Current Year / In Progress

Bruns, E., Hood, M. E., and Antonovics, J. 2016. Demography, dynamics and disease transmission in a population of Dianthus pavonius, an alpine carnation, heavily diseased by anther smut, Microbotryum sp. (in review).

Feurtey, A., Gladieux, P. Snirc, A., Hood, M. E., Cornille, A. and Giraud, T. 2016. Strong phylogeographic costructure between the anther smut fungus and its white campion host. (in review).


Horns, F., Petit, E., Hood, M. E. 2016. Massive expansion of Gypsy-like retrotransposons in a lineage of Microbotryum. (in revision).

Horns, R. and Hood, M. E. 2016. The evolution of transposable elements in genomes with the RIP hypermutation defense. (submitted revision).


Bueker, B., Eberlein, C., Gladieux, P., Schaefer, A., Snirc, A., Bennett, D. J. Begerow, D., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2016. Distribution and population structure of the anther smut fungus Microbotryum silenes-acaulis parasitizing an arctic-alpine plant. Molecular Ecology 25: 811–824.

Xu, L., Petit, E., Hood, M. E. 2016. Variation in mate-recognition pheromones of the fungal genus Microbotryum. Heredity 116:44-51. PDF



Hood, M. E., Scott, M., and Hwang, M. 2015. Breaking linkage between mating compatibility factors: Tetrapolarity in Microbotryum. Evolution 69:2561–2572.

Idnurm, A., Hood, M. E, Johannesson, H. and Giraud, T. 2015. Contrasted patterns in mating-type chromosomes in fungi: hotspots versus coldspots of recombination. Fungal Biology Reviews 29:220-229. 

Badouin*, H., Hood*, M. E., Gouzy, J., Aguileta, G., Siguenza, S., Perlin, M.H., Cuomo, C.A., Branca, A., and Giraud, T. 2015. Chaos of rearrangements in the mating-type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungus Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae. (* co-first authors) Genetics 200:1275-1284. PDF

Perlin, M.H., Amselem, J., Fontanillas, E., Toh, S.S., Chen, Z., Goldberg, J., Duplessis, S., Henrissat, B., Young, S., Zen, Q., Aguileta, G., Petit, E., Badouin, H., Andrews, J., Razeeq, D., Gabaldon, T., Quesneville, H., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., Schultz, D.J., and Cuomo, C.A. 2015. Sex and Parasites: Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae, the biotrophic and plant-castrating anther smut fungus. BMC Genomics 16:461. PDF

Fontanillas, E., Hood, M. E.,  Badouin, H., Petit, E.,  Barbe, V., Gouzy, J.,  de Vienne, D.M., Aguileta, G., Poulain, J., Wincker, P., Chen, Z., Toh, S.S., Cuomo, C.A., Perlin, M.H., Gladieux, P., Giraud, T. 2015. Degeneration of the non-recombining regions in the mating-type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungi. Molecular Biology and Evolution 32: 928-943. PDF

Gladieux, P., Feurtey, A., Hood, M. E., Snirc, A., Clavel, J., Dutech, C., Roy, M., and Giraud T.  2015.  The population biology of fungal invasions. Molecular Ecology 24: 1969-1986

Bruns, E., Hood, M. E., and Antonovics, J. 2015. Rate of resistance evolution and polymorphism in long- and short-lived hosts. Evolution 69: 551–560. 



Gibson, A. K., Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E, and Giraud, T. 2015. Performance of a hybrid fungal pathogen on pure species and hybrid host plants. International Journal of Plant Sciences 175: 724-730. PDF

Aguileta, G., de Vienne, D. M., Ross, O. N., Hood, M. E., Giraud, T., Petit, E., and Gabaldón, T. 2014. High variability of mitochondrial gene order among fungi. Genome Biology and Evolution 6: 451-465. PDF



Nieuwenhuis, B.P.S., Billiard S., Vuilleumier, S., Petit, E., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2013. Evolution of uni- and bifactorial sexual compatibility systems in fungi. Heredity 111: 445–455. (inquire)

Büker, B., Petit, E., Begerow, D., and Hood, M. E. 2013. Experimental hybridization and backcrossing reveal forces of reproductive isolation in Microbotryum. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 224. PDF

Gibson, A. K., Petit, E., Mena-Ali, J., Oxelman, B., and Hood, M. E. 2013. Life-history strategy defends against disease and may select against physiological resistance. Ecology and Evolution 3: 1741–1750. PDF   

