“I shall describe the means of vision, which no one at all to my knowledge has yet examined and understood in such detail. I therefore beg the mathematicians to consider these carefully, so that thereby at last there might exist in philosophy something certain concerning this most noble function.” It is with these words in his Optical Part of Astronomy (1604) that the German mathematician Johannes Kepler credits himself with inaugurating a new chapter in the history of vision. Kepler does indeed fulfill his promise by advancing knowledge about the eye, vision and the use of lenses in the correction of vision. His conclusions, however, bring anything but certainty on a philosophical level, especially with regard to the relationship between an object and its image. Reading Kepler in dialogue with a selection of nonscientific texts, this presentation experiments with the affinities between Kepler’s scientific findings and literature as a form of knowledge and representation in the 17th century.
Each country’s judgment is valid only in that country, as making a judgment is a sovereign act of the country. However, if a judgment ordered in a foreign country can be given the same effect as a judgment in one’s own country, the burden on one’s country will be reduced. For that reason, modern nations are actively adopting a system to recognize foreign judgments. But unconditional recognition can put your country’s judicial system at risk. Therefore, when certain conditions are met, a system is adopted to recognize the effect of the judgment of a foreign court.
The most remarkable of these conditions is “do not violate public order and morals.” If the contents ordered by a foreign court do not conform to the legal consciousness and legal system of one’s own country, it cannot be recognized. In fact, there are cases in which the judgment of the United States has been denied recognition in Japan. One is a judgment ordering punitive damages, and the other is a judgment that allows a child born by a surrogate mother to have a parental relationship with her genetic mother. Neither of these was recognized, because each violated Japanese public order and morals.
In this lecture, apart from the legal system of each country, I would like to consider why these conclusions are different between Japan and the United States.
—Yukihiro Okada, Professor of Law at Doshisha University
Presented by the Doshisha University and Amherst College Faculty Exchange Program. Please note that this lecture will be in Japanese.
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Join us for a keynote lecture from Dick Goldsby, Amherst's Thomas B. Walton Jr. Memorial Professor of Biology, Emeritus, on “The Nature and Biology of Race.” The talk will be followed by a moderated question-and-answer session.
Professor Goldsby is the author of the 2019 book Thinking Race: Social Myths and Biological Realities.
Co-sponsors for this lecture are:
Being Human in STEM
Departments of Biology, Sociology, Anthropology and Black Studies
Office of Diversity and Inclusion
Center for Humanistic Inquiry