(inquire for a PDF).

Current Year / In Progress

Kazmareck, T., Chen, X., Fior, S., Venon, A., Roman, A., Ursu, T., Giraud, T., Mezhenskyj, V., Koupilova, K., Hood, M. E., and Widmer, A., 2023. Sequential colonization events with restricted gene flow in a widespread European carnation species. (in review).

Fujita, N., Hood, M. E., Komoda, Y. and Akagi, T., 2023. Fungal hacking of the plant sex-determination pathway via interference with AGL24 in Silene latifolia. (in review).

Hood, M.E., Nelson, S., Cho, J.-H., Launi, M., Antonovics, J., and Bruns, E. L. 2023. Quantitative disease resistance in wild Silene vulgaris to its endemic pathogen Microbotryum silenes-inflatae. Ecology and Evolution (in press).

Hulse, S. V., Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., and Bruns, E. L. 2023. Host-pathogen coevolution promotes the evolution of general, broad-spectrum resistance and reduces foreign pathogen spillover risk. Ecology Letters (in press: https://doi.org/10.1093/evlett/qrad051).

Duhamel, M., Hood, M. E Rodríguez de la Vega, R.C., and Giraud T. 2023. Dynamics of transposable element accumulation in the non-recombining regions of mating-type chromosomes in anther-smut fungi. Nature Communications 14: 5692.

Hulse, S. V., Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., and Bruns E. L. 2023. Specific resistance prevents the evolution of general resistance and facilitates disease emergence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 36: 739-841.

Antonovics, J., Amoroso, C. R., Bruns, E., and Hood, M. E. 2023. Host density shapes the relative contribution of vector-based and aerial transmission of a pathogenic fungus. Ecology 104: e3970.

Uricchio, L., Bruns, E., Hood, M. E., Boots, M., and Antonovics, J. 2023. Multimodal pathogen transmission as a limiting factor in host distribution. Ecology 104: e3956.



Duhamel, M., Carpentier, F., Begerow, D., Hood M. E., Rodríguez de la Vega, R.C., and Giraud T. 2022. Onset and stepwise extensions of recombination suppression are common in mating-type chromosomes of Microbotryum anther-smut fungi. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 35: 1619-1634.

Bruns, E., Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., Ballister, I. H., Cho, J-H., and Troy, S. E. 2022. Can disease resistance evolve independently at different ages? Studies of genetic variation in age-dependent resistance to disease in three wild plant species. Journal of Ecology 110: 2046-2061.

Carpentier, F., Rodríguez de la Vega, R.C., Jay, P., Duhamel, M., Skykoff, J. A., Perlin, M., Wallen, R. M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud T. 2022. Tempo of degeneration across independently evolved non-recombining regions. Molecular Biology and Evolution 39: msac060.



Lerner, N., Luizzi, V., Antonovics, J., Bruns, E., and Hood, M. E. 2021. Resistance correlations influence infection by foreign pathogens. The American Naturalist 198: 206-218. (https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/715013).

Bruns, E., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2021. From generalist to specialists: variation in the host range and performance of anther-smut pathogens on Dianthus. Evolution 75: 2494-2508. (https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/evo.14264).

Antonovics, J., Gibby, M., and Hood, M. E. 2021. John Leigh, Lydia Becker and their shared botanical interests. Archives of Natural History 48: 62-76.

Bruns, E., Pierce, L., Antonovics, A., and Hood, M. E. 2021. Vector preference and heterogeneity in host sex ratio can affect pathogen spread in natural plant populations. Ecology 102: e03246.

Hartmann, F., Duhamel, M., Carpentier, F., Hood, M. E., Foulongne-Oriol, M., Silar, P., Malagnac, F., Grognet, P., and Giraud, T. 2021. Recombination suppression and evolutionary strata around mating-type loci in fungi: documenting patterns and understanding evolutionary and mechanistic causes. New Phytologist 229: 2470-2491.



Bueker, B., Guerreiro, M. A., Hood, M. E., Brachmann, A., Rahmann, S., and Begerow, D. 2020. Meiotic recombination in the offspring of Microbotryum hybrids and its impact on pathogenicity. BMC Evolutionary Biology 20:123 (1-16).

Rozins, C., Hood, M. E., Cho, J., and Antonovics, J. 2020. Exploring density and frequency dependent interactions experimentally: an R program for generating hexagonal fan designs. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 11: 678-683.

Ma, W-J., Carpentier, F., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2020. Differential gene expression between fungal mating types is associated with sequence degeneration. Genome Biology and Evolution 12: 243-258.

