*review introductions of articles -- what story are they telling?
Generate as many keywords as you can related to the components of your topic! This will help make sure you're getting all of the relevant research, even if the authors use slightly different vocabulary.
Review your results for additional terms and research directions - you might find new paths for your investigation.
You can use the drop-downs with AND, OR, and NOT to tell the database to include or exclude various terms.
Social media AND loneliness will only retrieve articles with both terms, which creates a narrower search
Teenagers OR adolescents will retrieve articles with either term, or both, which creates a broader search
NOT in front of a keyword will retreive articles without that term; this is useful if there are particular lines of research that you want to exclude, or aspects you aren't interested in.
Subject terms are tags that indicate the major subjects of a work, and can help you make sure you've found all relevant material on a particular topic.
You can use the Thesaurus to look up Subject Terms and add them to your search. PsycINFO will also suggest Subject Terms if you toggle that option before searching.
Empirical research articles report on original research, using data from experiments and observations. This is different from other types of articles, which may focus on developing theory, reviewing prior research, or presenting new directions in clinical practice.
Here are some tips for recognizing empirical articles:
If you're ever unsure, talk to a librarian or consult with your professor.
On the Advanced Search page, you can scroll down to Methodology and select EMPIRICAL STUDY to narrow your search.
Once you've found a relevant article, take a look at their list of References to see who they've cited! References will take you back in time through the scholarly conversation.
In the article record, there will often be a link named Times Cited in this Database, or Cited By - clicking on this will bring you to articles that have cited your article, going forward in time.
If you don't see a Times Cited link, try searching for the article in Google Scholar, and looking for a Cited By link there.
Taking notes as you research both helps your research process and your writing. As you find and review articles, jot down notes around these questions:
what aspects of my topic does this cover?
why would I include this? what does it contribute?
where am I not finding anything?
where are there contradictions between studies? where specifically do they disagree?
It can be incredibly helpful to use a Literature Matrix to help summarize and synthesize the research you've found: