How Clarence Birdseye, Class of 1910, Created the Frozen Food Aisle

Submitted on Friday, 6/25/2021, at 1:18 PM

In a recent episode of the Everything Everywhere Daily history podcast, host Gary Arndt explains the key role Birdseye played in developing technology to flash-freeze and transport  food, leading to today’s multi-billion-dollar global frozen food industry.

“Clarence Birdseye was born in Brooklyn in 1886. He had an interest in science and nature throughout his life. He attended Amherst College but had to drop out due to finances,” Arndt says. “In 1912 he joined a [research] project which took him to Labrador in what is today Canada.” There, Birdseye learned how the Inuit people preserved fish by throwing it on ice, where it would quickly freeze at extremely low temperatures. Unlike other food-freezing practices in the United States and Europe at that time, this flash-freezing method wouldn’t ruin the food’s texture or flavor.

Birdseye returned to the United States and set out to artificially replicate the Inuit food-freezing practice. “He developed the double belt freezer, which was two extremely cold plates that would flash-freeze packages of fish and vegetables quickly,” says Arndt. “Clarence Birdseye eventually developed freezers for trains, trucks, and retail stores.” The Birds Eye frozen food company still bears his name today.

New Maryland Law Named in Memory of Tommy Raskin ’17 Provides Call-In Program for People Experiencing Mental Health Issues

Submitted on Thursday, 6/24/2021, at 4:08 PM

A Montgomery Community Media article announces Maryland’s Thomas Bloom Raskin Act, which was signed into law in April and will go into effect July 1, establishing an opt-in mental health services program through which people can “receive regular wellness calls or texts.” 

Tommy Raskin ’17 was a Harvard Law student at the time of his death by suicide in December 2020. The article describes him as “a poet, an enthusiastic Boggle player, a vegan and a political person who cared [for] all people and animals.” Raskin was the son of U.S. Rep. Jamie Raskin and Amherst Trustee Sarah Bloom Raskin ’83, as well as the brother of Hannah Raskin ’14 and Tabitha Raskin ’20.

“I know countless lives will be saved because of this law that now bears your son’s name,” Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan told Jamie Raskin, thanking him “for your willingness to channel your own grief in order to help address the mental health crises in Maryland and across America.”

“Inside Higher Ed” Article Highlights Amherst’s Success at Attracting Diverse Students

Submitted on Tuesday, 6/8/2021, at 4:03 PM

An article by Scott Jaschik notes that U.S. students of color constitute 50.2 percent of the class admitted to enroll at Amherst in the fall of 2021. It explores Amherst’s fruitful long-term efforts to diversify the student body under presidents Tony Marx and Biddy Martin, with comments from Dean of Admission and Financial Aid Matthew L. McGann and recent graduates Bella Edo ’21 and Sabrina Lin ’21.

“At Amherst 18 percent of the new American students are Asian American, 17 percent are Black, 17 percent are Latinx and 3 percent are Native American,” Jaschik writes. In addition, 12 percent of the incoming class are international students. About 4 percent are gender-nonbinary.

The article links to the College’s antiracism plan and notes the ways in which active outreach to prospective students, financial aid, faculty hiring and student activism all support diversity, as do recently increased opportunities to focus on Native studies and Asian American studies. Both Edo and Lin, however, point out how athletics felt to them like an area of student life still dominated by whiteness and wealth, not always inclusive or supportive of students of color. 

Professor Amrita Basu: “Many Right-Wing Populists Strut Their Manliness. Why Does India’s Modi Stress His Softer Side?”

Submitted on Friday, 6/4/2021, at 3:01 PM

Basu, the Domenic J. Paino 1955 Professor of Political Science and Sexuality, Women's and Gender Studies, writes for The Washington Post, contrasting the public persona and gender presentation of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi against the “aggressive masculine style” of other populist world leaders, such as Vladimir Putin, Boris Johnson, Jair Bolsonaro and Donald Trump.