Hartmann, F. E., Rodríguez de la Vega, R. C., Gladieux, P., Ma, W-J, Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2020. Higher gene flow in sex-related chromosomes than in autosomes during fungal divergence. Molecular Biology and Evolution 37: 668-682.

Kido, A. and Hood, M. E. 2020. Mining new sources of natural history observations for disease interactions. American Journal of Botany 107: 3-11.



Hartmann, F. E., Rodríguez de la Vega, R. C., Carpentier, F., Gladieux, P., Cornille, A., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2019. Understanding Adaptation, Coevolution, Host Specialization, and Mating System in Castrating Anther-Smut Fungi by Combining Population and Comparative Genomics. Annual Review of Phytopathology 57: 431-457.

Carpentier, F., Rodriguez de la Vega, R. C., Branco, S., Snirc, A., Choelho, M. A., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2019. Convergent recombination cessation between mating-type genes and centromeres in selfing anther-smut fungi.  Genome Research  29: 944-953.

Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., Wolf, M., Stern, Z. L., Giraud, T., and Abbate, J.L. 2019. Sympatry and interference of divergent Microbotryum lineages. Ecology and Evolution 9: 5457-5467.

Tang, H., Hood, M. E., Ren, Z-X., Li, H-D., Zhao, Y-H., Wolfe, L.M., Li, D-Z. and Wang, H. 2019. Specificity and seasonal prevalence of anther-smut disease Microbotryum on sympatric Himalayan Silene species.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 32: 451-462.

Bruns, E., Miller, I., Hood, M. E., Carasso, V., and Antonovics, J. 2019. The role of infectious disease in the evolution of females: evidence from anther-smut disease on a gynodioecious alpine carnation. Evolution 73: 497-510.



Fortuna, T., Namias, A., Snirc, A., Branca, A., Hood, M.E., Raquin, C., Shykoff, J., and Giraud, T. 2018. Multiple infections, relatedness and virulence in the anther-smut fungus castrating Saponaria plants.  Molecular Ecology 27: 4947-4959.

Antonovics, J., Abbate, J. L., Bruns, E. L., Fields, P. D., Forrester, N. J., Gilbert, K., Hood, M. E., Park, T., and Taylor, D. 2018. Effect of the anther-smut fungus Microbotryum on the juvenile growth of its host Silene latifoliaAmerican Journal of Botany 105: 1088-1095.

Branco, S., Carpentier, F., Rodriguez de la Vega, R. C., Badouin, H., Snirc, A., Le Prieur, S., Coelho, M. A., de Vienne, D. M., Begerow, D., *Hood, M. E., and *Giraud, T. 2018. Multiple convergent supergene evolution events in mating-type chromosomes. Nature Communications 9: 2000 (* co-senior authors).

Antonovics, J. and Hood, M. E. 2018. Linnaeus, smut disease, and living contagion. Archives of Natural History 45.2: 213-232.

Abbate, J. L., Gladieux, P., Hood, M. E., de Vienne, D. M., Antonovics, J., Snirc, A., and Giraud, T. 2018. Co‐occurrence among three divergent plant‐castrating fungi in the same Silene host species. Molecular Ecology 27: 3357-3370.

Bruns, E., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2018. Is there a disease‐free halo at species range limits? The co‐distribution of anther‐smut disease and its host species. Journal of Ecology 107: 1-11.



Coelho, M. A., Bakkeren, G., Sun, S., Hood, M. E. and Giraud, T. 2017. Fungal Sex: The Basidiomycota. In : The Fungal Kingdom. Eds, Joseph Heitman, Barbara Howlett, Pedro Crous, Eva Stukenbrock, Timothy James, and Neil Gow. ASP Press.

Bruns, E., Antonovics, J., Carasso, V., and Hood, M. E. 2017. Transmission and temporal dynamics of anther-smut disease (Microbotryum) on alpine carnation (Dianthus pavonius). Journal of Ecology 105: 1413-1424.

Horns, F., Petit, E., Hood, M. E. 2017. Massive expansion of Gypsy-like retrotransposons in a lineage of Microbotryum. Genome Biology and Evolution 9: 363-371.

Petit*, E., Silver*, C., Cornille, A., Gladieux, P., Rosenthal, L., Bruns, E., Yee, S., Antonovics, J., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E. 2017. Co-occurrence and hybridization of anther-smut pathogens specialized on Dianthus hosts. (* co-first authors) Molecular Ecology 26: 1877-1890.

