frontispiece portrait of J. A. Naumann engraved by Fr. Fleischmann after original drawing by J. F. Naumann, uncolored engraving of avian feet by J. F. Naumann  and Taf. 1-48, drawn, engraved, and probably colored as well, by J. F. Naumann.  Some copies of this volume, presumably the earliest issue,  have the title page dated 1820 and the publisher designated as Gerhard (instead of Ernst) Fleischer.  This volume deals with diurnal and nocturnal raptors.  There is clearly a leaf missing from the first gathering. I have arbitrarily guessed that it is the first leaf but it could as well be the second or third.  It is present in the copy described by Zimmer but he does not specifically characterize the preliminary leaves.  There is a blank leaf preceding the portrait and title leaves in this and all other volumes but it is wove paper and was clearly added by the binder.

Zweiter Theil.  1822.  π41-318326; 258 ll.  Pp. (4)[I]II-IV[1-4]5-508.  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v, foreword; π3r-π4v, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-508, text.  Contains mezzotint frontispiece portrait of J. F. Naumnann engraved by Bollinger and hand-colored engraved Taf. 49-78.  Covers shrikes, crows and jay, waxwing, roller, oriole, starlings, flycatchers, thrushes, warblers.

Dritter Theil.  1823.  π[32]233-628632; 245 ll.  Pp. (2)509-996.  πr, Title; πv, blank; 509-996, text.  Contains uncolored frontispiece of a bird trap engraved by C. Frosch after Naumann.  Also contains hand-colored engraved Taf. 79-93.  Covers redstarts, warblers, pipits, wagtails, chats, wheatears, dippers, accentors, kinglets.  This is the only part that is continuous with the previous part with respect both to signatures and pagination. 

Vierter Theil.  1824.  π21-318326; 256 ll.  Pp. (2)[I]II[1-3]4-508.  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3, -508, text.  Contains uncolored engraved frontispiece by Frosch after Naumann of birds mobbing eagle owl.  Also contains hand-colored engraved Taf. 94-116.  Covers tits, larks, buntings, finches.

Fünfter Theil.  1826.  π21-318324; 254 ll.  Pp. (2)[I]II[1-3]4-504.  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v, contents; 1, half title; 2, blank; 3-504, text.  Contains uncolored engraved frontsipiece, "Meisentanz" (dance of tits) by Frosch after Naumann.  Also contains hand-colored engraved Taf. 117-144.  Covers finches, cuckoos, woodpeckers, wryneck, nuthatches, creepers, wall creeper, hoopoe, bee-eater, kingfisher.

Sechster Theil. 1833.  Skillfully rebacked with original spine laid down.  π21-37838-396[$1, 2 signed]; 310 ll.  Pp. [I-III]IV[1-3]4-614(2, advertisements for books published by E. Fleischer). π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-614, text.  Contains hand-colored engraved frontispiece of hybrid grouse x ptarmigan and hand-colored engraved Taf. 145-166 by and after Naumann.  Covers swallows, nightjar, doves, gamebirds.

Siebenter Theil.  1834.  π2**81-348354362[$1, 2 signed]; 288 ll.  Pp. [I-III]IV[I2]II2-XVI[1-3]4-554[555](1).  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π2v, contents; **1r-**8v,  on the natural history of Perdix rubra; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-554, text; 555, "Leipzig, gedruckt by J. B. Hirschfeld".  Contains uncolored frontispiece of waterfowl trap by Fr. Ed. Müller after Naumann and hand-colored engraved Taf. 167-193.  Covers bustards, coursers, shorebirds.

Achter Theil.  1836.  π51-358[$1,2 signed]; 285 ll.  Pp.  [I-III]IV-X[1-3]4-560.  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π4v, foreword; π5r-π5v, contents; 1, half-title; 1, blank; 3-560, text.  Contains fine colored aquating frontispiece "Die Vögel in Syrmien…" by Fr. Ed. Müller after Naumann and colored Taf. 194-219.  Covers shorebirds, ibis.

Neunter Theil.  1838.  π61-508516[$1, 2 signed]; 412 ll.  Pp. [I-III]IV-XI[XII][1-3]4-810(2, "Leipzig, Druck von Hirschfeld", recto, verso blank).  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π4v, foreword; π5r-π6r, contents; π6v, blank; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-810, text.  Contains uncolored mezzotint frontispiece portrait of C. L. Nitsche by Gottschick after Völkerling, and colored Taf. 220-247.  Covers herons, storks, spoonbill, cranes, flamingo, pratincole, rails, grebes. 

Zehnter Theil.  1840.  π31-398406(-406)[$1, 2 signed]; 320 ll.  Pp.  [I-III]IV[V]VI[1-3]4-633[634].  π1r, Title; π2v, blank; π2r-π2v, foreword; π3v-π3r, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-633, text; 634, printer designation (Hirschfeld).  Contains fine aquatint frontispiece of island bird rock, partially printed in color, partially hand-colored, by J. J. Wagner, after E. Fleischer.  Also contains colored Taf. 248-277.  Covers terns, gulls, skuas, petrels, fulmar, shearwater.

Elfter Theil.  1842.  π41-47848-49449**2[$1, 2 signed]; 390 ll.  Pp. [I-III]IV-V[VI-VII]VIII[1-3]4-771[772].  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π3r, foreword; π3v, blank; π4r-π4v, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-771, text; 772, printer designation.  Contains hand-colored engraved frontispiece of murres on Helgoland by d. Binders Kunst-Verlag after Naumann.  Also contains Taf. 278-306.  Covers gannet, cormorants, pelicans, geese, swans, dabbling ducks.  The title page of this volume calls for only 29 colored plates when, in reality, there are 30 including the frontispiece.  No such discrepancy is present on the title pages of other volumes.

Zwölfter Theil.  1844.  π41-408414[$1, 2 signed]12-428[$1, 4 signed]; 360 ll.  Pp.  [I-III]IV-V[VI-VII]VIII[1-3]4-646[647-648][12-22]32-642.  π1r, Title; π1v, blank; π2r-π3r, foreword; π3v, blank; π4r-π4v, contents; 1, half-title; 2, blank; 3-646, text; 647, printing errors; 648, printer designation; 12, general index title; 22, blank; 32-402, index to German names; 412-492, Latin names; 502-552, French names; 562-582, Italian names; 592-622, English names; 632-642, Dutch names.  Contains colored engraved frontispiece of goldeneye-smew hybrid by and after Naumann.  Also contains engraved colored plates 307-337.  Covers diving ducks, loons, alcids.

Dreizehnter Theil. 

Nachträge, / Zusätze und Verbesserungen (no date, no place).  1-238242(-242)24b825-308312[$1, 2 signed]; 243 ll.  Pp. [1-3]4-484[485-486. 1, Title; 2, blank; 3-484, text; 485, Schlusswort zu J. Fr. Naumann's "Nachträgen" (announcing Naumann's death on 15 August, 1857); 486, new printer designation, "Druck von G. Hoffmann in Stuttgart".  Contains hand-colored engraved plates 338-370.  Plates 338-363 are similar to those of all preceding volumes in that each is signed or initialed in some way to indicate that Naumann was the artist and engraver and there is a clear engraving margin.  Some of these are dated and the latest date is 1850.  Starting with plate 364 there is no longer an engraving margin (i. e. the engraved surface must be larger), some plates (364-366, 368) are undesignated, while others (367, 370) are designated Naumann but dated 1852.  It seems likely to me that the plates produced after 1850 i. e. plates 364 and those that follow, were engraved differently than all the antecedent plates, probably by someone other than Naumann, himself, and perhaps by the Stuttgart printing firm.  This supplement deals with species that had been omitted and includes additional information on some that had already been discussed.

Schluss.  Blasius, J. H. (1809-1870), Baldamus, Ed. (1812-1893), Sturm, Fr. (1805-1862).  Fortsetzung der Nachträge, Zusätze und Verbesserungen.  [1]82-198206X[$1, 2 signed]; 159 ll.  Pp. [1-3]4-316(2, manuscript index).  Stuttgart, Hoffmann'sche Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1860. 1, Title; 2, blank; 3-4, foreword; 5-316, text.  Contains hand-colored engraved plates 371-391 not in sequence.  Of these 21 plates, 11 are designated Sturm (four, 1858; four, 1859; three, 1860); Nine are designated Naumann (eight, 1852, one, 1843) and one of three species is designated Sturm and Naumann, undated and Sturm, 1860.  This continuation of the supplement adds more species and varieties and elaborates further on some species that had already been described. 

Naumann is by far the most celebrated name in German ornithology.  The progenitor, Johann Andreas, was the author of Naturgeshichte der Land- und Wasser-Vögel des nördlichen Deutschlands und angränzender Länder (1795-1805[-1817]) which contained 192 folio and 24 octavo colored plates, drawn engraved and colored by his gifted son, Johann Friedrich, who began these illustrations when he was only 15 years of age.  In its complete state, this original Naumann is a legendary rarity.  Carl Andreas, another son of Johann Andreas, was a great ornthological hunter-collector who allegedly amassed almost 50,000 local specimens.  This family thus possessed all the elements required to complete a first-hand systematic description of the national avifauna and the creation of such a perfect regional treatise was to occupy Johann Friedrich for his entire lifetime.  The present work, sometimes considered a second edition, was thus a much expanded and revised creation as J. F. Naumann continued to study the birds and to perfect his abilities as an artist and engraver.

This is the first, and perhaps the greatest, "handbook" of birds as understood by late 20th century usage of the term.  For each species there is a Latin name; a list of local names; a complete synonymy which must have required important library facilities; a meticulous description including every conceivable plumage and measurement; a survey of distribution and habitat both inside and outside of Germany; a discussion of voice and habits and other characteristics (Eigenschaften); and a highly detailed life history including food, nesting, eggs, predators, and utility or destructiveness with respect to human interests.  Most of this massive volume of information was based on Naumann's own observations.  It is incredible to me that one person wrote, illustrated, engraved, and colored virtually this entire work.

Anker, 355; Wood, p. 487; Zimmer, p. 459.  Also present at AMNH, Berkeley, BM(NH) (lacking last volume), Harvard, Oxford. Unlisted by Cornell, LOC, Smithsonian, Trinity, Yale. 





