Professional and Biographical Information


Ph.D., Bryn Mawr College (1972)
M.A., Bryn Mawr College (1968)
B.A., Rutgers University (1963)
A.M. (honorary), Amherst College (1984)

Teaching Interests

Medieval European art and architecture, fourth to sixteenth century;
Art and architecture of France, twelfth to fifteenth century;
French and Netherlandish painting, fourteenth to seventeenth century;
Architectural space in Japan, traditional and contemporary;
Theory and Practice of Contemplative Beholding (pp. 8-9).

Selected Publications

"Gothic," in General Education at Amherst, Amherst, 1982

Petrus Christus: His Place in Fifteenth Century Flemish Painting, College Park, PA, 1990.

"PETRUS. XPI.ME.FECIT: The Transformation of a Legacy," Petrus Christus in Renaissance Bruges: An Interdisciplinary Approach, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Turnhout, Belgium, 1995, 53-63.

Work in Progress

The 'art' of beholding: a contemplative guide to Netherlandish painting

Ai-no-ma: constructing space in Japan (a Japanese equivalent of the 'art' of beholding)

Awards and Honors

Woodrow Wilson Fellow in the History of Art

Chester Dale Fellow, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Fulbright-Hays Scholar, Belgium

Associated Kyoto Program Visiting Faculty Fellow

Scholarly and Professional Activities

Historians of Netherlandish Art


Five College Seminar in New Epistemologies and Contemplation (NEC)

Center for Contemplative Mind and Society (CCMS)

Community of Integrative Action and Learning (CILA)



Amherst College Magazine, "Erôs and Insight," spring 2004


See also: Research Interests