Branco, S., Badouin, H., Gouzy, J., de la Vega, R. R., Branca, A., Aguileta, G., Siguenza, S., Brandenburg, J., Coelho, M. A., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2017. Evolutionary strata on young mating-type chromosomes despite the lack of sexual antagonism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 7067-7072.



Feurtey, A., Gladieux, P. Snirc, A., Hood, M. E., Cornille, A., Rosenthal, L. and Giraud, T. 2016. Strong phylogeographic costructure between the anther smut fungus and its white campion host. New Phytologist 212: 668–679.

Aguileta, G., Badouin, H., Hood, M.E., Møller, A.P., Le Prieur, S., Snirc, A., Siguenza, S., Mousseau, T.A., Shykoff, J.A., Cuomo, C.A. and Giraud, T., 2016. Lower prevalence but similar fitness in a parasitic fungus at higher radiation levels near Chernobyl. Molecular Ecology 25: 3370–3383.

Bueker, B., Eberlein, C., Gladieux, P., Schaefer, A., Snirc, A., Bennett, D. J. Begerow, D., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2016. Distribution and population structure of the anther smut fungus Microbotryum silenes-acaulis parasitizing an arctic-alpine plant. Molecular Ecology 25: 811–824.

Xu, L., Petit, E., Hood, M. E. 2016. Variation in mate-recognition pheromones of the fungal genus Microbotryum. Heredity 116: 44-51.



Hood, M. E., Scott, M., and Hwang, M. 2015. Breaking linkage between mating compatibility factors: Tetrapolarity in Microbotryum. Evolution 69: 2561–2572.

Idnurm, A., Hood, M. E, Johannesson, H. and Giraud, T. 2015. Contrasted patterns in mating-type chromosomes in fungi: hotspots versus coldspots of recombination. Fungal Biology Reviews 29: 220-229. 

Badouin*, H., Hood*, M. E., Gouzy, J., Aguileta, G., Siguenza, S., Perlin, M.H., Cuomo, C.A., Branca, A., and Giraud, T. 2015. Chaos of rearrangements in the mating-type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungus Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae. (* co-first authors) Genetics 200: 1275-1284.

Perlin, M.H., Amselem, J., Fontanillas, E., Toh, S.S., Chen, Z., Goldberg, J., Duplessis, S., Henrissat, B., Young, S., Zen, Q., Aguileta, G., Petit, E., Badouin, H., Andrews, J., Razeeq, D., Gabaldon, T., Quesneville, H., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., Schultz, D.J., and Cuomo, C.A. 2015. Sex and Parasites: Genomic and transcriptomic analysis of Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae, the biotrophic and plant-castrating anther smut fungus. BMC Genomics 16: 461.

Fontanillas, E., Hood, M. E.,  Badouin, H., Petit, E.,  Barbe, V., Gouzy, J.,  de Vienne, D.M., Aguileta, G., Poulain, J., Wincker, P., Chen, Z., Toh, S.S., Cuomo, C.A., Perlin, M.H., Gladieux, P., Giraud, T. 2015. Degeneration of the non-recombining regions in the mating-type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungi. Molecular Biology and Evolution 32: 928-943.

Gladieux, P., Feurtey, A., Hood, M. E., Snirc, A., Clavel, J., Dutech, C., Roy, M., and Giraud T.  2015.  The population biology of fungal invasions. Molecular Ecology 24: 1969-1986

Bruns, E., Hood, M. E., and Antonovics, J. 2015. Rate of resistance evolution and polymorphism in long- and short-lived hosts. Evolution 69: 551–560. 



Gibson, A. K., Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E, and Giraud, T. 2015. Performance of a hybrid fungal pathogen on pure species and hybrid host plants. International Journal of Plant Sciences 175: 724-730.

Aguileta, G., de Vienne, D. M., Ross, O. N., Hood, M. E., Giraud, T., Petit, E., and Gabaldón, T. 2014. High variability of mitochondrial gene order among fungi. Genome Biology and Evolution 6: 451-465.



Nieuwenhuis, B.P.S., Billiard S., Vuilleumier, S., Petit, E., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2013. Evolution of uni- and bifactorial sexual compatibility systems in fungi. Heredity 111: 445–455.

Büker, B., Petit, E., Begerow, D., and Hood, M. E. 2013. Experimental hybridization and backcrossing reveal forces of reproductive isolation in Microbotryum. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 224.