“Unlike these populist strongmen, Modi has sometimes venerated femininity and women, drawing on his interpretation of Hindu values. Modi’s leadership style involves displaying feminine-identified traits such as selflessness, humility, and devotion,” writes Basu. “This gender-ambiguous identity means his political allies can describe him as ‘a god’s gift for India’ and ‘a messiah for the poor,’ while also allowing Modi to imply he is deferentially yielding power to the people when he wants to deflect responsibility for failed policies.”

The professor notes that Modi’s image is partially based on that of Mohandas Gandhi, “the founder of modern Indian nationalism, despite their radically divergent views; for example, Gandhi abhorred violence against Muslims while Modi has encouraged it.” She also points out how some female populist leaders, such as India’s Mamata Bannerjee, blend feminine and masculine traits to build their political reputations.

Chimaway Lopez ’20 Featured in Local Photo Exhibition About Indigenous Identity

Submitted on Friday, 6/4/2021, at 1:19 PM

An article in the Greenfield Recorder describes Vital.Vibrant.Visible: Local Indigenous Identity Through Portraiture, on view at the Athol [Mass.] Public Library until June 30. One photo shows Lopez smiling as he stands near the Amherst College Sanctuary Trail Pond.

The exhibition, a collaboration between Rhonda Anderson, the Western Massachusetts Commissioner on Indian Affairs, and local photographer Sara K. Lyons, highlights “Indigenous people who live and work in the region [and who] were photographed in a location meaningful to them and each had control over how they chose to represent themselves,” writes reporter Domenic Poli. “The Athol Public Library is the third stop for the exhibit, which was on display at the Great Falls Discovery Center in Turners Falls in 2019 and later in the Mohawk Trail Regional School library.”

Lopez, who is Chumash and from California, was photographed while still a student at Amherst. He double-majored in American studies and environmental studies and was a Mellow Mays Undergraduate Fellow.

Professor Jallicia A. Jolly on Surviving Childbirth Amid COVID, Racism and the Black Maternal Health Crisis

Submitted on Thursday, 6/3/2021, at 3:38 PM

Jolly, a postdoctoral fellow and visiting assistant professor in American studies and Black studies, writes in USA Today: “In looking back at my own experience giving birth to my healthy daughter, I am reminded of the stories of Black women who have received substandard care in health care systems and whose needs are deprioritized—and didn’t live to tell their own stories.” 

Jolly describes her own mistreatment at the hands of an anesthesiologist while she was in labor, and then places her experience in the context of maternal health care across the United States: “Black women are three to four times more likely to die from pregnancy-related causes than white women. The heightened risk of pregnancy-related death for Black women spans income and education levels. The inadequate care Black women often receive is rooted in unconscious and conscious bias, structural racism, and gender discrimination.” She writes that the COVID-19 pandemic, which has disproportionately harmed and burdened Black communities, has “laid bare these pre-existing inequities” and exacerbated them.

Jolly tells the names and stories of several Black women who have died from complications of childbirth. She also notes the irony that not even she herself, as someone who researches and teaches about reproductive justice and Black women’s health, was prepared for the risk that the same might have happened to her.

Who Is Juliet Mayer ’18? Amherst Alumna Wins Big on "Jeopardy!"

Submitted on Wednesday, 5/12/2021, at 1:31 PM

Virginia’s Fauquier Times newspaper profiles Mayer, who recently appeared on three episodes of the game show and emerged as champion on two of them, accumulating winnings of more than $53,200.

Mayer graduated from Wakefield School in her hometown of The Plains, Va., before majoring in biology and history at Amherst, where she was also a member of the Quiz Bowl team and equestrian club. She is now working toward a graduate degree at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

The Times article describes Mayer’s Jeopardy! experience, from the online test and Zoom interview, to her decision not to study very much for the competition, to her mindset while in the studio and the categories she chose during her episodes. In addition to quoting Mayer herself, the article includes comments from her father and from Wakefield’s director of development and community relations.

Professor Jonathan Obert on “the Million-Dollar Question” in U.S. Gun Culture

Submitted on Wednesday, 5/12/2021, at 1:30 PM

Assistant Professor of Political Science Jonathan Obert is one of several people quoted in a Boulder Weekly article about (white) American gun culture, which he describes as “people really seeing something of their own identity in the possession and use of guns.”