Fontaine, M. C., Gladieux, P., Hood M. E., and Giraud. T. 2013. History of the invasion of the anther-smut pathogen on Silene latifolia in North America. New Phytologist 198: 946-956. PDF

de Vienne, D. M., Giraud, T., López-Villavicencio, M, Tellier, A., Hood, M. E. and Refrégier, G. 2013. Cospeciation vs host-shift speciation: methods for testing, evidence from natural associations and relation to coevolution. New Phytologist 198: 347–385. PDF

Hood, M. E., Petit, E., and Giraud, T. 2013. Extensive divergence between mating type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungus. Genetics 193: 309–315. PDF



Petit, E., Giraud, T., de Vienne, D. M., Coelho, M. A., Aguileta, G., Amselem, J., Kreplak, J., Poulain, J. Gavory, F., Wincker, P., Sykes, S., Cuomo, C., Perlin, M. H., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Linkage to the mating-type locus across the genus Microbotryum: Insights into non-recombining chromosomes. Evolution 66: 3519–3533. (inquire for a PDF).

Chung, E., Petit, E., Antonovics, J., Pedersen, A. B., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Variation in resistance to multiple pathogen species: anther smuts of Silene uniflora. Ecology and Evolution 2: 2304–2314.PDF

Horns, R. and Hood, M. E. 2012. The evolution of disease resistance and tolerance in spatially structured populations. Ecology and Evolution 2: 1705–1711. PDF

Gibson, A. K., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2012. Sibling competition arena: selfing and a competition arena can combine to constitute a barrier to gene flow in sympatry. Evolution 66: 1917-30. (inquire for a PDF)

Fujita, N., Aonuma, W., Shimizu, Y, Yamanaka, K., Hirata, A., Hood, M. E., and Kawano, S. 2012. A petal-less flower caused by a Microbotryum violaceum mutant. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 464-473. (inquire for a PDF).

Billiard, S., López-Villavicencio, M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2012. Sex, outcrossing and mating types?  Unsolved questions in fungi and beyond. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25: 1020-1038. (inquire for a PDF).

Horns, F., Petit, E., Yockteng, R., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Patterns of repeat-induced point mutation in transposable elements of basidiomycete fungi. Genome Biology and Evolution 4: 240-247.PDF



Billiard, S., Lopez-Villavicencio, M, Devier, B., Hood, M. E., Fairhead, C., and Giraud, T. 2011. Having sex, yes, but with whom? Inferences from fungi on the evolution of anisogamy and mating types. Biological Reviews 86: 421-442. (inquire for a PDF).

Giraud, T. and Hood, M. E. 2011. Anther smut fungi sterilizing Caryophyllaceae in Scotland. The Newsletter of the Botanical Society of Scotland 97:40-41. (inquire for a PDF) (not peer reviewed)

Gladieux, P., Vercken, E., Fontaine, M. C., Hood, M. E., Jonot, O., Couloux, A., and Giraud, T. 2011. Maintenance of fungal pathogen species that are specialized to different hosts: allopatric divergence and introgression through secondary contact. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28: 459-471.  (inquire for a PDF).

López-Villavicencio, M.,  Courjol, F., Gibson, A. K., Hood, M. E., Jonot, O., Shykoff, J. A., and Giraud, T. 2011. Competition, cooperation among kin, and virulence in multiple infections. Evolution 65: 1357–1366. (inquire for a PDF).



Vercken, E., Fontaine, M. C., Gladieux, P., Hood, M. E., Jont, O., and Giraud, T. 2010. Glacial refugia in pathogens: European genetic structure of anther smut pathogens on Silene latifolia and Silene dioica. PLoS Pathogen 6: e1001229.PDF

Giraud, T., Gladieux, P., and Hood, M. E. 2010. The origin of species in Fungi. Fungi 3: 23-27.PDF

Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2010. No evidence of reproductive character displacement between two sister fungal species causing anther smut disease in Silene. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171: 847–859. PDF

Gibson, A. K., Mena-Alí, J. I., and Hood M. E. 2010. Loss of pathogens in threatened plant species. Oikos 119: 1919–1928.  PDF

Hood, M. E., Mena-Alí, J. I., Gibson, A. K., Oxelman, B., Giraud, T., Yockyeng, R., Arroyo, M. T. K., Conti, F., Pedersen, A., Gladieux, P, and Antonovics, J. 2010. Distribution of the anther-smut pathogen Microbotryum on species of the Caryophyllaceae. New Phytologist 187: 217-229. PDF

