These articles report original research or studies, i.e. actual observations or experiments, rather than theoretical developments or methodological approaches. You can identify them in several ways:
PsycINFO is a database that contains scholarly journals that publish empirical research articles in the field of Psychology.
When searching for a topic, first it's best to break it up into keywords according to the main concepts.
For example, if you're interested in the impact of social media on loneliness in teenagers, your keywords might be:
Next, you should think about other keywords that might also describe your topic. This helps make sure you don't miss relevant articles.
For example: teenagers could also be adolescents, young adults
Next, you can use the drop-downs with AND, OR, and NOT to tell the database to include or exclude various terms.
Social media AND loneliness will only retrieve articles with both terms, which creates a narrower search
Teenagers OR adolescents will retrieve articles with either term, or both, which creates a broader search
Finally, you can use the Thesaurus to look up Subject Terms and add them to your search. PsycINFO will also suggest Subject Terms if you toggle that option before searching.
Subject terms are a tag that indicate the major subjects of a work, and can help you make sure you've found all relevant material on a particular topic.
On the Advanced Search page, you can scroll down to Methodology and select EMPIRICAL STUDY to narrow your search.
If you have information like the article author, date, or general topic, you can track down these references in various ways. Citations usually include at least the author's last name and date, for example: (Kruger 2005).
You can use the drop-down fields in PsycINFO's search to focus on the author and date information:
You can then add in keywords related to the general topic, to narrow down further:
To find works that cite a particular article, you can use the Cited References search to look up the article, and then see what other articles are citing it.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (print book, in Reference and on Reserve at Science Library); official manual of APA style
APA Style: has a quick answers section for common questions about references
You can make an appointment with me or ask anyone at the Reference Desk for help with citation!