Google's Chrome OS: A Sculpture by Any Other Name

Submitted on Tuesday, 7/14/2009, at 9:39 AM

Last week, Google announced (in a low-key blog post) that they are sculpting a new computer operating system, Chrome OS. Starting with an armature of Linux, it will carve off the Desktop and cast Google's Chrome web browser as its user interface. Other common operating system features will be chiseled away to allow its computing power to better support web activities and improve security.

To furnish the all-important documents and applications, Chrome OS will depend on the Cloud, the growing network of remote web sites and databases erected on huge server farms such as those that Google operates. I've worked with a couple of the Google Docs applications (an implementation of Open Office), and found them to be a bit ponderous, but very useful for collaboration with remote colleagues. It's conceivable that a web-focused operating system could help polish their rough edges. But at the moment I'm happy to keep most of my "stuff" firmly on the ground and private.

I originally assumed that the name "Chrome" comes from Netscape's term for the controls and meta-fields of a web browser, usually gray-colored or metallic. Google certainly didn't want to imply that the browser/OS will be flashy but with little substance! However, given their stated intentions, I've now realized that the name must come instead from the Cloud Gate sculpture in Chicago's Millennium Park:

Cloud Gate

Making AJAX Truly Asynchronous

Submitted on Monday, 7/13/2009, at 11:33 PM

AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique that lets web pages update themselves with remote data without reloading the entire page, greatly increasing their interactivity. It uses JavaScript to change the content of the page, and the non-standard function XMLHttpRequest() to talk to remote web servers to obtain or provide new data. All of this occurs in the background, allowing the user to interact with other elements on the page at the same time.

AJAX is described in many places on the web and in technical books, but from what I've seen the usual examples are not truly asynchronous, as rapid multiple requests by the user can collide with each other. The following is typical code:

var request;

function action() { request = new XMLHttpRequest(); // Browser variation and error catching code should be here, too'GET', 'action.php'); // Open a connection to this URL, in this case a local page
request.onreadystatechange = handle_action; // Function to process the request results on completion
request.send(null); // Send the request, which proceeds in the background
   return 0; // Returns control of the browser to the user

The basic problem is in the request variable, which is set up as a global so that the function handle_action can reference the returned data it contains. This means that a second request of the same type can possibly overwrite the previous request before it has completed its assigned task! And it's not truly asynchronous if it doesn't control its own state.

The following variation fixes the issue:

function action()
    var request;
    request = new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', 'action.php');
request.onreadystatechange = function () { return handle_action(request); };
  return 0;

By making request a local variable and providing it as a parameter to the request handler, each request has independent status. The request handler is implemented as an anonymous function and a closure, which preserves a reference to the local variable even after the parent function exits.