Naumburg, Elsie M(argaret) B(inger) (1880-)[ field notes by Cherrie, George K(ruck) (1865-1948)]

The Birds Of / Matto Grosso, Brazil / a Report on the Birds Secured by the / Roosevelt-Rondon Expedition  23.6 16.0 cm.  Pp. [i-iv]v-vii[viii][1]2-432; 220 ll.  Binder's brown buckram, gilt title on spine.  Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Volume LX, New York, 1930. 

i, Title; iii, dedication to Theodore Roosevelt; v, list of illustratons; 2, introductory note and acknowledgments; 3, narrative of the expedition by Cherrie; 21, the state of Matto Grosso; 25, interrelations of the Campo and Amazonian faunas; Pelzeln's localities; 29, distributional analysis; 32, list of endemic species and subspecies; 33, list of families, species, subspecies; 34, wintering North American birds; 35, birds common to North and South America and breeding in Brazil; 36, list of birds in Roosevelt collection from Paraguay only; 38, scope of data; 38, localities of the expedition; 47, itinerary; 51, bibliography; 55, systematic list; 405, index.  Contains plates I-XVII not included in pagination of which five are colored paintings after F. L. Jaques and are printed on one side only and the other twelve are printed on both sides, are uncolored photographs of habitats, and often contain more than one photograph per page (i.e. per plate).  Also contains text figures 1-43, usually photographs of birds and/or nests and five unnumbered maps.

George K. Cherrie was hired as an ornithologist to accompany Theodore Roosevelt on this expedition to the Matto Grosso in 1913-1914 and was funded by Roosevelt to return in 1916.  Mr. Cherrie was evidently not the type to enjoy writing systematic treatises so Frank M. Chapman convinced Mrs. Naumburg to undertake this arduous task.  In order to complete a systematic study of the birds of the region, Mrs. Naumburg studied not only Cherrie's collections and those of Herbert Smith, also owned by the museum, but also traveled to Europe and examined the important British and continental material.  For each species she presents the original citation for its occurrence in Matto Grosso; the type locality; the site at which specimens were collected by this expedition if they were; the range within and outside of Matto Grosso; and extra notes by Cherrie or herself regarding behavior, fresh plumage, subspecific differences etc.  Altogether, she covers 658 species and subspecies and concludes that the state of Matto Grosso cannot  itself be considered a distinct faunal area.

The American Museum replace the British Museum as the epicenter of ornithological research in the early 20th century under Frank Chapman's forceful leadership.  By this work, Mrs. Naumburg became one of a distinguished group of important contributors from the American Museum that included, among others,  Chapman himself, Chapin, Dwight, Griscom and Zimmer.

Trinity, p. 172.

Nehrling, Henry (Heinrich) (1852-1929)

Die Nordamerikanische Vogelwelt 29.7 x 22.5 cm. π16[1]2-804[$1 signed]; 336

 ll.  Pp.  [I-II](2, blank)[III-VII)VIII-XXIX[XXX][1]2-637[638](2, blank); Original ochre cloth with decorative black frame surrounding gothic printed title on upper cover and decorated printed spine. Endpapers renewed.  Milwaukee, Verlag von Geo. Brumder, 1891.

 I, Title with initial letters printed in red; II, Druckerei, Elektrotypie, Binderei von “Germania”; Farbendruck von G. Kaufmann in Lahr; III, poem by Wilhelm Müller, New York; IV, blank; V, dedication; VI, blank; VII, foreword; X, list of plates; XIII, introduction; 1, systematic accounts, thrushes-parrots; 612, systematic overview; 619, index of German and English names; 637, printing errors; 638, references (about 43). Contains chromolithographed plates I-XXXVI (XXVI and XXVII are reversed in order) after A. Goering (5), G. Muetzel (6) and R. Ridgway (7); Figures 1-10, including a single full-page wood cut of various types of bird-houses included in pagination; 24 decorative wood-engraved initial letters introducing families; and one wood cut tail piece.

 This work was published by Brumder in13 parts, 1889-1891.  According to Zimmer, the much better known English version was begun simultaneously and contained identical matter, yet appeared in 16 parts and was not completed until 1896.  Brumder apparently catered to the Midwestern, German-speaking segment of the population and this was not his first venture into ornithological books.  He was the publisher also of Hermann Dümling's Illustrirtes Thierleben…Die Vögel (1879). Both books are highly unusual as works concerned with American birds, published in America yet printed in gothic German

 The work covers, with substantial accounts, all North American passerine birds as well as hummingbirds, swifts, nightjars, woodpeckers, kingfishers, trogons, cuckoos and parrots.

 Although it is widely available as an electronic resource, this work in German is a scarce volume in American libraries.  It is present at Yale but not at AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, and Trinity.

Nehrling, H.(enry)

North American / birds  30.5 x 23.1 cm.,  Volme I (of two), Parts II, III, IV, VII-VIII (combined) in original lithographed wrappers.  Milwaukee, Geo. Brumder, ca. 1889-1893.

Part II.  Wrappers printed in black.  7-124[$1 signed]; 24 ll.  Pp. 49-96.  Contains chromolithographed plates VIII, XXVI, XXXVIII.

Part III.  Wrappers printed in red.  13-184.  Pp.  97-144.  Contains chromolithographed plates VI, I, V.

Part IV.  Wrappers printed in green.  19-244.  Pp.145-192.  Contains chromolithographed plates IX, XI, IV.

Parts VII-VIII.  Wrappers printed in black.  37-464472 plus 20 leaves without signatures.  Pp.  [289]290-371(1)[XI]XII-L including a full-page uncolored illustration of nest boxes that is included in pagination.  Contains chromolithographed plates XVII and XVIII.  Also contains a loosely inserted pink printed slip from the publisher explaining that this combined part includes the index to the first volume and the introduction to the whole work  and that the title pages and preface to the whole work will appear with the last part of the second volume together with instructions to the binder concerning insertion of the plates.

The upper wrappers are lithographed and framed with a double rule.  They contain an ornithological design and the part number as well as the title and the names of the author, the publisher, the artists, A. Goering, G. Mützel and R. Ridgway, and of the lithographer, Ernst Kaufmann of New York.  The verso of the upper wrapper contains “a greeting” from the publisher and a prospectus.  The recto and verso of the lower wrapper contain another brief prospectus and quotations from contemporary reviewers.

Also loosely contained with this set is a promotional brochure, 15.3 x 11.6 cm, entitled Extracts / from / reviews / of / Nehrling’s / Our native birds / of / song and beauty  Pp. [1-2]3-20.  Its cover is printed in blue and red and enclosed within a decorative, lithographed (?) blue frame.  The brochure notes “Bound in American calf…Complete in two vols., at $11.00 per vol.”  Loosely inserted into the brochure is a typed letter from Geo. Brumder, the publisher, to a subscriber, dated March (18)’95.

The German version of this work, a single volume, was published in 13 parts, which, according to Zimmer, appeared in 1889-1891.  The two-volume English version was also begun in 1889 but appeared in 16 parts and was not completed before 1896.  Volume I, the one represented here, dealt with Passerine birds.  The complete work contained 36 chromolithographic plates, 18 in each volume.   Of the 11 in the parts described above, three are after Goering, five after Mützel and three after Ridgway.  Goering and Mützel were German natural history artists.  The name of the book was changed from North American birds to Our native birds of song and beauty… sometime during the publication of the second volume.  My collection also contains a complete copy in binder’s cloth.

Wood, p. 489; Zimmer, p. 462 (German version).  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Yale and Trinity. 

 Nehrling, Henry (Heinrich) (1852-1929)

Our native birds / of / song and beauty, / being / a complete history of all the songbirds, flycatchers, hummingbirds, swifts, / goatsuckers, woodpeckers, kingfishers, trogons, cuckoos, / and parrots of North America  Two volumes.  28.5 x 21.5 cm.  (trimmed).  Printed matter entirely framed by red rules throughout.  Later binder's quarter dark green cloth with light green cloth sides,  Gilt lettering on spine.  Milwaukee, George Brumder,

Volume I. / 1893.  Preliminaries without signatures.  Text [1]42-464472[$1 signed within red-ruled frame]; 186 ll (of text).  Pp. [I-VII]VIII-L[1]2-371(1). I, title partly printed in red; II, copyright; III, dedication to well known American ornithologists; IV, blank; V, poem by Longfellow; VI, blank; VII, preface; X, blank; XI, introduction ( covering popular level subjects, viz. "bird enemies"); 1-361, systematic accounts, thrushes-swallows; 363, list of plates; 365, index.  Contains chromolithographed plates I-XVIII after A. Goering (5), G. Muetzel (6) and R. Ridgway (7), printer undesignated; single full-page wood cut of various types of bird-houses included in pagination; and 11 decorative wood-engraved initial letters introducing families.

Volume II. / 1893.  π[1]42-564572; 227 ll.  Pp.  (2)[1]2-452. π1r, Title; π1v, copyright; 1-440, systematic accounts, tanagers-parrots; 441, list of plates; 443, index.  Contains plates XIX-XXXVI (one mounted to size) after Goering (8), Muetzel (5) and Ridgway (5) as well as 13 engraved initials and one engraved tail-piece.

This work was first published by Brumder in German as Die Nordamerikanische Vogelwelt which appeared in 13 parts, 1889-1891.  According to Zimmer, the English version was begun simultaneously and contained identical matter, yet appeared in 16 parts and was not completed until 1896.  Brumder apparently catered to the Midwestern, German-speaking segment of the population and this was not his first venture into ornithological books.  He was the publisher also of Hermann Dümling's Illustrirtes Thierleben…Die Vögel (1879).  The two books are highly unusual as works on American birds, published in America, yet printed in gothic German.

The book is a popular account of North American passerine birds as well as hummingbirds, swifts, nightjars, woodpeckers, kingfishers, trogons, cuckoos and parrots. It is somewhat comparable to Studer's popular American ornithology…(1878) and Gentry's "Nests and eggs of birds of the United States" (1882).  For each species, Nehrling provides: synonymy with references; a short description; and an essay, often substantial, anecdotal, and written in flowery prose,   The chromolithographs resemble those found in contemporary German ornithological books in both artistry and printing.  Goering and Muetzel were German natural history artists.  Whereas their plates for these volumes depict several species per plate, those of Ridgway show only one and are far more aesthetically pleasing in addition to being more accurate.

