Medical Sleuthing

By Caroline J. Hanna

World War II was well under way when three researchers gathered in Red Wing, Minn., to consider a mystery that was confounding the military brass: Why were Air Force pilots passing out midflight—specifically, during high-speed airplane maneuvers and most often while quickly pulling up after dive-bombing?

Student’s Research Sheds New Light on Infamous Brain Studies

Submitted on Thursday, 2/23/2012, at 10:29 AM

February 15, 2012

The Red Wing studies of 1943 gave scientists great insight into how the human brain functions. But in the years since investigators conducted the series of experiments—which involved schizophrenic patients, prison inmates and youthful offenders—the studies have gained notoriety for their use of questionable test subjects and have even been deemed among the worst in the history of psychiatry.