Gibson, A. K., Petit, E., Mena-Ali, J., Oxelman, B., and Hood, M. E. 2013. Life-history strategy defends against disease and may select against physiological resistance. Ecology and Evolution 3: 1741–1750.

Fontaine, M. C., Gladieux, P., Hood M. E., and Giraud. T. 2013. History of the invasion of the anther-smut pathogen on Silene latifolia in North America. New Phytologist 198: 946-956.

de Vienne, D. M., Giraud, T., López-Villavicencio, M, Tellier, A., Hood, M. E. and Refrégier, G. 2013. Cospeciation vs host-shift speciation: methods for testing, evidence from natural associations and relation to coevolution. New Phytologist 198: 347–385.

Hood, M. E., Petit, E., and Giraud, T. 2013. Extensive divergence between mating type chromosomes of the anther-smut fungus. Genetics 193: 309–315. PDF



Petit, E., Giraud, T., de Vienne, D. M., Coelho, M. A., Aguileta, G., Amselem, J., Kreplak, J., Poulain, J. Gavory, F., Wincker, P., Sykes, S., Cuomo, C., Perlin, M. H., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Linkage to the mating-type locus across the genus Microbotryum: Insights into non-recombining chromosomes. Evolution 66: 3519–3533.

Chung, E., Petit, E., Antonovics, J., Pedersen, A. B., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Variation in resistance to multiple pathogen species: anther smuts of Silene uniflora. Ecology and Evolution 2: 2304–2314.

Horns, R. and Hood, M. E. 2012. The evolution of disease resistance and tolerance in spatially structured populations. Ecology and Evolution 2: 1705–1711.

Gibson, A. K., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2012. Sibling competition arena: selfing and a competition arena can combine to constitute a barrier to gene flow in sympatry. Evolution 66: 1917-30. 

Fujita, N., Aonuma, W., Shimizu, Y, Yamanaka, K., Hirata, A., Hood, M. E., and Kawano, S. 2012. A petal-less flower caused by a Microbotryum violaceum mutant. International Journal of Plant Sciences 173: 464-473. 

Billiard, S., López-Villavicencio, M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2012. Sex, outcrossing and mating types?  Unsolved questions in fungi and beyond. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25: 1020-1038. 

Horns, F., Petit, E., Yockteng, R., and Hood, M. E. 2012. Patterns of repeat-induced point mutation in transposable elements of basidiomycete fungi. Genome Biology and Evolution 4: 240-247.



Billiard, S., Lopez-Villavicencio, M, Devier, B., Hood, M. E., Fairhead, C., and Giraud, T. 2011. Having sex, yes, but with whom? Inferences from fungi on the evolution of anisogamy and mating types. Biological Reviews 86: 421-442.

Giraud, T. and Hood, M. E. 2011. Anther smut fungi sterilizing Caryophyllaceae in Scotland. The Newsletter of the Botanical Society of Scotland 97:40-41.  (not peer reviewed)

Gladieux, P., Vercken, E., Fontaine, M. C., Hood, M. E., Jonot, O., Couloux, A., and Giraud, T. 2011. Maintenance of fungal pathogen species that are specialized to different hosts: allopatric divergence and introgression through secondary contact. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28: 459-471.  

López-Villavicencio, M.,  Courjol, F., Gibson, A. K., Hood, M. E., Jonot, O., Shykoff, J. A., and Giraud, T. 2011. Competition, cooperation among kin, and virulence in multiple infections. Evolution 65: 1357–1366.



Vercken, E., Fontaine, M. C., Gladieux, P., Hood, M. E., Jont, O., and Giraud, T. 2010. Glacial refugia in pathogens: European genetic structure of anther smut pathogens on Silene latifolia and Silene dioica. PLoS Pathogen 6: e1001229.

Giraud, T., Gladieux, P., and Hood, M. E. 2010. The origin of species in Fungi. Fungi 3: 23-27.

Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2010. No evidence of reproductive character displacement between two sister fungal species causing anther smut disease in Silene. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171: 847–859.

Gibson, A. K., Mena-Alí, J. I., and Hood M. E. 2010. Loss of pathogens in threatened plant species. Oikos 119: 1919–1928. 

Hood, M. E., Mena-Alí, J. I., Gibson, A. K., Oxelman, B., Giraud, T., Yockyeng, R., Arroyo, M. T. K., Conti, F., Pedersen, A., Gladieux, P, and Antonovics, J. 2010. Distribution of the anther-smut pathogen Microbotryum on species of the Caryophyllaceae. New Phytologist 187: 217-229.