Wood, p. 489; Zimmer, p. 462.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.

Nelson, Edward W(illiam) (1855-1934) (edited by Henshaw, Henry W[etherbee][1850-1930])

Report / upon natural history collections / made in / Alaska / between the years 1877 and 1881. No. III / Arctic series of publications in connection with the Signal Services, U. S. Army. [S.Mis.156-1]4S. Mis.156-2-S.Mis.156-414[S. Mis.156-42]4X[$1 signed]; 169 ll.  Pp. [1-4]5-337(1).  Later binder's green cloth with gilt lettering on spine.  Marbled edges. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1887.

1, title; 2, blank; 3, list of Arctic series of publications of which this is No. III; 4, blank; 5, table of contents; 6, blank; 7, list of plates; 8, blank; 9, letter of transmittal by H. W. Henshaw; 10, blank; 11, narrative; 19, part I, birds of Alaska, with a partial bibliography by Nelson; 21, introduction and overview; 35, systematic text accounts, Hoelbell's Grebe-Mountain Bluebird, covering approximately 258 species; 223, bibliography; 227, part II, mammals of northern Alaska, by Nelson and F. W. Trew; 295, part III, field-notes on Alaskan fishes by Nelson with additional notes by Tarleton H. Bean; 323, part IV, report upon the diurnal Lepidoptera collected in Alaska by E. W. Nelson, by W. H. Edwards, with an introduction by Nelson; 331, index.  Contains chromolithographed plates I-XII of birds, two after Nelson, the remainder after R., and J. L. Ridgway.  Also contains uncolored plates XIII-XXI of fish that are undesignated and  appear to be reproduced from lithographs.

The article by Nelson on birds is a major contribution to Alaskan ornithology that lists all the recorded  species and provides very highly detailed field notes and descriptions for those that he actually encountered and collected.  In addition, he supplies a useful annotated bibliography that, although termed "partial" by him, seems comprehensive to me. It is interesting that L. M. Turner had more or less simultaneously carried out a similar investigation, the results of which were published the previous year as No. II in the same "Arctic series of publications."  Turner appended a complete list of Alaskan birds at the end of his chapter on birds which detracts somewhat from the importance of the list presented here.  The two men may have been working for the same Signal Services of the U. S. Army but they seem to have gotten their own signals a bit crossed. 

The chromolithographic plates by the Ridgway brothers are quite handsome.  The printer is not designated here although there was a designated printer, Giles Litho & Liberty Printing Co, NY, for the comparable plates in the publication by Turner

The signature S. Mis. 156 probably means that this was the 156th miscellaneous publication of the Smithsonian Institution.  That of Turner was the 155th.

Wood, p. 489; Zimmer, p. 463.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale. 

 Nelson, Thomas and Sons (publisher)

 Nelson’s / picture / natural history / birds and animals / with letter press descriptions / and / one hundred and fifty-one illustrations / printed in Kronheims oil colours  15.0 x 10.8 cm.  No signatures.  Pp. (2, title on recto, verso blank)[i]ii[1]2-127[128].  Original publisher’s decorated blue cloth with simulated lettering pieces on upper cover and spine, mounted colored plate of eagles on upper cover. Yellow endpapers.  New York, Thomas Nelson and Sons, 42, Bleeker Street, no date (1873-1888 is when Nelson was located at that address). 

 PL, recto, title; PL, verso, blank; i, contents; 1, text; 128, printer designation: J. M. Kronheim & Co., London, Manchester, and New York.  Contains 32 unnumbered, framed colored plates, all with continuous printing of text on obverse and included in pagination.  Of the plates, 13 depict about 42 mammalian species and 19 illustrate about 109 species of birds.

 This quirky little book is intended to provide children with an introduction to mammals and birds.  Although the text is abbreviated, it is written in an engaging way.  The illustrations, “printed in Kronheim’s oil colours”,  resemble chromolithographs with very poor registration.  They are not printed on special paper and often bleed through to the text on their obverse.  Mechanical color-printed plates on ordinary paper with text on their obverses are unusual, at least among bird books.

 This book seems to be very uncommon.  I could find only two copies listed by OCLC.  It is interesting that this is the second apparently rare trade book published by Nelson that I have found.  The other is Giacomelli’s “Beautiful birds”.  That book has very attractive and well printed color plates.

Newman, Kenneth (B.) (Steyn, Peter)

Six eagles of southern Africa (from spine of portfolio) Eagles / in a changing world (from insert).  Insert containing two printed conjoined leaves, 28.0 x 21.4 cm. Unpaginated. Entitled Eagles / in a changing world by Kenneth Newman and Peter Steyn.  Plates, six in color half-tone. Sheet size 68.2 x 48.3 cm, image size 55.5 x 38.3 cm.  Unnumbered. Entitled Six eagles of southern Afica on spine of portfolio.  Each plate designated “Copyright K. Newman 1968  Published by Purnell & Sons.  Lithography Rufus & Joubert and Beith Process, South Afirica”.  Each plate signed in ink by Newman beneath his printed name within image.  Original red cloth-backed white board porfolio (70.8 x 50.6 cm) with pocket. Gilt printing on spine.  Limitation statement, 613/1200, mounted on upper pastedown of portfolio.  [Johannesburg], Purnell & Sons, (1968). 

Newman is a prolific South African ornithological artist and author, particularly well known for his pictures that were added to later editions of the iconic Robert’s Birds of South Africa. The  six prints of the present set are the only ones that he published in large format.  The species illustrated are black Eagle, martial Eagle, tawny Eagle,  crowned Eagle, African fish Eagle and bateleur. Complete sets such as this one have become quite rare and are absent from most major libraries.

Listed by LOC and Union Catalog of Canada.  Not listed by AMNH, BMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Oxford, Melvyl, Smithsonian, Trinity, Yale.  LCOC locates only two copies including that at LOC.

New York Zoological Society (Blair, W. Reid)

Gallery of / wild animal paintings / in the / zoological park  / from the collections of / The New York Zoological Society  27.7 x 20.8 cm.  Contains 36 unpaginated leaves (three blank) as described below.  Original brown wrappers with black lettering and blind stamp medallion of the New York Zoological Society on upper cover.  Endpapers of laid paper with watermark ""Georgian" on upper.  New York, The New York Zoological Society, (1930).  Printed by Charles Francis Press.

First leaf, entirely blank;

Second leaf: recto, blank; verso, frontispiece.

Third leaf: recto, title; verso, copyright 1930; printer designation: Charles Francis Press, New York.

Fourth leaf: recto-verso: introduction by Blair.

Fifth leaf: recto-verso, list of plates.

Sixth leaf: recto, section half-title for plates; verso, blank.

Seventh-34th leaf: recto, unnumbered plates; verso, blank.

35th -36th leaves: blank.

These 29 beautiful uncolored plates are finely reproduced from oil paintings in photogravure.  Most (20) are by Carl Rungius and depict mammals.  There are also a superb portrait (frontispiece) of a lioness by Rosa Bonheur, other depictions of animals by Charles R. Knight (2) and A. Radclyffe Dugmore (1) and five of birds.  These are of flamingos and of whooping cranes by Louis Agassiz Fuertes, and of the California condor, great auk and Pallas cormorant by R. Bruce Horsfall.

Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard.  Not listed by Trinity, Yale.

Newton, Alfred (1829-1907) assisted by Gadow, Hans (1855-1927) with contributions by Richard Lydekker on fossils, Charles Ray on flight, and Robert S. Shufeldt on American birds.

A / Dictionary of Birds  22.4 x 14.5 cm.  [a]6b-i81-688[$1 signed]; 614 ll.  Pp.  (4)[i]ii-xii[1]2-124 21-1088.  Original maroon cloth, gilt lettering on spine.  London, Adam and Charles Black, (1893-1896), cheap issue, 1899.  a1r, Half-title; a1v, blank; a2r, title; a2v, publication dates; i, note; v, dedication; vi introduction;, blank; vii, preface; ix, notanda et corrigenda; 1, introduction; 121, index to 21, dictionary; 1059, index to dictionary.  Contains folding map of world with six zoogeographical areas delineated in red at 3110/311.  Contains about 365 text woodcuts from various sources.

Alfred Newton held a Chair in Zoology at Cambridge University for many years and the British Ornithologist's Union was founded in his chambers in 1859.  The BOU was initially very class-based and never did elect John Gould to membership.  Although recognized as a substantial intellect and a leader in ornithology, Newton's contributions were not particularly impressive.  His dictionary, adapted partially from various articles he wrote for the ninth edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, was his best recognized work.  The introduction is a masterly history of ornithology, first through a survey or ornithological books, and second by an exhaustive analysis of various criteria of classification.  The introduction reminds me of Stresemann's Ornithology from Aristotle to the Present in the vast scope of knowledge that it reflects.   Wood says about it "…-a brief history of ornithology- is the most valuable part of the book"

This book is the archetype of the modern ornithological dictionary containing entries on every conceivable aspect of ornithology.  Coues (The Auk, 1897, p.236) describes it  as "Far and away the best book ever written about birds".  Previous dictionaries, such as Montague's, had been more or less been limited to describing birds, per se, whereas this one cover wide ranging topics such as development, flight, fossils etc.

The work was originally published in four parts between 1893 and1896 then, on its completion, issued as a single volume in 1896.  A "cheap issue" of which this copy is an example, was issued in 1899.  It is sometimes referred to as a second edition but is actually an unabridged reprint printed on thinner paper.

Mullens & Swann, p. 444; Trinity, p. 174; Wood, p. 491; Yale, p. 208; Zimmer, p. 465.

Nice, Margaret Morse (1883-1974) and Nice, Leonard Blainee

The birds of Oklahoma  21.7 x 15.0 cm.  Pp.  (4)[1-4]5-122.  Stilted (22.2 x 16.4 cm) green cloth-backed brown card covers with original gray printed upper wrapper mounted on upper cover.  University of Oklahoma Bulletin New Series No. 20; University Studies No. 286.  Norman, The University of Oklahoma, May 15, 1924.  Ex library with various library markings, envelope and card.

