Women & War in European History, 1558-1918



Questions about this guide? Contact


  • Reference Universe
    Searchable index of the library's entire reference collection, both print and electronic.
  • Cambridge Companions
    Surveys of authors, literary history, culture, and philosophy, all written by scholars.
  • Cambridge Histories
    Provides political, economic and social history, philosophy and literature of selected countries and subjects.
  • Oxford Art Online
    Oxford Art Online is the access point for Grove Art Online, and other Oxford art reference works covering all forms of the visual arts: painting, sculpture, architecture, graphic and decorative arts, and photography from prehistory to the present.
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
    The national record of men and women who have shaped British history and culture, worldwide.



See the Images Research Guide for additional information and search tips. 

  • Amherst College Digital Collections
    Digitized art works, photographs, manuscripts, books, and other media from Amherst College Archives & Special Collections and the library’s Art & Architecture Collection.
  • ARTstor
    Image database including architecture, painting, sculpture, photography, decorative arts, and design as well as many other forms of visual culture.
  • Bridgeman Education
    A visual resource offering digital images of art, history, and culture from museums, galleries, private collections, and contemporary artists.
  • Digital Public Library of America
    Catalog of public domain and openly licensed images and other digitized materials from archives, libraries, museums, and other U.S. cultural heritage institutions
  • Getty Open Content Images database
    Digitized materials from the Research Institute's collection
  • British Museum Collections
    Digitized materials from the museum's collection
  • Wikimedia Commons
    database of freely usable images and other media

Tip: "Hidden" images in full-text databases: 
Many indexes and multidisciplinary databases will allow you to limit your search search to articles and/or primary sources containing images, photographs, or illustrations. You can also find images in these resources by using keywords such as "illustration" in your search. See the "Primary Sources" tab in this guide for some of these resources.

Primary Sources

To locate primary sources in the library catalog, it is best to use the "Advanced Search" feature, with keywords for your topic in the first search box, and the subject headings for the kind of source you are looking for in the second search box (make sure the two boxes are connected with the "and" dropdown, so you are searching for both concepts). You can search for a variety of primary sources by inserting "or" between each type of source. Example:

Primary Source Search

Some common sub-headings for primary sources include:

  • Archival Resources
  • Archives
  • Correspondence [note: use this if you are looking for letters]
  • Diaries
  • Interviews
  • Notebooks, sketchbooks
  • Personal narratives
  • Photographs
  • Pictorial works
  • Sources
  • Speeches

When searching the internet for archival materials add the terms "Digital Collections", or "Papers", or "Archives", or "Finding Aid"  to your search. For example: "French revolution" AND "digital collections"

Wikipedia entries often include links to archival holdings. Check the "References" or "External Links" sections of any Wikipedia page for links to archival resources or finding aids.

See the Primary Sources Research Guide for additional information and search tips, and for lists of primary source and historical newspaper databases Amherst subscribes to.

  • British Periodicals
    Searchable full text of hundreds of British periodicals from the late 17th century to the early 20th, with high-resolution facsimile page images.
  • British Library Newspapers
    Searchable archive of regional and local British newspapers published between the mid-eighteenth and mid-twentieth centuries.
  • Documents on British Policy Overseas
    Documents on British Policy Overseas provides users with access to a wide range of primary source documents from Britain’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office, shedding light on diplomatic history throughout the twentieth century
  • EEBO: Early English Books Online (1473-1700)
    Full text of over 125,000 titles listed in Pollard & Redgrave's Short-Title Catalogue (1475-1640), Wing's Short-Title Catalogue (1641-1700), and the Thomason Tracts (1640-1661).
  • Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) (1701-1800)
    Page images and full-text searching for more than 136,000 key English- and foreign-language titles printed in Great Britain during the 18th century, based on the English Short Title Catalogue.
  • Nineteenth Century Collections Online (NCCO) (1780-1925)
    Full-text, searchable content from a broad range of 19th-century sources in literature, politics, theater, music, religion, maps, science, and childhood
  • Making of the Modern World (1450-1914)
    Primary source materials (including broadsides and pamphlets, serials, and monographs) tracing British and US economic history from 1450-1914
Log in to post comments