Abbate, J. L. and Hood, M. E. 2010. Dynamic linkage relationships to the mating-type locus in automictic fungi of the genus Microbotryum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23: 1800-1805.

Devier, B, Aguileta, G, Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2010. Using phylogenies of pheromone receptor genes in the Microbotryum violaceum species complex to investigate possible events of speciation by hybridization. Mycologia 102: 689-696.

Johnson, L. J., Giraud, T., Anderson, R., and Hood, M. E. 2010. The impact of genome defense on mobile elements in Microbotryum. Genetica 138: 313-319.



de Vienne, D. M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2009. Phylogenetic determinants of potential host shifts in fungal pathogens. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 2532-2541.

Tellier, A., de Vienne, D. M., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., and Refrégier, G. 2009. Theory and examples of reciprocal influence between hosts and pathogens. in Host-Pathogen Interactions: Genetics, Immunology, and Physiology. N.Y. Nova Science Publishers.

Denchev, C. M, Giraud, T. and Hood, M. E. 2009. Three new species of anthericolous smut fungi on Caryophyllaceae. Mycologia Balcanica 6: 79-84.

Bernasconi, G., Antonovics, J., Biere, A., Charlesworth, D., Delph, L. F., Filatov, D., Giraud, T., Hood, M. E., Marais, G. A. B, McCauley, D., Pannell, J., Shykoff, J. A., Vyskot, B., Wolfe, L., and Widmer, A. 2009. Silene as a model system in ecology and evolution. Heredity 103: 5–14.

Gold, A., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2009. Within-host competitive exclusion among species of the anther-smut pathogen. BMC Ecology 9: 11.

de Vienne, D. M., Refrégier, G., Hood, M. E., Guigue, A., Devier, B., Vercken, E., Smadja, C. Deseille, A., and Giraud, T. 2009. Hybrid sterility and inviability in the parasitic fungal species complex Microbotryum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 683–698.

Aguileta, G., Hood, M. E., Refrégier, G., and Giraud, T. 2009. Genome evolution in plant pathogenic and symbiotic fungi.  Advances in Botanical Research 49: 151-193.

Devier, B., Aguileta, G., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2009. Ancient trans-specific polymorphism at pheromone receptor genes in basidiomycetes. Genetics 181: 209–223.



Sloan, D. B., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2008. Maximized virulence in a sterilizing pathogen: the anther-smut fungus and its co-evolved hosts. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21: 1544-1554.

Giraud, T., Refrégier, G., Le Gac, M., de Vienne, D. M., and Hood, M. E. 2008. Speciation in fungi. Fungal Genetics and Biology 45: 791–802.

Giraud, T., Yockteng, R., López-Villavicencio, M., Refrégier, G., and Hood, M. E. 2008. The mating system of the anther smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum: selfing under heterothallism. Eukaryotic Cell 7: 765–775.

Refrégier, G., Le Gac, M., Jabbour, F., Widmer, A., Shykoff, J. A., Yockteng, R., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2008. Cophylogeny of the anther smut fungi and their caryophyllaceous hosts: Prevalence of host shifts and importance of delimiting parasite species for inferring cospeciation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:100. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-100.

Giraud, T., Yockteng, R. Marthey, S., Chiapello, H., Jonot, O., Lopez-Villavicencio, M., Hood, M. E., De Vienne, D., Gendrault-Jacquemard, A., Wincker, P. and Dossat, C. 2008. Isolation of 60 polymorphic microsatellite loci in EST libraries of four sibling species of the phytopathogenic fungal complex Microbotryum. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 387–392.



López-Villavicencio, M., Jonot, O., Coantic, A., Hood, M. E., Enjalbert, J., and Giraud, T. 2007.  Multiple infections by the anther smut pathogen are frequent and involve related strains. PLoS Pathogen 3: e176.

Yockteng, R, Marthey, S. Chiapello, H, Gendrault, A., Hood, M. E., Rodolphe, F., Wincker, P., Dossat, C., and Giraud, T. 2007. Expressed sequences tags of the anther smut fungus, Microbotryum violaceum, identify mating and pathogenicity gene. BMC Genomics 8: 272.

Le Gac, M., Hood, M. E., and Giraud, T. 2007. Evolution of reproductive isolation within a parasitic fungal species complex. Evolution 61: 1781–1787.

Cafuir, L., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2007. Tissue culture and quantification of individual-level resistance to anther-smut disease in Silene vulgaris. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 415-419.