First preliminary leaf: recto, half-title; verso, blank; second preliminary leaf: recto, contents; verso, blank; 1, uncolored map of Oklahoma with blank verso; 3, introduction including sections on physical features, faunal areas, a historical sketch, changes in bird life, game laws, economic value of birds and their protection; 18, acknowledgements; 19, systematic list, Colymbus nigricollis californicus-Sialia currucoides; 102, unpublished sources of information; 102, bibliography of Oklahoma ornithology; 112, appendix / birds whose occurrence is expected; 116, index of English and generic Latin names; 122, errata.  Contains half-tone uncolored photographic plates I-II, each containing two photographs and printed on one side only.

This important publication is the first annotated and really comprehensive list of Oklahoma birds.  It was carried out in conjunction with the State Geological Society and describes, with very careful documentation, the status of 361 species and subspecies.  The “Historical Sketch” and bibliography are particularly noteworthy. 

This work is exceedingly difficult to find on the open market, probably because the bulletin may have been printed in a small number, and most copies may have gone to  libraries.  It is much scarcer than Mrs. Nice’s well-known monograph on the Song Sparrow.  A second edition, also hard to find, was published in 1931.

Wood, p. 492.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard.  Not listed by Trinity and Yale.

 Nice, Margaret Morse (1883-1974)

Studies in the / Life History of the Song Sparrow (from upper wrapper).  Two volumes.  22.8 x 15.7 cm.  Original printed gray wrappers.  Transactions of the Linnaean Society of New York, Volumes IV and VI, New York, April, 1937 and September, 1943. 

(Volume)I.  Pp. (4, abbreviated title page, blank, dedication to Ernst Mayr, blank)[i]ii-vi[1]2-247[248]; 129 ll.  i, contents; 1, introduction; 3, song sparrow as a subject for study; 8, environment; 18, weight and measurements; 29, migratory status; 43, spring and fall migrations; 57, territory establishment; 61, territory throughout the year; 70, territories from year to year; 84, relations between the sexes; 92, nests; 97, start of laying; 108, eggs; 122, incubation; 130, care of the young; 134, nesting success; 152, cowbird in relation to song sparrow; 166, survival of adults; 180, survival of young; 190, age attained; 199, population problems; 209, summary; 211, appendix I, technique; 220, appendix II, banding statistics; 221, appendix III, nesting censuses; 223, appendix IV, data on cowbirds; 224, meteorological data; 226, bibliography; 240, subject index; 244, species index; 248, printer designation: Press of Urner-Barry  Company, New York.  Contains colored frontispiece after R. Bruce Horsfall not included in pagination.  Also contains uncolored text maps 1-14, text charts I-XVIII and text tables I-XXXIII.

(Volume)II.  The Behavior of the / Song Sparrow and Other Passerines Pp.  (4, full title page, blank, dedication to husband, blank) [i]ii-viii[1-3]4-329(1); 171 ll.  i, contents; 1, foreword; 4, bird behavior; 12, development of young song sparrow; 35, activities of the young bird; 60, innate and learned behavior; 69, course of development in passerine birds; 75, young bird after independence; 82, song sparrow society in fall and winter; 99, awakening and roosting; 115, song of adult male; 127, song in female birds; 133, development, inheritance and function of song; 151, male and his territory; 162, function of territory; 170, male and his mate; 180, relations of the pair to each other and neighbors; 192, pair formation; 209, nest; 218, eggs; 228, care of the young; 245, defense of the young; 255, enemy recognition; 266, innate and learned behavior in adult; 274, appendix I, chief vocalizations; 275, appendix II, dominance, singing, challenge in hand-raised birds; 280, appendix III, behavior upon the first arrival of females; 282, appendix IV, some samples of coition in 1929; 283(misprinted 248 in contents), appendix V, list of bird families with distraction displays; 285, bibliography; 314(misprinted 172 in contents), subject index; 318(misprinted 172 in contents), species index.  Contains uncolored frontispiece by Roger Tory Peterson not included in pagination.  Also contains uncolored text figures 1-6 including one chart and text tables I-XXVI as well as three unnumbered tables in appendices.

This may be the most intensive study of a single bird species that has ever been carried out and I could not do it justice by trying myself to describe it so I have listed the chapter headings above.  Mrs. Nice was an extremely serious ornithologist who had written an important annotated list of the birds of Oklahoma in 1924.  She was much influenced by Konrad Lorenz and Ernst Mayr which doubtless contributed to the high level of scholarship in this study.  Much of the work for it was carried out over a period of eight years at Interpont near Columbus, Ohio where Mrs. Nice virtually became a member of the local song sparrow community.  Later, she raised several song sparrows in captivity.

The Transactions of the Linnaean Society were issued in small print runs at very irregular time intervals so a pair of the individual original printings like this one is probably quite rare.  However, the original work is listed in on-line catalogs for the AMNH, Harvard, Yale and Trinity.  Three of these are described as two volumes-in-one and it is possible that such copies were bound by the publisher and issued directly upon completion of the second volume.  There was a Dover edition published in 1964 which is far commoner.

Niethammer, Günther (1908-)

Alexander Koenigs Reisen am Nil  28.9 x 22.6 cm.  Pp.  Three preliminary leaves, 1-74;  40ll.  Original publisher's mauve buckram-backed, gray patterned boards with spine lettered in black.  Pictorial dust jacket.  Bonn, Alexander Koenig-Stiftung, (1964, from upper fold of dust jacket and from Einführung dated Februar, 1964).  Printed by Zeitungsdruckerei un Verlagsanstalt, H. Neusser IG (from upper fold of dust jacket)

PL1r, title; PL1v, blank; PL2r, uncolored frontispiece photoportrait of Herr and Frau Koenig; PL2v, blank; PL3r, contents, colored plates, pictorial credits; PL3v, blank; 1, Einführung by A. von Jordans, director of the Koenig Zoological Institute and Museum; 3, biography of Koenig by Geyr von Schweppenburg from J. Orn. 1941, pp. 170-176; 8, trips to northeast Africa; 9, Kairo-Wadi Halfa, 1897; 23, Sinai, 1898; 34, Kairo-Assuan, 1899; 37, Wadi Halfa-Khartoum, 1903; 59, Khartoum-Redjaf, 1910; 63, Khartoum-Meshra el Rek, 1913; 68, summary of trips by dates, participants, publications; 69, summary of publications by subject area (Avifauna Aegyptiaca, die Vögel des Sudan, die Vögel am Nil);  71, list of collected mammals.  Contains plates 1-20, so numbered only in list of plates, printed in color gravure on one side only of thick mat paper, mounted on guards, and not included in pagination. Descriptive letter-press on pages opposite plates included in pagination.  Of the plates, six are after John Gerrard Keulemans, 10 after Otto Natorp, four after Fritz Neubar.  Also contains uncolored Abbildungen (text figures) 1-19 including five maps, and, as frontispiece, an uncolored full-length portrait of Herr and Frau Koenig.

Alexander Koenig (1858-1940) was an outstanding ornithologist whose major interest was the birds of northeast africa and the Nile area.  He wrote a substantial number of important publications on this subject but they were never assembled into a cohesive single work. This book summarizes Koenig's African experiences and provides an important bibliography of his publications related to Africa.  It also contains 20 beautiful and superbly reproduced colored plates that Koenig had commissioned but not published including six by Keulemans that I believe were the last of his oeuvre to have remained unpublished that were intended to illustrate books. 

All of Koenig's publications were of extremely high quality and he would have been pleased with this one.  In addition to his output on African birds, he was also the author of Avifauna Spitzbergensis (1911)

This book is rare in North America.  Listed for BMNH, Oxford, Trinity.  Unlisted by AMNH, Ucal, Cornell, Harvard, LOC, NYPL, Yale.

Nissen, Claus (d. 1976)

Die illustrierten Vogelbücher / ihre Geschichte und Bibliographie  30.1 x 21.5 cm.  [1]82-148[$1, 2 signed]; 112 ll.  Pp.  [1-9]10-222[223](1).  Publisher's blue cloth with gilt lettering and design on upper cover, gilt rules, rolls and lettering to spine.  Stuttgart, Hiersemann Verlag, 1976

1, Half-title; 2, frontispiece; 3, title; 4, copyright 1953; unaltered reprint 1976; ISBN 3-7772-5312-X; printed in Germany; 5, contents; 7, list of plates; 8, blank; 9, foreword; 11, introduction; 17, historical part, antiquity; 23, middle ages; 29, 15/16th century; 38, 17th century; 42, 18th century; 47, 19th century; 66, 20th century; 78, natural history and ornithological bibliographies (65 entries); 80, additions; abbreviations; 81, bibliographical section entries 1-1031 listed alphabetically by author; 183, section title leaf: index; 185, alphabetical listing of artists including colorists, engravers, lithographers, printers; 200, alphabetical listing by Latin names of birds with relevant publications listed chronologically; 205, alphabetical listing by countries; 211, alphabetical listing by authors; 223, vignette.  Contains uncolored half-tone plates I-XVI displaying pictures 1-27 printed on both sides of eight leaves not included in pagination.  Also contains pen-and-ink frontispiece, six text illustrations and final vignette by (Franz) Murr.

This is an ambitious work in which the natural history bibliographer, Nissen, provides a history of ornithological iconography followed by a bibliography in which he intends to supply a great deal of information in a very concise format.  His ideal entry would include: author with dates of life; full title; an indication of size; publisher, place and date of publication; number of parts; indication of pagination; number of plates, how many colored, method of printing and craftspeople involved; number of text illustration; other bibliographic references.  The various involved personnel as well as the subject matter are indexed.  Many rarities are included.  Unfortunately, much of the information is second-hand and incorrect and this is not a reliable source for bibliographic details. 