Abbate, J. L. and Hood, M. E. 2010. Dynamic linkage relationships to the mating-type locus in automictic fungi of the genus Microbotryum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 1800-1805.PDF

Devier, B, Aguileta, G, Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2010. Using phylogenies of pheromone receptor genes in the Microbotryum violaceum species complex to investigate possible events of speciation by hybridization. Mycologia 102: 689-696. PDF

Johnson, L. J., Giraud, T., Anderson, R., and Hood, M. E. 2010. The impact of genome defense on mobile elements in Microbotryum. Genetica 138: 313-319.PDF



de Vienne, D. M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2009. Phylogenetic determinants of potential host shifts in fungal pathogens. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 2532-2541. PDF

Tellier, A., de Vienne, D. M., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., and Refrégier, G. 2009. Theory and examples of reciprocal influence between hosts and pathogens. in Host-Pathogen Interactions: Genetics, Immunology, and Physiology. N.Y. Nova Science Publishers. (inquire).

Denchev, C. M, Giraud, T. and Hood, M. E. 2009. Three new species of anthericolous smut fungi on Caryophyllaceae. Mycologica Balcanica 6: 79-84. PDF

Bernasconi, G., Antonovics, J., Biere, A., Charlesworth, D., Delph, L. F., Filatov, D., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., Marais, G. A. B, McCauley, D., Pannell, J., Shykoff, J. A., Vyskot, B., Wolfe, L., and Widmer, A. 2009. Silene as a model system in ecology and evolution. Heredity 103: 5–14. PDF

Gold, A., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2009. Within-host competitive exclusion among species of the anther-smut pathogen. BMC Ecology 9: 11. PDF

de Vienne, D. M., Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E., Guigue, A., Devier, B., Vercken, E., Smadja, C. Deseille, A., and Giraud, T. 2009. Hybrid sterility and inviability in the parasitic fungal species complex Microbotryum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 683–698. PDF

Aguileta, G., Hood, M. E., Refrégier, G., and Giraud, T. 2009. Genome evolution in plant pathogenic and symbiotic fungi.  Advances in Botanical Research 49: 151-193. PDF

Devier, B., Aguileta, G., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2009. Ancient trans-specific polymorphism at pheromone receptor genes in basidiomycetes. Genetics 181: 209–223. PDF



Sloan, D. B., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2008. Maximized virulence in a sterilizing pathogen: the anther-smut fungus and its co-evolved hosts. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1544-1554. PDF

Giraud, T., Refrégier, G., Le Gac, M., de Vienne, D. M., and Hood, M. E. 2008. Speciation in fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology 45: 791–802. PDF

Giraud, T., Yockteng, R., López-Villavicencio, M., Refrégier, G., and Hood, M. E. 2008. The mating system of the anther smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum: selfing under heterothallism. Eukaryotic Cell 7: 765–775. PDF

Refrégier, G., Le Gac, M., Jabbour, F., Widmer, A., Shykoff, J. A., Yockteng, R., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2008. Cophylogeny of the anther smut fungi and their caryophyllaceous hosts: Prevalence of host shifts and importance of delimiting parasite species for inferring cospeciation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:100. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-100. PDF

Giraud, T., Yockteng, R. Marthey, S., Chiapello, H., Jonot, O., Lopez-Villavicencio, M., Hood, M. E., De Vienne, D., Gendrault-Jacquemard, A., Wincker, P. and Dossat, C. 2008. Isolation of 60 polymorphic microsatellite loci in EST libraries of four sibling species of the phytopathogenic fungal complex Microbotryum. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 387–392. PDF



López-Villavicencio, M., Jonot, O., Coantic, A., Hood, M. E., Enjalbert, J., and Giraud, T. 2007.  Multiple infections by the anther smut pathogen are frequent and involve related strains. PLoS Pathogen 3: e176. PDF

Yockteng, R, Marthey, S. Chiapello, H, Gendrault, A., Hood, M. E., Rodolphe, F., Wincker, P., Dossat, C., and Giraud, T. 2007. Expressed sequences tags of the anther smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum, identify mating and pathogenicity gene. BMC Genomics 8: 272. PDF

Le Gac, M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2007. Evolution of reproductive isolation within a parasitic fungal species complex. Evolution 61: 1781–1787. PDF

Cafuir, L., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2007. Tissue culture and quantification of individual-level resistance to anther-smut disease in Silene vulgaris. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 415-419. PDF

