About the Major
Goals for the History Major
Students who complete the major in History will be able to
• Think critically about the relationship between historical evidence and arguments.
• Challenge and revise existing narratives of the past, both to comprehend the events they describe and to shed light on society’s evolving needs and concerns.
• Question their own ideas and assumptions, and reflect on the often hidden relationships between ideas and social institutions, and between individuals and their cultures.
• Analyze texts, documents, and oral historical materials, and assess the uses made of these materials by other historians.
• Frame research questions, conduct independent research, and write persuasively
The requirements for the history major encourage students to develop these capacities by studying the history of a particular region or historical topic in depth and by ranging more widely so as to fulfill geographical and chronological breadth requirements.
Majors will demonstrate their mastery of History by successfully completing nine history courses that include
• Four courses in an individually chosen area of concentration
• One course each in at least three different geographic areas
• Either two courses that cover the pre-1800 period [P], or one pre-1800 course and one comparative history [C] course
• A research seminar (numbered 400 and up) resulting in the completion of a 20 to 25 page research paper that conforms to the department’s “Guidelines for Research Papers”
• History 301, Writing the Past OR History 402, Proseminar: Research and Writing
Some individual courses may fulfill more than one of the above requirements. Students who have taken history courses outside of the Five College Consortium (including history courses taken in study abroad programs) must petition the department to receive its approval to count those courses toward the major requirements. Majors should consult their departmental advisers as they select their courses or if they have questions about the requirements.
In addition, all majors must satisfy a comprehensive assessment by either
• Completing a senior thesis on an independently chosen topic, and participating in an oral defense of the thesis with three faculty members chosen jointly by the student and the department. The thesis adds two to three additional courses (normally HIST 498 and 499) to the major program for a total of eleven or twelve history courses. The thesis is a requirement for the student to be a candidate for a degree with Latin honors.
• Completing a capstone project. A major who elects not to write a thesis will prepare a brief (10 minute) oral presentation based on his or her 20 to 25 page research paper, and will also prepare a brief (5 page) written commentary on the paper. The presentation should highlight the research question, the sources and methods of investigation, and the overall conclusion. Students will give their presentations in their senior years, on a day designated by the department, and with faculty and junior and senior majors in attendance. The written commentary should highlight the research question, discuss how the student would revise the paper if he or she had more time, had access to distant archives, etc., and elaborate on how the paper draws upon the student’s background in the major.
Concentration Within the Major
In completing their major, history students must take four courses either in the history of one geographical region (chosen from the six possibilities listed below), or in the history of a particular historical topic (for example, colonialism or nationalism), or in a comparative history of two or more regions, chosen by the student. The geographical regions are as follows: 1) the United States (US); 2) Europe (EU); 3) Asia (AS); 4) Africa and the diaspora (AF); 5) Latin America and the Caribbean (LA); 6) the Middle East (ME). Each student shall designate a concentration in consultation with his or her advisor.
Breadth Requirements for the Major
History majors must take courses from at least three of the six geographical regions listed above. In addition, all majors must take either two courses that focus on a pre-1800 period (p), or one pre-1800 course and one course in comparative history (c).
Departmental Honors Program
The Department recommends Latin Honors for seniors who have achieved distinction in their course work and who have completed a thesis of Honors quality. Students who are candidates for Latin Honors will normally take two courses, History 498 and History 499, in addition to the courses required of all majors. With the approval of the thesis advisor, a student may take either History 498 or History 499 as a double course. In special cases, and with the approval of the entire Department, a student may be permitted to devote more than three courses to his or her thesis.
Course Levels in the Department of History
Introductory level courses assume little or no previous college or university level experience in studying history either in general or in the specific regions covered by the courses. They are appropriate both for students new to the Department’s offerings and for those who wish to broaden their historical knowledge by studying a region, topic, or period that they have not previously explored. Intermediate level courses usually focus on a narrower region, topic, or historical period. Although most intermediate level courses have no prerequisites (see the individual course listings), they assume a more defined interest on the part of the student, and are appropriate for those who wish to enhance their understanding of the specific topic as well as their analytical and writing skills. Seminars (upper-level courses) usually require the student to complete an independent research paper that satisfies the “Guidelines for Research Papers.” They are appropriate both for history majors as a way of fully comprehending and practicing the craft of the historian, as well as for non-history majors who wish to pursue a topic in depth.