The article, by Angela K. Evans, notes that Obert was born and raised in the Boulder, Colo., area, near Columbine High School and other sites of mass shootings. He now studies and writes about firearms laws and violence and is at work on a book titled Arming the Body Politic: The Economic Origins of American Gun Rights.

The professor comments on the United States’ long and distinctive history as a nation where guns have been “sold and marketed toward private individuals” and have represented control of frontier communities over Indigenous populations and enslaved Black people. He also mentions the Second Amendment and the National Rifle Association’s role in shaping the idea of gun ownership as a constitutional right and an aspect of many Americans’ personal and political identity, and the resulting “polarization” of gun-rights advocates versus those who call for gun control and safety measures.

New Biography of Science Professor and College President Edward Hitchcock

Submitted on Monday, 5/10/2021, at 12:54 PM

The Daily Hampshire Gazette’s Book Bag column features All the Light Here Comes from Above: The Life and Legacy of Edward Hitchcock, by local author Robert T. McMaster (UnQuomonk Press). Hitchcock (1793–1864) was a pastor, geologist and paleontologist who taught at Amherst and served as the College’s third president.

“In an introduction to this in-depth work, for which he says he’s relied heavily on Hitchcock’s voluminous writings—studies, letters, diary entries, sermons—McMaster recalls visiting the Pratt Museum of Natural History at Amherst as a boy and being impressed even then with the number of artifacts, such as dinosaur tracks in stone, that Hitchcock had discovered,” DHG staff writer Steve Pfarrer notes in the column.

Pfarrer writes that Hitchcock “is remembered as well for helping rescue Amherst College from dire financial circumstances after he became president in 1845, and for his promotion of women’s education.”

McMaster’s book also gives credit to Edward’s wife, Orra White Hitchcock, a scientific illustrator who bolstered her husband’s work with both her artistic talent and her emotional support.

Joseph Stiglitz ’64: “The Major Challenge Facing Every University, Every Teacher, Is How to Teach Creativity”

Submitted on Tuesday, 4/20/2021, at 2:53 PM

Stiglitz, a Nobel Prize-winning economist and professor at Columbia University, spoke about education at the 13th annual Columbia China Business Conference on April 6, according to a Yahoo Finance article.

Stiglitz emphasized the need for schools—in the United States, in China and around the world— to foster creativity, individuality and critical thinking. He touted liberal arts colleges such as Amherst: “These schools have a disproportionate role in creating original, creative people.”

The economist also criticized U.S. elementary and secondary schools for failing to bring “the vast part of the country” to a desired level of education. But he also praised the country’s state universities, saying he hoped “we can get continued support and maintain access to [higher education] by lowering the tuition and providing funds for people of ordinary means to go to school.”

Professor Jen Manion on the Challenges of Telling LGBTQ History

Submitted on Monday, 4/19/2021, at 4:40 PM

Manion was one of four historians who took part in a panel discussion now featured on the website for BBC History Magazine and BBC History Revealed.

“I think what’s been really exciting in the past decade is how much the LGBTQ community, and especially young people, has been really interested in our history,” said Manion, an associate professor of history and author of Female Husbands: A Trans History (Cambridge, 2020). “I see it especially in the transgender community: people are really hungry to understand the longer lineage of these kinds of experiences, and what a trans life was like before modern times.”

Manion also commented on the “distrust within the queer community about what publishers and professional historians do with the records of our lives” and the importance of fighting against efforts to suppress and marginalize queer history.

Chris Bohjalian ’82 on the Pandemic, War and Social Injustice as “Hour of the Witch” Draws Nigh

Submitted on Friday, 4/16/2021, at 4:04 PM

The Armenian Weekly interviews the bestselling author and shares the prologue of Hour of the Witch, his novel that will be released on May 4.

Reporter Pauline Getzoyan speaks with Bohjalian about the new novel, which is set in 17th-century Puritan New England, and about what it has been like for him to write while in lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic. “In short, the whole awful year impacted my process and what I do, both emotionally and logistically,” he says.