Antonovics, J., Abbate, J. L., Howell Baker, C., Daley, D., Hood, M. E., Jenkins, C. E., Johnson, L. J., Murray, J. J., Panjeti, V., Rudolf, V. H. W., and Sloan, D. 2007. Evolution by any other name: antibiotic resistance and avoidance of the e-word. PLoS Biology 5: 137-140. PDF

Le Gac, M., Hood, M. E., Fournier, E., Giraud, T. 2007. Phylogenetic evidence of host-specific cryptic species in the anther smut fungus. Evolution 61: 15-26. PDF



Koskella, B., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2006. Pathogen relatedness affects the prevalence of within-host competition. American Naturalist 168: 121-126. PDF

Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., and Howell Baker, C. 2006. Was the 1918 flu avian in origin? Nature 440: e9. PDF



Johnson, L. J., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2005. The evolution of intratetrad mating rates. Evolution 59: 2525-2532. PDF

Lopez-Villavicencio, M., Enjalbert, E., Hood, M. E., Shykoff, J. A., Raquin, C., Giraud, T. 2005. The anther smut disease on Gypsophila repens: a case of parasite sub-optimal performance following a recent host shift? Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 1293-1303. PDF

Hood, M. E., Katawczik, M., and Giraud, T. 2005. Repeat-induced point mutation and the population structure of transposable elements in Microbotryum violaceum. Genetics 170: 1081-1089. PDF

Hood, M. E. 2005. Repetitive DNA in the automictic fungus Microbotryum violaceum. Genetica124: 1-10. PDF



Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., and Koskella, B. 2004. Shared forces of sex chromosome evolution in haploid-mating and diploid-mating organisms. Genetics 168: 141-146. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2004. Mating within the meiotic tetrad and the maintenance of genomic heterozygosity. Genetics 166: 1751-1759. PDF



Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., Thrall, P., Abrams, J. Y, and Duthie, M. 2003. Herbarium studies on the distribution of anther-smut disease (Microbotryum violaceum) and Silene species in the eastern United States. American Journal of Botany 90: 1522-1531. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2003. Plant species descriptions show signs of disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society London Series B (Suppl.) 270: S156-S158. PDF (news bits in Nature and Science)

Hood, M. E. 2003. Dynamics of multiple infection and within-host competition by the anther-smut pathogen. American Naturalist 162: 122-133. PDF

Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., and Heishman, H. 2003. Karyotypic similarity identifies multiple host-shifts of a pathogenic fungus in natural populations. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution 2: 167-172. PDF



Hood, M. E. 2002. Dimorphic mating-type chromosomes in the fungus Microbotryum violaceum. Genetics 160: 457-461. PDF

Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., Partain, J. 2002. The ecology and genetics of a host-shift: Microbotryum as a model system. American Naturalist 160: S40-S53. PDF


2001 and earlier

Hood, M. E., Rocha, 0. J., and Antonovics, J. 2001. Differences in teliospore germination patterns of Microbotryum violaceum on European and North American Silene species. Mycological Research 105: 532-536. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2000. Intratetrad mating, heterozygosity, and the maintenance of deleterious alleles in Microbotryum violaceum (=Ustilago violacea). Heredity 85: 231-241. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 1998. Two-celled promycelia and mating-type segregation in Ustilago violacea (=Microbotryum violaceum). International Journal of Plant Sciences 159: 199-205. PDF

Antonovics, J., O'Keefe, K., and Hood, M. E. 1998. Theoretical population genetics of mating-type linked haplo-lethal alleles. International Journal of plant Science 159: 192-198. PDF

Hood, M. E., Condon, J. M., Timko, M. P., and Riopel, J. L. 1998. Primary haustorial development of Striga asiatica on host and nonhost species. Phytopathology 88: 70-75. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. Reassessment of the role of saprophytic activity in the ecology of Thielaviopsis basicola. Phytopathology 87: 1214-1219. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. The influcence of nurtients on development, resting hyphae and aleuriospore induction of Thielaviopsis basicola. Mycologia 89: 793-800. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. Initial cellular interactions between Thielaviopsis basicola and tobacco root hairs. Phytopathology 87: 228-235. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1996. Pathogenesis of Thielaviopsis basicola on a susceptible and a resistant cultivar of burley tobacco. Phytopathology 86: 38-44. PDF

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1996. Applications of KOH-aniline blue fluorescence in the study of plant-fungal interactions. Phytopathology 86: 704-708. PDF