In addition to this reprint, a later one was issued in the 1990s.  The work in one form or another is present in all major collections of ornithological books.  The original printing was 1953

Nitsch, Christian Ludwig (1782-1837) (Sclater, Philip Lutley [1829-1913])

Nitsch’s Pterylography  38 x 27 cm.  [a]2b41-234[$1 signed]; 98 ll.  Pp. [i-v]vi[vii]viii-x[xi-xii]1-178[179]180-181[182](2, blank).  Later binder’s cloth.  London, Ray Society, 1867.  Contains 10 engraved anatomical plates by Sturm after Burmeister (I) and Nitsch(II-X).  Ray Society leaf, i; title, iii; preface of the English edition, v; preface of the original (1840) edition, vii; contents, xi; text, 1-155; appendices, 156-175; explanation of plates, 176-178; index, 179-181.

Christian Ludwig Nitsch (1782-1837) held a chair at Halle where he was succeeded by Carl Hermann Konrad Burmeister (1807-1892).  Nitsch had three areas of interest, namely ornithological internal anatomy, ornithological parasites and pterylography, the arrangement of feathers relative to one another.  He was a reluctant author and published only a single 1833 article in an obscure vehicle (Typis Expressum Gebaueriis) on his unusual researches in pterylography.  Burmeister recognized the importance of this work and combined it with some of Nitsch’s unpublished research in an 1840 German monograph.  Sclater had this work translated by W. S. Dallas, added some thoughts of his own and a few relevant reprints, including one on the carotid artery in birds by Nitsch, in an appendix, and issued the whole as this publication of the Ray Society. 

Nitsch found that few orders of birds had uniformly distributed feathers (for example, kiwis and casuariformes) whereas in most families feathers were distributed in characteristic tracts.  In this work, which is highly regarded and clearly very original, he devotes a section each to general and specific pterylography. 

Trinity, p. 175; Wood, p. 493; Yale, p. 210 (Nitsch’s 1833 publication); Zimmer, p. 466 (Burmeister’s 1840 version). 

 Nørgaard-Olesen, E.

Tanagers  Two volumes.  21.5 x 15.1 cm.  Stilted pictorial card covers, 22.1 x 15.5 cm.  Skibby, Denmark, Skibby-Books, 1973, 1974.

Volume I / Tersinidae / Thraupidae  Genus 1.-16.  Pp.  [1-7]8-255(1).  1, Half-title; 2, blank; 3, title with uncolored vignette; 4, blank; 5, foreword; 6, blank; 7, (natural) history; 11, captivity, procurement; 12, housing, food; 13, breeding; 15, species accounts, Tersinia viridis-Thraupis bonariensis, species 1-108; 245, index of English, generic, specific and subspecific names.  Contains: color plates 1-18 displaying 53 images (47 photographic, six painted, probably by author), printed in half-tone on one side only, leaves not included in pagination; eight uncolored half-tone photographic images printed on both sides of two paginated leaves; line diagram of bird topography; 14 text line illustrations of generic features, most containing more than one figure; text distribution maps for all species.

Volume II / Thraupidae  Genus 17.-57.  Three preliminary leaves[1]2-216. First preliminary leaf: half-title/blank; second: title with vignette/blank; third: foreword/ blank; 1, species accounts, Spindalis zena-Schistochlamys melanopsis, species 109-209;  203, corrections; 204, bibliography (26 entries); 207, index.  Contains: colored plates 19-36 displaying 41 photographic images; 13 text line illustrations of generic characteristics, some containing more than one figure; text distribution maps for all species.

The author describes himself in the foreword to the first volume as "an eager aviculturalist and the tanagers have had my particular interest." The work covers 57 genera containing 209 species and 600 subspecies.  For each species he provides: local names: a section called "nomenclature" that contains a remarkably extensive synonymy for a modern book; a description with measurements of male and female birds; distribution; a section called "in the wild" that comprises habitat and occasional notes on life history including nest and eggs; a section called "captivity" describing any available information if the species has been so maintained.

Listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale.  Harvard also lists an edition in Danish published in 1970 by Haases Boghandel in Copenhagen.

Norman, Geoff

Buller’s birds / of  New Zealand // the complete works of / JG Keulemans  35.6 x 27.1cm.  Pp.  [i-vi]vii-xii1-246[247](1).  Publisher’s umber cloth.  Blind decoration of Huia from first edition on upper cover, gilt lettering to spine.  AEG. Blue endpapers.  Presented in burnt umber, cloth-covered boards with mounted colored figure of Huias from first edition in gilt frame on upper surface.  Gilt lettering on upper surface.  Wellington, Te Papa Press (an imprint of the Museum of New Zealand), (2012)2013(second printing). 

 i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright, 2012; ISBN 978-1-877385-88-9; printed by Everbest, China; paper is Arctic Volume Ivory, a matt coated stock produced in Italy; v, contents; vii, foreword by  Stephen Fry; xi, preface; 1, introduction, fine bird books, Buller and Keulemans; 35, list of plates for first and second editions and supplement for Buller’s “History of the birds of New Zealand”; 41, first-edition plates; 113, second edition plates; 211, supplement plates; 237, acknowledgements; 238, endnotes; 239, bibliography (about 65 references); 241, image credits; 241, text references (text for the plates from Buller’s original publications; index including Maori names; 247, brief note on Geoff Norman.  Contains half-tone colored reproductions of all 95 (35, 48, 12) plates from the first, second and supplement editions of Buller’s “History….”.  The facing text from Buller for each recto plate is printed on the verso of the antecedent plate.  All leaves are included in pagination.  The introduction contains about 27 unnumbered text illustrations, many colored and several that contain two or three figures.

The colored illustrations by Keulemans for Buller’s “History of the birds of New Zealand” have achieved iconic status in New Zealand and are all well reproduced in this handsome volume.  Those of the first edition are taken from the original hand-colored lithographic plates. However, the original watercolors for the second edition and supplement were found in the British Museum and are reproduced here.  This makes an important difference for the plates of the second edition, which were originally done by chromolithography.  Chromolithography, which requires oil-based inks, is almost an art form in itself and until this book, the plates of the second edition, whether in the original volume, or reproduced from it, have been quite different from the original paintings.  Here, those plates are reproduced directly from the watercolors by modern techniques without chromolithography.  The difference is less significant for the plates of the supplement, which, like the first edition, were hand-colored lithographs using water-based inks.

Norris, J.(oseph) P.(arker)(1847-1916)

A / catalogue of eggs / in the cabinet of / J. P. Norris 20.5 x 13.4 cm.  2 PL, [1]2-15(1).  Original tan printed wrappers.  Philadelphia, the Hawthorne Press, 1867.

PL1r, title; PL1v, blank; PL2r, preface dated Jan. 1, 1867; PL2v, blank; 1, catalogue, Tinnunculus sparverius-Uria californica.

The author explains in the preface that this is a new and revised list, the first edition of which was issued on January 1st, 1866 when he was only 19 years old.   That edition was designated “privately published” without the Hawthorne Press imprint. The present list represents the eggs of approximately 212 species.  Ultimately, the collection was continued by the author’s son, J. P. Norris Jr. (d. 1931) and numbered more than 100,000 eggs, perhaps the largest assemblage in private hands.  The son issued a much larger catalogue in 1894.

This copy contains 19th century penciled annotations of the English names for some  of the birds.

The Norrises were a historically distinguished Philadelphia family line.  The present author, in addition to his interest in ornithology and oology, was also a well-known Shakespearian scholar.

OCLC locates one example each of the 1866 and 1894 catalogues but does not cite any examples of this Hawthorne Press imprint. 

 North, A(lfred) J(ohn) (1855-1917)

Descriptive catalogue / of the / nests & eggs of birds / found breeding / in / Australia and Tasmania  Australian Museum, Sydney (Catalogue No. 12).  23.7 x 15.2 cm.  π4A-X8[Y]8Z8AA4[$1 signed, 26 letter alphabet]; 216 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-vii(1)[1]2-379[i2]ii2-v2[379, sic]380-417[417(1).  Contemporary half blue-green morocco, blue-green pebbled cloth.  Spine with five double gilt-ruled raised bands.  Gilt lettering in second and fourth compartments.  Marbled endpapers.  Marbled edges.  Sydney: by order of the Trustees of the Australian Museum, F. W. White General Printer, 1889 (1890 fide Whittell, p. 554). 

i, Title; ii, blank; iii, preface by Ed. P. Ramsay, Curator; iv, blank; v, introduction; 1-368, systematic text, Circus assimilis-Pelecanus conspicillatus; 369, appendix, list of species for which breeding in Australia not confirmed; 372, nests and eggs of birds breeding on Lord Howe and Norfolk islands; i2, index of Latin names; v2, errata;  3792, appendix II, late additions; 407, nests and eggs of birds found breeding on Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, additions; 417 index to appendix II.  Contains monochrome photographic plates I-XXI by H. Barnes, printed on one side only in brown collotype by the Government Printing Office under the supervision of A. Edward Dyer.  For each plate, there is a facing sheet of identifying letter-press.  Plates and letter-press are excluded from pagination.

North was among the first ornithologists born in Australia to achieve international status and membership in the Ornithologists' Unions of Britain and the United States.  In this work, he describes the nests, eggs, and Australian distribution of approximately 470 species of whose eggs, 176 are figured life-size on photographic plates.  The plates are monochrome but cast in a peculiar shade of brown-maroon.

The work is the first with any kind of systematic description of eggs of Australian birds since those by Gould.  A very small number of copies was apparently issued with the plates truly colored.  A much expanded second edition, Nests and eggs of birds found breeding in Australia and Tasmania, was published in four volumes, 1901-1914.

Wood, p. 494.  Also listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity, Yale, all uncolored.

Northwood, J. d’Arcy (illustrated by Keichi Kimura)

Familiar / Hawaiian birds  26.6 x 19.6 cm.  [i-vi]vii-xxiii(1)1-63(1).  Original publisher’s red pebbled cloth.  Marbled endpapers. Honolulu, Thomas Nickerson, 1940.

i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title; iv, copyright, 1940; printed by the Advertiser Publishing Co., Honolulu; v, dedication; vi, blank; vii, preface; xix, list of plates; 1-57, the birds; 59, systematic list of the birds (i. e. Latin & English names of the systematically listed birds; 61, index ( of English and Hawaiian names for the birds and of general subjects).  Contains frontispiece and plates 1-11, all printed in color half-tone, on one side only, and not included in paginaton.  An unpaginated leaf of tissue is inserted between half-title and title and is signed by the author and artist and numbered 318 of an edition of 330.

