October 16, 2014
A new book that explores the heartbreaking and inspiring stories of the first female professors at Amherst gives insight into the evolution of gender equity in society and on campus. The experiences described in Gender Matters: The First Half-Century of Women Teaching at Amherst—such as being given a starting salary less than that of a husband “so as not to upset the stability of the marriage”—serve as a reminder as to just how much the College has changed in a generation.
“Amherst now is certainly not the Amherst I came to—it’s not just different, but better. And that is due in part to the many voices, real talent and exceptional scholarship of women faculty in the past 50 years,” says Rose Olver, the L. Stanton Williams ’41 Professor of Psychology and Women and Gender Studies, Emerita, and the first female tenure-track professor hired by the College.
Olver and colleagues Elizabeth Aries, the Clarence Francis 1910 Professor in Social Sciences (Psychology), and Jane Taubman, professor emerita of Russian, together edited the book. Published by Amherst this fall, Gender Matters chronicles an October 2011 campus symposium of the same name.
Olver, Aries and Taubman at the 2011 symposium.
The book contains, among other elements, transcripts of symposium sessions, essays from participants, and autobiographies and necrologies of the “pioneers”—Olver, Aries, Taubman and more than 50 other female professors hired by Amherst between 1962 and 1983.
The impact of female professors on College policies has been significant. For example, it was through their influence that, in the early ’80s, Amherst implemented a maternity-leave policy. And in 1986, thanks to a recommendation from the Committee on the Conditions of Work for Women, the College initiated its first campus daycare program.
“Changing a tenure-track college or university is like turning a battleship—it takes time,” says Taubman. “It wasn’t until the 1990s, I would say, that we started seeing women routinely chairing committees and departments. Today we have women serving as the president and dean of the faculty, and there are several departments that are majority female.”
Aries also notes that at present, a large group of new, diverse, talented professors—including many women—have arrived on campus. The percentage of female faculty members is now about 46 percent. “We’ve looked at coeducation and the experience of women students over and over and over again,” she says. “What we have never looked at is the coeducation, so to speak, of the faculty. What are the lessons we can learn so we don’t repeat our mistakes with these new faculty? These are critical discussions to keep having.”
To order a copy of Gender Matters ($25 plus $3.75 shipping and handling), contact firstname.lastname@example.org or send a check—payable to the Trustees of Amherst College—to the Amherst College Office of Communications, Box 5000, Amherst, MA 01002. A discount is available for current students, faculty and staff.