Antonovics, J., Abbate, J. L., Howell Baker, C., Daley, D., Hood, M. E., Jenkins, C. E., Johnson, L. J., Murray, J. J., Panjeti, V., Rudolf, V. H. W., and Sloan, D. 2007. Evolution by any other name: antibiotic resistance and avoidance of the e-word. PLoS Biology 5: 137-140.

Le Gac, M., Hood, M. E., Fournier, E., Giraud, T. 2007. Phylogenetic evidence of host-specific cryptic species in the anther smut fungus. Evolution 61: 15-26.



Koskella, B., Giraud, T., and Hood, M. E. 2006. Pathogen relatedness affects the prevalence of within-host competition. The American Naturalist 168: 121-126.

Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., and Howell Baker, C. 2006. Was the 1918 flu avian in origin? Nature 440: e9.



Johnson, L. J., Antonovics, J., and Hood, M. E. 2005. The evolution of intratetrad mating rates. Evolution 59: 2525-2532.

Lopez-Villavicencio, M., Enjalbert, E., Hood, M. E., Shykoff, J. A., Raquin, C., Giraud, T. 2005. The anther smut disease on Gypsophila repens: a case of parasite sub-optimal performance following a recent host shift? Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 1293-1303.

Hood, M. E., Katawczik, M., and Giraud, T. 2005. Repeat-induced point mutation and the population structure of transposable elements in Microbotryum violaceum. Genetics 170: 1081-1089.

Hood, M. E. 2005. Repetitive DNA in the automictic fungus Microbotryum violaceum. Genetica124: 1-10.



Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., and Koskella, B. 2004. Shared forces of sex chromosome evolution in haploid-mating and diploid-mating organisms. Genetics 168: 141-146.

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2004. Mating within the meiotic tetrad and the maintenance of genomic heterozygosity. Genetics 166: 1751-1759.



Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., Thrall, P., Abrams, J. Y, and Duthie, M. 2003. Herbarium studies on the distribution of anther-smut disease (Microbotryum violaceum) and Silene species in the eastern United States. American Journal of Botany 90: 1522-1531.

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2003. Plant species descriptions show signs of disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society London Series B (Suppl.) 270: S156-S158. 

Hood, M. E. 2003. Dynamics of multiple infection and within-host competition by the anther-smut pathogen. The American Naturalist 162: 122-133.

Hood, M. E., Antonovics, J., and Heishman, H. 2003. Karyotypic similarity identifies multiple host-shifts of a pathogenic fungus in natural populations. Infection, Genetics, and Evolution 2: 167-172.



Hood, M. E. 2002. Dimorphic mating-type chromosomes in the fungus Microbotryum violaceum. Genetics 160: 457-461.

Antonovics, J., Hood, M. E., Partain, J. 2002. The ecology and genetics of a host-shift: Microbotryum as a model system. The American Naturalist 160: S40-S53.


2001 and earlier

Hood, M. E., Rocha, 0. J., and Antonovics, J. 2001. Differences in teliospore germination patterns of Microbotryum violaceum on European and North American Silene species. Mycological Research 105: 532-536.

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 2000. Intratetrad mating, heterozygosity, and the maintenance of deleterious alleles in Microbotryum violaceum (=Ustilago violacea). Heredity 85: 231-241.

Hood, M. E. and Antonovics, J. 1998. Two-celled promycelia and mating-type segregation in Ustilago violacea (=Microbotryum violaceum). International Journal of Plant Sciences 159: 199-205.

Antonovics, J., O'Keefe, K., and Hood, M. E. 1998. Theoretical population genetics of mating-type linked haplo-lethal alleles. International Journal of plant Science 159: 192-198.

Hood, M. E., Condon, J. M., Timko, M. P., and Riopel, J. L. 1998. Primary haustorial development of Striga asiatica on host and nonhost species. Phytopathology 88: 70-75.

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. Reassessment of the role of saprophytic activity in the ecology of Thielaviopsis basicola. Phytopathology 87: 1214-1219.

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. The influcence of nurtients on development, resting hyphae and aleuriospore induction of Thielaviopsis basicola. Mycologia 89: 793-800.

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1997. Initial cellular interactions between Thielaviopsis basicola and tobacco root hairs. Phytopathology 87: 228-235.

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1996. Pathogenesis of Thielaviopsis basicola on a susceptible and a resistant cultivar of burley tobacco. Phytopathology 86: 38-44.

Hood, M. E. and Shew, H. D. 1996. Applications of KOH-aniline blue fluorescence in the study of plant-fungal interactions. Phytopathology 86: 704-708.