The author tells us that the total list of Hawaiian birds at the time of writing comprises about 230 birds but that at least two thirds are extinct or very rare and not covered in this present work,which describes about 70 of the commoner birds, of which 48 are illustrated.  Only about five Hawaiian Passerine endemics are considered.  A description and length measurement is provided for each species as are brief notes on status, habitat and nesting.  There is quite a contrast between this work and those by Wilson, Palmer (Rothschild) and R. C. L. Perkins about 50 years earlier.

OCLC locates about 70 copies (including the trade copies and the limited edition described here)


Nouvelles Archives

Nouvelles archives / du muséum / d'histoire naturelle de Paris / publiés / par mm. Les professeurs-administrateurs / de cet établissement  30.8 x 24.0 cm.  Tome dixième. (Recueil des mémores) [1]42-334[$1 signed]; 134 ll.  Pp.  [1-5]6-268.  Bulletin a-t4u4(-u4)[$1 signed, j included in alphabet]; 83 ll. Pp.  [1-3]4-162[163-165(1).  Contemporary quarter red morocco and marbled boards.  Spine with five raised bands, gilt lettering in second compartment.  Marbled endpapers.  Paris, L. Guerin et Cie, 1874.

1, Half-title, Nouvelles Archives; 2, description of "Recueil des mémoires" and "Bulletin", the two components of the publication; printer designation: J. Clay, Imprimeur, Paris; 3, title (Nouvelles archives); 4, names of museum professors and administrators; 5-268, text for Recueil des mémoires; 1, Bulletin half-title page; 2, blank; 3-158, text for Bulletin;  159-162, explanation of plates 5-8 of Bulletin; 163, contents of both Mémoires and Bulletin; 165, lists of plates for both.  Contains 24 plates (7 colored) as follows: Mémoires plates I, 2-3, IV-VII, 8-16 ( all uncolored, five engraved, drawn by Faquet (4), Clément (1), engraved by Debray; 11 lithographed, most drawn by Riocreux, lithographed by Arnoul, printed by Imp. Becquet); Bulletin plates I, 2-8(all lithographs, seven hand-colored, five drawn by Arnoul, three by Huet, all printed by Imp.  Becquet).

The  Nouvelles archives was the French equivalent of the Transactions of the Zoological Society of London which it resembled not only in the excellence of its substance, but also in the high quality of its production. Each volume of the 1870s era contained sections designated Mémoires and Bulletin that were paginated separately, and in 1874 a subscription for the full volume cost 50 francs.  Each volume covered a diverse array of natural history subject matter but there was always something of ornithological interest.  The Bulletin of this volume contains two such contributions:  one (pp. 3-82), is part 3 of Abbé David's Journal d'un voyage dans le centre de la Chine et dans le Thibet oriental(Ronsil, Bibliographie, 730); the second (pp. 101-105), is Émile Oustalet's Description d'une nouvelle espèce de brève (Ronsil, 2242) that contains an extraordinarily beautiful hand-colored lithograph of Elliot's pitta by Huet.

Wood, p. 495.  AMNH lists volumes 1865-1914; Cornell lists volumes 1865-1952 and notes that most volumes until 1914 contained the separately paginated Bulletin section; Harvard lists 1865-1914; Yale lists 1865-, 46 volumes; Trinity lists just a few off-prints.

Novitates Zoologicae (eds.  Rothschild, Walter[1868-1937], Hartert, Ernst [1859-1933], Jordan, K{arl})

A consecutive run in 18 original parts comprising volumes I-IV, 1894-1897 and No. 1 of volume V, 1898.  Also included is the complete last volume, 42, in three original parts, 1940-1948.  All volumes contain gatherings of eight leaves with an arabic numerical signature on the first page of the gathering. 

28.5 x 19.9 cm.  Original printed gray wrappers.  Tring, printed by Hazell, Watson &Viney Ltd.,  London and Aylesbury.  Volume 42 is edited and published by the Trustees of the British Museum, London.

Vol. I. No. 1. January 30th, 1894.  Notice slip, pp. 1-266.  Plates I-IV including 3 colored which are hand-colored lithographs by Mintern Bros. one of an animal after J. Smit, two of birds after Keulemans.

            No. 2.  April 16th.  Pp.  267-570.  Two unpaginated leaves of plate explanations.  Plates V-X, chromolithographs of Lepidoptera by Mintern Bros. after Frohawk.

            No.  3.  July 20th.  Pp.  571-590.

            No.  4.  Sept. 20th.  Pp.  591-684.  Plates XI-XV of which four colored including hand-colored lithographs by Mintern Bros., two after W. Purkiss of Lepidoptera and one of a bird and a second of a lemur after Keulemans.

            No.  5.  Dec. 15th.  Pp.  685-724, index, p. 693.  Preliminaries [i-v]vi-vii(1) comprising half-title, title, contents.

This volume contains 15 ornithological articles, most by Hartert.  Of its 15 plates, 13 are colored and 4  of these by Keulemans of which 3 depict birds..

Vol. II.  No.  1.  Feb. 1st, 1895.  Pp.  1-58.  Plates I-IV, hand-colored lithographs by Mintern Bros.  after Keulemans, three depicting birds.

              No.  2.  July 3rd.  Notice slip, pp.  59-166.

              No.  3.  August 17th.  Pp.  167-478.  Plates V-VI, one colored, that a hand-colored lithograph by Mintern Bros. after Keulemans of a bird-of-paradise, embellished with liquid gold (the only such print by Mintern Bros. and the only such print after Keulemans that I have seen)

              No.  4.  Dec.  30th.  Pp.  479-542 and four leaves of preliminaries as above.  Index, p. 515.  Notice slip explaining that plates VII-X are not yet ready.

This volume contains 25 ornithological articles.  Of its 6 plates, 5 are colored and by Keulemans and 4 of these depict birds.

Vol. III.  No.  1.  Mar.  14th, 1896.  Pp.  1-84.  Plates I-III including two colored, these of birds after Keulemans. 

                No.  2.  June 25th.  Pp.  85-232.  Plates IV-V, uncolored.

                No.  3.  Sept.  18th.  Pp.  233-328.  Two unpaginated leaves of plate explanations.  Plates VI-X including one colored, a chromolithograph of amphibia by Mintern Bros. after J. Green.

                No.  4.   Dec.  29th.  Pp.  329-631 and four leaves of preliminaries as above.  Five unpaginated leaves of plate explanations.  Index, p. 605.  Plates XI-XII and XIV-XXII including two hand-colored lithographs of birds by Mintern Bros. after Keulemans and two chromolithographs of Lepidoptera by Greve of Berlin after Purkiss.

This volume contains 10 ornithological articles.  Of its 21 plates, 7 are colored including 4 of birds after Keulemans.

Vol.  IV.  No.  1.  April 26th, 1897  Pp.  1-184.  Plates XIII ( a chromolithograph of Lepidoptera by Greve after Purkiss intended for previous volume)and I, II, hand-colored lithographs of birds after Keulemans.

                 No.  2.  Aug.  20th.  Pp.  185-370.  Plate VI, uncolored.

                 No.  3.  Dec.  3rd.  Pp.  371-528.  Plates III-V, VII-XIV including six colored.  These comprise four hand-colored lithographs by Mintern Bros.  one of a bird after Keulemans, three of Lepidoptera after Purkiss and two hand-colored zinc gravures of the bald ibis by R. Loes of Leipzig after Kleinschmidt.  One of these is copied from Albin.

                 No.  4.  Dec.  30th.  Pp.  529-560 and four leaves of preliminaries as above.  Index, p.  525.

This volume contains 15 ornithological articles.  Of its 15 plates including the extra plate XIII intended for  the previous volume, 7 are colored, 5 of birds, 3 after Keulemans.

Vol.  V.  No.  1.  March 15th, 1898.  Pp.  1-124.  Plate I, a hand-colored lithograph of an owl after Keulemans.  This first part of volume V contains seven ornithological articles.

Volume 42.  Part 1.  April 26th, 1940.  Pp.  1-216.  Plates I, I-II, I, I, I-VIII, uncolored.

                     Part 2.  Oct.  25th, 1940.  Pp.  217-396.

                    Part 3.  March 12th, 1948. Pp.  397-518.  Index, p.  509.  Plates I-IV, uncolored.

This volume contains no ornithological articles.

Rothschild's two main interests were birds and insects so he hired scholars in these fields, Hartert and Jordan, and with them founded and wrote the material for the Novitates Zoologicae, perhaps the most finely produced of all zoological journals.  The present survival of the first 18 parts in untouched condition is quite extraordinary.

According to Maggs Bros. Catalogue No. 1348 (2003), entry #179, the final volume, volume 42, is particularly rare.

Novitates Zooligicae (eds. Rothschild, W. [1868-1937], Hartert, E. [1859-1933], Jordan, K.)

Novitates Zoologicae. / A Journal of Zoology  Vol. II.  No. 1.  28.4 x 19.9 cm.  1-384452   (-52)[$1 signed]; 29 ll.  Pp. [1]2-58.  Original blue-gray printed wrappers.  Uncut, unopened.  Tring, February 1, 1895.  Printed by Hazell, Watson & Viney, Ltd., London and Aylesbury. 

Contains hand-colored plates I-IV, drawn and lithographed by J. G. Keulemans, printed by Mintern Bros.

This is perhaps the most uncommon of the great natural history journals.  It was begun by Rothschild in 1894 and the last of the 41 volumes was issued in 1939.  It was privately published to extremely high standards.  Although it comprised all of natural history, ornithology was always a major focus.  The major article in this issue is by Osbert Salvin on “Birds Collected in Peru by Mr. O. T. Baron” and describes many new species, four of which, including a hummingbird and a parrot,  are illustrated on two beautiful plates by Keulemans.  The first published picture of Salvadori’s Teal is also a highlight of this issue of the journal.

Anker, 368; Bradley Martin, 1759; Wood, p. 496; Yale, p. 212.