The interview also addresses the Armenian Genocide of 1915–17—which was the subject of Bohjalian’s 2013 novel The Sandcastle Girls—as well as the violent conflict that took place in the fall of 2020 in a disputed region called Artsakh, whose population is majority Armenian. 

Bohjalian, who is Armenian American, says the following about including Armenian characters in his fiction: “I do try and do two things when I can: first, show Armenians living in the world as it is, whether the world is in Yerevan or Los Angeles; second, show something of Armenian culture, whether it’s as simple as a building or an earring or a song. It’s a way of reminding my readers, ‘We’re still here, thank you very much. And we are not just victims.’” 

Amy Ziering ’83, #MeToo’s Preeminent Documentarian, Is Just Getting Started

Submitted on Friday, 4/16/2021, at 1:36 PM

Bustle profiles Ziering, maker of several influential films—including The Invisible War, The Hunting Ground, On the Record and Allen v. Farrow—that address sexual assault.

The article, by Dana Getz, touches upon Ziering’s early life: her father was a Holocaust survivor, both of her parents engaged in philanthropy and political activism, and she began studying feminist theory at Amherst. 

The article also describes the impact of Ziering’s documentaries, both on U.S. society and on the filmmaker herself. “The Invisible War led to sweeping policy change, five congressional hearings, and the passing of over 35 pieces of legislation,” Getz writes. “The Hunting Ground incited the introduction of three bills in U.S. Congress and 28 in state legislatures; On the Record opened the conversation about sexual assault to Black survivors long left out of it; and Allen v. Farrow spurred a nearly 20% increase in calls per week to RAINN, America’s largest anti-sexual violence organization.” And the process of creating the documentaries has led to an evolution in Ziering’s own understanding of the issue, while also leaving her with “secondary PTSD.”

Library Director Martin Garnar Receives Award for Defense of Intellectual Freedom

Submitted on Wednesday, 3/31/2021, at 3:34 PM

Martin Garnar, director of the library at Amherst, has received the 2021 John Phillip Immroth Memorial Award from Intellectual Freedom Round Table (IFRT) of the American Library Association (ALA).

Garnar “is an active leader of the ALA intellectual freedom community, having served the profession in every capacity imaginable,” according to an ALA press release. “Martin has served as a trustee and president of the Freedom to Read Foundation, chair of the ALA Intellectual Freedom Committee, chair of the ALA Committee on Professional Ethics, chair of the IFC Privacy Subcommittee, trustee of the Leroy C. Merritt Humanitarian Fund, editor of the 10th edition and co-editor of the 9th edition of the Intellectual Freedom Manual, and councilor of IFRT.” 

The $500 annual award was established in 1979 in memory of John Phillip Immroth, the teacher, author, scholar and advocate who founded the IFRT in 1973.

Dania Hallak ’24 Details Her Happy Childhood in Syria, Her Love for the Country and the Pain of Loss

Submitted on Friday, 3/19/2021, at 6:00 PM

The UMass Daily Collegian has published a feature on Hallak, who grew up in the city of Aleppo before moving to Lebanon to escape the Syrian civil war and is now a first-year student at Amherst.

Hallak’s childhood in the lively metropolis was “like a dream,” she says, but she recalls the war gradually growing to affect Syria’s economy and erode citizens’ sense of safety. After the University of Aleppo, very near Hallak’s home, was bombed in 2013, her family fled to Lebanon, where she faced discrimination as a Syrian immigrant. The ongoing war has killed an estimated  500,000 people and displaced half of Syria’s population.

“Halak [sic] now proudly carries her Syrian identity in Amherst, fervently telling her friends about the rich history and sublime culture of Syria—home to poets, scholars and pioneers in medicine and education,” writes Daily Collegian reporter Saliha Bayrak. “Above all, Halak wants the world to know of the kind hearts of Syrians and their love for knowledge, history and literature.”

Hallak also expresses the hope that the bombing in her home country will end, so that it can be rebuilt and she can someday return and raise children there.