Working Papers

"It's Complicated: Direct vs. Incentive-Based Land Conservation in Mexico."  Draft paper, 2015 (with Jennifer Alix-Garcia).

Publications

"Only One Tree From Each Seed? Environmental Effectiveness and Poverty Alleviation in Mexico's Payments for Ecosystem Services Program" Forthcoming, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy (with Jennifer Alix-Garcia and Patricia Yanez-Pagans).

"Estimating the Impacts of Conservation on Ecosystem Services by Integrating Modeling and Evaluation" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(24): 7420–7425, 2015 (with Paul Ferraro, Merlin Hanauer, Daniela Miteva, Joanna Nelson, Subhrendu Pattanayak, and Christoph Nolte) 

"Improving Environmental and Social Targeting through Adaptive Management in Mexico’s Payments for Hydrological Services Program." Conservation Biology, 28(5): 1151-1159, 2014 (with J. Alix-Garcia, E. Shapiro-Garza, L. Fine, V. Radeloff, G. Aronson, S. Castillo, C. Ramirez-Reyes and P. Yanez-Pagans).

"Disruption, Achievement, and the Heterogeneous Benefits of Smaller Classes"  Empirical Economics. 48:1267-1286, 2015 (with Graham McKee and Steven Rivkin).

"Do Protected Areas Reduce Forest Fragmentation? A Microlandscapes Approach", Environmental and Resource Economics. 58(2): 303-33, 2014

"The Ecological Footprint of Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Mexico's Oportunidades Program." The Review of Economics and Statistics, 95(2) 417-435, 2013 (with  Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Craig McIntosh, and Jarrod Welch).

"More Strictly Protected Areas Are Not Necessarily More Protective: Evidence from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, and Thailand." Environmental Research Letters, 8(2), 2013 (with Paul Ferraro, Merlin Hanauer, Daniela Miteva, Gustavo Canavire-Bacarreza, and Subhrendu Pattanayak).

"Forest Conservation and Slippage: Evidence from Mexico's National Payments for Ecosystem Services Program."  Land Economics, 88(4): 613-638, 2012 (with Jennifer Alix-Garcia and Elizabeth Shapiro).

"Conditions Associated with Protected Area Success in Conservation and Poverty Reduction." Procedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 108(34): 13913-13918, 2011 (with Paul Ferraro and Merlin Hanauer).

“Conservation and Development: Evidence from Thai Protected Areas.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 60: 94-114, 2010.

"Protected Areas Reduced Poverty in Costa Rica and Thailand" Procedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 107: 22, 2010 (with Paul Ferraro, Kwaw Andam, Andrew Healy and Margaret Holland). 

“Local regulation and land use change: The effects of wetlands bylaws in Massachusetts”   Regional Science and Urban Economics, 39: 409-421, 2009 (with Jenny Schuetz).

“Designing Payments for Ecosystem Services: Lessons from Previous Experience with Incentive-based Mechanisms” Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, 105: 28, 2008 (with Kelsey Jack and Carolyn Kousky). 

Grants / Projects

“Social and Environmental Impacts of Biogas Adoption in Nepal” (with Robyn Meeks and Hope Thompson)

“Forest User Groups and Forest Cover Change in Nepal” (with Johan Oldekop, Arun Agrawal, and Mark Whittingham).

“Payments for Environmental Services in Mexico: Understanding the Effectiveness of an Innovative Conservation Mechanism” (with Elizabeth Shapiro, Jennifer Alix-Garcia, and Volker Radeloff). Funding from the International Iniative for Impact Evaluation (3ie): 2010-2013.

"Spillovers in Incentive-Based Conservation Programs." Funding from the National Science Foundation Economics Program: 2011-2015

"Environmental Leadership in the 21st Century" (with Jan Dizard, Ted Melillo, Sarah Barr) Funding from the Thoreau Foundation. 

Collaborative Reports / Policy Briefs

“Evaluation of CONAFOR’s Payments for Hydrological Services Program, 2003-2010.” (with Jennifer Alix-Garcia, Glen Aronson, Volker Radeloff, Carlos Ramirez-Reyes, Elizabeth Shapiro, and Patricia Yanez-Pagans). Policy report for the Mexican National Forestry Commission, November, 2012.

"Towards a Science of Sustainability" NSF conference report.

"Impacts of Payments for Ecosystem Services on Deforestation in Mexico: Preliminary Lessons for REDD" (with Jennifer Alix-Garcia and Elizabeth Shapiro) Land Tenure Center Brief No. 11, University of Wisconsin, September, 2010. English and Spanish Versions.