Novitates Zoologicae (eds. Rothschild, W. [1868-1937], Hartert, E. [1859-1933], Jordan, K.)

Novitates Zooligicae / A Journal of Zoology  28.5 x 19.7 cm.  1-5862  [$1 signed]; 42 ll.  Pp.[1]2-84.  Original blue-gray printed wrappers.  Uncut, unopened.  Vol. III, No. 1.  Tring, March 14th, 1896. 

Contains hand-colored lithographic plates I and II drawn and lithographed by Keulemans and printed by Mintern Bros. and uncolored, unattributed lithographic plate III (anatomical parts).  Also laid in are five additional hand-colored lithographic plates by Mintern Bros. after Keulemans including plates II-IV of Vol. VI (1899) and, in duplicate, plate IV of Vol. VII (1900).  These plates all depict Papuan birds.

This great journal was started by Rothschild in 1894 as a private vehicle for publishing studies made on the collections at his museum in Tring.  The journal  concentrated on his major interests, exotic birds and insects.  He lured Hartert from Germany as a sort of scientific editor and the conflicts between them are legends of history.  There are two articles of special interest to me in this issue.  Contributions to the Ornithology of the Papuan Islands and Preliminary Descriptions of some new Birds from the Mountains of Southern Celebes.  The first of these includes an extensive discussion of the genus Amblyornis with a beautiful colored plate illustrating the heads of three species, one of which is Amblyornis flavifrons.  This bird, first described the previous year by Rothschild from skins in a Parisian market, became one of the most enigmatic desiderata of 20th century ornithology until it was rediscovered around 1980 by Jared Diamond in the Foya mountains of western New Guinea.

The other colored plate in this issue is also the first pictorial representation of a spectacular novelty, Uratelornis Chimaera, the Long-tailed Ground-Roller of Madagascar.  As in the case of Amblyornis flavifrons, the original descriptive text for the species was issued by Rothschild in the journal the previous year but the publication of the picture was delayed.

Eventually, Rothschild’s magnificent collections were purchased by the American Museum of Natural History.  The journal, perhaps the best of its kind ever produced, is rare and no complete runs have been sold in many years.  The Martin set contained 27 volumes.  According to the Yale catalogue, there were 41 volumes continuing through 1939.

Anker, 368; Bradley Martin, 1759; Wood, p. 496; Yale, p. 212.

Numata Kashû  (1838-1901)

Shûchô Gafu  (Pictorial monograph of birds)  Volume 1 (?). (of three?).  25.2 x 18.0 cm.  Laid, mica-imprinted paper in Japanese double construction (i.e. with externally conjugate leaves).  Yellow upper pastedown, lower pastedown with Japanese printing.  25 leaves including 12 double-paged, 21 single-paged woodblock printed colored plates and one page of Japanese printing with seals.  All pages within black frames.  Japanese-style stitched binding.  Bound Japanese style right-to-left with ribbed blue paper over card.  Red labeling slip with Japanese lettering including volume number on upper cover.Tokyo, Sataro, 1885 (?).

This is one, probably the first, of  a three volume set of bird and flower genre pictures by Numata Kashu (family name Numata) first published in the 1880s.  According to Bartlett and Shohara, Japanese Botany during the period of wood-block printing (1961), p. 241, these were reprinted in 1916 along with two other volumes.  The Yale catalogue lists a 1938 issue of the three-volume set and one 1916 volume.  Numata’s pictures place much more emphasis on birds than on plants and, indeed, sometimes omit the latter completely.  The pages in this volume are imprinted with mica and there is considerable usage of gauffrage in the production of the attractive plates.

Numata Kashu was from Nagoya and was sufficiently well known that he received an imperial commission.  His works seem scarcer than those of Bairei Kono and Imao Keinen.  I now possess what I believe is a complete set of three (original?) 19th century printings.  The only place I could actually locate a 19th century copy of this work,  aside from the present example, is the Victoria and Albert Museum of London in whose catalog it is #E2688-1925.  That copy, like this one, is volume 1 only, and is dated 1885 (i. e. 18th year of Meiji).



Numata Kashû (1838-1901)

Shûchô Gafu  (Pictorial Monograph of Birds)  Volume 2 (?) only (of three).  25.1 x 17.9 cm.  26 leaves including initial leaf of printed text 25 single- and 12 double-page colored plates and a final page (i.e. one side of a leaf) of printed text.  Contemporary plain blue wrappers stitched Japanese style with red Japanese lettering piece on upper (right) cover.  Printed endpapers.  Yellow upper endpaper.  Tokyo, Nakamura Sataro, 1885.

This is a beautiful work of the kachô genre with the wood blocks printed in subdued colors that include green, yellow, red, brown, orange, blue and dilutions of black.  One or two of the plates are done in pure sumi-e i. e. varying dilutions of black and gray.  Amongst the turn-of-the-century masters of kachô, including, besides Numata, Bairei Kôno, Watanabe Seitei (Shotei) and Keinen Imao, Numata seems to have been the most bird oriented, so much so that, according to Bartlett and Shohara, his later works published in Tokyo, barely qualify for the “ka” designation.  His albums seem scarcer than those of the other artists.

According to the Yale catalog (their three-volume set is a 1938 issue), this work was published in three volumes beginning in 1885.    Bartlett and Shohara do not name this work but mention three volumes by Numata of “beautiful bird and flower pictures in 1890...”.  

Bartlett & Shohara, p. 241; Yale, p.212 (later issue) 

 Numata Kashû  (1838-1901)

(Shûchô Gafu ?) (Pictorial monograph of birds).  (Volume 3 of 3?).  25.0 x 18.1 cm.  Laid paper in Japanese double construction (conjugate leaves) sprinkled with mica.  Red upper paste-down with Japanese characters and 27 leaves.  Japanese-style stitched binding.  Bound Japanese style right to left with patterned blue paper over card.  Lacks title label slip from upper cover.  (Tokyo, Nakamura Sataro ?), 1889. 

Red upper paste-down with characters; two leaves framed with double-green lines containing Japanese characters and two red stamps; 17 single and eight double-paged colored woodblock prints within single gray-ruled borders; final page of characters with two red stamps (different from those at beginning).

Numata Kashu was from Nagoya and was sufficiently highly regarded that he was commissioned by the emperor Meiji to decorate the Imperial Palace in 1888.  He did a three volume kacho-ga in the period from about 1885 to 1890 and it was reprinted at least twice in the 20th century.  Original printings of his books  like this one are harder to find than the contemporary kacho books by Kono Bairei, Imao Keinen and Watanabe Seitei (Shotei).  Numata was more concerned with the birds than with the flowers in his prints and his books are ornithologically more accurate than most of the genre.  This one is exquisite with much brighter colors than the first volume and with some gauffrage and mica-sprinkled paper.  Some of the color may have been applied by hand.

Bartlett & Shohara, p. 241.

Nuttall Ornithological Club

Quarterly bulletin / of the / Nutttal Ornithological Club, / Cambridge, Mass. / Vol.I.----April, 1876. -----No. 1.  24.2 x 15.5  cm.  [1]42-3442[$1 signed]; 14 ll.  Pp.  [1]2-28.  Original buff printed wrappers.  Cambridge, by the Club, 1876.

Upper wrapper: recto, title, contents; verso, blank; lower wrapper: recto, blank; verso, prospectus.  1-28, articles by Wm. Brewster; C. J. Maynard; J. Warren; Walter Van Fleet; C. M. Jones; H. W. Henshaw; Wm. Brewster; Ruthven Deane; H. B. Bailey.  Contains Plate 1, a hand-colored engraving of Brewster's Warbler drawn by R. R. (Robert Ridgway) and engraved by C. A. Walker.

This is a remarkably rare survival and a highly important ephemeral item of ornithological Americana.  It is the first issue of the first American journal devoted exclusively to ornithology.  It's original editor is undesignated but was probably Brewster who was the president of the Club and who contributed the most important article, the description of the warbler now known as Brewster's warbler.  The original cost was 30 cents.  According to Joseph Kastner, pp. 38-39 in A world of watchers (1986), when the AOU was formed in 1883,  the Nuttall Club gave the Union the rights to its Bulletin which became The Auk, that has persisted since then as America's most prestigious ornithological periodical.  Eight volumes of the Bulletin were published through 1883 and The Auk replaced it beginning in 1884.

 Nuttall Ornithological Club (Allen, J.(oel) A.(saph) [1838-1921], editor)

Quarterly bulletin / of the / Nuttall Ornithological Club / A quarterly journal of ornithology (this last beginning with the second number) 23.3 x 14.6 cm.  Two volumes comprising eight numbers bound as one. Contemporary binder’s green cloth with gilt lettering on spine.  All original tan printed wrappers included.  University Press, Cambridge, by the Club, 1876, 1877.  Printed by Welch, Bigelow, & Co.

Vol. I., 1876.  Pp. [1]2-100 comprising numbers 1-4.  Title and contents of each number on recto of upper wrapper; prospectus or announcement on verso of lower wrapper of each number.

vol. I, April, 1876 no. 1, [1]42-3442[$1 signed]; 14 ll. [1]2-28, original articles.  Contains hand-colored engraved plate by C. A. Walker after Robert Ridgway. This number is the only one with signatures.

vol. I. July, 1876 no. 2. [29]30-52; Allen noted as Editor and S. F. Baird and Elliott Coues as Associate Editors on verso of lower wrapper and title expanded as above; 29, history of the Nuttall Ornithological Club; 31, original articles; 47, recent literature; 50, general notes.

vol. I. September, 1876 no. 3. [53]54-76. 53, original articles; 70, recent literature; 74, general notes;

vol. I. November, 1876 no. 4 [i-iii]iv[77]78-100. i, Title; ii, printer designation; iii, contents of (entire) volume I; 77, original articles; 93, recent literature; 94, general notes; 97, index for entire volume, including English and generic names.

