Degrees

Ph.D., Harvard University, (1960)
M.A., Harvard University (1956)
A.B., Amherst College (1953)

Research Interests

I am interested in English poetry and fiction from the past few centuries with emphasis on the twentieth century.

Teaching Interests

I teach modern American poetry, major English writers from the seventeenth through the nineteenth centuries, Shakespeare, and a seminar on twentieth-century Anglo-American critics.

Selected Publications

Updike: America's Man of Letters (Steerforth Press, 2000; paperbook edition with new preface, University of Massachusetts Press, 2005)

English Papers: A Teaching Life (Graywolf Press, 1995)

Randall Jarrell: A Literary Life (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1990)

Frost: A Literary Life Reconsidered (Oxford, 1984; second edition with new preface, University of Massachusetts Press, 1993)

I review regularly for the Boston Globe, Chicago Tribune, Washington Times, and the Times Literary Supplement (London). I'm an advisory editor of the Hudson Review, where my essays appear frequently.

Awards and Honors

National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship (1977-78, 1986)

Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship (1973-1974)

A.C.L.S. Junior Fellowship (1963-64); Fellowship (1977-78)

Scholarly and Professional Activities

Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the Association of Literary Scholars and Critics