Vol. II., 1877.  Pp. [1]2-115(1)(6, advertisements) comprising numbers 1-4.

vol. II, January, 1877 no. 1.  [1]2-28(4, advertisements including “fine guns”!) 1, original articles; 23, recent literature; 26, general notes.

vol. II.  April, 1877 no. 2. (2, inserted yellow leaf with announcement on recto, advertisement on verso); [29]30-52(4, advertisements).  29, original articles; 48, recent literature; 50, general notes.

vol. II.  July, 1877 no. 3. [53]54-54-84(4, advertisements).  53, original articles; 68, recent literature; 77, general notes.  Contains an unnumbered text woodcut after Ridgway.

vol. II. October, 1877 no. 4.  [i-iii]iv[[85]86-115(1)(6, advertisements). i, Title; ii, printer designation; iii, contents of (entire) volume; 85, original articles; 106, recent literature; 108, general notes; 111, index.

This was the first American journal devoted exclusively to ornithology.  After eight years (volumes I-VIII), it became “The Auk” which remained the premier journal of American academic ornithology during the entire 20th century.  These initial volumes were rather spare, unillustrated, and probably issued in relatively small print runs.  The original articles were contributed by the American ornithological elite of the day, most of whom were on the east coast with a concentration in the Boston-Cambridge area.  Joel Allen, the initial specified editor, was the first Curator of birds and mammals and the first head of the department of Ornithology at the American Museum of Natural History.

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859)

A / Manual / of the / Ornithology / of the / United States and of Canada / by / Thomas Nuttall, A. M., F. L. S., &c. / The Land Birds  19.7 x 12.4  π21-576[$1, 3 signed]; 344 ll.  Pp. [iii-v]]vi[1]2-683(1).  Original cloth-backed brown paper-covered boards with original printed label on spine.  Uncut.  Cambridge, Hilliard and Brown, Booksellers to the University, 1832. 

  iii, Title; v, preface; 1, introduction; 31, text; [677], index.  Contains 53 woodcuts after Mr. Bowen and Mr. Hall. This copy with the signature “DeKay” on the title (James DeKay, author of Birds of New York [1844]) and occasional text annotations in the same hand. 

This is an important historical work on American ornithology because it is the first serious and complete work on North American birds that was available to an individual of ordinary means.  It was preceded by the work of Wilson and contemporary with that of Audubon.  Nuttall was best known as a botanist and explorer but was also a capable ornithologist.  In this book, he supplies the original binomial nomenclature reference for each species and in addition a citation from Wilson and/or Audubon when available.  He also provides a physical description, a life history and the name of an institution harboring a specimen.

It seems likely that this copy, although in an original binding and completely naïve, is lacking a half-title.  Interestingly, the only real bibliographic description I could find, that of Zimmer, is identical to this copy.  Yet Zimmer says that his copy is lacking introductory pages i, ii, vii, and viii.  The preface ends on page vi so I can only imagine that he conjures up a vii and viii from Wood’s i-viii. I suspect the latter is an error deriving from its presence as such in the Water Birds which has an additional leaf of preface.

 A / Manual / of the / Ornithology / of the / United States and of Canada / by / Thomas Nuttall, A. M., F. L. S. / The Water Birds  19.2 x 12.1 cm.  π51-51652453-542[$1, 3 signed]; 319 ll.  Pp.  [I-v]vi-vii(1)[1]2-627(1).  Original green cloth with original printed paper label on spine.  Uncut.  Boston, Hilliard, Gray and Company, 1834.

  π1, blank; I, half-title; iii, title; v, preface; 1, species accounts; 557, appendix; 621, index.   Contains 61 woodcuts executed under the auspices of Andrews & Co. of Boston.

Nuttall informs the reader that several sources became available for him after the publication of the land bird volume, namely information from Audubon, and publications by Bonaparte and by Richardson and Swainson.  Indeed, the entire appendix derives from the latter source.  It is clear that Nuttall was much happier with this volume than the one on land birds and that impression is confirmed by the fact that he was to revise only the latter in 1840.  He describes the illustrations in the present volume as “more uniform and correct” than those in the land bird volume and he gives a much more extensive synonymy here than in the work on land birds.

Trinity, p. 176; Wood, p. 496; Zimmer, p. 470.  Yale apparently lacks first Land Birds. 

 Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859).

A Manual of the Ornithology of the United States and of Canada.  The Land Birds

“Second edition, with additions”  19 x 12 cm.  π4 1-696 702[$1,3 signed]; 420 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi[vii]viii[1]2-29[30-31]32-820[821]822[823]824-832.  Later binder’s buckram.  Boston, Hilliard, Gray and Company, 1840.  i, half-title; iii, title; v, preface; vi, errata; vii, list of woodcuts; 1-29, introduction. 32-820, text; 821-822, appendix; 823-832, index.  Contains 54 text wood cuts, mostly by “Mr. Bowen” and “Mr. Hall”.  Library stamp on title page.

Nuttall’s manual was the first comprehensive North American ornithological handbook that was available for the general public and is, thus, one of the most important items of ornithological Americana.  The first edition of The Land Birds  was published in 1832.  In this second edition, Nuttall includes information from Audubon and from his own transcontinental trip with Townsend, that was not available when he wrote the first edition.  A companion volume, The Water Birds, appeared only with an 1834 imprint.

Although Nuttall was primarily a botanist, he was a serious scholar and student of natural history and I think of his manual as representing a kind of American “Yarrell”, which it actually preceded.  The scholarship and importance of these works is definitely comparable, however, the illustrations in Nuttall’s work are much fewer in number and inferior in quality.

Trinity, p. 176 (first edition); Wood, p. 496;  Zimmer, p. 470.

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859)

A Manual of the Ornithology of the United States and of Canada  The Water Birds 19 x 12 cm.π4 1-51652453-542    [$1, 3 signed]; 318 ll.  Pp. [i-v]vi-vii(1)[1]2-627(1).  Later binder’s buckram.  Boston, Hilliard, Gray, and Company, 1834. i, half-title; iii, title; v, preface; 1-620, text; 621-627, index.  Contains 61 text woodcuts by “Messrs. Andrews & Co. Boston”.  Library stamp on title page.  Occasional spotting and a few pages with light water stains.

Nuttall was one of the most important early American naturalists and his manual was the first serious and comprehensive North American ornithology that was available for the everyday person.  Nuttall was primarily a botanist rather than an ornithologist and most of his information in the manual is second-hand.  The first edition of the Land Birds was published in 1832 but Nuttall issued a much expanded second edition in 1840 that was enhanced by considerable information that he obtained from Audubon and from Fauna Boreali Americana.  There was no second edition of the Water Birds since he had these sources of information prior to issuing it in 1834.  Thus, all copies of the Water Birds are identical and carry the 1834 date. Whether those copies issued with the second edition of the Land Birds in 1840 to provide a complete set were part of the 1834 remainder lot or whether they were printed as needed using the same original blocks is impossible to say.  There are odd inconsistencies in the literature concerning this.  For example, the catalogue for the Braislin sale states that there were two editions of the Water Birds and only a single one of the Land Birds and the Yale catalogue claims to have a second edition of the Water Birds but fails to mention the Land Birds at all.

As one might expect, Nuttall gives an accurate picture of scientific American ornithology of his era.  Unfortunately, the illustrative material is considerably less praiseworthy than the text.  The actual artist of the rather poor wood cuts is not identified.

Old editions of Nuttall, whether 1832,1834 or 1840, are all surprisingly uncommon.

Trinity, p. 176; Wood, p. 496; Yale, p. 212; Zimmer, p. 470.

Nuttall, Thomas (1786-1859)  (Chamberlain, Montague[1844-1924])

A popular handbook / of the / ornithology / of eastern North America  Second revised and annotated edition / by Montague Chamberlain  Two volumes.  20.6 x 13.9 cm.  Publishers olive cloth with framed ornithological and floral design, gilt lettering on upper cover and spine.  TEG.  Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1896(1891).

Vol. I. / The land birds  [a]8b-c8d41-298306(-306)[$1 signed]; 265 ll. Pp.  [i-vii]viii-liv(2)[1]2-473(1).  i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title with vignette; iv, copyright 1891, 1896; printer designation: John Wilson and Son, Cambridge, U.S.A.; v, preface to the second edition, September, 1896; vi, blank; vii, preface, September, 1891; xii, blank; xiii, contents (of volume I, alphabetical with respect to common names); xvi, blank; xvii, list of illustrations in volume I; xx, blank; xxi-lxiv, introduction; unpaginated leaf: recto, half-title; verso, blank; 1, systematic text, Cathartes aura-Chordeiles virginianus, comprising about 217 full accounts.  Contains; tissue-guarded chromolithographic plates I-X with displaying about 56 figures of 53 species; uncolored text figures 1-86, so enumerated only in list and reproduced (?) from wood-engravings; title vignette and one head-piece.

Vol. II. / game and water birds.  π61-278; 222 ll.  Pp.  [i-v]vi-xi(1)[1]2-431(1).  i, Half-title; ii, blank; iii, title with vignette; iv, copyright; printer designation; v, contents, volume II; viii, blank; ix, illustrations in volume II; 1, systematic text, Ectopistes migratorius-Plautus impennis, comprising about 192 full accounts; 417, index of English and Latin names for both volumes.  Contains: colored plates XI-XX displaying about 49 figures of 47 species; text figures 87-172; title vignette.

When Nuttall's work was originally published (1832-1834), it provided the only ornithological guide to American birds for the average American.  Nuttall was primarily a botanist, but whatever the faults of his bird book, it was the only affordable one for ordinary citizens.  When Chamberlain published the first edition of this book in 1891, Nuttall's work was long outdated and probably forgotten.  Chamberlain rewrote the descriptions and added sections on nests, eggs and changes in status, retaining only Nuttall's "biographies".  He also added numerous species, some mentioned only briefly.  Most of the illustrations for the present work were done by Ernest E. Thompson (Seton-Thompson, Thompson-Seton [1860-1946], the founder of a precursor of the Boy Scouts and a very good wild life artist).

The 1891 edition lacked the chromolithographic plates, here found for the first time.  The chromolithographs, some copied from Audubon,  are very well printed, however, figures of the american eider and tufted puffin are respectively mislabeled king eider and puffin.   This 1896 edition was reprinted many times through 1929.  In some of the later reprints, the colored plates were reproduced photomechanically.

This 1896 edition is unlisted by Wood and Zimmer but is listed by AMNH, Cornell, Harvard, Trinity and Yale.


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